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October 08, 1975 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1975-10-08

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r1iw at'
Eighty-Six Years of Editorial Freedom
Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan



job generation

Wednesday, October 8, 1975

News Phone: 764-0552

420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mi. 48104

Drawing the line on time

BOTH THE NBC and CBS networks,
in a startling gesture, declined to
carry President Ford's speech on the
anti-recession tax matters. The two
networks cited the Federal Commun-
ication's (FCC) equal time rule re-
garding broaddasts by declared Presi-
'dential candidates as the reason for
their decisions. Richard Salant, Presi-
dent of CBS news stated in a planned
statement that since Ford is a de-
clared candidate for the Republican
nomination, live coverage of his
speech would mean that any other
declared candidate could "seek equal
time." under FCC regulations. He
also added that "There is already one
other declared candidate for the Re-
publican nomination who claims to
be eligible under "the FCC's equal
time rule.
"In circumstances of national
emergencies or urgent an-
nouncenents CBS would be prepared
to accept the consequences of the
equal time provisions and provide
equal time coverage of such presi-
dential addresses," Salant said. "To-
night's address, however, dealing as
it does with proposed tax legislation,
does not, in our judgement, fall into
this urgent catagory."
THIS IS THE FIRST time networks
were forced to make a decision
regarding presidential speeches, but
it is likely, as the election year pro-
gresses, that they will often be forc-
ed to distinguish between what could
be an urgent message to the country
and what is- a potentially a campaign
NEWS: Lois Josimovich, Anne Marie
Lipinski, Cheryl Pilate, Cathy Reut-
ter, Stephen Selbst, Kurt Smith, Bill
EDITORIAL PAGE: Steve Harvey, Paul
Hoskins, Dtbra Hurwitz, Linda Kloote,
Josephine Marcotty, Ruth Miller,
Jon Pansius.
ARTS PAGE: Jeff Sorensen.

speech. Networks will have to use dis-
cretion in deciding when presidential
initiative crosses that fine line be-
tween national interest and personal
opportunism, and that decision must
lie with the media, not with the gov-
ernment. To leave the reins of media
control in the hands of the adminis-
tration would be an invitation to
abuse - it would be impossible to
keep political considerations from
And, obviously ,the FCC agrees. Un-
der the provisions of their equal time
policy, which was approved by
congress, any broadcast organization
must grant equal air time to a can-
didate's opponents, incumbent or
The move towards statutory guar-
antee of equal time was, to a large
extent, spurred by Richard Nixon's
massive exploitation of the electronic
media during the 1972 election. Buoy-
ed by the inertia of incumbancy, he
chose to repeatedly use the national
networks to make political pitches
under the thin guise of national poli-
cy addresses. Such unchecked entry
to the nation's living rooms put his
opponents at a strong disadvantage.
An individual's eligibility for public
office shouldn't depend on personal
wealth or their powerful position. Un-
fortunately, the political arena being
the way it is, idealistic circumstances
are rare, if ever, present. However,
the FCC's ruling is one step closer to
ideal elections in this country.
(RANTED, the American public
has a right to hear their presi-
dent inform them on national policy,
but on the other hand, they should
also have the right to know when
they are handed campaign jargon,
and when the President's works are
of vital importance.
The networks should be able to
recognize and cover matters of na-
tional urgency. They are justified in
standing up to the chief in this in-
stance, and have set a welcome pre-
cedent for introducing fair play and
equal rights to national politics.

THE OTHER DAY I was try-
ing to explain my honors the-
sis to my father, a surgeon who
is, after all, paying for the
thing. When I got to the part
about the beat generation, he
confronted me with a question I
had never considered: "What
would you call your genera-
For a moment I was stymied.
Icouldn't use myself as an
archetype of any single genera-
tion because my hobby is gen-
erations. My junior year of high
school was -my lost generation
year. I read all of Hemingway
and Fitzgerald and drank like
a horse in cynical sorrow. My
junior year of college was my
beat generation year. Thatyear
I considered writing my thesis
on a roll of computer paper (like
Jack Kerouac wrote his novels.)
But I decided that it would be
even more beat not to write the
thesis at all. In any case, I had
to look away from myself for
models and heroes of the pres-
ent generation.
"Well," I said to my dad, "I
guess you should call us the 'Job
Generation'." And suddenly I
knew I had it.
THE JOB Generation. Here
come the great new American
success stories, charging from
class to class, slamming their
doors in self-righteous studious-
ness, getting drunk and high
only during carefully scheduled
respites from their breathless,
speed-driven long haul to that
med school, law school, business
school, to that great suburban
security in the sky.
My father breathed a sigh of
relief. The Job Generation is
very comforting to parents. He
probably expected me to say
something like the "cocaine gen-
eration" or the "strange sex
And why shouldn't the Job
Generation be comforting to par-
ents? The beat generation, for
A PICTURE of unlimited ty-
ranny and repression in Bra-
zil and Chile emerged from a
discussion led by Fred Morris
and Ken Langton on Monday.
Langton, a professor in the po-
litical science department, re-
cently returned from a visit to
Chile. Morris spent ten years in
Brazil as a United Methodist
Missionary, factory workers,
and stringer for Time magazine.
In Brazil, five per cent of the
population owns eight and a half

best , minds would become
priests, go crazy, get degrees in
philosophy or just give the fin-
ger to the idiots that get jobs.
But this year the best minds are
after the best jobs.
The second problem with the
Job Generationisbthat the peo-
ple who do make it usually do
so at the tremendous expense of
their own sensibilities. I feel
sick when people talk about me-
dians, hourlies, midterms, fi-
nals, notes, and grades in a ser-
ious tone of voice. To me the
beauty of a blonde in the six-
teenth row is a far more import-
ant matter. What really hurts is
that to jobniks this academic
crapola is' more important than
anything else, more important
than the Vietnamese war, star-
vation or the fact that there may
be corruption among elected of-
ONE OF THE most disgusting
things I ever saw occurred dur-
ing last year's GEO strike. I
had crossed picket lines for the
first time to attend aHistory of
Art lecture. Professor Meisel
announced that the class would
not be responsible on the final
exam for that day's material.
Half the class walked out of the
lecture. The issue with them
was not the strike, nor was it
knowledge. Mr. Meisel was no
longer important to them, nor
was the lecture. Neither would
help them toward the easy A
which would round out their
grade-points and help them get
that JOB.
In 1939 W. H. Auden gave a
stern warning to modern man:
"We must love one another or
Look around you. Look at the
Job Generation. There are many
who are already dead.
Doc Kralik is still an LSA
senior with a penchant for
blondes in the sixteenth row-
or, for that matter, in any row.

instance, not only rebelled
against civilization, but rejected
it as well for totally spontan-
eous and ungoverned behavior.
In so doing,' the beats jeopar-
dized all social values by show-
ing that the society offered no
viabletsolution to death and mis-
ery, that abiding by values
caused more death, more mis-
ery. But the Job Generation is
different. The Job Generation
has discovered a principle that
not only affirms traditional val-
ues, but explains them too.
of the Job Generation is self-
interest. The self is the only ten-
able, worthwhile unit in a whirl-
wind world like ours. The job-
nik must find simself a job, es-
tablish himself securely against
inflation, inner-city crime, and
unhappiness, and provide him-

self with an abundance of food,
property, and sex.
The self-interest of the jobnik
is not always avaricious. For
many it is no more than the re-
sult of trying to survive in a
world where no one gives a
damn about anyone else.
Many jobniks are political in-
dependents. After all, you nev-
er know if it's going to be the
Republicans or the Democrats
who will be more inept at pass-
ing the next attempt at Nation-
al Health Insurance. And that
school appropriations bill? Hell,
it's going to cost me more
A jobnik has no trouble with
ethics. Right and wrong are ir-
relevant. All a jobnik need con-
sider is how his actions are go-
ing to affect him.
I've got to admit that at first

Daily Photo by SCOTT ECCKER
glance the Job Generation looks
like the solution to everything.
There are, however, a few prob-
THE FIRST problem is that
not everyone makes it to medi-
cal, law or business school. You
can tell who thesesunfortunates
will be by the beginning of their
sophomore year. They might
talk very loudly about their
grade-points, as if to prove they
have nothing to be ashamed of.
Or they may begin to stare a
little blankly at their organic
chemistry professors, weak,
weary, acne-strickenufaces that
ask unanswerable questions.
The reason they can't make it
is that the best minds of the Job
Generation are ahead of them.
The best minds, are going for
those A-pluses. Ordinarily, the

Chile: A

story of tyranny

per cent of corporate stocks.
The poorest fifty per cent of the
people receive only five and a
half per cent of the national
wealth. Economic and political
discussions are censored in
newspapers and on radio. Labor
leaders, peasants, workers, in-
tellectuals, and students are tar-
gets of torture. Labor and pea-
sant organizing is repressed, as
are wages. .
MORRIS, an American citi-
zen, was a victim of torture
himself. The Brazilian authori-

Plants have rigts too

Letters to the Daily

SAN FRANCISCO, October 1 (PNS) -
Consider the San Francisco flutist who
makes music with turkeys. He plays cer-
tain notes; the birds stretch their wings,
expand their glands and gobble at various
pitches and volumes. He already has prac-
ticed with bob whites, exchanged tunes
with kangaroo rats and plans to improvise
with wolves.
Or consider the young Canadian who re-
cently climbed atop a sperm whale in
waters off the Northern California coast,
purposefully spoiling the efforts of Russian
whalers who aimed to harpoon the under-
sized mammal.
And consider Ponderosa Pines, a West
Coast environmentalist, who adopted his
totem name to "remind people that if we
trample on the rights of flora- and fauna,
eventually certain species will become ex-
All three illustrate a new sensitivity to
the environment -- called biocentric con-
Biocentricity rejects the notion that what
is good for man is good for all, and that
short-sighted human considerations must be
placed above those of other life forms. It
places equal value on all forms of life --
with the real fear that continued preoccu-
pation with strictly human needs will de-
stroy the planet.
"WHAT HUMANS HAVE failed to realize
is that we are totally connected to all other
species," says Jerry Mander, organizer of
successful campaigns to deter the develop-
ment of the supersonic transport system
and dam construction in the Grand Can-
yon. "The assumption that humans are king
of the animals (and plants) is an arbitrary
process of selection. Because we have hands
and can build things, an arbitrary attribute,
we kill off millions of species and life
forms with the same attitude with which
whites murdered Indians."
There is not yet a biocentric movement
as such. Effects to label it - as a religion
or ideology - have been quickly rebuffed.
And official hiocentric organizations, pro-
jects. princinles or attemots to proselytize
are as vet unheard of. At best. biocentricity
s -nn ethical trend, consciously noted by a.
few (growing in number), unconsciously by
The ecology movement, for instance, is in
part a manifestation of an underlying bio-

it is dangerous to all life on the planet.
A latent awareness of this biocentric
ethic, however, will no longer suffice, ac-
cording to environmental educator Sterling
Bunnell of Antioch College West. Human
chauvinism has and is, he says, periling
vital natural systems.
Timber trees, with a dollar-and-cents
value, have been favored over "less valu-
able" plant growth that is nonetheless an
integral component of forestland. Conse-
quently, to meet human needs a diverse
forest system has been replaced by a mono-
culture, perhaps crippling the planet's fu-
ture evolutionary history.k
Estuaries along the California border, al-
ready few in number, are being urbanized
into boat marinas and hotels. Cord grass,
indigenous to these nurseries of fish and
sea invertebrates and eaten by ocean cre-
atures, is defoliated; its value as feeding
ground for migratory water birds is ne-
tile grasslands have been transformed into
deserts by overgrazing.
Humans have even slighted their own
species. In Latin America, populations go
underfed, with the best land absorbed by
cash crops such as coffee.
"Real wealth comes from being part of
a healthy living system," says Bunnell.
"The planet should be treated with respect
as an entity in its own right. Its diversity
maximized. What helps man and his friends
get hv is not necessarily good in the long
No one is pushing the disaster button,
alite yet. But if humans continue to move
full speed ahead without looking at their
effect on other systems, Earth could, warns
Ponderosa Pines, become a "planet of
blowing sands."
mended regional planning. Instead of arbi-
trary state or national borders, areas would
be divided by their ecological boundaries.
A sense of natural limits to growth would
be included in all planning, seeking a bal-
ance with other life forms.
But limiting growth would not mean a
return to pre-industrial days, a move back
to the land. Cities would remain the nerve
ganglia of society. Biocentrists regard ur-
ban science and technology as important
tools in understanding the vital connections
between humans and other species.

To The Daily:
I WAS LABORING under the
obviously mistaken impression
that paid advertisement was dis-
played differently within the
pages of The Daily than editor-
ial content.
However the recent Strohs'
beer advertisement under the
sham byline of Chris Kochman-
ski proves that assumption to be
utterly without basis. Nothing
like a column extolling the vir-
tues of the product without
shame or prejudice. That's what
I love about student journalism.
It's so fresh, so piquant, so hon-
est! I'll drink to that.
Barry Alexander
October. 4
To The Daily:
The following letter was sent
to President Fleming:
As a representative body re-
sponsible for speaking on behalf
of the University students, we
are concerned at the lack of con-
tinual and constant action on the
part of the University in sup-
port of affirmative action agree-
ments with University students
and staff in the past years. We
are particularly writing in refer-
ence to your violation' of a con-
tractual agreement with the
Graduate Employes Organiza-
tion (GEO) concerning affirma-
tive action.
In the last regents meeting,
Vice President Rhodes pointed
out that with the freeze on fac-
ulty hiring, it is difficult to
make progress in the area of af-
firmative action. However, it
seems unlikely that this state-
ment can apply to Teaching As-
sistants and Research Assist-
ants, since these staff members
are students and there is a large
turnover in these jobs every
year. Data provided to the Co-
alition to Support GEO Affirma-
tive Action by the University in-
dicates that while there were 53
per cent non-minority males in
the availability pool, in LSA, 63
per cent of SGA'S hired were
non-minority males.
It has often been stated that
it is impossible to create pro-
portional minority represent a-
tion on staff because of the dis-
proportionate representation of

University's failure to comply
with a contractual agreement,
and one that is so important to
minority graduate and under-
graduate students. We hope ac-
tion will be taken to correct this
in the very near future.
Student Government Council:
Debra Goodman (President)
David H. Mitchell
' (Exec. Vice President)
Elliot Chikofsky (Treasurer)
Clifford Adler
G. J. DiGiuseppe
Lisa Yellin
Jeffrey Lark
Michael Harwood
Michael French
David Sichel
Susan Andrews
Irving Freeman
Anita Tanay
Richard David
Kim Keller
Jeffrey Schwartz
Debra Justice
F. Scott Kellman
Val Wilson
Oct. 6
To The Daily:
people in Ann Arbor 18 years of
age or over. A scientific survey
has established that of those
persons 40,000, or 50 per cent,
smoke dope.
Let us assume conservative-
ly that the average smoker con-
sumes two joints per week.
Then some elementary arithme-
tic shows us that Our Fair City,
a pretty small town, uses 122
pounds, or 55.4 kilograms
("keys") of marijuana per
week. This has a so-called
"street value" of $39,024 at a
price of $20 per ounce.
Or $2,034,732 per year.
This is .no small amount and
employs many people. Assume
an average net income before
(and after) taxes of $10,000 per
personin the industry, and you
discover that this town's mari-
juana consumption trade em-
ploys 200 persons (full-time
equivalents). Certainly more
than the users of the Ann Ar-
bor Airport.
AND THAT $2,000,000 per
year doesn't count the hash,
acid, speed, etc., consumed in
the city. Nor the huge whole-

ties apparently arrested him be-
cause of his friendship with an
outspoken critic of the Brazil-
ian regime. In jail, Morris was
repeatedly beaten and kicked.
Electric shocks were applied to
his breast, penis, and ear lobes.
"Not surprisingly," Morris com-
mented Monday, "the Brazilian
government is both supported
and financed by the U.S." .
The relationship between the
CIA and the ruling generals in
Brazil dates back to World War
II. The U.S. prodded Brazil into
entering the war and absorbed
the Brazilian military into the
U.S. training structure. The lia-
son for U.S. and Brazilian forces
in Italy was Vernon Walters.
Curiously, Walters was the mili-
tary attache in Rio in 1964, when
the military and General Hum-
berto Castilo Branco deposed the
civilian government. The gener-
als who now control Brazil are
Walters' buddies from the war.
The Brazilian generals are
also linked ,to American corpor-
ations, which reward them
handsomely. In turn, the pow-
ers that be accommodate the
corporations by limiting taxes,
repressing wages, and doing
away with labor organizers.
tions have linked Brazil to the
w o r I d economic structure
through an imperialistic rela-
tionship. This has been done
with the cooperation of the rul-
ing elements in Brazil. Even to-
day there is no internal market
in Brazil. The formation of an
internal market would increase
the political power of workers
and peasants and threaten those
who presently hold power.
Therefore, large sections of the
Brazilian middle classes along
with the generals use interna-

tional capital to develop the
cities, exploit the . countryside
and tyrannize the workers. The
cities may be "modern" but the
nation is not.
Now, the paradise once en-
joyed by the middle classes is
crumbling. The rise in oil prices
crippled Brazil, a country which
imports two thirds of its oil, and
inflation skyrocketed. This is in-
creasing middleclass discontent
and threatens to move the mili-
tary further to the right.
MORRIS WAS extremely pes-
simistic about the possibilities
for progressive change in Brazil
in the near future. Discontent
pervades Brazilian society but
apathy remains high. Political
organizers are few.
Morris did point out, however,,
that many of the sergeants in
the Brazilian army are more
sympathetic to the masses than
to their military leaders. The
sergeants, Morris contended,
are the ones with the most sway
over the soldiers. "At one stu-
dent demonstration," he said,
"the soldiers were told that they
might have to shoot some stu-
dents. The soldiers and ser-
geants agreed that if the order
came, they would aim their ma-
chine guns at the officers in-

stead." Morris also mentioned
that a disturbance in the large
countryside by millions of people
could not be squelched by the
tens of thousands in the army.
THE STORY of events in
Chile, as related by Langton,
was equally horrifying. Labor
and peasant organizers are be-
ing kidnapped, tortured, and
killed. Inflation is running near
six hundred per cent and unem-
ployment is about 20 per cent
and as high as 50 per cent in
some sectors. Perhaps some in
the middle classes are satisfied,
Langton said, but the over-
whelming majority of people are
struggling to survive.
There are 'numerous stories
these days of torture and repres-
sion supported by the U.S. gov-
ernment. The important thing to
remember, however, is that the
CIA and American-supported
tyranny can be defeated. Al-
though prospects for change in
Chile and Brazil are not prom-
ising, the people of Vietnam
have already rid themselves of
the CIA.
Robert Miller is a member
of the Editorial Page staff.

Contact your reps-
Sen. Phillip Hart (Dem), 253 Russell Bldg., Capitol Hill,
Washington, D.C. 20515.
Sen. Robert Griffin (Rep), 353 Russell Bldg., Capitol Hill,
Washington, D.C. 20515.
....Rep. Marvin Esch (Rep), 2353 Rayburn Bldg., Capitol Hill,
Washington, D.C. 20515.
Sen. Gilbert Bursley (Rep), Senate, State Capitol Bldg.,
Lansing, Mi. 48933.
Rep. Perry Bullard (Dem), House of Representatives, State
Capitol Bldg., Lansing, Mi. 48933.
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