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October 13, 1976 - Image 4

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1976-10-13

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Eighty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109

I

Group

scores
worse

Wednesday, October 13, 1976

News Phone: 764-05521

Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan

I

Protest high tuition!

TUITION, as everyone at this Uni-
versity well knows, has been going up
by leaps and bounds during recent
years. Not only has inflation done
its share to accent the problem, but
numerous educational funding bills
have been vetoed by President Ford
while state funding has not increas-
ed significantly.
As incredible as it may seem, un-
dergraduate tuition (regardless of
class rank) for a Michigan resident
during the 1968-69 class year was
$480; non-resident tuition was $1,540.
In seven short years, the cost of a
college education here has more than
doubled.
This afternoon at 1 o'clock, stu,
dents against higher tuition rates
will assemble in front of the statet
capitol building in Lansing as part
of an informal state-wide boycott of
college classes.
If you can possibly make the trip,
The Daily strongly urges your at-
tendance at this organized protest to
attempt to jolt our legislators into
doing somehing more constructive
about our spiraling tuition costs.
State, funding of public two and four-
year colleges has been considerably
less than adequate and it's about time

education got a higher priority in
the legislature.
Cars will be leaving for Lansing
from People's Plaza (by the cube) to-
day at 10:30 a.m. Michigan Student
Assembly President Calvin Luker asks
that protester's arrive by 10.
Protesters from the University will
be part of;a larger group from all
state-funded colleges. The entire de-
monstration is being conducted un-
der the informal title of a "state-
wide class boycott." But whatever
you call it, the important things for
its success - is in the number of con-
cerned students it draws.
Among the affirmative demands at
today's demonstration, various stu-
dent representatives will be meeting
with key education legislators. We
hope they drive our need home to
these officials, because the time has
come for giving education the addi-
tional funding it needs and de-
serves.
We can no longer sit around and
allow President Ford to veto our
needed money. And our state legis-
lature must get into action, too, be-
cause they've been just as detrimen-
tal to the cause as Ford.
Something as important as edu-
cation cannot be trifled with.

record
By MARK GREENWOOD
Second of Two Parts
THE LEAGUE of Conservation Voters
has called Gerald Ford's overall
record an environmental policy even
worse than that of Richard Nixon. The
budgets of agencies concerned with en-
vironmental protection have suffered
greatly during Ford's tenure. For ex-
ample, the White House responded to
EPA's ban of several hazardous pesti-
cides by making deep cuts in the agen-
cy's pesticide budget.
Ford continues to characterize natur-
al resource problems as a simple trade-
off between the environment and jobs.
He maintains this line, even though his
own Council on Environmental Quality
reported -in 1975 that environmental pro-
tection laws are generating a growing
pollution control industry. That study es-
timates, for example, that $1 billion dol-
lars in wastewater treatment grants gen-
erate some 78,000 new jobs. In short,
he has declined to consider the complexi-
ties inherent in achieving a proper bal-
ance between economic and environmen-
tal welfare and has decided to make the
environment the whipping boy for the
industrial system and its discontents.
CARTER'S RECORD, on the other
hand, shows consistent support for en-
vironmental protection. His reorganiza-
tion of Georgia government resulted in
greater budget allocations for social
services and environmental needs. He
appointed officials who were highly re-
spected by environmentalists for their
diligence and concern. Most important-
ly, he has shown a willingness to take
courageous stands on environmental is-
sues in the face of strong pressure from
state and Federal bureaucrats, as evi-
denced by his resistance to the Corps
of Engineers' Sprewell Bluff dam proj-
ect.
Water Resources
Ford's record on water pollution
parallels the pattern he established on
other environmental issues - undermin-
ing enforcement efforts generally and
seeking repeal of legislative mandates
where possible. In 1975, Ford supported
amen'dments that would strip EPA of
the power to withhold money from
states with inadequate treatment pro-
grams. In 1976, the Ford Administration
sopght changes in Section 404 of the
Federal Water Pollution Control Act,
which would have the effect of with-
drawing Federal regulatory jurisdiction
over large amounts of the nation's wet-
lands, areas crucial to wildlife protec-
tion.
DURING CARTER'S TENURE, Geor-

gia had one of the strongest state pro-
grams on water pollution. His admini-
strators were fiercely independent and
as a result had several confrontations
with Federal officials. Nonetheless,
Georgia's water program, bolstered by
its own underground water law, proved
quite effective.
One of Carter's most significant acts
as governor was his veto of the Sprewell
Bluff Dam, a Corps Engineers project
which had been planned for almost 20
years. In the face of strong pressure,
he rejected the project in order to pro-
tect the Flint River, long noted for its
scenery and rare ecological mix.
Public Lands
The Ford Administration has syste-
matically ignored the National Park sys-
tem. Since Ford has taken office, the
budget of the National Park Service has
remained static despite an addition of
20 new park areas and a 20 per cent
increase in park visitation. Until very
recently, the Administration has op-
posed additions to the Land and Water
Conservation Fund, which is used to pur-
chase new parks and recreations areas.
A sudden turnabout ,on this record oc-
curred on August 29 when Ford, speak-,
ing in front of Old Faithful, called for
a $1.5 billion dollar Bicentennial Land
Heritage Program to increase the na-
tional park system. A closer look at the
program underscores the opportunism
which its timing suggests. The expendi-
tures are to be spread over 10 years
and the bulk of the ""ew" -s
are located in Alaska on land that the
Congress had already set aside for even-
tual designation as parks.
THE FORD ADMINISTRATION has
also supported efforts for economic ex-
ploitation of the public lands. It op-
posed Senate efforts to impose a mora-
torium on strip mining in the nation-
al parks. It blocked regulations that
would have 'prevented logging practices
that are threatening the giant trees in
Redwood National Park. Ford even went
so far as to impound Federal funds
designated for reforestation efforts.
Carter's record in Georgia provides
a complete contrast. He created a Geor-
gia Heritage Trust Commission and fol-
lowed their recommendations for the
purchase of some. 19 scenic areas. He
was a strong backer of national legis-
lation to create the Cohutta Wilderness
Area and the Cumberland Island Na-
tional Seashort. \
He battled Georgia's powerful lumber
interests who controlled his own Fores-
try Commission over their timber man-
agement practices. On the national front,

Ford e4
than
he supported Senator Church's effort to
restrict clearcutting on steep slopes. He
also persuaded the National Governor's
Conference to criticize the Administra-
tion's emphasis on timber yields at the
expense of recreation and wildlife man-
agement.
Wildlife
UPON TAKING OFFICE, the first
thing that Gerald Ford did which rela-
ted to wildlife was to give Leonid Brezh-
nev a wolf skin coat as a goodwill pre-
sent. In return he received some whale-
bone carvings, which the U.S. Customs
Department later confiscated because
importing them to the U.S. was a vio-
lation of the Endangered Species Act.
This insensitivity to the problem of
vanishing wildlife can also be found in
the substantive policies pursued by the
President. The Ford Administration
sought to overturn current protection for
threatened species by seeking changes
in the Free Roaming Horses and Bur-
ros Act, by lifting bans on the poison,
sodium cyanide, which had killed a wide
variety of species in the West and by
seeking the removal of the Eastern tim-
ber wolf of Minnesota from the list of
endangered species.
The systematic opposition to wildlife
protection also involves lax enforcement
of statutory mandates. In 1974, Ford de-
clined to use his power under the Pelly
Amendment to embargo Japanese fish
products, even though Japan's wholesale
killing of whales violated an interna-
tional conservation agreement. The Ad-
ministration also refused to enforce the
provisions of the Marine Mammal Pro-
tection Act designed to stop the annual
slaughter of 150,000 porpoises by tuna
fishermen. In 1973, the U.S. ratified a
treaty restricting commercial trade in
endangered species. It 'took the Ford
Administration three years to issue regu-
lations to implement that treaty.
AS GOVERNOR, CARTER was not
in a position to take action on many
wildlife issues because of their national
and international dimensions. His record
does show budgetary support for the
Fish and Game Division of the Georgia
Department of Natural Resources as well
as over a dozen programs to protect
wildlife habitats.
His stated positions include maintain-
ing the bans of "1080" and other poisons
used to kill predators. On the interna-
tional front he would instruct the Whal-
ing Commission to press for a mora-
torium on killing of whales and would
be willing to use the 200-mile fishing
limit restriction as a bargaining tool in
that effort.

ceologyA
ixon' s
Air Pollution
The Ford Administration has consist-
ently fought to extend deadlines imposed
on polluters by the Clean Air Act. The
recent fight over auto emissions require-
ments, in which the Administration push-
ed for an extension of deadlines to 1982,
is a classic example of this effort.
IN ADDITION TO undermining en-
forcement of current air quality re-
quirements, Fordhas opposed the ex-
tension of air pollution laws. The Ad-
ministration sought repeal of the "no
significant deterioration" provisions of
the Clean Air Act which would set sepa-
rate standards of air quality for those
areas, primarily in the national parks
of the West, where the air remains un-
touched by industrial pollution.
Carter supports vigorous enforcement
of such nondegredation standards. He
also favors maintaining the statutory
standards on auto emissions Despite
problems with Georgia's plan for im-
plementation of the Clean Air Act, Car-
ter was able to get the pfogram on
track and achieved a 20 per cent re-
duction in air pollution levels during
his tenure.
The values of these two men are
critical to the future of the Nation's
energy, air, water, land and wildlife.
Gerald Ford represents an exploitive
and expensive energy policy which gives
no credence to concerns over environ-
mental quality. Jimmy Carter offers an
innovative and balanced energy policy
which remains sensitive to the American
people's desire to feel secure about the
safety and proud of the beauty of their
natural environment.
THE VALUES OF THESE two men
are critical to the future of the Nation's
air, water, land and wildlife. Gerald
Ford has shown a consistent insensitivi-
ty to concerns over environmental quali-
ty. Jimmy Carter offers an innova-
tive and balanced environmental policy
which, like his energy positions, remains
sensitive to the American people's de-
sire to feel secure about the safetyand
proud of the beauty of their natural
environment.
For those who care, again the choice
seems clear.
Mark Greenwood is a graduate in thr
combined Law and Public Policy pro-
grams at the University. Last summer
he served as an intern at the Council on
Environmental Quality in Washington,
D.C

Disarm: Stop Missile X

IT IS A RATHER unpleasant pro-
position to consider that the Penta-
gon is developing a new ICBM called
Missile X, to replace our cpirrent Min-
utemen by the end of the next dec-
ade. Missile X's development is ex-
pected to cost around $30 billion not
a lot by military standards. Missile
X is being designed to keep up with
the Soviets. It is a more accurate,
therefore more deadly, and there-
fore in turn a "better" missile.
When will this lunacy end? There
exists on earth no argument strong
enough to pursuade us that our arms
insanity is In the least justified. The
situation has long been absurd. Mis-
sile X takes us into a new dimension
of derangement.
We are aware that the Pentagon
is more of a corporation than a de-
fense agency. Nuclear arms are pop-
ular, profitable and seemingly as es-
sential to the world's nations as socks
and junk food. And where would we
be without nuclear tension?
The threat of global holocaust has
probably produced many creative
Business Staff
Bet4 Friedman........ . Business Manager
Deborah Dreyfuss.........Operations Manager
Kathleen Mulhern ... Assistant Adv. Coordinator
Don Simpson................Display Manager
David Harlan ...... .......... Finance Manager
Dan Blugerman ... .Sales Manager
Pete Peterson..........Advertising Coordinator
Casie, St.Clair...........Circulation manager
Beth Stratford.......Circulation Director

neuroses, fueled the talents of movie
directors and certainly provided
many jobs. But in spite of all the
good things nuclear missiles con-
tribute by their very presence, we
are inclined to wonder whether we
shouldn't put our foot down on the
things. They're something like lice
though: once you've got them,
they're hard to get rid of.
DISARMAMENT is possi-
ble. We have the technology. Instead
of acting like spoiled children-irra-
tional egocentric brats -- our Penta-
gon generals and defense. ministers
should come down off their pluto-
nium highs for once -In their lives
and attempt something not only am-
bitious, but essential and not im-
possible: disarmament within ten
years.

If we still
at least use
mite bombs

have to throw wars, let's
normally hideous dyna-
instead of these nuclear

abberations.
As Albert Einstein remarked long
ago, "I don't know that World War
III will be fought with, but World
War IV will be fought with rocks."
Let's act now, before Dr. Strange-
love becomes a reality.
TODAY'S STAFF:
News: Sue Ades, Bill Turque, Rob
Meachum, Ann Marie Lipinski,
Barb ahs, Debbie Locusta, Eileen
Daley
Editorial Page: Rob Meachum, Tom
Stevens, H.S. Thompson
Arts Page: Lois Josimovich,
Photo Technician:

TM
To The Daily:
A LETTER LAST week mild-
ly critiqued the Transcendental
Meditation technique, based on
a report of periods of EEG
sleep patterns in S subjects. We
wish to respond to specified
points of confusion and then
propose a new scientific study
with 5000 subjects to eliminate
the basis of both that confusion
and every other problem in
Ann Arbor.
1. The TM technique is a
practice to develop enlighten-
ment, the full and harmonious
functioning of mind and body.
This is systematically achieved
as, the meditator experiences
twice daily a profound state of
rest and relaxation, resulting in
the resolution of accumulated
stress and tension.
2. Because the TM technique

Letters
is natural and effortless, sleep
or drowsiness naturally occurs
if deep fatigue is being resolv-
ed during the meditation period.
This subjective experience con-
trasts with the more usual state
of restful alertness during TM,
but its effect -- a more fatigue-
free system - is appreciated by'
the meditator for the rest of
the day.
3. The mark of the success of
the TM program is that me-
diators enjoy the increased en-
ergy, clarity of mind and im-
proved relationships they ex-
perience during their daily ac-
tivity. This is our emphasis:
the enhancement of every as-
pect' of work, play or study.
(The brief meditation period is,
however, generally reported to
be a restful and charming ex-
perience.)
4. Literally hundreds of phys-
iological, psychological a n d

to

socialogical studies confirm the
holistic growth of individuals
practicing TM. Coupled with the
subjective reports of over I
million regular practitioners of
Transcendental Meditation, this
body of objective research dis-
claims any assertion that the
TM technique is merely sleep.
We have all been sleeping 6-10
hours daily throughout life; a
few more minutes napping
would not produce enlightened,
fully developed citizens.
We always appreciate skep-
ticism, as it encourages fur-
ther research. Our proposal is
to test the theory that 5 per
cent of a city's population prac-
ticing the TM teclnique will
generate sufficient intensity of
orderliness and harmony to
create an ideal, problem-free
society for all. This theory, pro-
pounded by highly competent
scientists based on models
from nature, is being verified
around the world. In those ci-,
ties where only 1 per cent of
the people have begun the TM
program, the quality of life
begins to improve (as indicated
by statistically significant de-
creases in crime, sickness, and
accidents).
In Ann Arbor, where fully 2
per cent of the population has
already begun the practice, we
need 3000 citizens willing to
take profound natural rest a
few minutes twice daily. If the
theory is correct, "3000 for Ann
Arbor" will bring the full bloom
of the Age of Enlightenment
here. If the theory is not cor-
rect, 3000 more people will be
quickly growing to full poten-
tial of mind and body and gen-

thc

~Dai*
erating that influence f
families and society.
Students' Intern
Meditation Soci
Michigan Union
4111
To The Daily:
THOUSANDS+
versity of Michigans
use Ann Arbor city par
Parks can serve peo
ter whenpriorities an
of their users are knc,
most nothing is know
city park priorities and
standards.
The Mayor's Ad Hoc(
tee on Parks and Ope
(composed of Ann Ar
zens) is trying to writ
park plan which will t
account the wishes, p
and opinions of all kl
people who use city pa
need to know what stu
in parks, which parks
use, what changes or i
ments students would lik
in the park system. Ple
us by coming to one
public hearings.
Thursday October 14 a
we will be in the Michi
ion, Kuenzel room.
Stop by and give us
help. Thousands of stud
benefit if you do.
Leslie Morris
Mayor's Commit
on Parks and O
Space
yeso
To The Editor:
THE B E V E R
container industry has
its campaign of distort

J
for their deception in their attempt to
defeat proposal A. Their claim
ational that bottle laws have ibeen inef-
ety fective elsewhere is not sup-
, Room ported by the facts. In Oregon
where the legislation has been
in effct th longst, th bottl bill
parks is a "riproaring sucdss" accord-
ing to formr Governor Tom Mc-
,f .U Call. Litter surveys conducted
studeni over a 2 year period by the of-
ks. dt fice of Governor McCall show
pse b-a 79 per cent decrease in litter
pie bet- after the bill went into effect.
d nee s Vermont's bottle bill has slash-
n about ed roadside beverage litter 76
U of M per cent by volume.
SConsumers will save money
Commit-with .returnables. Equivalent
Commit- amounts of beverage cost two
bar citi- to four cents more, on the av-
erage, in a throwaway can or
e a new bottle than in returnables. The
:ake into reasont is simpl ythat the °'cost
priorities of returnables is spread over
inds of many uses; the cost of the non-
rks. We returnable package is absorbed
dents do in one use.
students Employment in Michigan will
mprove- increase as a result of the bottle
ke to see referendum. The official study
ase help done by the Public Service
of our Commission conservatively es-
timates an increase of over
at 8 p.m. 4,000 jobs in Michigan. The new
gan Un- jobs would occur in trucking,
warehousing, and retailing sec-
a little tors of the economy.
ents will Presently, supermarkers of-
ten don't even sell returnables.
If you are against forced throw-
ttee awavs. support proposal A this
pen November. Don't be deceived
by the slick media campaign
against proposal A. Look at the
D12 results in Oregon and Vermant.
Vote "Yes" on A for a cleaner
A G E Michigan.
begun Tom Moran
ion and 917 S. Forest St.

i

iU .R tUp o sa
CM~0
rC
WV1! .r. ,IP

Contact your reps
Sen. Phillip Hart (Dem.), 253 Russell Bldg., Capitol Hill,
Washington, D.C. 20515.
Sen. Robert Griffin (Rep.), 353 Russell Bldg., Capitol Hill,
Washington, D.C. 20515.

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