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October 08, 1976 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1976-10-08

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(Te Altodltgan mIll
Eighty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109





Friday, October 8, 1976

News Phone: 764-0552

Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan
D O c era Iea hstoe

the same primrose path as India.
Sangad Chalawyu, the defense minis-
ter of the country, has Just taken
over in a lightening coup, supported
by a group of democracy-loving peo-
ple calling themselves the Adminis-
tration Reform Committee (ARC).
Martial law has been invoked, all
political meetings have been banned
and a curfew imposed from mid-
night to 5 a.m. But the gracious
Chalawyu stressed that "the ARC
consensus of the Daily staff.
irZ4an Batil
Photography Staff
Pauline Lubens ............. Chief Photographer
Brad Benjamin ............ Staff Photographer
Alan Bilinsky"............... Staff Photographer
Scott Eccker ................. Staff Photographer
Andy Freeberg .............. Staff Photographer
Christina Schneider ......... Staff Photographer
Editorial Staff
Rob Meachum ...................Bill Turque
Jeff Ristine..................,Managing Editor
Tim Schick.................Executive Editor
Stephen Hersh...............Magazine Editor
Rob Meachun ................ Editorial Director
Lois Josimovch...... ..EdArts Editor
STAFF WRITERS: Susan Ades, Susan Barry,
Dana Baumann, Michael Beckman, Philip Bo.
kovoy,'Jodi Dimick, Chris Dyhdale, Elaine
Fletcher, Larry Friske, Debra Gale, Tom Go-
dell, Eric Gressman, Kurt Harju, Char Heeg,
James Hynes, Michael Jones, Lani Jordan,
Lois Josimovic, Joanne Kaufman, David
Keeps, Steve Kursman, Jay Levin, Ann Marie
Lipinski, George Lobsenz, Pauline Lubens, Stu
CcConnell, Jennifer Miller, Michael Nnrtnn,
Jon Pansius, Ken Parsigan, Karen Paul,
Stephen Pickover, Christopher Potter, ion
Rose, Lucy Saunders, Annemarie Schivi. Kar-
en Schulkins, Jeffrey Selbst, Jim Shahin, Rick
Soble, Tom Stevens, Jim Stimson, David
Strauss, Mike Taylor, Jim Tobin, Loran Walker,
Laurie Young, Barbara Zahs.
Sports Staff
Bill Stieg............Sports Editor
Rich Lerner .... Executive Sports Editor
Andy Glazer............ Managing Sports Editor
Rick Bonino......Associate Sports Editor
NIGHT EDITOR: Tom Cameron, Enid Goldman
Kathy Henneghan, Scott Lewis, Rick Maddock,
Bob Miller, John Niemeyer, Mark Whitney.
STAFF WRITERS: Leslie Brown, Paul Campbell,
Marybeth Dillon, Ernie Dunbar, Henry Engel-
hardt, Jeff Frank, Cindy Gatziolis, Don Mac-
Lachlan, Rich Ovshinsky, Jim Powers, Pat Rode,
John Schwartz.
Business Staff
Beth Friedman........Business Manager
Deborah Dreyfus..........Operations Manager
Kathleen Mulhern ... Assistant Adv. Coordinator
Don Simpson ... ......Display Manager
David Harlan . Finance Manager
Dan Blugerman . Sales Manager
Pete Peterson .. Advertising Coordinator
Cassle St. Clair ...... Circulation Manager
Beth Stratford. . Circulation Director
News: Sue Ades, Eileen Daley, Bill
Turque, Jeff Ristine, Karen Schul-
kins, Ron Rosenbaum, Pauline
Editorial Page: Michael Beckman,
Rob Meachum, Tom Stevens, Davey
Arts Page: Lois Josimovich
Photo Technician: Alan Bilinsky

On Tuesday, Sept. 28, GEO
unveiled some substantially
new and more reasonable bar-
gaining positions. The admin-
istration's response last Thurs-
day merely reiterated their
same old terms. Consequently,
the mediator, a representative
of the state government who
was trying to help the parties
reach a settlement, decided that
it was fruitless for him to con-
tinue his work here, and media-
tion was broken off. Successful
labor - management negotiations
depend upon the spirit of com-
promise. The heavy handed
manner in which the University
refuses to acknowledge GEO's
initiatives amounts to an ulti-
matum: either union members
must capitulate and accept the
University's proposal as is, or
they must strike to achieve any
With negotiations at such an
impasse, it behooves all Univer-
sity students to understand the
underlying issue. It is not wheth-
er GEO receives a 6.2 per cent
cost of living increase, nor
whether the University has a
right to discriminate in hiring
and to drag its feet on affirma-
tive action. The real question is
a symbolic one which subsumes
all of these. Are teaching assist-
ants to be considered as gradu-
ate students receiving economic
aid in order to be self-support-
ing as they pursue their de-
grees? Or, are they to be con-
sidered as employees of the uni-
versity who are simultaneously
studying for their degrees? Un-
fortunately, both sides have
Ralph's Universe

demonstrated a cynical willing-
ness to use which ever perspec-
tive appears to provide them
with an advantage on a particu-
lar issue.
AT MOST institutions of high-
er education, the former atti-
tude prevails. Teaching assist-
.. . *.v.*.. *:.... .......... ....:.:. ..... . .:< : : : :=. .
T It e heavy - handed
manner in which the
University refuses to
acknowledge G E 0's
initiatives amounts to
an ultimatum: either
union members must
capitulate and accept
... or they must strike
to achieve any benefits.
ants are precisely what the
name implies-assistants. They
lead small discussion groups
and problem sessions. As they
become more experienced, some
are incorporated into the sys-
tem as teachers, but then they
only teach one class with less
than thirty students. Such work
is not overwhelming. They can
find time to serve their students
responsibly and still pursue
their doctoral degrees at essen-
tially a full-time rate. In re-
turn, they receive a minimal
stipend, enough to survive (Pro-
vided that they do not have any
For the same minimal stipend

(about $3,200 per year, taxable)
a teaching assistant at the Uni-
versity is required to teach two
classes per term with as many
as 80 students. The average
such T.A. must spend six hours
per week teaching in the class-
room with some being required
to teach up to enght hours per
week. Combine this with pre-
paring lectures, providing of-
fice hours and help sessions,
designing tests, and grading pa-
pers; it is estimated that the
average T.A. spends around 20-
25 hours per week on the job.
Conscientious teachers, who, for
example, want to grade home-
work thoroughly, spend even
more time. For a TA to per-
form as a full time student has
become a virtual impossibility.
The process of earning a de-
gree has been thereby prolong-
ed by as much as two years.
It is clear that the adminis-
tration views its T.A.'s more
as employees than as students.
If so, they are the most under-
paid educational asset of the
University community. T. A. 's
enable the U. to claim that it
has personalized classes instead
of huge factory-like lectures.
Hiring professors for the same
tasks would cost at least four
times as much money. Yet,
when it comes to belt-tighten-
ing, graduate students pay the
price. Their positions are the
most vulnerable.
increased pay for GEO will just
mean another rise in tuition.
But, why should T.A.'s be the

martyrs? Chief University bar-
gainer John Forsyth did, in fact,
plead poverty during the media-
tion sessions. This would be
considered a valid argument.
Except, when called upon to
prove it by opening the books,
he refused. No wonder. Last
The University must
realize that no one can
win if there is a strike.
Why. not make a more
significant response to
CEO's most recent
proposals before it is
too late? See if we
can't resolve this mess.
year, for the first time, more
than 50% of the U's funds went
into the non-academic budget.
There is plenty of fat for
bureaucratic "management" po-
sitions, but not enough for teach-
If the trend continues, the
entire university community
will suffer. Too many graduate
students are bitter about the
way they have been treated
here. Ultimately, the entire
graduate program will cease to
be competitive. Without good
graduate students, many facul-
ty members may become dis-
enchanted and move elsewhere.
And, classes now taught by TA's
will become unwieldy lectures.

Top students will cease to con-
sider U. of M. as a viable al-
Although neither disputing par-
ty has approached the problem
this way, I recommend that we
put our graduate students back
in the business of being full-
time students rather than teach-
ers. Class size should be strict-
ly limited. One teacher should
only teach one class per term.
Then, the stipend could remain
about the same as it is now
(in real dollars).
tion is too idealistic. I doubt
that the university can be dis-
suaded from its penchant for
cheap labor. In lieu of that,
let us at least get down to
serious negotiations and avert
a crisis. There has been a
rumbling in GEO that the rea-
son for the administration's in-
tractability is that they wish to
provoke a strike in order to
break the union. GEO has only
been with us two years, and the
administration is still not hap-
py about accepting its existence.
But, it is clear that the union
is too valuable to its members
to merely dissolve. The Univer-
sity must realize that no one
can win if there is a strike. Why
not make a more significant re-
sponse to GEO's most recent
proposals before it is too late?
See if we can't resolve this
By Tom Stevens

Sangad Chalawyu

will strictly uphold the principles of
Democracy." That's just what Indira
Ghandi said; but the first thing both
of these dictators did upon seizing
the power was to close down or heav-
ily censor the free press.
That's not the worst of it though.
As with most coups, there's lots of
shooting and killing. Plus, a lot of
people get doused with gasoline and
set afire. But Chalawyu didn't do all
that. He only did a little, and he has
promised to give power back to the
people as soon as they're ready for
The coup was puri.'ortedly anti-
communist. If it was, at least the
press wouldn't have been controlled.
Chalawyu seems to be no more than
a backwater power-pimp with a taste
for some high living. Great. He prob-
ably wanted to do his thing before he
gets too old for fun. He is 60 years
old. Before the coup he served as
defense minister for the civilian gov-
ernment only one day.
Leading up to the coup, leftist stu-
dents protested the return of former
dictator Thanom Kittikachorn. When
things started getting hot and
heavy, students' protests turning into
street violence; Chalawyu then step-
ped in and made like Big Daddy. He
wanted to prevent the country from
slipping into the hands of the com-
Chalawyu took advantage of tu-
mult rocking the already unstable
country and now It looks like the
Thai people are going to be protected
for quite some time if history proves
correct about such matters.
It is up to the people of the world,$
all of them, who believe in certain
unalienable individual rights, to
scorn Chalawyu via public forum if
he doesn't give power back to the
people. We shouldn't stick our al-
ready dirty fingers into Thailand,
but all responsible world leaders are
obligated to speak out against Chala-
wyu. He must be pressured into re-
storing freedom.

Llt(e IT?


['S 5AN ~AOM


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I I I I f

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ii LI

Letters to The Daily

kiss pix
To The Daily:
YOUR LARGE, front-page
picture of the kissing contest
was a pleasure to look at. What
a great way to brighten a
dreary morning! Please don't
wait for another contest: let's
have more good pictures! .. ..
Joseph Denny
October 5
To The Daily:
MINISTRATION has asked fac-
ulty and departments to prepare
contingency plans to minimize
the disruptive effects of a GEO
strike. In so doing they assume
that a strike is inevitable, and
they have dropped all efforts
to compromise.
A far more effective way of
avoiding disruption is for the
University to accept GEO's
proposal for binding arbitra-
tion. All unresolved contract is-
sues would be submitted to an
impartial outside arbiter for de-
ision. This offer is GEO's good

faith attempt to avert a long
and destructive strike. Faculty
and students who want classes
and research to continue unin-
terrupted should urge the ad-
ministration to agree.
Beth Shinn
October 6
To The Daily:
IT HAS NEVER been accept-
ed that newspapers should take
over the functions of the crimi-
nal courts and the juries who
decide on the facts of a case.
Yourhnews heading: "Arb
killer hunted outside of state"
(Page 1, Oct. 5) is an out-
rageous pre-judgment of a sus-
pect. Unfortunately the dam-
age that results from this kind
of newspaper irresponsibility
toward all citizens - both the
innocent and the guilty - can-
not be properly undone. The
only solution is to warn against
future news headings of the
same kind.
Hugh Selby
October 5
To The Daily:
I HAVE TO comment on The
Michigan Daily's obviously
shallow integrity and common
policy of jumping on theDemo-
cratic Party's Bandwagon as
exemplified in Tuesday's editor-
ial regarding the resignation of
Agriculture Secretary Earl
Butz. The Daily calls Mr. Butz
"an ugly racist." You also state
"the slur was so vulgar and full
of hate that it could not be
repeated in broadcasts or quot-
ed in most newspapers." But
you saw fit to print this quote

in its exact language not once,
but three days in a row. Are
you using the shelter of news
reporting to slur the black peo-
ple? Are you not "an ugly ra-
cist" yourself? If not, you must
enjoy some immature pleasure
in printing vulgar language in
a newspaper. This is definite-
ly not the mature journalism
one expects from a major uni-
versity newspaper.
Your editorial also looks like
a copy of the speeches given
over the last few days by Dem-
ocratic candidate Jimmy Car-
ter. Why don't you get off the
Democratic Bandwagon and
write your own opinion as de-
monstrated by your reporting
of Mr. Butz's offensive remark?
I do not condone his statement
and I feel you cannot condemn
it. We have enough two-faced
people in the news today and

we do

not need our newspapers
along with them.
Mark J. Romzick
October 5

HOW MUCH SHOULD a government spend on social pro-
grams for the people? How high should taxes be, es-
pecially for the rich? How much is too much?
These are questions facing not only Americans this
election year, but people all over the world, especially
those countries where Social Democratic Parties have been
In Sweden, famous for it's "democratic" cradle to grave
socialism, the people went to the polls and cried, "enough"
by voting out the ruling Social Democrats for the first
time in 44 years. Swedish taxation had finally reached
the point where many professionals (i.e. doctors and law-
yers) had to pay 101 per cent of their incomes in taxes.
The welfare state had actually reached the point where
the Communists, part of the Socialist coalition, were pres-
suring greater ideological emphasis on new programs. This
scared conservative, though progressive Swedes.
SWEDEN IS NOT the only nation where voices are
being raised about government overinvolvement and spend-
ing. Last week the wolf was knocking on the door of 10
Downing St. as the British Pound Sterling hit an all time
low of $1.63. The British economy is sinking under a 13.8%
inflation rate, though down from the 23 per cent rate last
year, and a doubled unemployment rate from a year ago.
Britain in now procuring a $3.9 billion loan, their borrow-
ing limit, from the International Monetary Fund. This will
help keep the government solvent, at least for a while.
This final loan brings strings with it though.l Britain must
agree to heavy public spending cuts and stringent wage
controls. For a long time now Britain has had "tax exiles"
and taxes on some investments reaching 98 per cent.
It is not only in Europe that social welfare policies
and excessive taxes have brought down governments or
led them into deep trouble. The near default of New York
was a direct result of excessive public spending.
IN NOVEMBER WE FACE an election where these
topics are or should be of great concern. Mr. Carter has
proposed systems of public jobs and increased taxes on
upper income families and corporations. He mentioned a
potentially disasterous proposal during the first debates,
that of ending the Domestic International Sales Corpora-
tion benefits, which encourage exports. These programs
which would place heavy responsibilities on the govern-
ment and decrease the amount of investment capital avail-
able to companies, not to mention hurting our balance of
payments by making exports less profitable, are precisely
the formula to drive us to ruin, just as is happening in
Britain today.
President Ford on the other hand has proposed some
positive action toward improving the position of our na-
tion. President Ford wants to concentrate jobs and economic
growth in the private sector, where it should be. He has
proposed giving tax cuts up to 28 billion dollars, three-quar-
ters to private tax payers and one-quarter to corporations.
This means that the private taxpayer would already be
carrying a smaller part of the burden. Ford would also
create tax incentives for companies to locate in large metro-
politan areas, where the highest unemployment occurs.
future. We have the choice of expanding the private sec-
tor of our economy where production and demand will
create new jobs which will sustain themsk .ves or we can
let our government get more deeply involved by providing
public jobs, which must be funded from tax revenues, that
will require continuous funding if they are to remain in

~VrV'L IT MY 'i
sIo~.s ARE A SU
ASR- C d' NC
t-V%CATS 1



As I used to say in my intro-
ductory government classes at
the University of Michigan in
the mid-fifties: "if we do not
do what has to be done, this
will be done by others quite
Victor Zitta (Ph.D.,
Dr. Habil.)
4230 Fessenden Avenue
Washington, D.C. 20016
Letters should be typed
and limited to 400 words.
The Daily reserves the
right to edit letters for
length and grammar.



Contact your reps
Sen. Phillip Hart (Dem.), 253 Russell Bldg., Capitol Hill,
Washington, D.C. 20515.
Sen. Robert Griffin (Rep.), 353 Russell Bldg., Capitol Hill,
Washington, D.C. 20515.
Rep. Marvin Esch (Rep.), 2353 Rayburn Bldg., Capitol Hill,


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