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September 15, 1976 - Image 4

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Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1976-09-15

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Ah t ichgan tag
Eighty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109

Me abuck oil
to nab part o

barons

move

Wednesday, September 15, 1976

News Phone: 764-0552

uranium pile

Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan

Demonstrate against Ford

TONIGHT, a capacity crowd will jam
its way into Crisler Arena to see
one of the major events scheduled
on campus this year. No sports fans,
it's not the Indiana-Michigan bas-
ketball game, and no music fans, it's
not The Who. But since neither of
those attractions is available, what
is being offered is the only U. S.
President running as an incumbent,
while never having been elected.
Gerald Rudolph Ford and his cam-
paign cronies have 'decided to try
and capitalize on the circumstantial
fact that he played football and went
to school here by springboarding their
quadrenniel GOP travelling road
show at the big 'U'.
Lest everyone not get carte(r)d
off on the political bandwagon an4
fall victim to the flak of flying rhet-
oric, people should not just go to be
entertained and swayed by the rosy
picture that Ford will present of
his past performance. Everyone
should look realistically at the re-
cord of our most celebrated alumnus
and show their disapproval with the
shaft he is giving the American pub-
lic.
Ford kicking off his presidential
campaign at a college campus is
something akin to Hitler making the
first donation to the United Jewish
Appeal. One can't fool most of the
people all of the time, Jerry.
For example, Ford is a time-prov-
en enemy of higher education. With
atypical consistency, he has vetoed
almost every bill designed to bene-
fit higher education that has passed
through the Oval Office. Ford should
not be allowed to exit the arena
without first beig forced to come
Editorial Staff
Rob Meachum ..................Bill Turque
Co-Editors-in-Chief
Jeff Ristine .................... Managing Editor
Tim Schick............._ uean Wt
Stephen Hersh...... ...... Magazine Editor
Rob Meachum ..... .... Editorial Director
Lois Josimovich ..................... Arts Editor
STAFF WRITERS: Susan Ades, Dana Bauman,
Michael Beckman, Dana Bauman, James Burns,
Jodi Dimick, Elaine Fletcher, Mark Friedlander,
Tom Godell, Kurt Harju, Charlotte Heeg, Rich-
ard James, Tom Kettler, Chris Kochmanski,
Stephen Kursnan, Jay Levin, Ann Marie Lip-
nski, George Lobsenz, Pauline Lubens Teri
Maneau, Maureen Nolan, Mike Norton, Jon
Pansius, Kim Potter, Cathy Reutter, Ann Marie
Schiavi, Karen Schulkins, Jeff Selbst, Rock
Sobel, Ton Stevens, Steve Stojic, Cathi Suyak,
Jim Tobin Jim Valk, Margaret Yao Andrew
zerman
Sports Staff
Bill Stieg....... Sports Editor
Rich Lerner..... Executive Sports Editor
Andy Glazer.Managing Sports Editor
Rick Bonino .:.......... Associate Sports Editor
NIGHT EDITORS: Tom Cameron, Enid Goldman,
Kathy Henneghan, Scott Lewis, Rick Maddock,
Bob Miller, John Niemeyer, Mark Whitney.
STAFF WRITERS: Leslie=Brown, Paul Campbell.
Marybeth Dillon, Ernie Dunbar, Henry Engel-
hardt, Jeff Frank, Cindy Gatzolis, Don Mac-
Lachlan, Rich Ovshinsky, Jim Powers, Pat Rode,
John Schwartz,
Business Staff
Beth Friedman........ . . .Business Manager
Deborah Dreyfuss..... .....Operations Manager
Kathleen Muhern........ Advertising Manager
David Harlan ................. Finance Manager
Dan Blugerman . . ................ Sales Manager
Pete Peterson..........Advertising Coordinator
Casse St. Clair............Circulation Manager
Beth Stratford ............. Circulation Director

By ALAN MILLER
Pacific News Service
ALTHOUGH FEDERAL grand jury
revelations of. a secret uranium
cartel of foreign governments and cor-
porations have spotlighted international
price fixing, a related area under in-
vestigation by the same grand jury has
received little attention: big oil's take--
over of the U.S. uranium industry.
OVER THE PAST DECADE, major
American oil companies - including 18
of the top 25 - have moved quietly
but rapidly to acquire a majority in-
terest in the business of mining and
processing uranium, the fuel base of
nuclear plants.
By 1971-the last year the government
got statistics from the highly secretive
uranium industry - major and minor
oil companies controlled 61.8 per cent
of uranium mining and 50.4 per cent of
all reserves, the lattersupsharply from
31 per cent five years previously.
Since then, while the price of urani-
um has skyrocketed from roughly $8 to
$40 a pound, the tide of acquisition has
accelerated. Gulf has joined Kerr-McGee
Oil Co. among the nation's largest urani-
um companies, while Atlantic Richfield
(Arco) has signed a preliminary merger
agreement with Anaconda, another lead-
ing uranium mining corporation.
EXXON, WHICH HELD'5.9 per cent
of all reserves in 1971, has obtained
uranium mining leases on 400,000 acres
of Navajo land in the Southwest. And
in Washington state, where prospecting
for uranium has reached a fever pitch,
Ralph's Universe
S AKriG

Reserve Oil, Getty, Evvon and Conoco
are all looking for new mining sites.
Phillips Petroleum, Conoco, Mobil and
Standard Oil of California have also join-
ed the shift to uranium.
Ford Foundation energy expert Thomas
D. Duchesneau, in a 1975 report to the
foundation's Energy Policy Project, con-
cluded that the extensive control of oil
companies over "drilling activity, owner-
ship of uranium reserves and mining and
milling ... virtually assures that oil in-
terests will continue to be the dominant
force in uranium for a long time to
come."
Oil companies also want to buy into
nuclear fuel enrichment, currently the
reserve of the federal government. The
Ford administration is pushing for pri-
vate rather than public ownership of
the next generation of enrichment plants,
and Exxon, Signal Oil and Arco have all
expressed interest in building them.
EXXON AND OTHER companies are
working on new enrichment processes
that will require less energy and money
and - in the case of a process using
laser beams that Exxon is developing
- extract more fuel from the uranium
ore itself.
Kerr-McGee and Getty are already
heavily involved in processing plutonium
-- a by-product of nuclear fission which,
when processed, can also be used as
fued for nuclear reactors.
The oil takeover of uranium even ex-
tends overseas, where American indus-
try has long dominated the market for
enriched uranium. U.S. oil companies
are increasingly moving .into foreign

ventures in other sectors of the indus-
try.
Getty Oil, in a joint venture with
Pancontinental Mining (one of the com-
panies accused of involvement in the
international cartel), controls uranium
reserves in Australia estimated at al-
most 60 million tons - an amount far
in excess of the U.S. government's most
optimistic estimates of total American
reserves. Other U.S. uranium holdings
extend into Canada, Britain, France and
South Africa.
THIS REACH INTO uranium, along
with a similar move to a position of
control of over half the nation's coal
supplies, has been summed up by the
noted French economist J. M. Cheva-
lier as a strategy "to organize the end
of oil.
"During the short time remaining for
continued oil exploration (20-50 years),"
Chevalier notes, "they (oil firms) in-
tend to extract maximum profit from
oil in order to finance their own con-
version to new sources of energy over
vhich they will exercise monopolistic
control."
Whether the oil industry's move into
the uranium industry has affected sky-
rocketing uranium prices is unknown.
But the federal grand jury investigating
possible price fixing has subpeonaed over
a dozen uranium companies, including
Kerr-McGee, Exxon, Gulf and others
asking for a broad range of documents
dealing with uranium supply, demand
and price. The subjeonas specifically
asked for information about possible
links with the international cartel dis-
covered by the grand jury.

Few industries are more often ac-
cused of driving prices up by stifling
competition than is the U.S. oil busi-
ness, the world's largest industry.
OIL COMPANIES have in fact been
chaiged with monopolistic practices by
numerous state and federal courts, grand
juries and legislatures in recent years.
And in 1973, the Federal Trade Commis-
sion released a major report concluding
that "the majors demonstrate a clear
preference for avoiding competition
through mutual cooperation and the use
of exclusionary practices."
The report described.such methods as
dividing up the nation's markets to min-
imize competition, freezing out small
competitors and settling up joint subsi-
diaries to ensure cooperation between
existing majors.
Whether a result of such monopolistic
practices or not, the profit rates of the
eight lergest oil companies are usually
10 to 20 per cent higher than the average
for American firms.
But even if price manipulation by oil
firms has not caused any of the 500
per cent increase in uranium prices
since 1973, the move by oil firms into
uranium is bound to have profound con-
sequences, increasing their already im-
mense economic power.
EXPERTS NOW ESTIMATE the pe-
troleum industry (including utilities,
which sell oil industry products such
as gas and electricity) already accounts
for some 20 per cent of over-all indus-
trial sales in the U.S. And with uranium
regarded by federal energy planners as
the basic fuel for America's future, that
percentage is bound to increase.
By Tom Stevens
\\.I ( NOWA c
-77\
C)ES

Gerald R. Ford: The Univer-
sity's most notorious alumnus?
up with a rationalization for that
voting record, however pathetic the
reasons may be.
HE SHOULD ALSO be blasted for
his recent phone call to William
Scranton, U. S. representative at the
United Nations, ordering a veto of
a proposal which would have allow-
ed the Democratic Republic of Viet-
nam into the General Assembly.
"Politics played no part in the de-
cision," Scranton said. "As far as I'm
concerned and as far as the presi-
dent is concerned, we have not at-
temped to play politics at the United
Nations."
My. my, my. How long is Ford,
Kissinger and the rest of the clique
going to hold a grudge, and continue
American humiliation with regards
to a country that poses no threat to
our security and is now offering the
olive branch? He sure won't volunteer
that infornIation tonight.
The list could be expanded to in-
clude unemployment, amnesty, abor-
tion, taxes, child care and a dozen
other issues of the day. Fumble-
fumps Ford will continue his nean-
drethal policies towards these issues
until the people force him to get his
act together, if that is indeed possi-
ble at this point.
Ford will arrive at Willow Run Air-
port and proceed to Crisler Arena
about 3:30 this afternoon. His arriv-
al at the Arena, any other movements
on campus and his speech in the eve-
ning (open to the public) provide
an excellent opportunity for those
concerned to voice and demonstrate
their feelings. But don't hold your
hreath.
TODAY'S STAFF:
News: Jim Tobin, Ann Marie Lipinski,
Bill Turque, Susan Ades, Pauline
Toole
Editorial Page: Rob Meochum, Tom
Stevens, Keith Richburg, Michael
Beckman
Arts Page: Lois Josimu'vich
Photo Technician: Scott Eccker

OFFERING 7b JARd
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LETITERS:

Members of gay community
blast recent Daily article

To The Daily:
AS A GAY CLERGYMAN I
want to suggest a different per-
spective on gay life in Ann
Arbor than that reflected by Da-
vid Bell in his article "Com-
ing Out in a Gay Ghetto" in
your first of term issue of Sept.
9.
Apart from the content of this
piece I would observe that Bell
presents to Daily readers a viv-
id word picture of his gay Ann
Arbor experience. It is of the
"slice of life" school of jour-
nalism. This student writer
transports his reading audience
by means of a biting realism to
the sites of his gay sex encoun-
ters which include, as Bell puts
it, "the public washroom, adult
theatre and bookstore scene."
It is not surprising that Daily
editors would choose "Gay
Ghetto" for the kickoff, a wide-
ly read first edition, in view of
the journalistic strength of the

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writing, submitted to the Sum-
mer Hopwood Award Competi-
tion.
However, as a gay Ann Ar-
borite I want to register my
vigorous dissent to the impres-
sion that this article portrays
the extent of affectional life
style of gays in this community
-1976. If there are those of
us in the ranks of the gay fam-
ily here who must seek to ful-
fill our need for same sender
sevual sharing and comfort in
the rather furtive fashions that
David Bell describes, it is pri-
marily because our culture robs
us as gays of almost all the
legitimate and socially accept-
able channels for emotional ful-
fillment open to heterosexuals
or straight men and women.
Michigan Daily readers, whe-
ther new on campus this fall
or back for another term of
study, should know that crea-
tive alternatives for gay com-
munity and fellowship are read-
ily available. The just born
(and thriving) Gay Community
Services Center, 612 S. Forest,
officially opened Sept. 10. Can-
terbury House Gayness and
Snirituality Group meets Sun-
days at 3 p.m. at 218 N. Divi-
sion. As a gay male seeking
strength through sharing I
have found both these groups
to be rich in energy giving.
A new day is dawning for
the millions of us in America
who find our gav orientation a
"very natural thin-." Tt is my
hone that at a soon to come
date The Daily will treat gay-
ness again-positive nlease.
Rev. Craia Wilder
Sentember 10
To The.Daily:
ONCE AGAIN you have dis-
played irresponsible, shoddy
journalism and once again
members of the gay community
in- this town have to deal with
the aftermath of your cheap,
mindless tricks. I am referring
in this case to an article en-
titled "Coming Out in a Gay
Ghetto" which you printed in
the pre-school (Frosh Supple-

of the positive things in Ann
Arbor for gay people, not to
mention that this article ex-
presses a male experience and
says nothing of what lesbians
may find here. The tone of this
article left me - a happy homo-
sexual - with such a bitter
taste in my mouth; what must
it do to middle class white par-
ents who are sending their
children off to college in big,
bad Ann Arbor.
I can only interpret your
printing of this article to be
another attack on the gay seg-
ment of Ann Arbor's diverse
community. It is articles like
this one that causes gay peo-
ple - struggling to come out
- back into the closet for
years. Closets are for clothes.
Jim Oakley
320 S. Division
To The Daily:
THOSE OF US who took part
in the regular meeting of Gay
Community Services on Sep-
tember 13 agreed to forward
to the Daily our reaction to Da-
vid Bell's article, "Coming Out
In A Gay Ghetto", which ap-
peared in your September 9 is-
sue.
We are outraged by the fact
that the Daily saw fit to pub-
lish Bell's article, which is a.
one - sided, sensational pictor-
ialization of gay life in Ann Ar-
bor and which has certainly
had a negative and highly de-
structive impact on many of
the hundreds on campus and
in Ann Arbor who count gay-
ness 'home'. Especially unset-
ting is that incoming students
were subjected to this distort-
ed picture a month before they
even arrived in Ann Arbor.
Who knows how many, on the
verge of coming out, will now
be cemented back into their
closets for months or years
after reading Bell's article?
It makes about as much
sense to publish this niece about
gay sex in (as Bell puts it)
"the public washroom, adult

The Daily should consider' it
its responsibility to cover Ann
Arbor's gay community, includ-
ing the too often ignored les-
bian groups and activities. To
do less would be completely
opposite the Daily's professed
role as voice and chronicle of
the University's students. In
addition, there are already in-
dications that the article has
spurred the police and Univer-
sity security to increase surveil-
lance and harassment of gays.
We remind the Daily that in the
early sixties, police conducted
systematic raids on campus to
arrest homosexual faculty and
students, who were then forced
to leave the university. The
scope of the human tragedy in-
volved is indicated by the fact
that one gay person committed
suicide as a result of these
raids. By printing Bell's article,
the editors seem completely
unconcerned with the real spec-
tre of continuing police and
University repression against
gavs.
As members of the Gay Com-
munity Services Center, we can-
not point the finger of criti-
cism at those who find spots
such as those described by
David Bell viable outlets for the
emotional fulfillment that thev
reoire. We would simnly noint
ont that surely part of the rea-
son that these naths for seeking
comfort and affection seem at-
tractive to some is that our cul-
tire bars us as gavs from al-
most all of the commonly ac-
centahle means of sharyng sex-
11a and emotional encouraoe-
ment and fulfillment. Attitudes
are cianirng. hit the uhlica-
tion of this article is nroof that
we still have far to go.
An alternative for gavs in
Ann Arbor and the surronnding
area is the newly formed Gav
Co'mmntv4 Services renter, at
61" S. Forest. suit- B. At at-
trn-tipe nronram is in the
wvorks fnr fnll Tnterested nr-
cn~q will fend th- «welcome mat
n'u"' eve"" dy '"-1 "nm And tiG
dTA t S'nternhpr 1 sti".-
dn-t.- an nothor' are in'ted to

Ford interview
To The Daily:
I would like to clear up one
matter regarding the list of
students who will meet with
President Ford today.
The group offiliation listed be-
side each student's name was
provided to depict the diversity
of the group as a whole. The
students selected were select-
ed to speak for themselves and
not for their affiliate organiza-
tions.
I am sorry if listing the or-
ganizational affiliation has of-
fended either the organizations
listed or the students selected.
Thank you.
Calvin Luker
September 14
womens' sports
To The Daily:
WE WERE SURPRISED and
dismayed upon reading the fall
supplement and finding no men-
tion of the quiet controversy
over women's athletics. The
sports section was filled with
ontimistic stories about our top
athletes. But what about Title
IX of the Federal Higher Edu-
cation Funding Bill concerning
discriminatory practices in edu-
cation? Surely women's sports
have come a long way but what
about scholarships, recruiting
and major sports gaps such as
a women's intercollegiate track
team?
The team has "almost" been
snonsored by the University for
three years and now the Univer-
sity is the only Big Ten school
without a women's intercollegi-
ate track team. Even though it
could not start as a revenue
nroducing sports, such as foot-
ball, it must not be discounted
as a financial burden. Sports is
an educational experience, not
ornlv for the benefit of specta-
tors. Through individual and
team effort it becomes an im-
portant growth activity.
Let us hone that the Board in
(control of Intercollegiate Ath-

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