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April 09, 1977 - Image 5

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1977-04-09

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Saturday, April 9, 1977 THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Page Five

Congress studies DNA controvery
(Continued from Page 1) islative history to include the from the federal restrictions, as The bill introduced by Sen.
guidelines," says William Gart- strict liability clause. long as their own regulations Howard Metzenbaum (D-Ohio)
land, director of the NIH Office 0 Licensing: The federal bills were at least as strict as the would establish 13-member
of Recombinant DNA Activity. generally propose that research federal laws.ws
"Most scientists think the guide- facilities should be licensed by commission to ivestigate,
lines are strict enough, if not too HEW, but there is still some dis- "REPRESENTATIVES don't among other issues,~ whether re-
strict." cussion on whether individual like to have to go back to their combinant DNA research should
LEGISLATORS g e n e r a 11 y projects or researchers should hometowns and s a y, 'Hey, be continued at all. This basic
agree that the guidelines are be licensed. you've been pre-empted,' " says question has haunted many in-
strict enough-at least for now. f Disclosure of information: N N Legislation Analyst Joe dr
Hernandez. dividuals concerned about the
The congressional bills all spe- Private companies would like - research, including State Rep.
cify the guidelines as a starting the government to guarantee The strict liability issue also Perry Bullard (D-Ann Arbor).
point for federal regulations. that research information and has sparked much debate and
The secretary of Health, Edu- developments would not be re-: opposition to the clause is strong. "GIVEN THE savage state of
cation and Welfare (HEW) gen- leased to their competitors in The concept of strict liability humans-given our social state
erally is given authority to mod- industry. At the same time, open has developed through case law relative to the technology we've
ify the guidelines in the future. govern advocates would like the -rather than through legislation developed - maybe h u m a n s
Legislators do not agree, how- records open to public inspec-|-and has been applied only to should hold back on technology
ever, on other aspects of regu- tion. "ultrahazardous" situations such of this sort until we learn to live
lation. Four issues in particular OF THE FOUR main issues, as dynamite blasting, Hernandez with each other," Bullard . says.
have come under fire: pre-emption seems to h a v e say s. In other cases,, a person "But our belief in technology is
sparked the most debate. Uni- can be held liable for damages so great that it seems impos-
* Pre- emption: Proponents. form federal regulations would only if someone can prove, the sible to turn back from investi-
favor uniform federal regula- benefit researchers, while local person was negligent. gating an area like this."


Eileen Dover, resplendent in the sunshine of an Ann Arbor afte rnoon, emerges from her East Quad abode.
MSA election results-independents d

IonS that would supercede any options would benefit legislatorsI "If someone caught pneumo
state or local restrictions on the! and their constituents, nia from a rare strain of bac-
research. Opponents would like "T h e scientific community teria and died, a (recombinant
individual communities to have would welcome federal legisla- DNA research) lab could be!
< the option of passing regulations tion just so there wouldn't be a h e 1 d responsible," Hernandez
at least as strict as the federal proliferation of local ordinances says. "You wouldn't have to;
measures. differing from town to town," prove fault-you'd just have to
Liability: In the bill sub- Gartland says. prove that it was the only facil-'
mitted by Sen. Dale Bumpers But in both the administra- ity around using that strain."
D-Ark.), and in identical bills tion's bill and the proposal in-
submitted to the House, re- troduced by Rep. Paul Rogers NIH, HEW AND universities
searchers would be held strictly (D-Fla.) the pre-emption clauses conducting recombinant DNA re-
liable "without regard to fault" are qualified. Local communities search all are opposed to the
for any harm that would result would be able to apply to the strict liability clause, Hernan-
from the research. The Bumpersf HEW secretary foI~ exemption dez says. During a Senate sub-j
bill is the first in American leg- -committee hearing this week,f
Bumpers "indicated t h a t he
" would give in" on the clause,
ominate DNA While all four of the major
- r federal bills focus on the health!
w atyaee-rtgand safety aspects of the re-
ow ality race begins prevailing"essearch, one bill aims to consider
Door-to-door campaigning rath- the ethical and moral issues as
ent er than endorsements, and issue- well.

U n t i l legislators, scientists
and laypeople settle the philoso-
phical questions surrounding re-
combinant DNA research, the
experiments inevitably willcon-
tinue under the watchful eye of

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(Continued from Page 1)
election on record - 3.5 per
cent, in November 1974. Last se-
mester's election drew 6.7 per
cent of eligible students.
"The parties were clobbered,"
said independent Lauer, noting
that the Campus Coalition Party:
(CC), which ran four candi-
dates, and the ACT party, which
offered two, failed to gain rep-
resentation among incoming
MOVE RAN a slate of six
candidates and had two elected,
while SGC offered four persons,
only one of whom succeeded.
Kevyn Orr, who ran and lost
on the Campus Coalition ticket,
said the election is indicative of
a "trend towards the independ-
ents (getting elected) rather1
than (those) affiliated with the
Orr said that independents!
capitalized on the advantage of
individual exposure and publici-
ty. If he decides to try for an
assembly seat next year, Orr!
said he would still run on the
Campus Coalition ticket, but
would change his campaign1
"I WOULD aim at gettinga
better publicity. I would con-
centrate more on getting votesl
from the dorms instead of trying
to represent what I felt was ne-
cessary to portray a good image
to all the students," Orr said.
Orr said the campaign was{
not issue-oriented and Lauer'
agreed, calling it a "personality'

Newcomer Lauer attributed
his victory to "the new cam-
paigning.' He explained that
independents were genereally
more successful because they
focused their campaign on so-
liciting the votes of residents in
their respective dorms.
"The key is to make personal
contact with the people in your
dorm and to generate name'
LAST TERM, Lauer ran on
the CC platform and lost by one-
half a vote.
Election director Monte Fow-
ler affirmed the effectiveness of,
concentrated efforts in the.
dorms. Voter turnout was high-
est in the dorms, according to
Fowler. There is a correlation
between the number of dorm
residents who voted and the
high proportion of.independents'
elected, he added.
In addition to the lengthiness
af the ballot which, Fowler
said, discouraged many students
from voting, the unusually cold
April weather adversely affected
voter turnout, and the MOVE
party's ticket in particular.
A POLLING site at the corner
of Washtenaw and S. University,
which would have been a strong-
hold for fraternity and sorority-
based MOVE. was cancelled
due to the inclement conditions.
Kellman, who is the party;
chief of MOVE, added that bad
weather also shut down the poll-I
ing site in the Engineering Arch
"which helped screw us up."
He said that many fraternity!

members are engineering stu- there is disagreement on h
dents. this will influence future ca
Representatives of SOC and paigning.
CC conceded that they did not Chris Bachelder, -a currl
campaign as well as they should member of MSA who is credit
have, with first exploiting the pots
Brian Laskey, head of CC, tial of mobilizing dorm vote
said he "misjudged the mood of foresees resurgence of pa
the campus. It's all a big Madi- dominance once again.
son Avenue advertising cam- "The trend for independet
paign. We've got to rebuild our to dominate is not long ter
image by reaching out for the The party candidates have re
home votes in the dorms." ized the importance of getti
Goodman said that her party together and going out to t
"didn't do all that much cam- students to tell them ab
paigning." themselves and the issues.'
KELLMAN, however, sz
THOUGH THERE is general that issues will become "ev
consensus on the effectiveness more diminished in campaig
of striking hardest in the dorms, ing significance as the pers
-_ _ . _ - _ _
" a
8fired strikers
reinstated b U


(Continued from Page 1) sion toi
Lemmer said the move to re- In ar
store some of those fired "was and the
not a sudden change" in policy, run any
The two sides had "worked on for eac
it for a while," he said. The
"done o
" WE KEEP looking at all the not hov
cases. If we find out we got the cost,"
facts wrong, we change our de- knowvled
cision," Lemmer said. bitratior
Union bargaining leader Art "some
Anderson; who represents em-
ployes at the various disciplin- ELEVE
ary hearings, said the reinstat- been ch
ed workers were only, involved conduct
in "simple misconduct." which
"They were nickel and dime and Jun
cases," Anderson said, implying Ander
that an arbitrator would have bitrator
sent the discharged employes sity's p
back to work anyway. one half
At le
"I DON'T agree about that at ment m
all," Lemmer countered. The to both
attorney also said the expenses sity is
incurred with arbitrated cases case o
had little to do with the deci- worker.

rehire the eight workers.
bitration, the University
union split costs, which
where from $500 to $1000
h arbitrator.
reinstatements were
on the basis of principle,
iw much it's going to
Lemmer said. He ac-
dged that eight fewer ar-
n hearings would mean
osen by the two sides to
hearings, many of
are scheduled for May
rson is confident that ar-
s will nullify the Univer-
punishments on at least
f the discharge cases.
ast one more reinstate-
ay be pending, according
parties, as the Univer-
"still looking" intQ the
f another discharged

oriented literature couldt
deciding factor in upc
elections, he said.
The president of MSA
timistic about his chance
retaining his assembly 1
ship and the potentialo
new body.
tdidn't fall back on a pa
get them elected. Theyh
run a hard campaign on
own. They showed greati
tive in the race for MSA
I'm sure they'll do thes
1 now that they are on it.'
Kellman said he hopes
will continue to work on
ing more student space, i
dition to instituting a tu
service, opening a student
skellar in the Union Statio
getting the administrati
keep at least one library 1
dent center open all nigh
More than 10 miles of
can be produced from a
ton of steel.
The highest standard,
form is cirrus, averaging
feet and above.

be the

is op-
es for IOR
of the (Continued from Page 1)
many researchers from doing
ENTS recombinant DNA work, Helling
irty to says.
had to MANY SCIENTISTS believe
their the guidelines are much stricteri
initia- than necessary, but they accept
A and the restrictions-at least for'
same, now.
" "Many scientists have conclud-
MSA ed, as I have, that the current
secur- restrictions offer a vast marginj
in ad- of safety-that they are more
toring strict than necessary," says Da-t
rath- vid Jackson, assistant professor
n and of microbiology.
on to "Most scientists feel that if
or stu- the guidelines are the price the
t, scientific community has to pay
in order to do this research,
*. then they'll go along with it,"'
wire i Jackson says. "But this is with
single the expectation that in the nextI
few years people will see the
vast overreaction (to the haz-
cloud ards) and they will see the
27,000 benefits of recombinant DNA

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Union supporters
lobby in Lansing

r i

(Continued from Page 1)
(t h e University's) treatment
doein't correspond to' standards
of treatment for state em-
ployes," Riemer explained.
She said the committee hopes
to convince the legislators tor
use their control over Univer-
sity pursestrings to bring about'
a modification in administration
labor practices.
the state capital Wednesday and'
had a "friendly dialogue" with
Ann Arbor Democratic Rep.
Perry Bullard and with aides for
several other legislators, Rei-
mer reported.
Another group will go to Lans-
ing after the legislature's Easter
recess, she said.
"We urge people to wirte let-
ters to their state representa-
tives and express concern and
send letters to the editors of
various newspapers," Reimer
PROFS. TOM Weisskopf and
Locke Anderson of the econom-
ics department also spoke for
the committee, along with Rev.
Herb Howe of the Church of the
Good Shepherd, National Law-
yers Guild member Rick Mc-
Hugh, and Don Coleman, co-di-
rector of Guild House.
Weisskopf said the adminis-
tration has been t r e a tin g,
AFSCME workers as "second
class" members of the Univer-
sity community. "It's pretty

on which the Support Committee'
is directing its efforts. Rick Mc-
Hugh said the National Lawyers
Guild has been recruiting law
students to assist in preparing
the appeals.
"I've been really surprised at
the amount of support we've
been getting from law students
to w o r k on the arbitration
cases," he said. McHugh stated
that 25 students are- involved,
including members of the Black
and Women's Law Student As-
sociations and La Raza Law Stu-
dents, a Chicano group.
The Guild is also helping with
appeals of a number undergrad-
uate food service employes dis-
missed for alleged strike mis-
Those discharged included sev-
eral active members of the Stu-
dent AFSCME Support Com-

' i

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