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March 16, 1977 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1977-03-16

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*i £r1ien a1
Eighty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109

Wednesday, March 16, 1977

News Phone: 764-0552

Edited and managed by students'at the University of Michigan
Payboy'te nt eswourt .
Takecameas lsewere

PLAYBOY MAGAZINE, grandaddy of
"cheesecake," has been running cen-
terfolds fpr over a quarter of a century.
Doubtless it will continue to publish them
for many moons to come.
Doubtless also, this is not the first timef
they have recruited ... shall we call it
talent? ... from the Ann Arbor area. But
their campaign has never been so well-
publicized. Photographer David Chan, who
two days ago set up headquarters in a
campus hotel, has announced that he is
seeking models for a project entitled "The
Girls of the Big Ten."
For students with any sense of history,
this piece of news is depressing. The strug-
gle for women's education has been ardu-
ous, and stereotypes of the "cute coed"
abide with us still. It is an unfortunate
truth that women, or "girls," as Playboy
chooses to call them, have not achieved
equality in their search for personal growth
and dignity.
There are places, however, where we
like to think this search is a little easier,
where women are considered something
more than a meat show for interested
lechers. The University is one of these

places - and as many women will testify,
establishing this comparative haven did not
come easily and will not come easy in the
future. In a city where the rape rate was,
and still is, one of the highest in the coun-
try, it was the product of demonstrations,
careful legislation, and time.
Perhaps Playboy considers it a triumph
to bare a University of Michigan repre-
sentative on its pages - an ironic tribute
to a campus where many feminist struggles
were launched.
Let us remind Playboy, however, that
there .are many of us who consider de-
humanized "girlie" shots to be a sublimated
battle that humiliates women. In Playboy's
more blatant offspring magazines, this war
has taken the form of violence and sado-
masochism. Playboy's approach is more
subtle, but no less degrading and insult-
ing. The planned Big .Ten special with its
ironic juxtaposition of cheesecake photos
against a university background is a coy
denial of women's intellectuality.
Mr. Chan, women have seen so much of
this particular battleground that it bores
us with its familiarity. Take your cameras

WjEDNESDAY, February 23rd, University service and
maintenance workers - American Federation
of State, County, and Municipal Employes (AFSCME
LOCAL 1583)-went out on strike. This was the cul-
mination of two months of tedious negotiations between
the University and the union that had resulted in a
proposed contract effectively worse than AFSCME's
current one. The Michigan Student Assembly (MSA)
Immediately responded by voting overwhelmingly to
endorse AFSCME's contract demands, which at the
time included a raise per month of about a dollar, and
an end to the "cap" on the cost of living adjustment
that had effectively prevented union workers from
keeping up with inflation.
The strike is now in its fourth week. After an initial
period when the University refused to resume nego-
tiations, the first effects of the strike were felt last
Friday (March 11) when the two sides finally met,
and the union reduced its per hour raise to 70 cents and
the University upped its offer from 55 cents to 60 cents.
Unfortunately, all other issues, including the cost of
living increase, remain untouched.
IT IS OBVIOUS in the interest of all parties, includ-
ing the University, the union, and students that this
strike be ended as soon as possible. One question per-
plexes supporters and non-supporters of AFSCME
alike: "Why has the strike dragged on for so long?"
A major reason is lack of significant student support
for the union. Strikes are designed to show that if
Do you know of any programs around the Ann Arbor
area to help individuals who wish to stop smoking cigar-
Your letter came just in time. On Thursday, March
17 at 7:00 p.m., the Ann Arbor Smoking Cessation
Clinic, which is jointly sponsored by the University
Health Service and the Michigan Lung Association, will
hold a public meeting in the basement conference room
(Room No. 5) at Health Service. The primary purpose
of this meeting is to explain what will be involved if
you wish to join our upcoming program which will be-
gin on March 22nd and last for 4 weeks (12 sessions).
The public meeting is free of charge and all interested
community members are invited to attend. So note the
evening of March 17th on your calendar. Come and find
out what the program will consist of, what costs may be
involved, who the leaders will be, and other important
facts about smoking withdrawal. If you would like any
additional information on the program, do feel free to
contact the Ann Arbor branch of the Michigan Lung
Association at 995-1030.
I have been told I have Gilbert's Disease. Could
you explain what this is and what restrictions I must
observe in eating or drinking?
We have referred your question to Dr. Paul, Dur-
kee who has ofhaz ed the following explanation:
Gilbert's disease is also called, to use a fancy
t rm, idiopathic unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia.
Translated this means that under usual circumstances

eds student
workers who normally do work that is taken for grant-
ed do not show up, general chaos results. If the effects
are severe enough, management (in this case the
University)' has no choice but to settle differences with
the union. In this case, however, the effects of the
walk-out have not been severe. Why? A large number
of students have been "scabbing" - doing the work
that union members would normally be doing.
Since things have been running fairly smoothly
across campus, with the exception of East Quad where
the disruption of proper services has been more se-
vere, few students have had much to complain about.
Complaints, however, 'could be the key to the whole
matter. If students across campus had been calling
President Fleming and the Regents for the past two
weeks about the inconveniences of the strike, perhaps
it might be over now.
Thus, the strategy forWhelping to end this strike is
two-fold. First, students must be discouraged from
doing union jobs. If that campaign is more effective
than it has been the past few weeks, the disruption of
servicesdshould increase. Then, students should be en-
couraged to complain to the University that they are
not receiving proper services because of the strike.
This is the kind of pressure that has been sorely lack-
ing thus far.
Meanwhile, many students are still asking, "Why
should I support AFSCME in the first place?" .Briefly,
though the Universitl h'as the largest budget of any of
the state universities, its service employes are paid far
the normal breakdown of red blood ceps relseases the
pigment bilirubin into the blood plasma. The bilirubin
is then taken up by the cells of the liver and excreted
as a nart of the liver fluid, bile. For reasons not com-
pletely understood, in persons with Gilbert's disease
the bilirubin pigment is not easily taken up by the
liver cells.. It may, therefore, acumulate in the blood
in a little bit higher levels than in people without this
problem. Sometimes. as a result of this higher pigment
level, it is even possible to see jaundice in the eyes of
these individuals. That isto say, the whites of their
eves may be somewhat yellow. But this is seen more
often when they also have some other type of infec-
tion, virus illness, etc., or during times of fasting.
The most common way that we find out about
CGilbert's disease at the Health Service is when pa-
tients who have been unsuccessful blood donors are sent
to us. A potential blood donor is screened for any evi-
dence of jaundice because of the severe dangers of
hepatitis being transmitted from collected blood. Since
the screening test is riot able to distinguish a diseased
liver from Gilbert's disease, these people are always
rejected and often conte to us for explanations.
THE CONDITION - we really shouldn't call it a
disease -is not of any consequence as far as causing
liver damage nor does it leave one more susceptible to
liver 'infections than other people. In other words, it is
not dangerous. It is thought to be a genetically trans-
mitted conditiop, and the most recent issue of Beeson's
Textbook of Medicine says that about 16 per cent of par-
ents and 27 per cent of siblings of patients with this
disorder will have the same results if their blood is
a'so tested.
When we see patients with this problem at the
Health Service, we routinely examine them and check

support now
less than those at several other public institutions in
this state. These workers are simply asking for the
wages and benefits guaranteed to most other workers
in America; they would like to achieve a decent stand-
ard of living, one that would allow them to send their
children to college. AFSCME has shown its willingness
to bend, to accept a settlement far less than they
need and deserve, to end the strike. Now it is up to
the University to do its part.
It is also up to us to provide what has been missing
from this strike: student support for the union. Look
for announcements of events sponsored by the AFSCME
Student Support Committee, and get involved! Join the
committee, if you like. Most important, however, call
President Fleming and the Regents. Let them know
that you are fed up with this strike. Tell them' to
settle this thing immediately, so that life for all of
us can reurn to normal around here. This strike has
gone on too long already. With the help of the .stu-
dents, we can end it now!
AFSCME Student Support Committee Headquarters
(Guild House) 662-5189
Karen Lerner-761-1231
Mike Taylor-764-0650
Wendy Goodman-764-0658
Ilene Moskowitz-764-4650
Mike Tay br is the MSA couanications cooidina-
tor, and a member of the AFSCME Student Support
their liver tests to be certain that the liver is func-
tioning normally; if this is so, then they are apprised
of this. There isn't any treatment as there really is
not a disease. Also the condition doesn't get worse as
one gets older, It probably wil, however, exclude in-
dividuals from being blood donors in the future either
because the condition will be caught in other blood
screening tests or because when they are asked if
they have ever been refused as blood donors and give
this story. they will again, of course, be excluded.
What, approximately, is the volume of a pound of
ugly fat?
According to our dietitian, Irene Hieber, to whom
we have forwarded your question. it is unfortunate that
most neo-le have come to think of fat, itself, as "ugly",
as it is an essential component of the body. Further-
morq, a body which is only muscle. bone and skin
wo';ld not be at all attractive to look upon; neither
would it be able to sustain many of its regulatory
An excess of fat may, however, be termed "ugly"
(though 'beauty is n the eye of the beholder"), and
it certainly is known to contribute to the onset of cer-
tain disease. Thus we must agree that it is undesirable.
Now. to answer your question directly, a pound
of fat is equivalent in volume to a pound of butter.
Send any health .related questions to:
Health Educators
U-M Health Service
Division of Office of Student Services
207 Fletcher
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109

Carter can't work miracles

r IESE FIRST MONTHS of a new presi-
dent's term are hopeful ones. The
promise of a new cabinet, the optimism
of 4 freshfaced president ,with ideas for
change - it all mokes us think that things
might turn around. Many Americans, even
many who voted for Gerald Ford, have
turned their gaze to the person and per-
sonality of Jimmy Carter with hopes that
all the problems of policy and government
will vanish under his touch.
But no matter how proficient Carter is,
all those problems will not vanish, and the
bitterness that will result is a chronic and
critical ailment of our society.
The point is this: no single person can
work the miracles for which the United
States' crises cry out, yet people have more
and more focused their calls for good gov-
ernment on the presidency. Government is
the President, the President is the govern-
ment - it's an .unhealthy belief.
There is another bunch of government,
and it is designed to represent citizens far
more -efficiently and fully than a President
ever can. Yet the United States Congress
is almost ignored by the constituents it
is meant to serve. Many don't even know
who represents them in Washington, and
that ignorance further diminishes the abili-
ty of Congress to serve.
fjF COURSE, CONGRESS has consistent-
ly turned over more and more au-
thority to the executive branch. Legisla-
tive initiative seems almost the personal
property of the President. Federal regula-
tions upon regulations - many of which
are as good as the law of the land - are
produced not by Congress but by the sprawl-
ing agencies of the executive branch. This
shift of power is well established by re-
cent decades, and it will probably never
be reversed; nonetheless, the hopes of the
nation will inevitably be dashed if they
continue to be concentrated on the nar-
row, inadequate shoulders of a mere Presi-
It is difficult to' think of a peacetime
President who forged through his term with
solutions to every woe., What a President
has been remembered for is the tone of
his tenure, more likely, and his ability

to prompt action from others. Even Frank-
lin Roosevelt's New Deal did relatively little
to end the Great Depression, yet Roosevelt-
led with a mood of action and concern.
0 IT SEEMS a President can best exert
only a sort of emotional, psychological
leadership. Yes, Presidents propose and
work for policy projects, but that work is
in no way proportionate to the responsibili-
ty for policy which people demand from
a President. More than ever before, the
nation is wracked by disgust with govern-
ment. The individual is alienated by prob-
lems he or she cannot understand, and
when the ambitious candidate promises a
Square Deal, a New Deal, a New Frontier,
a Great Society, the Politics of Joy, or the
Politics of Love, the ears of the alienated
take note. But the promise is always too
great, and the President's inability to fol--
low through results only in deeper disillu-
Jimmy Carter is not the Promethean
his campaign presented, and he should not
have to apoligize for it. He will not keep
all his promises, and that is also under-
standable. We don't fear the failure of his
plans nearly as much as we fear the de-
cline of spirit that will inevitably follow.
Carter will not be the single person re-
+sponsible, yet he will be charged, almost
alone, with the great share of the blame.
PEOPLE MUST TRAIN their hopes on the
broad forces which constitute Ameri-
can government, not on the single mortal
at its head. Public opinion is indeed a pow-
erful tool, and one need look no further
than the resignation of Richard Nixon for
proof. When Representatives and Senators
called for impeachment, they were called
brave, but this isn't really so. They acted,
at least in large part, out of political neces-
sity. The public wanted Nixon out of office,
and the Congress, usually so cumbersome
and timid, acted with great force.
Government's performance will never
meet its promise. But until people realize
that their complaints should fall on the
ears of many instead of just one, the na-
tion's spirits are due for a Great Depres-
sion all their own.

Distaif f
To The Daily:
In her very sarcastic article
(see The Michigan Daily, No.
126) Marnie Heyn speaks ironi-
cally about the common news
media irony towards the Soviet
Union's role as a human rights
defender. After all chemical
metaphores Marnie Heyn's po-
sition is the following: what
right do .we have to accuse the
"silly Soviets" in violating hu-
man rights, while we have such
a poor situation as "a glutted
job market, plea bargaining for
the poor, prisons, mental hos-
pitals, nursing homes," etc. And,
of course, blacks, Indians and
Vietnam deserters.
I have had 38 years experience
of living in the Soviet Union and
only 1 year experience of living
in the West, but things in com-
parison are so obvious, that I
feel it is my moral duty to re-
sist such light-headed verbiage
as Marne Heyn's.
First of all, it is Russians in
the Soviet Union, not The De-
troit Free Press nor other me-
dia of this country, who take.
the Soviet official support of
unhappy American dissenters
ironically. I dare say that such
a people, as the Russians, who
read a great deal and are greedy
for any kind of information, in-
deed do know a lot about life
in foreign countries. And this
is not The- Detroit Free Press'
"ho, ho, ho," this is the ironi-
cal laughter of the Russian peo-
ple to their government's arti-
cI'es in their government's news-
papers. To identify the Soviet
media with the Soviet people
means not having the slightest
idea about how that system

Being a Soviet you have no t
opportunity at all to discuss po-1
litical problems in newspapers,.
on TV or radio. Sometimes it ist
allowed to discuss the bad con-c
sequences of smoking or of ex-1
tramarital affairs, but you would
be crazy to write a letter to a
paper in which you express your1
disagreement with any aspect
of Kremlin policy. (From thist
point of view there is a certain
logic in the government's treat-
ment 'of dissidents as the men-1
tally ill). So when an ordinary
Soviet citizen reads in "Prav-
da" that Dr. Spock, or Mr.
Slack Crow, or somebody else
spoke in Times Square Garden,1
or in the Michigan Union Pen-t
dleton Room, or elsewhere about
the oppression of some groups r
in America, the. thought comes,
to his head: "They can speak 1
openly 'against their governmentR
and not be immediately impri-
soned or placed into asylum?" {
Just compare it to the situation 1
in the Union of the Soviet Social-
ist Republics!.2
" I humbly disagree with Mar-e
nie Heyn's adored old Sherm
about the non-existence of a
scale for human misery.t
Of course, misery is misery,
suffering is suffering and it is
senseless to compare 50 million
dead to 1 thousand dead since
all these numbers do not reflect
the true meaning of the losing
of each individual life. I believe
a-Iso, that there are few moral
perverts in this world, who actu-
ally love prisons, poverty, xeno-1
phobia or secret police.
Rut there is a scale to evalu-
ate and to compare such things
as listed above. There are pri-
sons, where you have your tur- l
key on Thanksgiving and enough
strength to play basketball. And


Boycotts do work; UFW,
Teamsters reach accord


there are prisons, where you,
have a bowl of waterish soup
and a piece of stale bread a
day (since it is officially pro-
claimed, that they "educate"
people through physical suffer-
ngs) . There is one kind of pov-
erty, when you can have a poor
but individual apartment, when
you have your own car (al-
though it may be old), when
you must take welfare and food
stamps (even with terrible im-
possibility of buying imported
delis with them). And it is yet
another kind of poverty, when
you have to pay 1/10 of your
monthly wages .for *a-pair of
pantyhose, when you can only
dream about a daily bath, and
when twice a day your ribs are
actually, not metaphorically,
cracking in (oh, such lovely or-
ganization!) public transporta-
There is xenophobia in this
country, but it is protested by
public organizations and also by
concrete government's meas-
ures (even if its efficiency leav-
es something to be desired).
And there is xenophobia in the
Soviet Union, which is forbidden
to mention aloud, when the
whole peoples can be arrested
and exiled, when you cannot live
in your own land if you are a
Crimean Tartar, and when you
can not dream about good jobs
or some university departments
if you are a Jew.
Even risking to lose any credi-
bility forever in Ms. Ueyn's
circle, 1 dare to say that there
are two kinds of secret police.
I like the human rights move-
ment in this country and only
last month I joined the confer-
ence of the Civil Liberties Un-
ion. I assume the possibility of
human rights violations by CIA
and FBI and I also completely
share the views of professor
Erazim Kohak from Boston Uni-
versity who said at that con-
ference: "The defense of pri-
vacy,nIwould submit, demands
a constant vigilance-but also
a clear identification of our ad-
versary. Ordinarily, we tend
more than a bit paranoid. We

and which are committed to
the defense of our privacy. I
find their adversaries, the KGB
and organized ,crime, far more
threatening ..."
one of my friends said after
reading Ma'rnie Heyn't article:
"She tries to equate a sea-sick
person with a drowning one."
To equate irresponsibly the
human rights situation in this'
country with that in the totali-
tarian world means "to worsen
things here. If government in-
stitutions limiting certain as-

No longer must we deny ourselves the
crisp, head lettuce that we all love in
salads. We don't have to scour the city.
for a store that sells United Farm Work-
ers (UFW) grapes.
After years of vicious struggle between
Cesar Chavez's UFW 'and the Teamsters
over which union would represent the
thousands of migrant field workers in Cali-
fornia, an agreement has finally been reach-
ed. Chavez and Teamster President Frank
Fitsimmons last reek initialed a settlement
that would give the UFW the right to rep-
resent all field laborers in California, while
the Teamsters will retain control over can-
ning and delivery workers.
At the same time, Chavez called for the.
end of the lettuce and grape boycott that
has kept many of us from eating our fa-
vorite foods for several years.
The UFW/Teamster battle lasted far too

pects of individual freedom exist
in this country, then this could
be only because they have sup-
port from a rather big part of
this society. In order to proper-
ly defend human rights in this
country, we n e'I acurat in-
formanld, wo-.1tJ mIte types ot
violation that occur in other
countries - not irresponsible
Lev Lifshitz,
Teaching Fellow,
Slavic Dept.

organize nation-wide boycotts. But their ef-
forts have met with general apathy, and
cries of, "what difference will it make,"
from the American public. The success of
the lettuce and grape boycott proves that
'there is hope for mass protest - it can
Fitsimmons admitted that "with all the
letters and phone calls we got, plus the
boycott and other protests, this whole mat-
ter was just becoming too much of a head-
ache, more than it was worth.
So, if you are one of the thousands who
faithfully boycotted lettuce and grapes all
these years, rip this editorial out of the
paper and shove it under the noses of the
sceptic friends of yours who have laughed
at you for years saying, "what good do you
think you can do?" And move on to your
next good cause secure in the knowledge
that your effort did some good..
You can be sure that we at The Daily
will be doing likewise.

SDI AMIN, two weeks ago announced that all Americans were
barred from leaving Uganda. He then ordered them to ap-
pear at Entebbe Airport for a "meeting", Alexander Ginzberg
was trying to make a phone call from a Moscow phone booth
one morning when two KGB agents suddenly appeared and drag-
ged him off to prison. His crime? He was the administrator
of a fund set up by Alexander Solzenhytsin to aid tlhe families
of political prisoners in Russia.
These events have two very important similarities. First they
are flagrant violations of human rights and secondly they follow-
ed statements 'by President Carter condemning human rights
practices in the two respective countries.
. FORTUNATELY, THE 250 or so Americans in Uganda have
again been allowed to leave if they wish and Amin's "meeting"
has been indefinitely postponed. Nothing has changed however.
The terrible crimes of Idi Amin continue and purges still rage
in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. The Carter declarations
ad actions have been at best the mistakes of inexperience or at
worst the signs or a blundering foreign policy.
American policy on human rights should take a form that will
best help those who are oppressed, without endangering American
lives. Publicly infuriating a foreign government or leader can
potentially damage our relations with them or, especially when
dealing with a madman like Amin, prompt reprisal against
Americans in those countries.
THE WAY TO deal with these countries is to make it ad-
vantageous for them to respect human rights. This means es-
sentia'ly putting pressure on them right where it hurts. Trade
and foreign aid. We can privately express our opinion to them
at various levels, and make it quite clear that their current stances
on human rights do not please us, or make their chances of trade

Contiact your reps
Sen. Donald Riegle (Dem.), 1205 Dirksen Bldg., Washing-
ton, D.C. 20510
Sen. Robert Griffin (Rep.), 353 Russell Bldg., Capitol Hill,
Wahi tnl C 1fl(iS1C

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