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March 03, 1977 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1977-03-03

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See Editorial Page



a i I,#

High - 46
Low --36
See Today for details

Latest Deadline in the State


Vol. LXXXVII, No. 127

Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, March 3, 1977

Ten Cents

Eight Page!


F ttUFE *16 6A'N CALL Z-Mi
Spring Or schedule
If you've been hibernating this winter, set your
biol'ogical clock for 12:43 p.m., March 20. At that
precise moment, just as you are stepping across
a frozen crack in a Diag sidewalk, people in Ecua-
dor will be abuzz with the news that the sun has
reached the vernal equinox, crossing the equator
on its way north. And that dramatic occurrence,
according to University astronomer Hazel Losh,
means spring. Anticipating the popular tumult
which will result, Losh states "It will be said that
the day and night are of equal length. This is not
exactly true, however. Although they are tech-
nically equal, the interval between the appear-
ance of sunrise and sunset will be about eight
minutes longer than the times from sunset to
sunrise, due to the refraction of the sun's rays by
the earth's atmosphere." Nitpicking, some would
say, but blecause the sun takes 365.2422 calendar
days to travel its cycle once, this year's spring
will arrive six hours later than last year's, which
arrived unceremoniously at 6 a.m.
Payment not forthcoming
Uttering what will stand as one of the greatest
financial truisms ever, Michigan Student Assem-
bly (MSA) treasurer Jim Browne Tuesday night
said "When you don't have any money, you don't
have any money." And while it wasn't true that
MSA had no money, it must have seemed that
way for the student organizations clamoring for
a piece of the MSA pie. MSA allotted $500 to vari-
ous worthy causes, but requests for allocations
totalled over $2,500, with $4,000 in outstanding re-
quests still to be decided. Browne stressed that
the student governing body is not "a United Fund
to give away monies everywhere," but it didn't
stop the Child Care Action Center (CCAC) from
requesting a, $7,500 grant. The CCAC request was
Come lettuce reason
The never-ending saga of wheter or not the
dorms should boycott non-union lettuce took yet an-
other turn yesterday as the Central Student Judi-
ciary (CSJ) announced it would not consider the
case until after spring break. CSJ further declared
that the decision of the University Housing Judi-
ciary - which last month ruled that the boycott
must end effective March 3 (today) - would hold
until a CSJ decision was reached. So, all dorms will
serve non-union lettuce until such time as CSJ
rules otherwise.
go out and get cultured early today at a
dance by "Bodyshop" at noon, in the Pendleton
Arts Information Center of the Michigan Union ...
the International Center, 603 E. Madison, goes na-
tional at 3 p.m. with a slide and discussion pro-
gram on travel in the U. S. . . . at 4 p.m. it's back
to the Pendleton Arts and Information Center for
a multimedia poetry show, including a magic and
photo show . . . catch a potluck dinner with the
Thursday Grad Fellowship at 6:30 in the Pine
Room of the Wesley Foundation, 602 E. Huron,
followed by a program on "Tapestry", a feminist
counseling collective . . . at 7 p.m. confirmed
Anglophiles can find out about getting a job in
Great Britain at an International Center program
.. the Intervarsity Christian Fellowship holds its
weekly meeting at the University Reformed
Church, with guest speaker Elizabeth Elliot discus-
sing "The God Who Is" . . . also at 7:30 Hillel,
1429 Hill, sponsors a reading of the Megillah fol-
lowed at 9:30 by a WRCN Disco party . . . people
interested in finding out about the Intercoopera-
tive Council's affirmative action program should
flock to the Bursley Hall snack bar at 7:30 . . .
round up your day with a dose of intellectual stim-
ulation, as the Israeli Students Organization speaks
on "The Israeli Perspective" at 8 p.m. in the In-
ternational Center.
Beware the Coke bottle
The Michigan United Conservation Clubs (MU-
CC) are trying to persuade the U. S. Food and

Drug Administration (FDA) that things go better
with glass - or at least better than with plastic.
MUCC wants the FDA to ban plastic Coca-Cola
bottles from shelves in Michigan. The FDA recent-
ly withdrew approval of the plastic bottles be-
cause it is believed that a chemical in the plastic.
may contaminate the beverage inside. Studies in-
dicated the chemical caused problems, including
tumors, in test animals. MUCC, which sponsored
the proposal to ban throwaway bottles on last
fall's ballot, opposes the bottles not only as health
hazards but as throwaways.
On the inside...
a Soviet pilot says the Russians are build-
ing secretunderground missile bases. See the Daily
Digest on Page 3 . . . Maria Brazer reviews Mon-
day night's program of Indian dance by Yamini
Krishnamurti for arts page . Ricky Dutka dis-
cusses the University housing rent strike for the
editorial page's "Tenants Rising" . . , and Ikon


union divided on strike effects

'The (hospital) floors
are filthy . . . there's

The University administration and cam-
pus service workers apparently disagree
over the current walkout's effects just as
much as they disagree over wages.
"Operations are going very well," Uni-
versity Personnel Director Russell Reister
said yesterday. "The morale is high, we're
getting a lot of support from students, vol-
unteers and supervisors ... they're doing a
good job of keeping the University going."

after day, or they'll end

garbage all

kp getting heart

ove'-r. -

Joel Block, prey

silen t

In addition, union members say the Uni-
versity couldn't stay in operation if it
weren't for "strike breaking" attempts by
palice and campus security.
UNION WORKERS have kept a constant
vigil outside campus doorways and load-
ing docks since they walked off their jobs
eight days ago. The AFSCME strategy has
centered on stemming the flow of food and
s'pplies into the University.
The University Hospital has been a bat-
tlZ,round for both sides in the war of prop-
aganda over the strike's effectiveness.
"The floors are filthy ... there's gar-
iage all over -... they're serving the pa-
tients cold cereal and sandwiches ... the
h spiral is hiring anybody who walks in
looking for work," are just a few of the
unron's claims.

HOWEVER, REISTER said yesterday
that the walkout was having "no detri-
mental effects on the hospital."
"There are some inconveniences," he
said, "but people at the hospital have
really come together as a team" and pa-
tients are in no danger.
As far as sanitation, Reister said "the
hopital may have never been cleaner."
c )arged that striking workers have been
harassing drivers of emergency vehicles
and cars with incoming patients, as well
as interfering with food and linen deliver-
ies to the facility.

'The hospital may have
never been cleaner.'
-Russell Reister, Uni-
versity personnel di-

Local BUT REPRESENTATIVES of the strik-
ing American Federation of State, County
and Municipal Employes (AFSCME, Local
1583) claim otherwise.
"We're having a large amount of ef-
fect on the University," Union Local Presi-
dent Joel Block said. "Supervisors can't
possibly work 12 to 14 hours a day, day

The union has denied any such actions,
saying that they, in fact, have been making
extra efforts to set up a system that would
See UNION, Page 3
Court rules on


Social Security


WASHINGTON Ii - The Supreme
Court, further narrowing how government
can legally discriminate between men and
women, yesterday struck down a portion
of the federal Social Security law.
A 5-4 court majority said widowers or
husbands of retired women seeking Social
Security benefits cannot be required to
prove they were financially dependent on
their wives because the law makes no
such demand on women or widows in
similar situations.
THE LAW fostered sex discrimination, the ma-
jority ruled.
Justice Department attorneys, in defending the
law, had argued that striking down the proof-of-
dependency requirement for men would cost $400
million a year and place "a severe burden on the
Social Security trust fund's already-strained re-
After the court's decision, a Social Security
spokesperson said yesterday his agency was try-
ing to hastily draft a plan for an anticipated flood
of applicants who had previously been turned
down but who now are eligible for benefits under
the law.
UNDER THE LAW in question, a man could

equal financial requirements, she would, in ef-
feet, have to earn three times more than he did
for him to be eligible for Social Security survivor
The court's majority could not agree on just
who was being discriminated against. Four of
the justices who voted to strike down the law
said in an opinion by Justice William Brennan
Jr. that the law discriminated against female
wage-earners because it provided their families
less protection than families of male wage-earn-
Justice John Stevens, however, said in a sepa-
rate opinion also striking down the law that it
was the men frozen out of receiving benefits
who felt the brunt of the discrimination.
BUT A WINNING attorney in the case called
the law an example of "double-edged" discrimi-
nation. "This was a case in which both women
and men had been treated unfairly," said Kath-
leen Willert Peratis of the American Civil Liber-
ties Union.
She called the court's decision a major victory
for women's rights because it breaks the stereo-
type of women being financially dependent on
their husbands.
"The court has spoken on the policy issue of
treating women as dependents across the board
while men are treated as bread-winners. The
court's reasoning should transcend this case to
other laws with such built-in assumptions," she

Coal miners unload debris
bers blocking their path to
One man is known dead as
ing. For more details, see

AP Photo
from a mine buggy yesterday after hauling wet and broken tim-
nine men trapped at the Kocher coal mine near Tower City, Pa.
a result of sudden flooding of a shaft where the miners were work-
story on Page 3,

not receive benefits built up by his
ing career unless the wife supplied
his financial support. Assuming that1

wife's work-
at least half
the wife had

'U' plans emergency phone lines

The University is studying a
plan to implement a campus-
wide emergency phone system
which could be installed as soon
as this September, according to
Director of Safety Fredrick Da-
The phone system, designed
to give immediate assistance to
a person in danger or in need of
help, is one additional measure
of safety in the city where, ac-
cording to Robert Cook, man-
ager of Fire, Safety and Secur-
ity at University Hospital, crime
has been up significantly since
"WE DON'T HAVE anything
like this," said Cook. "I feel
there is a need for a communi-
cation system, a 24-hour service
where people can get assist-

ance." Cook added that he first
brought the idea of a phone
system to Davids over a year
"I am very concerned about
the difficulties in the medical
center with rapes and molesta-
tions," said Cook. "I would like
to see phones installed in park-
ing lots or structures, perhaps
on every level so that a person
would not have to go any more
than 100 yards without some
means of assistance."
Housing Security Director Da-
vid Foulke added that the as-
saults on local women last se-
mester were not a major im-
petus for the phones. "The as-
saults have stopped and the po-
tential suspect 'may have been
caught. But, in fact, more work
is being done now (on the sys-
tem). We must not try to say,

'Well, now that the assaults have
stopped, we don't have to worry
about personal safety'."
THE PHONE system would
work like this: A person who
needs help would pick up one
of the designated phones around
the campus, immediately caus-
ing a light to flash on a control
board at the Church Street Se-
curity office. The officer on
duty would take the informa-
Non and dispatch the necessary
But Davids said money is the
main factor slowing down im-
plementation of the phone sys-
tem. "Time depends on when
funds will be available. I am
hopeful for this coming Septem-
ber. But we just don't have that
kind of stuff lying around."
At present, Davids is looking

at a radio-signaled, solar bat-
tery-operated phone s y s t e m
manufactured by the Motorola
Company. Last week, Detroit
representatives demonstrated a
$45,000 system at the University.
The system, which includes a
control panel and 10 phones, also
does a tape print-out- of the
phone conversation, including
time, date and location.
BUT THE Safety Department
cannot foot the bill alone. "Co-
operation to share the cost will
depend on other departments
around the University," Davids
noted, pointing to the Univer-
sity Hospital, Housing and Park-
Cook and Foulke said they
were optimistic and supportive
of the phone system. but that no
See 'U', Page 3

Kalanzoo DETROIT
Sow &+
This map shows the route used by enslaved blacks trav-
eling north to freedom via the "underground railroad"
of the abolition movement.
While millions of Americans thrilled to the adventures of
Kunta Kinte in'the ABC-TV adaptation of Roots, far fewer
knew that our own Ann Arbor was once a center of aboli-
tionist activity.
Ann Arbor's anti-slavery can be traced from the found-
ing of the Michigan Anti-Slavery Society to the more illicit
role of a "station" along the underground railroad "line"
which transported runaway slaves into Canada.
ALTHOUGH ACCURATE documentation is unavailable,
the number of runaways actua'ly transported through Ann
Arbor is estimated as high as 1,000 per year.
However, it is known that Ann Arbor, one of the final
stations on a vast network of railroad lines stretching north
through Ohio and Indiana. wasthe last stop before Detroit,
where fugiive slaves were whisked to freedom across the De-

Grad student
fin s glamor
on Yost ie,
Sitting relaxed, stroking his red begrd, Tom
Lyons looks the part of a 28-year-old Chinese
Studies graduate student.
But instead of spending his nights pouring over
books at the library, Lyons prefers to ride around
on a Zamboni ice resurfacing machine, entertain-
ing Michigan hockey fans during period breaks
in games at Yost Ice Arena.
"I ALWAYS WAS a hockey fan and I lived
with three players," Lyons explained. "I got
started two years ago working as a clerk at Yost,


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