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January 22, 1977 - Image 2

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1977-01-22

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Page Two


Saturday, January 22, 1577

Page Two THE MICHIGAN DAILY Saturday, January 22, 1977

Exiled resisters, deserters
call ICarter.p'ardon 'farce'
(Continued from Page 1) draft," deserter Tom Nagel of Former Swedish Premier Olof
HOWEVER, Jody Powell, the ZERO, a group that claims to Palme took an uncompromising
White House press secretary speak for 1,800 American exiles position over Indochina. Sweden
said Carter would soon start a in France, said in a telephone gave asylum over several years
study 'involving the miiltary interview. to American deserters and draft
looking toward the possible up- "As far as I'm concerned, if dodgers.
grading of the category of the they're going to study deserter SWEDEN DID not grant them
discharges on an expanded and cases it could take a long time," political asylum but allowed
accelerated review process." Nagel said. dodgers and deserters to remain
Some draft resisters were "It would have been a lot easi- in the country and work here on
pleased with the Carter move. er with a single type discharge," humanitarian grounds.
A spokesman for a group of said Nagel, 28, of Stockton, Ill., More than 1,000 Americans
Americans who fled to France who fled to France from a U.S. who did not want to fight in
rather than fight in Vietnam Army unit in West Germany. Vietnam came to Sweden from
said the pardon was limited but "OH, I THINK it's good as 1967 on. Some later went to Can-
still represented "a positive step far as it goes. I'm waiting to see ada and France and others re-
forward." how deserters and people with turned to the United States.
"WELL, it's like he promised. less than honorable discharges A considerable minority got
It's limited. It just applies to are dealt with," said David Har- into trouble with Swedish law.
university kids who dodged the ris, a draft resister and anti- About 15 per cent were prosecut-
Vietnam war leader. "I think ed in connection with the smok-
those may be the most signifi- ing of marijuana and other of-
cant' group of people. But I fenses.
think the action he took was a "Carter obviously refuses to
good one. I'm glad to see it hap- admit that the U.S. had no busi-
pen." ness being in Vietnam," Powers
r Carter said thousands who had said.
fled to other countries, includ- "His decision will further wid-
-ing Canada and Sweden could en the gap between America's
return home either as citizens leaders and its people,, who are
or aliens if they had taken for- tired of war, lies and unemploy-
eign nationalities. ment," he said.
C/t,- k
~~ ~ 10 ---A ~--

Carter pardons draft resisters

(Continued from Page 1)
arming our military in case of
another confrontation with a
foreign power."
Sen. Barry Goldwater (R-
Ariz.), a retired Air Force Re-
serve major general, called Car-
ter's action "the most disgrace-
ful thing that a president has
ever done."
Applauding Carter's action,
Sen. Edward Kennedy (D-Mass.)
said the president had taken a
"major, impressive and com-
passionate step towards healing
the wounds of Vietnam."
Louise Ranson, spokeswoman
for the National Council for Uni-
versal and Unconditional Am-
nesty - the pro-amnesty um-
brella organization-called Car-
ter's action "a marvelous step
BUT BOTH SHE and Duane
Shank of the National Interre-

ligious Service Board for Con-
scientious Objectors expressed
regret that the pardon did not
apply to those who resisted the
war after they were in the mili-
tary, saying this discriminates
against blacks afid low income
Dan Siegel of San Francisco,
an attorney who represents eva-
ders and deserters, explained
the discrimination charges:
"People who went into the mili-
tary were by and large work-
ing class and minorities who
because they didn't have access
'to ... lawyers and counseling
services didn't get a chance to
make up their minds'about the
war until they were actually
Powell said that in regard to
military deserters and those
with less-than-honorable dis-
charges "President Carter will
act immediately to initiate a

study involving the military,
looking toward a possible up-
grading by category . of dis-
charges on an expanded and
accelerated review process."
HE SAID, "There will be no
changes contemplated for those
with bad conduct or dishonor-
able discharges."
Powell said that Carter and
some of his top aides had to
the best of their knowledge met
with every individual or group
that requested such a meeting
during the campaign to discuss
Vietnam amnesty and had heard
views that ranged from doing
"absolutely nothing" to pardon-
ing all of the draft evaders and
deserters and accompanying
that with a $4-billion payment
to North Vietnam.
President Carter considers his
move a "responsible and a mod-
erate course to follow," Powell

said. "He does not expect that
everyone in the country will
agree with him," Powell added,
stressing the fact that Carter
had often stated his pro-pardon
position throughout the cam-
an order that the government
"forever give up its right to
prosecute" any of the draft eva-
ders covered, Powell said. He
explained that the Carter ad-
ministration was taking "an
abundance of caution" in doing
this, so that no future admin-
itration or any future attorney
general could reinstate prosecu-
tion and so that the draft eva-'
ders need have no fear of fu-
ture jeopardy.
Draft evaders who joined a
re-entry clemency program set
up by President Ford's admin-
istration are automatically par-
doned, too, under the terms of

this proclamation and they
would no longer be required to
continue service jobs, Powell
Ford, on a golfing vacation in
Pebble Beach, Calif., exercised
a private citizen's prerogative
not to talk with reporters about
the pardon .he had rejected as
Carter made his pledge to
pardon the draft evaders in
1975 while campaigning to win
the Democratic presidential
nomination. He said that in his
first week in office he would
issue a full pardons for those
who evaded the draft in the
Vietnam war. He did it on his
first full day there.
According to the executive or-
der, the pardons covered the
period between Aug. 4, 1964,
and March 28, 1973, which has
been accepted a$ the Vietnam

Local reaction to
pardon favorable

Italy nears abortion OK

1001 E. Huron
Calvin Malefyt, Alan Rice,
9:30 a.m. - Classes for all
10:30 a.m.-Morning Worship.
5:00 p.m.-Co-op Supper.
6:00 p.m.-Informal Evening
'* *
Rev. Terry N. Smith,
Senior Minister
,608 E. William, corner of State
Worship Service--10:30 a.m.
Sunday Morning Worship-10
a.m. First Baptist Church.
Bible Study-11 a.m.
Fellowship Meeting Tuesday
at 7:30 p.m.
530 W. Stadium Blvd.
(one block west of U of M
Bible Study - Sunday 9:30
a.m.; Wednesday, 7:30 p.m.
Worship - Sunday, 10:30 a.m.
and 6:00 p.m.
Need transportation? Call 662-
1432 Washtenaw Ave.
Worship at 9:30 and 11:00.
Student coffee hour-12:00.
4:00-Sex Roles and Identity,
Marlo Thomas film, "Free to
Be You and Me."
6: 00-Dinner-$1.25.
Monday noon
"Faith Seeking Understand-
ing" God and the People of

CHAPEL (Catholic)
331 Thompson-663-0557
Weekend Masses:
Saturday, 5 p.m., 11:30 p.m.
Sunday - 7:45 a.m., 9 a.m.,
10:30 a.m., noon,. and 5 p.m.
(plus 9:30 a.m. North Campus).
** * *
Gordon Ward, Pastor
801 S. Forest at Hill St.
Sunday Service at 11:00 a.m.
' * * *
409 H. Division
M. Robert Fraser, Pastor
Church School-9:45 a.m.
Morning Worship-11:00 a.m.
Evening Worship-7:00 p.m.
* * * ,
502 E. Huron-663-9376
Ronald E. Carey,
Campus Minister
1833 Washtenaw
Sunday Services and Sunday
School-10:30 a.m.
Wednesday Testimony Meet-
ing-8:00 p.m.
Child Care Sunday-under 2
Midweek Informal Worship.
Reading Room-306 E. Liber-
ty, 10 - 5 Monday - Saturday;
closed Sundays.
* * *
Presently Meeting at the
Ann Arbor Y, 530 S. Fifth
David Graf, Minister
Students Welcome.
For information or transpor-
tation: 663-3233, or 426-3808.
10:00 a.m.-Sunday Worship.

State at Huron and Washington
Dr. Donald B. Strobe
The Rev. Fred B. Maitland
The Rev. E. Jack Lemon
Worship Services at 9:00 an
Church School at 9:00 an
Adult Enrichment at 10:00.

(Continued from Page 1)
cause of their resistance to the
"But I'm grateful for what he
did," she added.
Most students questioned; ap-
plauded the pardon. "Something
like Vietnam was like playing
games," said dental student
Craig Stone. "If I had been in
that situation, I don't think I
would have gone either, so I
can appreciate the feelings of
people who didn't."
"A COUPLE of years ago I
wouldn't have thought it was tie
right thing to do," freshwoman
Elaine Jacobs said, "but now,
knowing the truth about the
Muim th.

(Continued from Page 1)
conceived, or in anticipation of
Vietnam war, I m glad he did abnormalities or malformationsl
it." in the baby to be born."
What little student opposition The bill stipulates that a
there was seemed to be over pregnant woman who desires
what kinds of restrictions should an abortion must consult a
have been placed on the draft doctor, but that after a requir-
evaders. "They should have ed seven days of reflection, the
some kind of punishment," said final decision is her own.
freshwoman Lynne Graves, 'If It says that after the first 90
you're called to go to war you days of pregnancy, a doctor'
should go. That's our whole sys- must certify a serious danger
tem of defense. They (the evad- to the life of the mother or thef
ers) shouldn't get off scot-free." likelihood of malformations in
Sophomore Tim Graves, teo, the fetus before an abortion
thought the pardon went too far. can be performed.
"I would have agreed with Car- THE MEASURE was support-
ter if he had thrown in some ed by parties from the Com-
stipulations," he said, "but not munists to the conservative
an across-the-board pardon." Liberal party. Those opposed
Phi u1dApfhII l'lI lR

included the Christian Demo- measures.
crats, the neo-fascists, one Re- THE HEAD OF the Chris-
publican deputy who broke tian Democrat delegation i the
ranks with his party and four chamber, Flarninio Piccoli,
radicals who said the reform called the law, ',"a profound
was not liberal enough. wound to the spirit of our
u de people," and Christian Demo-
" Some judge this law too per. crat deputy Oscar Luigi Seal-
missive, others too restrictive," craet Oa ea-
said Communist party leader faro called the vote "a nega-
Enrico Berlinguer. "The ma- tive page, gravely inhuman,
jority of parliament is inclined certainly one of the worst in 30
to consider it right and bal- years."
anced.The Vatican newspaper L'
ranced. Osservatore Romano repeated
Berlinguer, whose party has the' Roman Catholic church's
been among the most moder- support of the "inviolability of
ate on the pro-abortion side of human life from its conception"
parliament, noted the law and called on Catholics to use
urges that very effort be made their consciences to rise above
to avoid abortion through birth "this permissive, agnostic, in-
control and other preventive dividualistic, alienated age."
1"Q plM S 1dArtor


W. Thomas Schomaker,
Chaplain /Director
10 a.m.-Morning Worship.
5:30 p.m. - Celebration/Fel-
6:15 p.m.-Shared Meal, 75c.
Extensive programming for
undergrads and grad students.
Stop in or call 668-6881 for in-
Ministry of the Christian
Reformed Church
1236Washtenaw Ct.
Rev. Don Postema, Pastor
Welcome to all students!
10:00 a.m.-Morning Service.
6:00 p.m.-Evening Service-
"The Mystery of the Church."
Tuesday, 7:30 p.m.-Seminar
"For Men and Women."
"God's people in God's world
for God's purpose."
* * *
1511 Washtenaw Ave. 663-5560
Alfred T. Scheips, Pastor
Sunday Morning Worship at
9:15 and 10:30 a.m.
Sunday Morning Bible Study

.LVE.LL.a. L aI. , .1k"I L ILL
campus hideout for'
presidential papersj

i-luJ aJ -l O.U111E,l
Park with $4,5 million lien

(Continued from Page 1)
versity relations and develop-
ment, and others. They dis-
cussed plans to raise money for
construction of the library.
documents may remain in
temporary storage for as long
as three years until the library
is built. The materials present-
ly occupy 8,500 cubic feet of
space leased from the Univer-
sity by the General Service Ad-
ministration (GSA) in Washing-
Berger said a nationwide, pro-
fessional fund-raising campaign
is planned. He did not know if
University funds-would be used
for the project. Once built, the
library will be maintained by
the National Archives.
Papers and documents will
not be available for research
until the Library is built, said
GSA officials. A museum will,

be constructed in Grand Rap-
ids, Ford's hometown, to house
presidential artifacts and mem-
UNLIKE OTHER presidential
libraries, Ford's manuscripts
and artifacts will be displayed
in two separate buildings. This
is the first time two locations
have been planned to house
presidential material, said
Thomas Powers, an associate
archivist for the Michigan His-
torical Collection.
Ford's Congressional papers
have been deposited at the
Michigan Historical Collection
in the Bentley Historical Libra-
ry here since 1964. Over 800
boxes of his papers arrived be-
fore today's large shipment.
Powers said representatives
of the Michigan Historical Col-
lection and Fleming worked with
the National Archives to acquire
the papers.

ternal Revenue Service has
filed liens against South Korean
businessman Tongsun Park, fo-
cus of an influence-buying in-
vestigation, charging - he owes
the U.S. government $4.5 mil-
The liens were for income tax
for the years 1972 through 1975,
a spokesperson for the IRS
Baltimore district said last
THEY WERE filed with the
recorder's offices in Los An-
geles and Washington, D.C., and
circuit courts in Arlington and
Fairfax counties, Va., Alexan-
dria, Va. ; and,- Montgomery,
Prince George's and Worcester
counties, Md.
The liens total $4,500,619.20,
the spokesperson said. He said
this amount could include taxes,

penalties and interest but add-
ed that he could not give spe-
cific details on the liens.
A lien is a notice served by
the government that it is claim-
ing an-interest in any property
the subject of the lien may own.
"ALL YOU can assume is that
the IRS claims he owes this
amount in money to the govern-
ment . . . It is filing the liens to
protect the government's inter-
est in any property he may have
in these areas," the spokesman
He said two liens were filel in
each location, one in the name
of Park and one in the name of
his firm, Pacific Development,.
The Justice Department has
been conducting an investigation
of alleged Korean influence-buy-
ing among members .f Con-

gress. Several congressmen
have acknowledged receiving
gifts and contributions from
PARK IS A wealthy rice brok-
er known for his lavish party-
giving, full social life and lux-
urious homes during his years
in Washington following his
graduation from Georgetowa
He has denied he was involved
in a covert South Korean gov-
i ernment scheme to buy influ-
ence in Congress.
Park, who left the United
States about the time the alle-
gations about him surfaced last
October, was last reported in
the Caribbean.
While visiting London last No-
vember, he said he planned to
cooperate with -_the federal

at 9:15 p.m.
Midweek Worship Wednesda
10 p.m.

Frost clobbers Florida fruit
crop; price rise expected



MIAMI - With Florida crop
losses from icy weather already
estimated in the millions, farm-
ers say the freeze will force
higher prices to consumers
lucky enough to find produce in
their markets.
Price increases already have
been listed for citrus products,
and industry officials predict
even higher prices.
FLORIDA provides most of
the nation's tomatoes and vir-
tually all of its limes. The lime
crop was destroyed, farmers
said, and tomato losses were so
bad that prices for what sur-
vived may nearly triple.
In addition, much of the east-
ern half of the nation's fresh
vegetables come from Florida
during the winter months.
"I just checked the price of
fresh green beans," said a Mi-
ami produce broker. "A few
days ago, they were $8 a bushel,
but today they were $15. The
price began jumping right at
the farm."
Seald-Sweet, a cooperative of
4,500 citrus growers, has raised
its prices in two days by 50
cents a carton.
"IT'S BASICALLY a half-cent
per piece of fruit, or six cents
a dozen, and citrus recently has
been the cheapest it's been in

five years," said a spokesman.
"Quality of vegetables will be.
poor and the prices will be
high," the broker explained.
"When it freezes like this, you
don't have quality and you don't
have quantity, and the prices go
Tomato losses in south Florida
alone were estimated as high as
$43 million, with additional dam-
age reported in central and

southwest Florida fields. The re-
tail price of surviving tomatoes
was expected to increase from
60 cents to $1.70 a pound.
"I guess we're totally wiped
out," said the manager of a
Fort Lauderdale-area farm.
"There's nothing we can do but
plow everything up and start

vi's a'? 4':?t::'"ii+y; S:?d+v: ":? ri:ii: ::' :f? :s::{};,; "S~ i.?+sv:"::iv : :i% ".?'r:;Ey '"j?%y} s'"r

3200 SAB -- 764-7456
Feb. 1 - Metropolitan Life Insur-
ance Company,,Roosevelt Uni-
versity/Lawyers Assistant Pro-
grain, and Curtin Matheson
Scientific, Inc.
Feb. 2 - Ford Motor Company,
Lord & Taylor,
Abraham & Strauss.
Feb. 3 - Burroughs Corporation,
and Chase 'Manhattan Bank.
Feb..4 - K-Mart Apparel, and
Allstate Insurance Company.
Phone 764-7460 for information on
the following:
Community Career Opportunity
Conferences planned to help coi-
1,ge students, especially seniors,
graduate students, explore the vari-
ety of careers available to them in
their home towns. They will be held
in these states: Indiana, New Jer-

sey, North Carolina, Ohio Pennsyl-
vania, and Virginia.
3200 SAB -763-4117
Camp Tamarack, Mich. Coed: Will
interview' Thurs., Jan. 27 from 9 to
5. Large variety of staff positions
open. Register in person or by
Camp Sea Gull, Mich. Coed: Will
interview Thurs., Jan. 27 from 1 to
5. Positions open in the following
fields: tennis, gymnastics, drama,
nurse, waterfront (WSI), guitar.
Register by phone or in person.
Cedar Point; Sandusky, Ohio: Live
Show Auditions, Ann Arbor Area,
Fri., Feb. 11, Briarwood Hilton. De-
troit A ea, Sat., Feb; 12, Troy Hil-
ton Inn.
Attention: Summer Jobs for Jun-
iors-Yale Univ. Openings in chem-
istry, physics and engineering. Ap-
plication deadline Feb. 14. Further
details available.








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