Page 2-Wednesday, October 12, 1977-The Michigan Daily
Four Arrow festivities:
dance, music, and talks
By LORI CARRUTHERS
Ancient Aztec dances, Mayan
marimba music, and speakers for
social causes highlighted yesterday's
day-long presentation by the coalition
of.Native Americans-Four Arrows.
Noon-time spectators in the Michigan
Union Ballroom watched with rapt at--
teition as the Nahuat' dancers from
Mixico performed many rhythmic
spiritual dances. Dressed in gold-
tronmed, feathered, and fringed
costumes, the dancers stomped
barefoot on the wooden ballroom floor
to he steady rhythm of a drumbeat.
BEFORE THE dancing began, a
sppkesman for the group asked that
there be no applause to interrupt the
rijpg spiritual energy of the dancers.
Appreciate them with your hearts,
eyes and minds," he said.
"They are human beings focusing
energy in a beautiful and creative way
and they would like to share some of
thetr'beauty and culture with you," he
The quiet, expressionless dancers,
shols rattling on their ankles, perfor-
med for more than an hour as the
aroma of burning incense wafted
through the spectators.
Mayan marimba music also was
played by Guatemalan Indians in the
Fishbowl between classes. Three men
dressed in their native colorful garb
plared the wooden instrument for a
surprised but appreciative student
Tables were set up alongside the
musicians, displaying colorful
THROUGHOUT the day, various
speakers from the coalition addressed
classes and groups about various topics
and social issues.
Amalia Riveria, a official of the In-
stituto Indigeniista Nacional of
Guatemala, spoke to a small informal
gathering of people in the Pendleton
Room. With the occasional aid of an in-
terpreter, she talked of the political
turmoil within her country.
Riveria repeatedly spoke of the
"tragic history" of her country. She
traced the tumultous history of
Guatemala from the 1500s to the
present for the small gathering, em-
phasizing her points with vivid
SITTING ON the fireplace hearth,
she quietly spoke of political
assassinations and disappearances of
Indian revolutionaries, slipping from
English to Spanish.
Other speakers who addressed
groups across campus yesterday in-
cluded: Philip Deere, a Muskoge
medicine man and a delegate of the In-
ternational Treaty Conference to the
United Nations; Rarihokwats, founder
of Akwesasne Notes; Coyote, a Wylaki
activist and environmentalist; and
Adrian Chavez, a Quiche (Mayan)
FOUR ARROWS, or Las Cuatro
Flechas, has been working for the last
nine years to raise consciousness about
the Native American Indians and the
conditions of their life.
The name of the group holds much
symbolic meaning. Four is a sacred
number, signifying perfection, the four
directions, the four elements, four
seasons and the duality of dualities.
Arrow signifies pursuit, journey and
purpose. The two words together
signify strength in unity.
ol finds Detroit Citizens not
orried about racial relations
DETROIT (UPI) - Concern over since the nation's worst race riot bent Mayor Coleman Young.
rae relations among city voters has broke out in Detroit, according to a THE SURVEY showed that.,
apparently declined in the decade survey of city voters published cent of the Browne voters
y--city ter pubtished named race relatins s n nro
Senators John Sparkman, (D-Ala. ), and Frank Church, (D-Idaho), listen to testimony during the Senate Foreign
Relations Committee hearing Monday on the proposed Panama Canal treaty.
Carter meets with key
senators on can
learn to utilize the singlest form of owareness
for more fruitful activity.
U.G.L.I. (Multi-Purpose Room)
In a 1969 poll, taken only two years
after the 1967 disturbance,, Detroit
voters ranked race relations second
only to crime among the city's most
IN THE MOST recent poll of 400
registered voters, taken from Sept.
28 to Oct. 3, crime still ranked first.
However, race was ranked eighth
after unemployment, schools, nar-
cotics, housing, urban decay and
such financial problems 'as high
taxes and high food prices.
Some 76 per cent of those polled
called crime the worst problem while
10 per cent tagged , race as the
The survey also said that voters
planning to support iayoral chal-
lenger Ernest Browne, Jr. appeared
more concerned about racial prob-
lems than those who favored incum-
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while six per cent of Young's
followers called it a problem.
The mayoral election, which will
be Young's, first test as an incum-
bent, is sjt for the first week in
The .survey was conducted by
Opinion Research, a Detroit-based
firm, for the Detroit News.
Just for the
health of it.
Get moving, America'
March 1-7. 1977 is
NatilP ysical Education and Sport Week
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WASHINGTON (AP) - President
Carter, conferring with key senators on
the Panama Canal treaty,
acknowledged yesterday that the pact
is in trouble but made no decision on
how to rescue it in the Senate.
Minority Leader Howard Baker (R-
Tenn.) said the White House meeting,
which Carter requested, resulted in a
"consensus that the. treay' has problems
in the Senate, where it must win a two-
thirds vote to be ratified.
HE SAID the meeting was "frank and
candid" and Carter "is clearly concer-
ned." But the President didn't try to
change the minds of any of those
present who have misgivings about the
treaty, Baker said.
"We were just comparing notes," he
said, adding that suggestions ranged
from "doing nothing to renegotiation
.and everything in between."
Meanwhile, the Senate F'oreign
Relations Committee and its House
counterpart continued hearings on the
treaty. Witnesses included experts on
international affairs, a State Depar-
tment official and critics of Panama's
leader, Gen. Omar Torrijos.
THE MEETING at the White House
underscored increasing Senate uncer-
tainty about the treaty, which Carter
and Torrijos signed in September. A
growing number of senators have ex-
pressed concern that the treaty does not
adequately guarantee U.S. rights to
defend the canal after it is turned over
to Panama in the year 2000.
Sen. Alan Cranston (D-Calif.),
majority whip, said several weeks ago
that enough senators were backing the
treaty to ratify the pact, but that was
before the. controversy over canal
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defenses intensified.. .
Baker said a weekend trip to Ten-
nessee convinced him that as public
understanding of the treaty increases,
chances of its acceptance dimishes.
Majority Leader Robert Byrd (D-
W.Va.) disagreed, saying he believes
"public support for the treaty has
gained" in recent weeks.
THE TWO party leaders' votes are
seen as crucial when the treaty comes
up for ratification early next year. Both
have said the security aspects of the
treaty must be clarified if the pact is to
pass, and both men are judged to be
leaning against ratification unless the
security question is resolved 'to their
In committee testimony, Harvard
University Prof. Jorge Dominguez and
Abraham Lowenthal of the Woodrow
Wilson International Center urged the
Senate not to tamper with the treaty's
security provisions. They said the
document as written was in the best
U.S. jnterests. But Donald Dozer of the
University of California called this "a
vain Utopian dream."
The House panel focused on alleged
human rights abuses by the Torrijos
regime, called by some critics one of
Latin America's most repressive.
DR. WINSTON ROBLES, spokesman
for the Panamanian Committee for
Human Rights, said the country's
citizens live in "constant fear" and are
subject to arbitrary arrest, in-
timidation by paid informers, and of-
He said the treaty will mean U.S. en-
dorsement of Torrijos' policies. But he
added, "sooner or later the dictator will
fall," and "all the resentment against4
the dictatorship will be reflected in the
future relations, between Panama and
the United States."
William Stedman, a deputy assistant
secretary of state for Inter-American
Affairs, said the administration
believes human rights under Torrijos
have improved in the past year, and
approval of the treaty would encourage
an end to political tensions and human
rights abuses in Panama.
"Our view is that some tensions in
Panama arise from the unsatisfactory
treatyrelationship with the United
States and we believe conclusion of this
treaty would alleviate some tensions
and ease the humanarights situation,"
he said afterward.
Conceding to the committee thatthe
view is not universally shared, Sted-
man said the State Department's
assessment is that "Panama is neither
a model open society, a traditional
liberal democracy, nor a repressive
State House panel
okays college grants
(Continued from Page 1)
qualified for state programs and are
now awaiting funding. It is these
applicants, said Vaughn, who will
profit from the 1,000 scholarships the
bill will provide. The cost, he said,
"won't break the state of Michigan,
but will help lower- and middle-
Vaughn said he expects quick
action on the bill, and hopes to get it
through the house Appropriations
Committee some time this week.
I M~ I
".-- r !
'" 1 tC9 & 24
r vqe S
Don't be left out
of this year's
a fa ' a, ~k ,ie n~°U-
-. e o , i e . id j ~C cC o
rig Cuing liail~fi ess jO\ ie
M' O cieOL i in' s is ,,o c
- ~ n tc
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