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Vol. LAAAVIII, No. 86
Ann Arbor, Michigan--Saturdav, January 14. 1978
Is mass reproduction illegal?
Copy shops fret over new law
By ROD WATSON
Picking up a packet of photocopied poems from
your local copy shop may be quicker than battling the
confused reserve system at the undergraduate
library, but it may also be illegal under a new federal
law, a possibility, which worries some local copy
The new law, S.22, states in part: "The fair use of
a copyrighted work ... for purposes such as criticism,
comment, news reporting, teaching (including mul-
tiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or
research, is not an infringement of copyright."
BUT THE COURTS have never defined "fair
use," and the manager of at least one local copy shop
said "course packs" - compilations of material
brought in by professors to be copied and bound for
students - fall within the "teaching" area of the new
"The new copyright law is not really going to af-
fect our business very much because most of our
course packs are within the guidelines," claimed
John Forbes, manager of store operations at
Albert's, a Liberty Street copy shop.
"We feel that we're similar to the libraries -
that's what course packs are. Rather than students
having to use it in the reserve section, they can get it
here and take it home. Generally, students demand
for Ann Arbor Publishers Inc., a local book publish-
ing company. "They can't afford it. Actually, what
we're charging for is just a 'master,' and then people
go and make copies of it."
Chadsey said for every copy used in place of the
original work, the copyright holder - either author
"I go to educational conferences, and they would tell me frankly that
they would buy one book and then copy it until it physically wore out.
It ' a losing proposition.
-Miriam (Jhadsey, book publishing consultant
it; it's a very important part of our business," he con- or publisher - loses the profit made on the sale of the
OTHERS FEAR THE systematic copying of
significant portions of a work could have a bad effect "I GO TO educational conferences, and they
on the work's potential market. would tell me frankly that they would buy one book
"Your good people just aren't publishing and then copy it until it physically wore out," Chad-
anymore," complained Miriam Chadsey, consultant See COPY, Page 2
Daily Photo by JOHN KNOX
LARRY PITIS and an unidentified copycat feed originals into one of the xerox
machines at Albert's Copying, which will eventually return a stack of perfect.
and possibly illegal, reproductions.
From AP and UPI
JERUSALEM -Egyptian President
Anwar Sadat yesterday accused Israeli
Prime Minister Menahem Begin of
"returning. to the language of threats"
on the issue of Jewish settlements in the
However, Sadat said he could accept
Israel's offer of self-rule for
Palestinians on the West Bank of Jor-
dan as a transitional measure.
IN AN INTERVIEW in Aswan, Egypt.
with the Jerusalem Post, Sadat did not
reject the idea of Israeli or joint Israeli-
Jordanian patrols in the West Bank
following a peace agreement.
The apparent shift in Sadat's position
on the Palestiniam issue and the
pressure of Israeli troops in the West
Bank cana as the military peace talks
broke up in Cairo and three days before
the political talks open in Jerusalem.
In Beirut, Lebanon, the Palestine
Liberation Organization (PLO), ap-
parently countering Sadat's reported
remarks, said PLO chief Yasir Arafat
has reaffirmed his demand for im-
mediate independence for a Palestinian
state. But the PLO said Arafat has
proposed putting a U.N. peacekeeping,
force between Israel and the new state.
THE PLO confirmed that Arafat
made the proposal at a meeting with a
delegation of U.S. congressmen last
week in Damascus, Syria.
A few hours after Weizman flew back
from the Cairo talks, an apparent
terrorist bomb killed a Moslem man
and his 12-year-old son here when the
boy picked up the object in an empty lot
and it exploded.
The issues of Israeli withdrawal from
the Sinai and Palestinian autonomy are
expected to dominate talks that begin in
Jerusalem on Monday between the
Israeli and Egyptian foreign ministers
on the political aspects of a peace
agreement. U.S. Secretary of State
Cyrus Vance will attend those
WEIZMAN FLEW home after two
days of military negotiations in Cairo
and told reporters those talks have been
suspended indefinitely, pending
See SADAT, Page 8
U.S., apan reach
TOKYO, (AP) - The United States
and Japan agreed yesterday to try to
equalize trade between them in order
to erase Japan's lopsided surplus by
U.S. trade representative Robert
Strauss called the agreement a
"major breakthrough" but admitted
it won't stop what he has called "the
raging fires of protectionism" in
"NO, I DO not think we have
eliminated the forces of protection-
ism," he said. "But had we not come
here, those forces would have raged
Japan sells more to the United
States than it buys from it, causing
some congresspersons to push for
higher tariffs to keep out Japanese
Estimates are that Japan's bal-
ance of payments surplus from trade
and other transactions will reach $10
billion for the fiscal year to end this
JAPANESEofficials estimate the
surplus will drop to $6 billion during
The communique was signed by
Strauss and Japan's minister for ex-
ternal economic affairs, Nobuhiko
The United States and other coun-
tries claim Japan sharply limits im-
ports, formally or informally.
THE AGREEMENT allows for
increases in Japanese import quotas
for high quality beef, oranges and
citrus juice, but is otherwise vague.
Despite that, Strauss said the
statement was a "new direction,a
new philosophy" in Japan's trade
Many congresspersons whose dis-
tricts have high unemployment in
industries where Japanese imports
do well - such as steel, autos and
electronics - favor protectionism in
spite of President Carter's warnings
of resulting international complica-
IN THE STATEMENT, signed
after five days of negotiations that
wound up several months of prelim-
inary talks, Japan agreed to:
* Move up to April 1 previously an-
nounced tariff reductions on $2 billion
worth of American imports.
" Remove quota controls on 12
products, also announced earlier.
* Increase import quotas on high-
quality beef from 1,000 tons to 10,000
tons a year starting April 1.
* Quadruple quotas on citrus juice
from 1,000 to 4,000 tons a year.
* Review its foreign exchange
system to free all factions from
controls "unless specifically pro-
" Study citrus juice quotas and
development of the industry.
" Send missions to the United
States to study the possibility of
invreasing imports of forest products
and machinery for nuclear and
conventional power plants.
* Secure better chances for foreign
suppliers to sell to the Japanese
Daily Photo by JOHN KNOX
STATE SEN. William Fitzgerald (D-Detroit), a candidate for governor, field-
ed questions last night in the Cook room of the Law Quad, while seated beneath
a portrait of the law quad's original financier, Thomas Cook.
FitzgVerald hi~ts Coy.
WASHINGTON (AP) - Sen.
Hubert Humphrey, the "happy
warrior" of a generation of
Democratic politics whose final
battle was with cancer, died
last night at his Minnesota
home, Vice President Walter
F. Mondale announced.
The former vice president
and presidential nominee was
serving his fifth term as
senator.from Minnesota with a
special leadership status
created for him by Senate
, Humphrey had been re-
elected in a landslide in 1976,
less than a month after un-
dergoing surgery for cancer.
Less than a year later surgeons
found another cancer which
they called inoperable and
IN OCTOBER of 1976, Hum-
phrey had a cancerous bladder
removed at New York's Sloan-
Kettering Institute for Cancer
Research. In August, 1977,
Humphrey underwent new
surgery to relieve a blocl ed
Surgeons discovered a
malignant tumor in 1 the
senator's pelvis which could not
be removed. They said they
would try to check it with
chemotherapy but would not
speculate on Humprhey's life
A tireless, exuberant cam-
paigner for causes as well as
candidates, Humphrey ran
three times for the White
House, almost made it in 1968,
and almost tried again in 1976.
By MARK PARRENT
Calling the Milliken administration
"one of outstanding cosmetology and
not one of great substance," guber-
natorial candidate Sen. William Fitz-
gerald (D-Detroit) last night embarked
on an attack of major phases of the
governor's administrative policies
during his decade-long tenure in office.
Fitzgerald, seen as a strong conten-
der, must face off with three other can-
didates in the Democratic primary for
governor, not including Milliken, whom
Fitzgerald and most everyone else
assert is also running. The governor
has not yet announced his intentions.
BEFORE A SPARSE crowd of less
than 10 persons, Fitgerald calmly tore
apart Milliken's Thursday state ad-
He charged Milliken's proposed tax
cut "is just an apology for the
mismangement of his administration in
the past." Fitzgerald proposed putting
the money into a "budget stabilization
fund" to deal with any future economic
crisis the state may face.
"Just a flat out Milliken tax rebate.
I don't think I would be in any
position to support," Fitzgerald said. he
said it would amount to only $4.87 per
"OUR PROBLEM is that we have a
roller coaster economy," he said, ad-
ding that such problems could be par-
tially offset "by setting money away for
a rainy economic day."~
Unlike some senators, Fitzgerald
feels that his constituents are not going
to press him to vote for the tax cut:
See GOV., Page 8
STA TE TO FUND INSURANCE:
Bill aids med schools
By MARGARET JOHNSON
Dr. Allyn Rickett, a professor of Chinese
Studies at the University of Pennsylvania, who
was imprisoned in China from 1951-1955, told a
Modern Languages Building audience last night
that he "learned more about China in prison than
Iever did on the outside."
Ricktt and his wife Adel. hnth Fulbright
By MITCH CANTOR
Michigan taxpayers may be dishing out more than
$100,000 a year for state medical school malpractice claims
under a recently passed state malpractice insurance law.
The new bill, signed Tuesday by Governor Milliken,
allows the medical schools of this university, Michigan State
and Wayne State to set up reserve funds, based on their
projected losses for this year, to pay for the year's mal-
that the MSU medical school was having problems getting
"STARTING LAST YEAR, we could only get limited in-
surance," Levi said. "We've been self-insured since January
of last year. This (the bill) will give us the protection for the
extreme amounts we don't already have in reserve."
For Michigan, according to Dan Donovan, manager of
patient-staff relations at University Hospital, the bill "gives
us an alternative to our present liability insurance.