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April 09, 1978 - Image 3

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Michigan Daily, 1978-04-09

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The Michigan Daily-Sunday, April 9, 1978-Page 3
Cluster bombs threaten Lebanon


NABATIEH, Lebanon (AP)-Evi-
dence that Israel used U.S.-made
"cluster" bombs in its invasion of
southern Lebanon is visible at refugree
camps, farms and hillside villages
throughout the region. Some are still
doing their lethal work, weeks after
they were dropped.
Earlier reports of Israeli use of the
anit-personnel weapons here 'have
drawn protest in the United States.
Rep. Paul McCloskey (R-Calif.) said in
Washington on Friday he was "madder
than hell about it. There is no terrorism

on the other side that justifies the use of
this type of weapon."
On-the-spot inspections found the
deadly cannisters, each filled with hun-
dreds of tiny bombs, were dropped on
areas from the Mediterranean coast in,
the west to the foothills of Mount Her-
mon in the east.
IT WAS NOT possible to independen-
tly confirm how many casualties
resulted from the cluster bombs, or
whether they were targeted for
Palestinian guerrilla positions. But
many landed on civilian area.

Literary little ones,
Two-year-old can bring their mom and dad to a special story time
beginning May 1 at the Ann Arbor Public Library. Offered by the
Youth Department of the Main Library, the programs will start at
10:30 a.m. and last about 30 minutes every Monday through May 22.
The final session will be Friday, May 26. Registration for the free
program begins tomorrow. Call 994-2345 for further information.
Stop criminal authors
State Representative Mike Conlin doesn't think criminals should
profit from their crimes-even if they write a good book. Last week he
introduced a bill which would mandate that all profits made from
books and movie rights about criminals be paid not to the criminal, but
the victim. "There is just no reason why anyone convicted of a felony
shiuld get rich because he victimized another human being," said
Conlin. Conlin also said the concept has been successfully implemen-
ted in several other states. "The old adage, 'crime doesn't pay' is a
mockery today. Crime does pay, and it pays handsomely. My idea is to
see that it pays the victim, not the criminal." Hopefully Messers.
Haldeman, Erlichman, Nixon, Magruder, and Dean will get the
The Daily incorrectly reported that the conference on Careers
for Social Changeheld in East Quad Friday was sponsored by the
Residential College. Actually, the Eduational Innovation Advocate in
the Office of Student Services arranged and sponsored the forum.
are off to a bright start today with Solar Expo '78 in Conference
Rooms 1 through 6 of the Michigan League and in the Regents' Plaza,
from 11 a.m. until 7 p.m. . . . join a discussion on tactics to protect
abortion rights at an educational conference, sponsored by the Ann
Arbor Women's Mobilization Collective. Panelists will debate the use
of lobbying, grass roots organization, radical confrontation tactics,
and a potluck dinner to follow. The conference is from noon to 5 p.m. in
room 126 of East Quad. Call 663-1197 or 662-5367 for more information
... go fly a kite with WIQB in the Muddy Waters Kite Flying Contest at
1 p.m. at the Fuller Recreation Area. Prizes go to the most unique
ikites. . . cowboys ride 'em at the Bike Rodeo from 3 p.m. to 5 p.m. at
the North Campus Rec Building.. . end the day with a free concert
presented by the University of Michigan Contemporary Directions
Ensemble at 8 p.m. in Rackham Auditorium.. . a late start Monday,
with an archeological lecture on "Late Stone Age Adaptations in
Southern Africa" by Dr. H.J. Deacon of the University of Chicago in
MLB Aud. 1 at 4 p.m.... also at 4, Heidi Hartman of the U.S. Com-
mission of Civil Rights speaks on "The Unhappy Marriage of Marxism
and Feminism" in the W. Conference Room of Rackham . . . at
4:10 p.m. in the Rackham Amphitheatre, listen to Professor Harold
Weinrich discuss "Junction.in Texts: Syntax and Semantics." This is
the Annual HaywardKeniston Lecture presented by the Department
of Romance Languages and Literatures, and admission is complimen-
tary . . . after dinner, view the film, "Coronary Counter Attack" at
7 p.m. in the Exercise Room of the North Campus Rec Bulding..
the Japanese Music Study Group presents a collection of classical
Japanese music and dance at 8 p.m. in Rackham, this time in the aud-
itorium. . . donate all those old books cluttering up your room to the
26th Annual AAUW Book Sale. Used books will be accepted throughout
April at the Huron Valley National Bank on N. University and National
Bank and Trust at William and Thompson. Or call 995-2099 to have
books picks up at your'home.
Jail nurd
Want a quiet place to study? Try a jail cell, like Donald Jacquet,
a student at Cuybagoa Community College n Rocky River, Ohio did.
Jacquet was jailed for four days and fined $100 for dropping his pants
in a Cleveland-area restaurant. Jacquet spent the four days cramming
for exams-and ended up with a respectable 3.2 grade point. "Maybe
we made a good student out of you,"juipped Rocky River Municipal
JudgeWilliam McCrone. "Jail is not a bad place to cram after all."
How far to Billings?
It was a bit of a jolt for one Billings resident when city police
switched from familiar green to traditional blue uniforms. On the first
day for the bright new uniforms,,two officers making their rounds
found one of their regular customets curled up in a doorway, sleeping
off the effects of the previous night. When the officers nudged the man,
Police Chief Gene Kiser reported, he awoke, stared blearily at the un-
familiar uniforms and said he'd be on his way immediately, "But
could you tell me, officers, how far is it to Billings, Montanta?"
p .

On the outside...
dig out your rain gear for today, as chances are we'll have
light rain or thunder showers in the afternoon or evening. The high will
reach a measly 56 under increasing clouds. Expect more rain and a
low of 40 tonight. The rain will end Monday but the clouds will stay,
with temperatures cooler still. Ditto for Tuesday.

Blacks today better
off, survey shows

An Israeli army spokesman in Tel
Aviv refused comment yesterday on
reports that cluster bombs were used in
the invasion. The U.S. State Depar-
tment in Washington likewise had no
The cluster bomb was introduced by
the Americans in the Vietnam War, and
on-site examinations here showed the
Israeli weapons were U.S.-supplied.
GUERRILLA and Lebanese villagers
interviewed yesterday said apparently
two kinds were dropped, one that ex-
plodes on impact and another that ex-
plodes when it is moved.
The distinctive, seven-foot-long can-
nisters and the olive-colored bomblets
can be seen in fields around this
Palestinian-held market town, in the
refugee camps of Rashideih el Buss and
Bourg el Chemali near the biblical port
city of Tyre, and in southeastern
"These are not good bombs," said
Selim Sharaf-Eddin, 60, a Lebanese
farmer in Kfar Tibnit as he showed
visitors the holes in his ceiling, the
small craters in his fields and the tell-
tale shell casings.
"THANK BE to God, none of my'
family were hurt," the fither of seven'
exclaimed. He said the bombs fell on
his home the night of March 16, the
second day of the Israeli invasion.
He pulled two tin' cans from behind
his garden wall and gingerly took out a
handful of dirt-covered metal spheres,
each the size of a lemon and weighing
about a pound each. "These didn't go
off," he said.
Lettering on one the cannisters
examined here indicated the United
States delivered the cluster bomb sup-
plies to Israel more than four years
ago. It said: "Loading date: 7-73.


Loading activity: MAAP.
ONE WESTERN source said the
initials MAAp meant the shell was sup
plied by the U.S. Military Assistance
and Advisory Program.
Guerrillas still control area on the
west coast and north of the Litant
River. Beirut-based correspondents are
not allowed into Israeli-held territory;
500 square miles south of the Litani.
Mahmoud Labadi, spokesman for
Yasser Arafat's Palestine Liberation
Organization, said "dozens of families"
in refugee camps were killed by the
cluster bombs, in addition to conven;
tional one-epolosion bombs.
"Our fnen are still combing the beach
areas in and around the three refugee
camps and coming up with scores
unexploded cluster shells," Labadi said
in Beirut.
AFTER A CLUSTER bomb is drop
ped, the casing splits in an explosive
flash before hitting the ground and
rains down hundreds of fist-sized bom.
blets over an area about 200 yards in
Each bomblet consists of a hollop
brass-colored sphere filled with an ex
plosive TNT and covered by a thin sted
casing. The inside of the TNT-filled bal
is deeply cut into a grid that becomeg
more than 200 diamond-shaped piecej
of shrapnel when the bomb explodes.
Abu Kadri, a Palestinian guerrilla il
the town of Arnoun, said mane
Lebanese villagers don't understand
the dangers of cluster bombs.
He pointed to the carcass of a do'
whose head had been blown off. He sai4
guerrillas had placed small circles o
stones around the unexploded bomblets
as a warning to children and adults
working in a tobaccodfield. But the dog
had been curious, Kadri said.

NEW YORK (AP)-Most Americans
agree blacks are better off now than 10
years ago, but white and black citizens
part company when asked just how
much progress blacks have made, an
Associate Press-NBC News poll shows.
Despite disagreement between
blacks and whites about black
progress, black Americans are most
optimistic about their future than white
Americansaare about theirs, the survey
The poll, based on telephone inter-
views with 1,207 adults in late March,
included interviews with a large sam-
ple of blacks to insure an accurate
moicture of black opinion.
ABOUT HALF of the whites inter-
viewed said they believe American
blacks are much better off now than 10
years ago. Qne-third of the whites said
the last decase has left blacks slightly
better off.
By contrast, only 20 percent of the
blacks interviewed said they felt
American blacks are much better off
now. Fifty-three percent said citizens of
their race are slightly better off.
Although blacks and whites differ on
the degree of the progress, 82 percent of
all Americans agree that the lat 10
years of social change has ended with
blacks in better shape in this country
than when the decade began.i
SEVEN PERCENT of the whites and
12 percent of the blacks said blacks are
in about the same condition now as 10
years ago. Four percent of the whites
and 11 percent of the blacks said blacks
are worse off now than 10 years ago.
Five percent of the whites and 4 per-
cent of the blacks were not sure.
Looking to the future, 62 percent of
the blacks surveyed said they think
Taily Offhial Bulletin
Daily Calendar:
Kelsey Museum: Gallery Talk, "Islamic Art in the
University Collections," Kelsey, 2 p.m.
Music School: Concert Band, Hill Aud., :3 p.m.:
Faculty Voice recital Elizabeth Mosher, soprano,
Rackham Aud., 4 p.m.; Contemporary Directions:
Rackham Aud. ,8 p.m.
MiOND)AY, APRl. 10. 1978
Daily Calendar:
PhysicsAsdtronomy: V. Icke, California Institute
of Technology, "Super-Eddington Accretion," 807
Dennison, 4 p.m.
Women's Studies: Heidi Hartman, U.S. Com-
mission of Civil Rights, "The Unhappy Marriage of
Marxism and Feminism," W. Conf. Rm., Rackham 4
Dental Research Institute: Robert W. Sidwell,
Utah State-U., Chemotherapy of Viral Diseases,"
10313 Kellogg. 4 p.m.
Ctr. Western European Studies: Ulf Beijbom, dir.,
Immigrants and the Immigrant Instite of Sweden,
"The Swedish Immigrant experience in the New
World," Lee. Rm. 1, MUB, 8 p.m.
Summer Placement
:3200 SAB 763-4 17
Camp Sequoia, Mi. Will interview Tues., Apr. 111-
4. Openings include waterfront (WS), arts/crafts,
riding (western), archery, riflery.
Crystal Mountain Lodge. Mi. Will audition at the
Michigan Union, Assembly Hall on Weds., April 12 1
p.m. -10 p.m. If you play a horn, bass, guitar or sing
- be part of a combo) register for audition. Phone
76:3-4117 or register in person.
IM, Vermont. Offers a summer professional
program for students who have completed their
junior year and beyond in elec. engr. or computer
science. Details and apps. available. DeadlineApril
YMCA - Camp Potowatami, Ind. Opening for trail
leaders. Knowledge in environmental science
nature - biology, etc. Details available

they will be better off by the end of the
next decade than they are now.
ONLY 46 PERCENT of the whites
believe they will be better off.
Twenty-seven percent of the whites
and 18 percent of the blacks said they
expect to be in about the same condition
10 years from now. Fourteen percent of
the whites and 7 percent of the blacks
say they expect to be in worse shape,
while 20 percent of the whites and 17
percent of the blacks are not sure.
Blacks were much more likely to
favor integrated schools and neigh-
borhoods than whites, the AP-NBC
News poll found.
MORE THAN HALF the blacks-55
percent-said children were better off
in desgregated schools than segregated
schools. Only 31 percent'of the whites
took that position.
Thirteen percent of the whites and 8
percent of the blacks said children were
worse off in the integrated setting.
Thirty-eight percent of the whites
said the segregated and desegregated
schools were about the same, a position
supported by 26 percent of the blacks.
The remainder for both races were not
Volume LXXXViII, No. 151
Sunday, April 9, 1978
is edited and managed by students at the University
of Michigan, News phone 764-0562. Second class
postage is paid at Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109.
Published daily Tuesday through Sunday morning
during the University year at 420 Maynard Street,
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109. Subscription rates:
$12 September through April (2 semesters); $13 by
mail outside Ann Arbor.
Summer session published Tuesday through Satur-
day morning. Subscription rates: $6.50 in Ann Arbor;
$7.50 by mail outside Ann Arbor.



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