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Vol. LXXXVIII, No. 147 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Wednesday, April 5, 1978 Ten Cents 10 Pages
WEST GERMANS LOBBY FOR WEAPON
Carter may halt neutron bomb
WASHINGTON (AP) - President tative decision was relayed to Bonn late unidentified administration officials, ultimate question-would it raise or
Carter has tentatively decided against last week through Deputy Secretary of reported yesterday that Carter had lessen the possibility of a great nuclear
production of tee neutron bomb, the State Warren Christopher. Genscher's decided against production of the horror-and they probably decided that
controversial nuclear weapon designed visit was hurriedly arranged in a final weapon despite contrary advice from it would heighten the possibility of
to defeat a, massive Soviet tank attack effort by the West Germans to persuade most of his senior foreign policy ad- nuclear war."
on Western Europe. Carter to modify his decision. visers.
Carter conferred yesterday with STATE DEPARTMENT officials' The newspaper said Carter hoped the Sens. Sam Nunn (D-Ga.) and Daniel
Secretary of State Cyrus Vance and said privately that Carter probably Soviet Union would respond by showing Moynihan (D-N.Y.) said on the Senate
STo S C s n n i r e h C r b yi Uwas b h ny n Ns dts W est German Foreign Minister Hans- would make a final decision after his restraint in deploying new nuclear floor that the reports were dismaying. This is an other in (r lO tg
", Tire admintiitratia eniust Dietrich Genscher, who arrived earlier meeting with Genscher but it would weapons. Nunn, who heads a Senate Armed Ser- ltie of def ' Xse nlistakes
hare "'((I the ultijiate in the day to press his government's not be announced for several days. Senate Republican Leader Howard vices subcommittee on NATO, said a u
support for production of neutron White House spokesman Ed Penney Baker of Tennessee said the report, if "unilateral cancellation of the neutron mtiade by ti1e A (I inistra-
(uIestion-trolld it raise weapons. said no final decision had been made as true, represents "anothei in a long line bomb would be the ultimate in self- F eg e a raq
"ALLTHESE questions are subject of yesterday. Asked whether a tentative of national defense mistakes" by the deterrence." tio . t
or lessenthIe possibility of toconsultation within the alliance," decision had been reached, Penney administration. "First we gave away Opponents of the bomb contend that the 1- 1 botia her (1an 10t rD'
a great i' tclear I or- Genscher told reporters after a prior repeated that no final decision had been the B-1 bomber and now we're goig to because it does less damage to civilian
meeti'ng with Vance. made. give away the neutron bomb," Baker populations and buildings than conven- reO t e C
ro .... When asked directly whether Carter Supporters of the weapon have said said. tional weapons, battlefield comman- he Itetttro1 bornb."
-Sen Mark Hatfield had made up his mind, Vance said the they would prefer that Carter defer any SEN. MARK HATFIELD (R-Ore.), ders possessing it might easily be tem-
president "has not decided that decision rather than rule against who led last year's Senate effort to halt pted to escalate an armed confrontation-Se Howard Baer
(R-Ore.) question." production neutron weapons production, said the into nuclea ar. (RwTnr.t.)
It was understood that Carter's ten- THE NEW YORK TIMES, quoting administration "must have faced the
The winners.. .
GOP now in control,
The losers . .
Dems. must rebuild
By KEITH RICHBURG
Mayor-elect Louis Belcher yesterday
unveiled plans for a new downtown
parking structure, a new economic
development commission, and an all-
out effort to patch up the city's blighted
Belcher outlined his proposals for the
next year in the wake of Monday's
Republican electoral blitz, where the
final tally showed Belcher the winner
over incumbent Albert Wheeler by a
mere 179 votes out of 28,613 votes cast.
"We have basics outlined right now,"
a jubilant Belcher said. "We will be
trying to bring all the commissions and
boards up to date."'
Belcher said he has already seen the
first proposals for downtown housing,
and he hopes his economic development
commission will find j.obs in the
building development authority. He
also instructed the city administrator
that "the first week of dry weather I
want to see so many crews out there
fixing the streets that people will com-
plain about not being able to drive."
With his own win for the mayor's
seat, combined with three Council vic-
tories, the Republicans now dominate
city hall with seven votes plus the
mayoral veto power.
The Republican sweep was an an-
niversary present of sorts, since it was
exactly a decade ago in the April elec'
tions of 1968, Republicans had their last
seven to four majority.
With seven votes, the Republicans
now have the power to change the city
budget. Previously, whatever budget
was submitted by the administrator
became law, since neither party could
muster the seven votes needed to alter
Belcher's victory margin of seven-
tenths of one per cent could still be con-
sidered a sweeping mandate when
compared to Wheeler's razor-thin one-
vote victory last year. It was that race,
together with several irregularities
discovered in the voting, that prompted
a judge to order Monday's special
mayoral run-off election.
The official results were: Belcher -
14,396, Wheeler -14,217.
"'I didn't expect it," the winner said
of his victory margin. "I thought I was
going to win by five or six votes."
The 38-year-old Mayor-elect' Belcher
soundly defeated Wheeler in two of the
five wards. In the traditionally
Republican third ward, where
Republican Clifford Sheldon kept the
seat in that fold, Belcher beat Wheeler
by a resounding 4,598 to 2,444 vote
margin. In the Fifth Ward, Belcher's
home turf which also went to
Republican Jim Cmejrek, Belcher got
3,823 to Wheeler's 2,395.
1 Wheeler did win in the two bastions of
Democratic support, the First and
Second Wards with their high student
populations. The statistics told the
story of the Democratic make-up of
those two wards - in the first, Wheeler
got 3,552 to Belcher's 1,704. In the
second, where incumbent Earl Greene
was uncontested, Wheeler won by 1,676
But as the old adage says, how goes
the Fourth Ward ,so goes the election,
and in that - the "swing ward" -
tradition held true. Belcher nosed out
Wheeler in the Fourth by a mere 121
See GOP, Page 7
Daily Photo by WAYNE CABLE
EVEN.DURING the last week of a heated campaign Louis Belcher (left) and
Albert Wheeler (right) managed to remain somewhat cordial. When Belcher was
asked yesterday how he felt about the former mayor he said, "I know how he
WASHINGTON (AP) - Millionaire
rice dealer Tongsun Park told House
investigators yesterday that despite the
implications of a report found in Park's
home, Speaker Thomas "Tip" O'Neill
never asked him for campaign con-
Parksangrily complained that
someone is "trying to zing me." and
said, "Who knows who placed that
document in my house?"
AND HE REPEATED assertions that
while he gave hundreds of thousands of
dollars in campaign contributions on
request he never did so as an agent of
the Korean government. He said 'he
never tried to use his contributions to
"twist arms" or buy influence.
The document mentioning O'Neill's
alleged request was seized by federal
agents in Park's home last year after
Park left the country for Korea.
"He never made any request to make
any contribution to anyone, including
himself," Park said of O'Neill. Park did
acknowledge that he paid for birthday
parties for the Massachusetts
Democrat, including one in 1974 which
THE DOCUMENT found in Park's
home is hand-written in the Korean
language and purports to be a report to
Korean officials recommending that
they take certain actions to increase the
effectiveness of a visit to Korea of a
U.S. congressional delegation. O'Neill
headed the group of visiting
The unsigned document stated that
many of the congressmen on the trip
had "contributed decisively" to elec-
ting O'Neill as House majority leader.
"And, therefore, Mr. O'Neitl
specifically requested us to provide
those congressmen with election cam-
paign funds and their wives with
necessary expenses," the document
"THIS WILL BE an ideal opportunity
to hand them the funds," it said. "But
should it be impossible, we recommend
that you pay them in the near future."
Chief counsel John Nields asked
Park: "Is that true?"
Park replied: "No."
O'NEILL CONFIRMED yesterday
that committee investigators have
questioned him about the note.
"I don't kno who authored it, where it
was written, where it went out or who
exercised control over it," O'Neill said.
"I do know, however, it is self-seving
and a total fabrication."
O'Neill said he never requested funds
from Tongsun Park or the South
Korean government. "The allegation
that I wished to reward a limited group
that helped elect me majority leader is
absurd - I had no opposition and was
PARK COMPLAINED that the
federal government violated his rights
by searching his home and office and
carting away documents.
Park's contributions of campaign
funds to members of Congress ended in
1974 when a law was passed barring
campaign donations from foreign
nationals. He testified the new law
made it impossible for him to fulfill his
agreement to pay Rep. Otto Passman,
(D-La.), $50,000 for each of Passman's
campaigns. But he said the two reached
an understanding which allowed the
money to continue to flow through
Park's payments of inflated prices to
buy antique watches and jewelry from
He said he paid an inflation rate of 100
per 'cent or more in deals which he said
funneled at least $20,000 to Passman.
By KEITH RICHBURG
While city Republicans were revelling
in their biggest electoral blitz in a
decade, Democrats were retreating to
lick their wounds, figure out what went
wrong, and try to rebuild some assem-
blage of a party organization before
next April when they face the voters
Deposed Mayor Albert Wheeler, who
finally lost a mayoral bid after two close
calls and three years of uncertainty,
said yesterday "I'm disappointed, but
not heartbroken." Wheeler also
,dismissed the possibility of. ever
seeking the job again.
Wheeler went to bed late Monday,
before the final tally proved him a 179-
vote loser to challenger Louis Belcher.
When all the votes were counted,
Wheeler had 14,217 to Belcher's 14,396.
Wheeler called Belcher's win "solid
enough" to preclude any recount and
found consolation in the fact that, had
he won, the next year would have seen
the same partisan deadlock that' has
stalled Ann Arbor city government for
"I wouldn't look forward to another
year without a Council majority,"
Wheeler said. "It's too tough. It would
have been an ordeal. It's not only a
hassle but you can't get things done that
Wheeler, Ann Arbor's first black
mayor, also ruled out any possibility of
another try for the mayor's seat. "I
don't think so," he said. "I've spent so
much of my life working in this city. Af-
ter two very narrow and debated vic-
tories, I'm out of it."
"I'm not a politician," Wheeler said.
"I just ran because I had some goals
and I wanted to get some things done."
Wheeler found one other consolation
in Monday night's Republican sweep
that reduced the Democrats to four
Council seats. "I had two goals besides
my own re-election," he said. "One was
to get (First Ward Republican incum-
bent Wendell) Allen out. The other was
" The county has a new ad-
ministrator. Find out who he is
and what he will be doing in our
story on Page 10.
* The LSA-SG has an election
coming up next week. Get in-
volved in campus politics and see
our story on Page 7.
For happenings, weather
and local briefs,
see TODAY, page 3.
to get (Fourth Ward candidate LeRoy)
Cappaert in. We won on one and lost on
Wheeler got his wish in the first ward
when Allen, the Republican incumbent
in the Democratic ward, was trounced
by Democrat Greenberg, 1,646 to 3,291.
In the unpredictable Fourth Ward,
however, Cappaert, who engineered
Wheeler's one-vote victory campaign
last year, was upset by Republican
David Fisher. Fisher edged Cappaert
by a mere 58 votes, and Cappaert has
See DEMOCRATS, Page 10
Sur pris e!
NEW YORK (AP)-It will cost an
average of 6 percent more to' go to
college next year than it does this year,
says a new stuidy which shows that a
resident student at a private, four-year
college will spend more than $5,000 in
the academic year starting in Septem-
That $5,000 is equivalent to about one-
third the median family income in the
United States. And it means that even if
there is no further inflation-and that-is
not likely-a freshman who enters a
private school this fall and lives on
campus will have to pay more than
$20,000 for a college education.
THE STUDY, released yesterday,,
was conducted by the College Scholar-
ship Service of the College Board, a
nonprofit organization of schools,
educational associations and scholar-
ship agencies. The findings were based
on reports from 2,693 colleges and
Costs vary according to the type of
institution involved and such factors as
whether a student commutes or lives on
The board study showed, for exam-
ple, that 1978-79 school expenses for a
commuting student at a public, four-
year college will total $2,604, up 4.8 per-
cent from this year. A student at the
same school who lives on campus will
spend $3,054, up 5.3 percent from this
Other findings of the study include:
" Expenses at private, four-year
colleges will average $5,110 for on-
campus students, up 6.1 percent from
this year, and $4,577 for commuters, up
See COLLEGE, Page 2
Millikqn denies late
taxes netted a profit
LANSING (UPI) - Gov. William
Milliken says he did not turn a profit by
paying his Traverse City property
taxes late and, in fact, the only thing he
got from the arrangement was a lot of
The governor conceded yesterday
that for the past three years, he has
mailed his property tax check late - by
six months last year, seven weeks in
1975.and seven weeks this year.
BUT, THE millionaire governor said,
he paid the penalty for the late taxes
and there was nothing illegal in his ac-
The Peninsula Township tax ordinan-
ce gives Milliken and 'other local tax-
payers three options. They may pay
their taxes between Dec. 1 and Feb. 15
without a penalty, between Feb. 16-28
BRUSSELS, Belgium (AP) - said was cr
Millions of workers are planning teenagers and
rallies, demonstrations and strikes It denounce
today in Western Europe's first coor- "totally negat
dinated protest against rising unem- tionary" attit
ployment. want to maint
Mathias Hinterscheid, secretary- "will nullify e
)fit general of the European Trade Union tentions."
ual Confederation, told a news conference THE COT
ritical among women, cent, or 6
migrants. end of Fek
ed what it sees as the 5.4 per cei
Live, inflexible and reac- 1977 and
ude of employers "who ployed in]
ain their privileges" and IN Till
even the best political in- ployment
the end c
N FEDERATION also with 7.6 pe
,260,000 unemployed, by the
bruary this year, compared to
nt, or 5,735,000 without jobs in
5.0 per cent, 5,242,000 unem-
E United States, the unem-
rate dropped to 6.1 per cent at
of February 1978, compared
r cent in 1977.
ISOLATED WORK stoppages were
expected in France but the largest
union, the Communist-run General
Labor Federation, does not belong to
the European confederation, although
it asked to join the protest.
But French unions, which will
property tax payments and turn a pr
i..,yara thanthe nine ner cent annu