See Editorial Page
r . ir
See Today for details
Vol. LXXXVIII, No. 139
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Sunday, March 26, 1978
Eiaht Paaes olus Sunnlements' '-- ,
'U'administrators tackle budget problem
By SUE WARNER
Students currently forking over money for both
this month's rent and March tuition statements
are apparently not alone in facing financial con-
straints. University administrators, too, are
tackling budget woes amounting to almost $1
Vice-President for Academic Affairs Harold
Shaprio, who is also the University's top budget
executive, told the Regents last week that the
current General Fund budget is ''in a much more
precarious position" now than was anticipated
last July when the budget was made out.
SHAPIRO SAID the financial problem began
with a $1 million deficit already built into this
year's budget and a $1.6.million shortfall in the
expected tuition revenue. In addition, Medical
School underfunding and a deficit in unexpended
salaries brought the miscalculation to over $3.5
The University has already enacted measures to
combat the deficit. Increased energy conser-
vation, freezing expenditures from central ac-
counts and initiating a hiring freeze on unfilled,
non-instructional positions should recover $2.5
But the budget is still out of balance by $855,000.
SHAPRIO SAID the administration is not sure
how it will make up the money by the end of the
fiscal year, June 30. But, he did say ad-
ministrators are "going through this University
unit by unit searching for ways right now."
"I don't have any problem believing we'll have a
balanced budget by the end of the fiscal year,"
said Vice-President for State Relations Richard
Chief Financial Officer James Brinkerhoff said
the University is not planning any cuts in
program budgets for this year. He said that if the
deficit can not be made up in unexpected funds by
the year's end the University will probably carry
the deficit forward to next year's budget.
ACCORDING TO the budget officials this year's
crunch has come as a result of tighter budgeting
over the past years to meet increasing expen-
ditures in areas such as social security payments
and health insurance. Also, Shapiro complained
that although state appropriations have risen they
have not kept pace with inflation which has hiked
costs for supplies such as scientific equipment and
In previous years unexpected drains on the
University funds have been recovered at the end
of the year in the form of unexpended dollars,
primarily salaries. But tighter budgeting in the
last few years has sharply decreased the amount
of left over funds as unit directors have been for-
ced to budget with more precision.
"It's not unusual to have this problem," said
Kennedy. "What is unusual this year is that we've
been doing this sort of thing (cutting down) for a
number of years now and the funds expected not to
be spent have simply run out."
SHAPRIO CALLED measures such as the
hiring freeze and paring down energy costs as
"band-aid solutions" which the University has
been using as short-run answers to the budget
"It is important to recognize that our short-run
adjustments to balance the budget for this year
require a more permanent resolution in next
year's budget," said Shapiro. He stressed the
University budget will have to be more flexible in
the future to accommodate unexpected "shocks"
such as the tuition shortfall.
According to Shapiro the loss in expected tuition
revenue has been the result of students taking
fewer credit hours and a slight shift from number
of graduate students (who pay higher fees) towar-
ds undergraduate students.
BRINKERHOFF suggested the drop in
graduate tuition revenue could have come as a
result of changes in the fee structure which were
See 'U', Page 2
IV is important to recognize that
our short-run adjustments to bal-
ance the budget for this year require
a more permanent resolution in next
Carter orders changes
in urban aid programs;
They shoot horses, don t they?
By ELISA ISAACSON
If you happened to be on the second
floor of the Union Friday night, the
pulsating energy of a live rock band (a
la the Bee Gees), the pungent aroma of
beer, intriguing snatches of jokes,
laughter and conversation, glimpses ofs
couples in everything from blue and
gold rugby shirts to tuxedos darting
back and forth at the end of the hall, all
with the familiar promise of a party,(
probably would have drawn you toward
the open doors of the ballroom for ar
But this was no ordinary party. The
band struck up a rendition of "Night
Fever," cheering couples instantly in-.
vaded the dance floor, and the second
annual 30-hour dance marathon for St.
Jude Children's Research Hospital,
sponsored by Sigma Nu fraternity was
in full swing.
"SHE TALKED me into it," announ-
ced sophomore Paul Hartge, pointing to
his dance partner, Julaine deMink.
"Well, thirty hours didn't sound like so,
much back then," Julaine countered.r
Paul claimed, "We're going to give it
our best bet." His date, more positive,
stated, "We are going to dance all thir-
ty hours." Paul laughed, "Yes, accor-
ding to her."
And, sure enough, last night, only
hours away from the 30-hour mark, the
couple was still on the floor, though
with faces somewhat more pallid andf
feet considerably less energetic than
the night before. Both were confident
they would finish. "We've come this
far .. ." Julaine said.
THE SIGMA NU brothers stayed in
the Union ballroom throughout the dan- Daily Photos by JOHN KNOx
ce session, setting up the lighting for% MARATHON MAN hustles to the beat of a local band while above two dancers
See DANCERS, Page 2 relieve the terpsichorean tedium by engaging in a game of backgammon.
WASHINGTON (AP) - President Car-
ter, revealing an urban policy whose
"bottom line is to make better use of
what we already have", will announce
tomorrow that he is ordering 160
changes in federal programs designed
to help American cities.
Knowledgeable sources said Carter
also will urge new spending of about
$2.6-billion during an urban policy
speech tomorrow and in an accom-
panying message to Congress.
THE SOURCES, who declined to be
identified, described Carter's urban
policy in detail. Meanwhile, the White
House released the final report of the
Cabinet-level Urban and Regional
Policy Group that has worked for
almost one year to prepare the plan for
Carter along with a paper summarizing
The price tag of the urban policy is
likely to come in for criticism. The U.S.
Conference of Mayors, for example,
says $11 billion is needed, and state and
local officials were unsuccessful in
urging $600 million in immediate relief
from soaring welfare costs.
The president, fighting an uphill bat-
tle to achieve a balanced budget by
1981, apparently decided that more
federal aid will not make a significant
dent in the nation's urban morass, and
one White House paper concludes, "The
bottom line of the Carter approach is to
make better use of what we already
PAST FEDERAL action on urban
problems "has been fragmentary and
inadequate," the task force said, "Many
federal programs have had unintended
negative impacts on cities and their
But under the Carter proposal
"federal activities will be evaluated
before approval to determine they are
in line" with Carter's urban policy
goals. Such urban impact evaluations
are a long-sought priority of local
The urban task force said, "The ad-
ministration ought to be willing to
amend, change or abolish government
sections not consistent with national
urban policy," and Carter ordered an
exhaustive review two months ago of
the urban impact of 40 government
programs. He received back a ton of
paper which showed graphically that
many programs were inconsistent with
"THIS EFFORT resulted in over 160
proposals to improve these programs,''
says the White House paper.
"Most of the improvements will begin
now through administrative changes.
Some require legislative action and
could be put into place in the near
"None of the improvements will have
;an effect on the budget,' it said.
AFTER SOME vacillation, Carter
approved aditional spending for items
such as neighborhood rehabilitation
groups, and he approved a $1 billion
plan to create jobs and renovate public
Other new programs will range from
establishment of a National Develop-
ment Bank to subsidize business ac-
tivities in distressed cities and urban
areas, to a $40 million fund for urban
volunteer programs. There is also $200
million for incentives to state gover-
nments that come up with acceptable
FBI political spying
urban policies of their own and $150
million for urban parks and recreation
Carter's urban policy is thought to be
the first White House across-the-board
look at federal urban-related
programs. His speech tomorrow at the
White House will be witnessed by about
250 guests, including 55 mayors, a han-
dful of governors and a large group of
other urban interests
"THE MAGNITUDE of our urban
problems and the fact that billions of
dollars are now spent on our cities, of-
ten in an uncoordinated way, make a
comprehensive urban policy essen-
tial," Carter's urban task force says in
its final report.
By RENE BECKER
Recent revelations from the Senate
Select Committee hearings on U.S. in-
telligence activities have shown that
many unassuming groups and in-
dividuals have been or are the targets
of government surveillance.
As a result, the Federal Bureau of In-
vestigation, (FBI), and state and local
police nation-wide have been hit by a
barrage of lawsuits charging the agen-
cy with violating basic civil liberties.
ROBERT GUTTMAN, a Chicago at-
torney who is representing the Alliance
to End Repression (AER) in its lawsuit
against the FBI and the Chicago Police
department, and Marv Davidov, who is
partner to a lawsuit against the FBI
and Honeywell Corp., spoke in Detroit
this weekend on "Political Surveillance
as Political Repression."
"Political Freedom means the right
to dissent," said Guttman, speaking to
about forty people at a forum on gover-
nment spying at Wayne State Univer-
sity Friday night. "Dissent shouldn't be
something that is tolerated but should
But the Senate Select Committee
hearings reveal that the government
actively worked to curtail criticism of
itself throughout the 50s and 60s, said
Guttman. The mechanism the gover-
nment used to control criticism was
program), he said.
ACCORDING TO the final report of
the Senate committee, "COINTELPRO
is the FBI acronym for a series of
covert action programs directed again-
st domestic groups."
Guttman said COINTELPRO was "a
disruption campaign" aimed at people
who were merely exercising their con-
stitutional rights of free speech and
The AER, a coalition of about 50
religious, professional and community
groups in the Chicago area, organized
in 1970 "to defend our constitutionally-
granted civil and private freedoms."
According to Guttman, it was
categorized by the FBI as part of the
IN A LETTER from FBI headquar-
ters, the supervisor of the COIN-
TELPRO against the New Left said the
purpose of the program was "to expose,
disrupt, and otherwise neutralize" the
activities of the New Left.
See POLITICAL, Page 2
- Sunday -
Spring-Summer sublet search underway.
By RICHARD BERKE
For tenants who want to get a good
deal in the local housing market,
spring-summer subletting is the way to
Jo Williams, adviser at the Univer-
sity Off-Campus Housing Office,
estimates that half the housing market
is available on a sublet basis which, she
aid. nit nronsective subletters in a
negotiable," said Williams.
The burden, Williams stressed, is on
the person trying to get subletters. The
first means by which they can find
spring-summer tenants is through run-
ning classified ads in local newspapers,
placing signs on campus kiosks, or ad-
vertising on bulletin boards in the Off-
Campus Housing Office.
AFTER FINDING a spring-summer
tenant fails to pay rent or damage
Most landlords agree to act as agents
for the regular tenant-collecting rent,
holding the security deposit, and con-
ducting inspections-but the regular
tenant still remains liable for the unit.
Some landlords, however, will not act
as agents, which leaves the regular
tenant to make all the leasing
collected from the new tenant.
SINCE THE regular tenant will likely
rent the unit at a lower price than the
landlord has set, the regular tenant has
to pay the landlord the differen-
ce-usually in a lump sum before the
new tenant moves in. After these steps
are taken, the full responsibility for
rental payments and for the apart-
ment belongs to the new tenant.
Williams advises students to have
some kind of written document between
themselves and the subletter. The Off-
Campus Housing Office provides copies
of the University rental lease and in-
ventory check list for students who
want to use them.
"STUDENTS SUBLETTING have to
technically become landlords,"
" In yesterday's NCAA basket-
ball semi-finals Duke defeated
Notre Dame 90-86 and Kentucky
beat Arkansas 64-59. See Page 7
" For a listing of available
sublets for Spring-Summer, see
the Sublet Supplement.
" Former Daily Editor George.
Lobsenz examines the rhymes
and reasons of student suicide.
See The Sunday Magazine.
. Theweek ' t Ina