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March 19, 1978 - Image 4

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1978-03-19

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P.?gi 4-Sunday, March 19, 1978-The Michigan Daily
LOOKINGACK THE WEEK IN REVIEW

in vestments in tact'
THIS WEEK marked the climax of the
debate over the South African invest
,nu dilemma - perhaps the major
t'. on the University campus this school
On Thursday the University Board of
egents adopted Regent Thomas Roach's
reolution, which calls on the University to
vie at shareholders' meetings in favor of
i .orming the apartheid governmental
tid social structure in South Africa. The
9solution also calls on the University to
4Mte letters to the corporations involved
ing them to adopt the anti-
2iiriminatory Sullivan principles.
Roach's resolution, however, which was
*Proved unanimously by the Regents, fell
rt of requiring the University to pull it
Money out of corporations which fail to
in the Sullivan guidelines\
he Sullivan principles, viewed by some
a progressive step for companiest
%"hing to maintain their operations in
mouth Africa, include: nonsegregation in
blic places; equal opportunity; equalF
for comparable work; development of
Mining programs; increasing the number
0- non-whites in management; and im-
, ving the quality of lives outside the
gking environment.
i'Nhe resolution fell short of adopting
the Sullivan principles, it fell significantly
short of adopting the recommendations
made by the Committee on Com-
munications and the demands of active
members of the faculty and the student
body.
On Friday, Heidi Gottfried, a member of
the Committee on Comminications, which

sponsored a February forum on the in-
vestments dilemma, presented University
President Robben Fleming with her
resignation. Gottfried charged that the
decision reached by the Regents Thur-
sday, "Showed a complete disregard, by
you (Fleming) and the Regents, for the
Committee on Cornmunications and for
the views of the Univesity community."
A small group of that. community
mobilized Thursday to demonstrate their
support for disvestiture on the part of the
University. One hundred and fifty people
rallied in the Diag at noon. Later some 200
gathered in the Union Ballroom to hear
public speakers and the final Regents'
decision.
"The name of the University of
Michigan goes before you and echoes
around the world," said Leonard Suran-
sky, a South African graduate student in
Education. "Always the term education is
linked to morality ... we are not going to
change South African policy by politicking
with our stocks."
Apparently, though, the Regents believe
they can have more influence on the racist
white regime by leaving University money
invested in South African industry than
they could if they divested altogether.
cohen s newest job
W ILBUR COHEN, the retiring dean
of the School of Education, will
chair a seven member task force
charged by governor Milliken to in-
vestigate the Plymouth Center for
HRuman Development concerning
charges of patient abuse, it was an-

nounced this week.
"I am not working for the gover-
nment or under any court order,"
Cohen said. "We will make any
recommendations - whatever they
are.
Cohen vowed that he would not stop
the investigation at any level until all
chairges are answered. He hinted he
would carry the investigation to the
governor's office if possible.
The problems at the Plymouth Center
first came to light several weeks ago
when the Detroit Free Press disclosed
that patients at the center had been
abused by attendants. The Free Press
also reported cases of negligence.
The governor's task force will be
charged with: finding out the facts of
abuse charges at the center; seeing if
any cover-up existed at the center or in
the department of mental health;
facilitating the search for additional
allegations; coordinating the findings
with a previously named state panel an
abuse; and investigating how abuse
cases are handled at all state in-
stitutions that provide live-in care and
treatment programs.
Cohen has had an admirable history
of public service. Before becoming
dean here in 1969, Cohen served in the
U.S. Department of Health, Education
and Welfare (HEW) under two
presidents. He was Secretary of HEW
under President Johnson.
Also appointed to the task force were
representatives of the state Mental
Health Department, the state Social
Services Department, and the State
Police.
William Haber, a former University

dean, Detroit City Council President
Erma Henderson, and National Bank of
Detroit Vice-President Walter Greene
will also be members of the group.
weed not-so-evil
anymore
T HE STATE SENATE approved a
Heasure in mid-week that moves
Michigan closer to decriminalization of
marijuana.
The legislation mandates that offen-
ders caught with less than one ounce of
marijuana would receive a maximum
fine of $100. No criminal record would
result and local governments would not
be able to change the state law.
The bill now moves on to the House,
which rejected Perry Bullard's (D.-Ann
Arbor) bill last year. Bullard's bill was
identical to the Senate bill.
With the House approval the bill
could become law later this year or
possibly next year.
Supporters of the legislation cite the
backing of users of the herb and state.
law officers who feel the present laws
are ignored.
the contest steams up
L OUIS BELCHER and Albert
Wheeler, Ann Arbor's mayoral
hopefuls began to warm up their cam-
paigns this week at a debate sponsored
by the Daily and SDX, the professional
journalism fraternity.
What would normally have been a hot

TIIE LINES WERE drawn this week between those for aiid against divestment of
University funds from corporations operating in South Africa. Pictured at the
Regents' open meeting in the Union Ballroom Thursday are, from left to right.
Regents Thomas Roach, Deane Baker, Paul Brown, Thomas Dunn (partially ob-
scured), President Robben Fleming. tRobet Nederlander (partially obscured),
.amies Waters (hidden from view), David ITaro and Sarah Power. Above. African
Student Association President Riase .lakpor rallies students in favor of divest ment
outside the Grad I.ibrarv.

campaign season in a bitterly divided
partisan town has been further warmed
by the one vote election of Albert
Wheeler in April of 1977 and the ensuing
legal entanglements. Belcher and
Wheeler both gave evidence that this
campaign could be considerable more
heated than last year's.
Wheeler, for instance, called Belcher
a liar and said the significant difference
between himself and the leader of the
Republican caucus is his own "respect
for the facts." Belcher got so involved
at one point that he insulted the
American Civil Liberties Union, which
rejected his draft of a pornography
zoning ordinance and defended one of
the township witnesses who refused to
tell Belcher's lawyer how she vpted
during the recent court case. Belcher
apologized later for the statement.
"I love these debates," remarked

Belcher. "It's time we nailed the
mayor. None of his programs relate
and it's time'we made this clear.. . it
is 365 days since the last election and
nothing has changed."
"There are a lot of differences bet-
ween the two of us," said Wheeler.
"Differences in philosophy and
priorities."
Wheeler gives qualified support to the
two housing proposals while Belcher
supports neither. Belcher wants to
reorganize Dial-a-ride while Wheeler
seeks to hold on to the program. Both
agree that something should be done
about the badly pocked roads in the
city, but Wheeler seems more hesitant
than Belcher to appropriate massive
amounts of general fund dollars for the
roads.
The choice will be yours April :3.

Eightv-Light Years of Editorial Freedom
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109
Vol. LXXXVIII, No. 1]33 News Phone: 764-0552
Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan

Art and the heavy hand

O NCE AGAIN, the Union W' Soviet
Socialist Republics is showing its
pique. Their latest outburst of bad
temper is expressed in the removal of
Soviet citizenship from one of its most
illustrious native sons. As of March 16,
Mstislav Rostropovich officially had
no country.
The so-called sins of the world-
renowned cellist and conductor were,
to the Soviet mind, heinous and un-
forgivable. They consisted primarily
of aiding, abetting, and harboring a
vicious enemy of the state, Aleksandr
Solzhenitsyn. Rostropovich allowed
the writer to stay at his Switzerland
residence once, before Solzhenitsyn's
expulsion from the Motherland.
This wicked crime was perpetrated
in cold blood. Solzhenitsyn, an old
friend of the cellist and his wife.
needed a place to stay. Patriotic action
would require turning the man out into
the snow. Rostropovich failed to meet

the requirements of blind obedience.
And now he can never go home. Russia
has, as usual, managed to alienate one
of its finest resources. Rostropovich
has, in the last few years, gained world
prominence for his artistry and
musical sensitivity. To claim such a
man as a citizen of one's country would
be to do oneself great honor. But the
Russians really never paid much at-
tention to the more graceful aspects of
life. The list of talented and sometimes
brilliant people mistreated by the
Soviet regime includes such
luminaries as Nureyev, Baryshnikov,
Solzhenitsyn, Pasternak, Sakharov,
Grigorenko, and now finally,
Rostropovich.
Art and politics shouldn't mix. The
act. for which the cellist was punished
was, finally, not even political, simply
human. But childish pride must needs
ever be satisfied. It's a shame Mstislav
Rostropovich can't go home.
STAFF WRIiTERS Michael Askush. Rene Becker. Richard
Berke, c irn v Berns tein. Bri an lBlanfc harid. BruceHBrium berg.
'o ith Ca~intor.,1Donna De)bi'odt, '.Eleonor ii'a ( ~scia,. Marianrine
Jo sh Gamson steve Gold, sue llollman, Eliza Isaacson.
Mi rjgiret Johnson, Car'ol Ko'isky. Paula Lashi nsky. Mar'ty
],vie Mitch Ma rgo, Sheila M iddlebrook, D~an Oberdorfer.
\Tark Parrent Judy Rakowsky, Martha Retallick. Keith Rich-
burg, Julero vner ,1 Beth Rosrg, I ennis Sao, Amy Saltz
~, c,- c~t" invoi 1,nkvis I '; Slowik . J.smith,

WASHINGTON - The issues in
the second Panama Canal treaty
now before the Senate are more
complex than those in the first,
but loaded with just as much
political dynamite.
The second treaty is the one
that spells out the terms under
which the United States could
gradually transfer the canal -
locks, stock and barrel - to
Panama by the year 2000.
MANY OF the. issues confron-
ting the Senate on this pact,
known formally as the Panama -
Canal treaty, already have been No
extensively aired in hearings and
debate on the neutrality treaty tre
which was narrowly approved
last Thursday. sli)
Heading the list are a myriad of
financial issues, focusing chiefly lav
on whether the canal, even with
toll increases, can produce wil
enough revenues to pay for itself
during the 22-year transition on
period without being subsidized
by U.S. taxpayers.
The Carter administration, expe
while acknowledgina that Thi
appropriations to implement the seveT
treaties will be needed, insists or me
there would be no direct costs in dorse
tax revenues or U.S. Treasury when
funds. neutr
Tyr
BUT -A NUMBER of senators Sam
have expressed uncertainties press
about this - particularly after State
listening to less-than-optimistic deca
projections by Comptroller costs
General Elmer Staats and other for it
LETTERS TO THE DAILY

Panama pact:
One down and-
one to go
By Richard Pyle

aty - the neutrality pact - has
peed through the' Senate,

)w that the first Panama

Canal

vmakers

are busying

themselves

th the complexities of the second
,e

contends that the stipulation is
meaningless because studies
show that Panama is the only
feasible place for a sea-level
canal.
Many senators also have
criticized the administration for
calling on the Senate to ratify the
treaties before sending to Capitol
Hill the detailed legislation
needed to implement the treaties.
Treaty opponents hope ad-
ministration stubbornness on
these issues will help produce the
minimum of two more negative
votes that would block the canal
pact and sent negotiators back to
the drawing board.
THE OPPONENTS' chief
strategist, Sen. Paul Laxalt, R-
Nev., said the first move would
be to "cull the statements" of
senators to find those whose
misgivings on the canal pact are
strongest.
Anywhere from four to 10
senators might then become
special targets for the appeal of
anti-treaty forces.
During an expected four to six
weeks ot debate, more than 5
amendments, reservations and
understandings have already
been drafted by 16 different
senators, and more are sure to
follow.
Treaty foes - Bob Dole (R-
Kan.), and Orrin Hatch (R-Utah)
- are sponsors of nearly half of
the proposed changes; all but two
being amndments that poten-
tially could kill the treaty.
Majority Leader Robert Byrd
(D-W.Va.), and Minority Leader
Howard Baker (R-Tenn.), said
they see no need now for any so-
called leadership amendments
such as those which gained the
neutrality pact its required two-
thirds majority. They will focus
efforts on turning back other
amendments.

rts.
is is a major reason why
ral senators - a half dozen
ore - pointedly withheld en-
ement of the canal treaty
they agreed to support the
rality pact.
pical among these was Sen.
Nunn (D-Ga. ), who ex-
ed concern that the United
es, over the next two
des, "could well confront
totaling $1 billion or more
ems not covered by tolls."

OTHER ISSUES certain to
generate trouble for the treaty
are the question of whether the
U.S. property in the Canal Zone
can be transferred to Panama
without House concurrence, the
gradual relinquishment of
military bases, and the concept of,
a new sea-level canal.
The property disposal is a con-
stitutional question that treaty
foes in both houses have already
tried without success to resolve
favorable in the courts.
Some treaty opponents have
raised complaints about the
provision that the United States
and Panama would need each
other's approval to negotiate a
sea-level canal agreement with
any other country.
Objections to this article, which
was added to the treaty at the last
minute at U.S. negotiator's in-
sistence, are that it improperly
limits U.S. options.
HOWEVER, THE White House

The coal strike
and the constitution

To The Daily:
Hats off to the coal miners! They
deserve the support of every
deserve the support of
every workingman and
for the right to strike (wildcat or
not) for safer working conditions

union leaders but turned down by
the rank-and-file would have
reduced and even ended some of
the hard-won gains of the past
several decades. President Car-
ter, by invoking the Taft-Hartley
a.w ignored the 13th Amen-

EDITORIAL STAFF

Rlichaird P.'I(e is a(1 erre'pmoia

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