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February 08, 1978 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1978-02-08

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Page 4-Wednesday, February 8, 1978--The Michigan Daily
ibe 34irbi toan'IaI
Eighty-Eight Years f Editorial Freedom
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109
Vol. LXXXVIII, No. 107
News Phone: 764-0552 '
Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan
Cutting deep into dorm life

WHILE University dormitories
aren't the most ideal for living
comfort, they do provide something
which no other local housing can
boast: dorms offer refuge from an im-
personal city housing market ravaged
by high costs and low quality.
But now, even the shelter provided by
w dorms is being threatened.
Because of budget troubles, the
Housing Office may elinimate 24 dorm
resident staff positions and charge
ropm and board to those staff mem-
bers remaining next fall.
Resident advisors (RAs) would have
to pay nearly $125-the amount of next,
year's proposed dorm rent hike-in or-
der to live where they work.
For students who need
them-especially incoming freshper-
sons-RAs provide academic and per-
sonal counseling. They often act as a
friend to talk to when someone is
u having difficulties with the big 'U'.
Although some are no doubt lazy,
g and most have ill-defined roles, RAs
and other staff members are what
make University- dorms unique as a
sanctuary from the harsh realities of
the city and University. The problem
of inefficient RAs and student staff
t does not lie in the positions themselves,
but in the fact that the University does
not curently have an effective training
program for those positions.
With RAcuts as a first step, who is to
say total RA elimination may not

follow? What the Housing Office needs
to do is institute a RA training
program. This would assure that the
University gets the most out of its
residence staff. Cutting positions may
save money, but it will not improve the
existing RAs.
Such training seems as though it
could be no more than a dream, at
least for now.With soaring inflation
touching every facet of the University,
one can not realistically argue for a
project which would actually dd to ex-
It is hard to come up with alternative
cuts for the, Housing Office to im-
plement in lieu of eliminating some
RAs. With rising room and board,
decreased services, and practically all
frills already removed from dorm
living, what else is there to trim?
The University should examine more
closely the significance of the RA and
residence staff in dorm organization.
The areas currently earmarked by the
Housing Office for cutbacks raise
serious questions as to the future of
University housing.
As the budgets get tighter, the
University seems to be giving less and
less priority to campus housing needs.
The University and Housing Office
should not consider RAs as expendible
as paper towels. These people are the
sole force which keeps University
housing from losing its most valuable
quality-shelter from a sometimes
crushing environment.

On Monday, January 30, 1978, Michi-
gan Senator Robert Griffin cast the sole
opposing vote in the Senate Foreign Rela-
tions Committee's tentative approval of
the Panama Canal treaties. Following are
excerpts from a January 26 address before
the Committee, in which Senator Griffin,
a Republican, explained his reservations
about the treaties.
I must say that this has been -one of the
most difficult issues I havesconfronted in my
21 years in the Congress. I have long recog-
nized that a major revision in our treaty rela-
tionship with the Republic of Panama is de-
sirable and could be in the interests of both
I recognize the importance of maintaining
close and friendly relations with the people of
Panama and with the people of other nations
through the hemisphere. I am deeply con-
scious of and concerned about the impact that
outright rejection of the treaties could have
on our relations in the hemisphere.
imposes upon public officials the necessity of
choosing among several undesirable courses
of action. That may seem to be the dilemma
that we face with these treaties.
After months of agonizingnconsideration,
I have concluded that I cannot consent to
ratification of the treaties before us. I think
they are fatally flawed in a number of sub-
stantive respects. In my view they do not ade-
quately protect the interests of the United
States or of other nations which depend upon
the canal.
I will, of course, be more specific in a
statement of my individual views which will
be filed with the committee report. I might
just point, however, to Article XII, which
deeply concerns me. It takes away an option
of the United States which I think would be
very important between now and the year
2000 to consider the possibility of building
another canal, possibly a sea-level canal, in
another country. We tie our hands under these
treaties and deny ourselves that option, which
I think would be a very valuable one and could
be a very important one.
I AM CONCERNED that too much of the
treaty language and in very important areas
is full of ambiguities, ambiguities that are so
apparent that people representing both coun-
tries are telling their respective constituents
that the language means different things.
If we are concerned about defending the
canal now with the troops that we have sta-
tioned there, and that seems to be the motiva-
tion of many people in considering these trea-
ties, I must be even more concerned about
what would happen after the year 2000 with
the provisions that are embodied in these
treaties. I don't find the understanding that
was reached adequate to cover that concern.
I am very disturbed that between now and
the year 2000 we would have a dwindling ndm-

An other
view on
By Senator Robert Griffin
ber of United States citizens and a growing
number of Panamanian citizens supposedly
operating the canal as employees of the
United States, but under the laws of Panama,
except to the extent that there is other pro-
vision made in these treaties. Not in the year
2000, but in 30 months after the treaties are
ratified, if they should be, the Canal Zone
would be subject to the laws of Panama, to the

about the merit of these treaties. Although he
finally decided on balance to support the
treaties, he made a very profound and per-
ceptive point in his testimony before this
committee. I would like to quote him: "If we
say yes to these treaties in a grudging way
because we think we have painted ourselves
into a corner and we have to get out, that
would be unfortunate and just as wrong, and
in some respects a greater mistake than to
say no in the spirit of saying no because it
should be done right, because we don't want
to have to come back in 15 or 20 years and
have to do it all over again."
Under the Constitution, of course, the
Senate's role is one of advice and consent. In-
stead of consenting to these treaties, I believe
it would be a wiser course for the Senate,
preferably acting through the committee,
although I am very conscious that the con-
sensus of the committee is otherwise, to exer-
cise only its advice authority. In other words,
without rejecting these treaties outright, I
believe we would be wise to advise in this in-
stance the President to send the negotiators
back to the drawing boards with instructions
to persist until a more acceptable treaty can

'Instead of consenting to
these treaties ... I believe we
would be wise to advise in this
instance the President to send
the negotiators back to the
drawing boards ...
- Sen. Robert Griffin

police of Panama, to the courts of Panama. I
think that is a situation that would be fraught
with great difficulty. There is no mechanism,
no machinery-in these treaties to resolve the
disputes that would arise.
FURTHERMORE, I believe that the de-
fects - and I have only focused on a few of
them which concern me - are so basic and so
serious that they cannot be remedied by try-
ing to rewrite the treaties on the Senate Floor.
Although these treaties should not be rati-
fied, I believe that there is a course open to
the Senate other than outright rejection.
Despite all of his knowledge about the history
of the canal, or perhaps because of it, David
McCullough, the distinguished author of "The
Path Between the Seas" acknowledged before
the committee that he had experienced great
difficulty in reaching a personal decision

be fashioned.
I want to say in all sincerity that I salute
my colleagues and the two Leaders who have
come to a contrary conclusion and who in
their own minds are convinced that these
treaties represent what is in the best interests
of the nation. To the extent that you have the
courage of your convictions, I think that is in
the best interest of the Senate, because I
believe with Edmund Burke that a senator
owes his constituents his judgment and should
not sacrifice it to public opinion alone.
However, I also believe that when the call
on the merits is as close as I think this is, or as
I perceive it to be, I think the judgment of the
people ought not to be taken lightly. Very
honestly and frankly, I have come to the con-
clusion that in this situation, as is often the
case, the people are right.

tion c
of the
we th
his si
are i
and it
the m
ces' w
the bi

Fresh start for the FBI
[ SENATE Judiciary Committee son to label thenominee a racist -
yesterday approved the nomina- Webster in fact says he has attempted
of Federal Appeals court judge to integrate two of the clubs - ap-
am Webster to be the new director pearances do play a large role in gov-
Federal Bureau of Investigation. ernment. If the Director of the FBI is a
pt for a few minor reservations, member of clubs which have no black
ink Webster is a good choice. members, it appears that the federal
ebster has pledged himself to be a government is condoning segregated
;h guy" in dealing with FBI agents club membership. The nominee should
violate constitutional rights of withdraw from the questionable clubs.
icans. As a former federal judge
ter would have a good sense of Secondly, Webster brings little ad-
actions are justified and what ac- ministrative experience to the FBI. As
are not in the pursuit of society's a federal judge and a private attorney
nals. Webster has had no experience dealing
ebster has also promised to with a bureaucracy like the 2,500-mem-
ent use of the agency as a political ber FBI.
He has said he will contact mem- Carter has appointed other federal
of Congress if he feels the orders of judges to high offices in his administra-
uperiors in the executive branch tion. Attorney General- Griffin Bell is
rregular. This is a fresh approach one such case, and as recently as this
t will no doubt breath some life into week, evidence has surfaced that Bell is
gusty concept of checks and balan- having trouble coping with the bureau-
vhich is supposed to exist between cracy of the Justice Department.
ranches of federal government. Whether or not this is attributable to
ut there are two things that are Bell's limited administrative experi-
?rsome about William Webster. ence is still being debated.
he first is his association with sev- The soon-to-be confirmed FBI direc-
clubs which have no black mem- -tor will, hopefully, not experience the
Although this certainly is no rea- same difficulties.

Give MSA more priority coverage

To The Daily:
I am greatly disturbed by the
wide discrepancy between Daily
reporting of the upcoming city
election and the campus student
government election.
Voters have been able to follow
the Daily coverage of the city
election closely. The stories are
comprehensive and detailed, and
begin with a historical analysis
and description of the political
history of that ward.
In contrast Iread with alarm
Thursday's story on the up-
coming MSA elections. The
reporter told of significant
changesrthat MSA voters will be
asked to consider as if they oc-
curred in a vacuum. In fact, both
changes would be a return to the
old Student Government Council
(SGC) format.
There were reasons that a group
of concerned students from SGC
and from many schools and
colleges got together and pushed
to change the format of the pre-
1976 SGC. Those students wanted
a studept government that was
strong, representing all of the
University's students, with direct
ties to each school and college.
They wanted the officers to be
responsive to the council, and so
they introduced the system of
electing officers from the assem-
bly body, and not from the
student body at large as was done
Both these proposed changes
would be a move back to the old
SGC system. There were good
reasons that so many students
fought to form a newMichigan
Student Assembly. The Daily has
a responsibility to inform studen-
ts of the background of student
government elections, as well as
city elections.
I am sure the Daily reporter
was unaware of the MSA history.
(As I am sure many of the city
reporters were unaware of the
history of each ward.) I would be

background. Further, the MSA
offices hold scrapbooks of all ar-
ticles written pertaining to SGC
and MSA, as well as copies of
minutes and documents from all
previous meetings.

If the student body takes a
greater interest in city elections
than in campus elections, the
Daily may be partly responsible.
If the student government keeps
chasing its tail in circles, the

Daily must share the blame. It's
difficult to have an informed
student body without an infor-
mative student newspaper.
-Debra Goodman
SGC President 1975-76

---- Health Service Handbook

By Sylvia Hacker
and Nancy Palchik
QUESTION: What is tennis elbow? How long
would I have to stop playing before it got better?
ANSWER: Welcome to the large club of people
who have a chronic inflammation in the elbow
region! Rather uncommon before the age of 18,
this is an occupational hazard, not only of tennis
players,' but also of carpenters, garderens, den-
tists, and even of politicians who shake too many
hands. It does not, as sometimes thought, come
from poor tennis playing because outstanding
professional players sometims suffer from it too.
Tennis elbow could also be called "tennis
forearm" because the symptoms often involve the
extensor muscles of the forearm. However, the
point of greatest pain and tenderness is at the
elbow, and activities which cause quite a bit of
discomfort include shaking hands, turning a
doorknob, using a screwdriver, or carrying a
According to respected medical sources, it may
not be necessary to abstain from the activity that
produced the condition. Although tennis elbow is
likely to persist or recur, the most painful stage is
self-limited and usually lasts no more than 6 to 12
months. After this initial stage, although some
minor discomfort may persist, the severe pain of
shaking hands or turning knobs generally
becomes minimal or disappears. Most tennis
players at this stage find that the pain is greatest
when they begin to play but becomes tolerable or
non-existent after a few minutes.
Some people report that the initial pain can be
minimized by warming the forearm and elbow.
This can be accomplished with warm water, a
heating pad or by vigorous rubbing. Tennis
players with moderate symptoms have also
suggested placing a band several inches in width
around their forearms near the elbow or even
using a second band worn just above the wrist.,
The bands should not be so tight as to interfere
with circulation and in fact, since the arm usually
swells somewhat during play, the bands should be
loosened accordingly. It may also be helpful to
change to a lighter racket (not too tightly strung)
or one with a larger grip.
Use of anti-inflammatory drugs should only be
taken under a nhysician's care because many can

QUESTION: How much sleep does a college-aged
person need? I seem to be able to get along on
much less sleep than a lot of my friends and not
feel tired. Are there differences in the kinds of
sleep that different people get?
ANSWER: The amount of sleep that an in-
dividual requires to feel rested does vary from
person to person and, incientally, also varies with
age. Young adults, for example, usually need
about 8 hours of sleep. Infants and young children
require considerably more, and elderly people
need considerably less sleep.
Some individuals like yourself, however,
seem to be ab'le to get by on much less sleep (6
hours a night or less) and suffer no harmful con-
sequences. To understand why, one must realize
that how you sleep (i.e., your pattern of sleep)
may be as important as how long you sleep in
determining how rested you feel.
Essentially, sleep is -divided into two major
categories: rapid-eye- movement (REM) sleep
characterized by a fairly high level of arousal
(sometimes even higher than during your normal
awake period), and nonrapid-eye-movement
(NREM) or quiet sleep. NREM sleep is further
divided into stages 1, 2, 3, and 4. Stage four is the
deepest sleep and stage 1 is the lightest. According
to sleep researchers Kales and LKales, in a paper
published in the New England Journal of Medicine
(February 1974), in a typical night of sleep the
young adult initially has a brief period of stages 1
and 2, followed by a lengthier interval of stages 3
and 4. S/he then passes back through stages 3, 2
and 1 which, in turn, is followed by an interval of
REM sleep. This cycle continues to repeat itself
throughout the night at 70 to 100 minute intervals
with the total number of cycles (including REM
periods) varying between 4 and 6 nightly, depen-
ding upon the length of sleep. As sleep progresses,
REM periods tend to lengthen and the descent of
sleep may only reach stages 3 or 2.
In all age groups REM sleep constitutes about
20-25 per cent of total sleep time. In young adults,
the remainder of sleep consists of stage 2, 50 per
cent, stages 3 and 4, 20 per cent, and stage 1, 5-10
per cent.
Studies have shown that people like yourself,
who sleep far shorter periods of time, seem to get
the same amount of REM and stage 4 deep sleep
as persons who sleep for 8 hours a night or more.
This means that although you may sleep for a

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