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Vol. LXXXVIII, No. 81 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Sunday, January 8, 1978 Ten Cents 10 Pages
Carter maintains foreign
abroad; shrugs o
WASHINGTON (AP) - President
Carter says he believes his just-con-
cluded foreign tour enhanced his goal
of projecting a United States 'that
stands for what is right and decent
and good.. ..'
Carter told reporters aboard the
Air Force One flight headed home
Friday night that his journey im-
proved America's standing despite
two untoward incidents in Poland
THE PRESIDENT said he wanted.
to "strengthen the concept of democ-
racy, both in the developing nations
and the developed nations." And
Carter said he tried to make progress
on resolving the Middle Eastern. dis-
It was agreed by the White House
and the reporters interviewing Car-
ter that the President's remarks
would not be released until last night.
Although Carter wasn't claiming
any big victories, he obviously was in
a buoyant mood after completing his
longest overseas tour since becoming
President nearly a year ago.
THE PRESIDENT relaxed with
his shirt open and shoes removed as
he chatted about the 18,730 mile air-
borne journey that ventured into
India, Western and Eastern Europe
and the Middle East.
The trip symbolized "the power
and influepce and goodwill of the
United St es," said Carter, who
answered reporters' questions some
33,000 feet over the North Atlantic
while White House aides, Secret
Service agents and others slept or
talked quietly among themselves.
White House officials had- said
earlier that while Carter managed
several lengthy and frank meetings,
the trip was long on symbolism.
Thus, they said, specific accomplish-
ments can be difficult to measure.
CARTER SAID he was convinced
the United States improved relations
with each of the countries visited -
Poland, Iran, India, Saudi Arabia,
Egypt, France and Belgium.
The President acknowledged, how-
ever, that all didn't go smoothly.
In New Delhi, a microphone picked
up the raw suggestion that Indian
Prime Minister Morarji Desai be
sent a "cold and very blunt" letter on
nuclear safeguards. The incident
followed a less-than-perfect transla-
tion of Carter's arrival statement in
Warsaw that caused a stir among the
IN NEITHER case, said Carter,
was any lasting damage done.
Polish leader Edward Gierek joked
to Carter that "in Poland we don't
criticize women or translators,"
recalled the President, seated on the
edge of an arm chair, his left hand
draped over his drowsy wife's right
shoulder as first lady Rosalynn
Carter sat on the floor.
Officials traveling home with Car-
ter conceded that at first they were
quite concerned about the comments
in New Delhi. But, said Carter, "he
(the prime minister) and I made a
joke of it several times after that in a
perfectly easy way."
"I REGRET that the open mike
thing occurred. It was a mistake on
my part," Carter said. "I should
have said 'a very frank and factual
letter' and not 'a blunt and cold
Perhaps the highlight of the jour-
ney was Carter's surprise visit to
Egypt on Wednesday. The mission
had been left unannounced until New
Year's Eve, four days earlier. Carter
also held talks in Tehran with Shah
Mohammed Reza Pahlevi and King
Hussein of Jordan, and in Riyadh
with Saudi leaders. The President
concluded he had 'made "some
progress in the Middle East."
Like most of his public appear-
ances during the nine days, the
speeches Carter gave in India and
France dealt with lofty principles on
the role of democracies in the
modern world, rather than specific
Ford library $500,000
clos er to constrction
--e-eDaily Photo by PETER SERLING
Internationally acclaimed pantomime artist Marcel Marceau mesmerizes a crowd at the Power Center-last evening. He
will repeat his performance this afternoon and again tonight. Words cannot express...
By DENISE FOX
The University is half a million
dollars closer to beginning construc-
tion of the President Gerald R. Ford
library, thanks to a grant from the
Charles S. Mott foundation.
The library, to be located south of
the Bentley Historical Library on
North Campus, will probably start
going up during the next calendar
year, according to Harold Shapiro,
Vice President for Academic Affairs.
HOWEVER, work cannot begin on
the library until the national fund-
raising campaign for a presidential
museum (to be located in Grand
Rapids) and the library reaches its $6
Approximately $4 million has been
collected so far, Shapiro said.
The Mott contribution goes into the
national campaign fund which is
expected to donate $3,500,000 to build
the library and $2,500,000 to build the
THE LIBRARY will house all of
Ford's official papers, Shapiro said.
This will include the entire White
House Central File from Ford's term
as President as well as the office files
from his principal assistants.
Ford visited the site of the library
when he was in Ann Arbor on
November 2-4 as a University ad-
junct professor of political science.
Shapiro said the library will be
built by the University, but run by the
National Archives, a division of the
ALTHOUGH the library will be
located in Ann Arbor, University
scholars will not be the only ones
working on Ford's papers.
"Clearly there will be scholars
from all over the country working on
the papers," Shapiro said. The
library will also be open to the
general public, according to Shapiro.
Ford's papers and memorabilia
are currently housed in the Univer-
sity's former plant department near
Michigan Stadium, where Ford
played football from 1931' through
University President R o b b e n
Fleming could not be reached for
comment on the Mott grant.
"IT IS HARD to say whether the
speeches made any impact or not,"
the President conceded.
Was the President surprised by
anything that didn't work as well as
"I can't think of anything," he
IN INDIA, Carter said, he found "a
genuine feeling of compatibility and
friendship based on deep religious
convictions, a commitment to de-
mocracy, the principle of human
rights; that was very encouraging to
When Carter returned home Fri-
day night, ending the 16,000-mile,
nine-day journey to both sides of the
Iron Curtain, he said he was more
certain than ever that Communist
nations "want to avoid war and have
peace as much as we do."
Standing bareheaded in a drizzle,
the President told members of his
staff, and their families who wel-
comed him outside the White House
that when he embraced President
Anwar Sadat in Egypt he realized
this was "one of the bravest men on
ASKS FOR TREA TY CHANGES:
Baker optimistic Canal
pact can pass Senate
PANAMA CITY (AP) - Senate
Minority Leader Howard Baker said
yesterday he thinks U.S. and Pana-
manian .leaders can agree on
changes in the Panama Canal treaty
that could help it win Senate ratifica-
Closing out a five-day visit to
Panama, Baker told an airport news
conference he was "optimistic that it
is possible to find a combination of
changes that would be acceptable to
Panama and the United States."
THE TENNESSEE Republi-
can had warned Panamanian leader
Omar Torrijos that unless some key
adjustments were made, the treaty
stood no chance of passing the
Although their talks failed to
establish any specific understand-
ings, Baker said he found Torrijos
"open-minded" on the problem. He
said he had not expected concessions,.
"We came here to find out if there
is some flexibility and we found that
there is," he said. Baker and his two
GOP colleagues, Sens. John Chafee
of Rhode Island and Jake Garn of
Utah, made a hasty last minute trip
to Torrijos' oceanside home for their
final meeting after the general was
unable to see them off.
PANAMANIAN officials said Tor-,
rijos' helicopter broke down, pre-
venting him from traveling from his
seaside villa at Farallon to the
Panama City Airport, about 70 miles
In private conversations, however,
the Panamanians made no secret of
their displeasure at being subjected
to what some described as pressure
tactics. But U.S. Einbassy spokes-
men told reporters there was no rift
between Baker's group and Torrijos
on the matter of changing the treaty.
Foreign Minister Nicolas Gonzalez
Revilla said Torrijos was willing to
listen because "he believes in a
peaceful solution." But Gonzalez said
revising the pact "is a river that
people of the two countries must
cross . . ." This was an apparent
reference to the fact that Panaman-
ian voters have already endorsed the
treaty in a referendum and U.S.
public opinion is against it.
GONZALEZ told a news confer-
ence the "issue is now on the U.S
side." Later he told a reporter that
Panama would take no initiative to
change the treaty but would wait for
Baker said he felt there was a good
chance the Panamanians would
agree to one key U.S. demand - that
a memo of understanding on future
U.S. canal defense rights be incor-
See BAKER, Page 8
Energy policy limits
From Wire Service Reports
The chairperson of the NAACP1
says President Carter's energy con-1
servation program could jeopardize
many of the hard-won gains made by1
blacks and other minorities during
the past decade.1
Dr. Margaret Wilson, in an inter-1
view published in today's Detroit
News, said the chief problem with the
administration's energy plan is that
it wa drawn up "by a virtually lily-
thought that President Carter would
have been as good as he said he was
- but nobody thought he would be as
bad as he has turned out to be."
However, Hooks said, Carter's
performance is not "disasterous"
because he has done more for blacks
than former President Gerald R.
Ford. And Hooks called the Presi-
dent's stand on human rights and the
needs of the third world "encourag-
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