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A LITTLE BETTER
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Vol. LXXXVI, No. 98 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Saturday, January 28, 1978 Ten Cents 8 Pages
azis can carry swastika in march
By AP and UP tiny group of Nazis who want to march refused to stay the modified ban. Nazi holocaust and hundreds of sur- the order to allow the Nazis to march
"Use of the swastika is a there as an exercise of their con- vivors are among Skokie's 40,500 but enjoined them from "intentionally
SI-ifSkokie officials had sought to ban the residents of Jewish ancestry or displaying the swastika on or off their
symbolic for m of f ree ing Nazis have a right to march brough Nazis from marching both by court or- religion. It argued such victims will be persons, in the course of a demon-
a predominantly Jewish suburb of Skokie officials and Nazi leader der and by adopting three restrictive moved to violence by the painful stration, march or parade."
speech entitled to First Chicago even though residents fear Frank Collin could not be reached im- ordinances, one requiring that the memories that marching by Neo-Nazis The issue before the high court was
Amendment rotections violence will result, the Illinois mediately for comment, but both sides group take out a $350,000 insurance would evoke, whether the appellate court order en-
A Supreme Court ruled yesterday. had said they would appeal to the U.S. policy before conducting its demon- "While the particular four-letter joining the use of the swastika violated
(It cannot be banned) "The display of the swastika, as of- Supreme Court if they lost. Justices of stration. word Nazi... being litigated here is the First Amendment rights of the
that diply fensive to the principles of a free nation the nation's highest court already have "... Use of the swastika is a symbolic perhaps more distasteful than most Nazis.
solely because thatdispay as the memories it recalls may be, is considered the case twice on form of free speech entitled to First others of its genre, it is nevertheless of- JUSTICE WILLIAM CLARK filed an
may provoke a violent symbolic political speech intended to procedural grounds. Amendment protections," the court ten true that one man's vulgarity is unwritt is to the o inion.
convey to the public the beliefs of those On June 15, the Supreme Court or- said, ruling that it cannot be banned another's lyric," the court said. The court noted the impact of the
reaction by those who who display it,"thecourt said inanun- dered a village ban on any demon- "solely because that display may Skokie officials first brought suit to' issue on the suburb but said the
view it."-Illinois Supreme signed opinion. stration by Collin's group lifted or provoke a violent reaction by those who block a planned Nazi march last sum- swastika does not constitute "fighting
reconsideredby a state court. The ban view it." mer. The circuit court issued an order words" nor is it so "offensive and peace
Court ween officials of Skokie, a village along was modified, and on Aug. A Supreme THE VILLAGE contends that prohibiting them from marching. threatening to the public that its display
the northwest edge of Chicago, and a Court Justice John Paul Stevens thousands of relatives of victims of the THE APPELLATE court modified can be enjoined."
CLASSES RESUME TODAY
President Carter signed an emer-
gency disaster declaration for Michigan
last night, clearing the way fora mas-
sive infusion of federal aid to help the
state in clearing roads of towering
snow drifts left by Thursday's deadly,
historic blizzard, the United Press In-
In Ann Arbor, Mayor Albert Wheeler
declared a state of emergency
throughout the city yesterday morning,
warning local residents to stay in their
homes. The city is not expected to
return to normal for as long as a week,
officials said, and some city streets
may not be passable until Monday at
IN THE MEANTIME, snowplows,
patrol cars and national guard trucks
rumbled through the city's main ar-
teries without much competition from
"We're in bad shape," Police Chief
Walter Krasny told the Daily. "Most of
the side streets are almost im-
passable." Though patrol cars have
been equipped with chains, Krasny said
police would face "real problems" get-
ting into some parts of the city in the
event of a major disaster.
See SNOW, Page 8
Classes were cancelled yesterday for
the second day in a row, but the rest of
the University is struggling to shake off
the snow and get back to business-as-
usual. All classes scheduled for today
will be held, and most University ser-
vices should return to regular
University officials have not yet
determined if the two days of cancelled
The Blood Bank-open from noon
until 3 p.m. in the Union today-is the
only Red Cross group supplying blood;
for hospital use in five southeastern
counties during the storm.
classes will have to be made up. Vice-
President for Academic Affairs Harold
Shapiro said, "We should know by
Monday or Tuesday."
University Health Service was
operating, although road conditions
made it impossible for many staffers to
show up for work. "We're operating
with a skeleton staff," said nurse Janet
See 'U', Page 8
This unidentified Volkswagon owner had a tough job ahead of
him as he tried to get into his car which Mother Nature and
city snow plows had buried beneath a mound of snow on ob-
Daily Photo by JOHN KNOX
servatory yesterday. Motorists throughout the Midwest had
similar problems as the dig-out from this week's blizzard
FINAL APPROVAL SOUGHT:
Senate panel studies canal pact
WASHINGTON (AP)-The Senate
Foreign Relations Committee debated
yesterday how to incorporate a tighter
guarantee of U.S. defense rights in the
Panama Canal treaty without risking
its being rejected by Panama.,
Officially assured the State Depar-
tment had no objection to such an ad-
dition, the panel was expected to adopt
the language of a statement of'under-
standings made last fall by President
Carter and Panama's Gen. Omar
THE ACTIONwould formalize within
the treaty itself their unsigned
agreement that after Panama took con-
trol of the canal in the year 2000, the
United States would retain rights of
priority passage in emergencies and
could use military force, if necessary,
to defend the waterway against threats.
Senate leaders say that clarification
is crucial if the treaty is to have any
chance of ratification after it reaches
the Senate floor, probably within the
next two weeks.
A total of 22 proposed amendments,
reservations and understandings were
before the committee but Minority
Leader Howard Baker (R-Tenn.) said
only a small number of those likely
UNDER A DEAL worked out by
Baker and Majority Leader Robert
Byrd (D-W.Va.) the panel was to make
no amendments but simply recommend
thefn-thereby giving all senators a
chance to act as co-sponsors, and
possibly gaining the two-thirds vote
needed for approval.
In a related development, the White
House announced yesterday that
President Carter will address the
nation next Wednesday on the question
of Senate ratification of the treaty. The
time was to be determined later.
TWELVE OF the committee's mem-
bers endorsed the treaty on Thursday.
Chairman John Sparkman (D-Ala) who
along with Stone had withheld his view,
said yesterday he will r sup-
port the pact. But Sen. Robert Griffin
(R-Mich.) repeated his view that it
should be renegotiated because it is
"fatally flawed" in several respects.
Byrd, Baker and other treaty backers
say the Panamanians evidently would
consent to having the Carter-Torrijos
statement added, however, because its
contents had been fully aired to the
public there before the vote.
Carter replied in the statement that
ratification of the treaty "should not be
viewed by any power as signaling a
retreat by the United States in Latin
America. Our country will continue to
play a visible and dynamic role in
Western Hemisphere affairs.
"In particular, it has been and will
continue to be the policy of the United
States to oppose any efforts, direct or
indirect, by the Soviet Union to
establish military bases in the Carib-
bean necessary to the defense of the
Panama Canal and the security of the
United States and its allies in the
Western Hemisphere," Carter said.
Lefties not left out anymore
By STEVE MIL.
Libby Westie does the best she can to reach the Diag despite somebody's best
effort to seal the Engine Arch with a snowball.
CARTER ANNOUNCES SUPPORT:
June Gittleson has the right idea. Or maybe it's the
Gittleson, of New York, thinks lefties are being left out
in the cold. And that, she says, ain't right.
So Gittleson is combatting what she calls the "over-
righteousness" in the world. Since 1970, she has operated
a small shop and mail order house which caters to lefties.
It's name, appropriately enough, is "The Left Hand."
"IT MAKES ME mad the way everything is designed
for right-handers," says Gittleson, a southpaw herself.
"So I decided to to something about it."
What Gittleson did was compile a catalogue which in-
cludes scissors, kitchen utensils, rulers and other items
designed expressly for lefties.
But she didn't stop there. She soon realized that the
"left" minority was in "desperate need for more com-
mon, everyday things."
The 1978 catalogue includes such unexpected southpaw
products as ice cream scoops, thermometers, seed sowers
By JUDY RAKOWSKY
Local co-op representatives say they
are pleased by President Carter's
decision to back legislation funding
private business to provide better ser-
vices and help to solve many of the
economic problems facing consumers
and the country." Klein added.
kind of program that goes on forever.
The money is paid back and eventually
the loan bank is owned by the co-ops
tha t have been navine interet monv."