i4e Ar ian DatiI
Eighty-one years of editorial freedom
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News Phone: 764-0552
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
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WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1972
Nixon on draft resisters
PRESIDENT NIXON has pledged not
to grant amnesty to draft dodgers
and deserters after he has negotiated
"an :honorable peace" in Southeast Asia.
He repeated this promise on Monday
night during a surprise appearance at
the annual convention of the National
League of Families of POWs and MIAs
(soldiers missing in action).
He told the convention that "it would
be the most immoral thing I could think
of to give amnesty to draft dodgers and
those who deserted," and that they
"would have to pay a price for their
It seems a little strange for a man.
who has been largely responsible for a
war that has taken the lives of 700,000
people in the last four years-to be talk-
ing about anyone else's morality.
And for a man that has supported the
unwilling conscription of persons to
fight a war they consider illegal - to be
talking about justice.
And for a person who
carrying out his campaign;
three and a half years -
ing of evasion.
to be speak-
THE WHOLE- PREMISE on which his
statements are based is shaky.
First, the very issue of a draft system
in a "free" country where people have a
"voice" in their government has by no
means been resolved.
Second, the war he expects these peo-
ple to fight he pledged to terminate when
he took office.
And, finally, after every past war am-
nesty has been granted to American
draft resisters and deserters. How can
the President change this precedent
without a concrete differentiation of the
Vietnam conflict, going beyond an emo-
tional appeal for the votes of POW fami-
By ROBERT BARKIN
WHEN THE war in Vietnam is finally
over, a new battle should just be
starting. But the battleground will not be
in a jungle, and the objective will not be
to kill and mutilate.
The battle will take place here in the
United States, and the objective will be to
restore the morality and vitality of our
While the consequences of such a struggle
may be severe, they are worthwhile, what-
ever the cost. For nothing- less than the
future of this country, institutionally as well
as morally, will be at stake.
What we have done to the Vietnamese
people can never be repaid. But we must
ensure for the future that such futile and
brutal wars are never repeated.
THE FIRST step is to make the Ameri-
can people aware of what they have done.
This will not be an easy task.
Throughout the war, they have contin-
ually refused to acknowledge that we have
done our best to destroy a people and a
No matter how much they are shown
the terror and destruction wrought by our
military machine, the American people still
refuse to accept the truth. It is the duty
of those of us now against the war to
be even morefervent after itstconclusion.
Extensive use of the media as well as
slide shows will be necesary to tell the
If the American people are still unim-
pressed, perhaps guided tours of the de-
struction should be given, similar to the
toursofrthe concentration camps given
the German people after Woi'ld War II.
The American conscience must be awak-
THE RESULT may not be very pleasant.
The American people, for all their fron-
tier spirit and laissez-faire individualism,'
might havebsome compassion. If they do,
there will be a traumatic shock throughout
our country. If they do not, our national
soul may fall far below purgatory.
The reaction of our nation, assuming
there is a reaction, will be national guilt.
Today in Germany there are plaques com-
memorating the concentration camps. They
are constant reminders of what a nation
has done to innocent people.
The Olympics in Munich went to extra-
ordinary lengths to show how anti-militar-
istic the German people are today;. Such
a national guilt will be a part of America
after the war.
BUT TO a degree ours will be exacer-
bated. We cannot say, as did the Germans,
that we simply did not know; nor can we
plead that we were under a totalitarian re-
Daily, we saw the destruction of our bomb-
ing and the killing of those people. We are
part of a democratic nation that has free
elections that supposedly influence policy.
"... The anti-war movement all but dissolved when most of our troops came home. But
it must be resurrected at the end of the-war . . . We must be forced to see what we have
Moaninlg, GOP bigwigs
0 0 .
THE NIXON Administra-
.tion, in its never ending
struggle to prove truth is
stranger than fiction, really
went all out yesterday.
Newspaper reports over the
weekend made the allega-
tion that Nixon aides had
helped organize actions
sabotaging Democratic can-
didate George McGovern's,
and earlier, Edmund Mus-
.kie's campaigns. One news-
paper report, for the Wash-
ington Post, had interviewed
one of the White House un-
derlings who readily admit-
ted all the gory details.
So Monday three of the
administration bigwigs -
press secretary Ron Ziegler,
Chairman of the Committee
to Re-elect the President,
Clark MacGregor, and Re-
publican National Commit-
tee Chairman Sen. Robert
Dole (R-Kan.) - decided
that what everybody really
The American people will demand to know
what happened. \
The focus of their question will be direct-
ed toward the President. For it was from
that office which many of the lies were
perpetrated. Wars that were denied, such
as in Laos and Thailand. Bombs that were
supposedly never dropped, such as on
civilidn targets in Hanoi. Damage claimed
never to have been perpetrated, to hos-
pitals and schools in the North.
Further questions will be asked of our
legislative branch. They could not, and
did not want, to stop the war. Their power
eroded in the face of a firm executive.
They did not accept their duty as the only
branch that can declare war.
The military and intelligence structure
will also be challenged - on their optimis-
tic reports that were blatant lies, t h e
uncontrolled bombing by General John La-
Velle, and methods used by the Central
Intelligence Agency (CIA) to question
CHANGES IN our institutions will be de-
manded, and most must be implemented
through Congress. It must place limitations
on the President's power to engage in mili-
tary action. No funds should be allowed for
engagements of more than 30 days with-
out specific Congressional approval.
The chain of command in the military
must be placed squarely in the hands of
civilians. The actions of the military must
be accountable to the Congress. A thorough
investigation of the workings of the CIA
must be conducted. to find out what other
secret wars they are conducting.
The office of the presidency, finally, must
not be as centralized as it is today. Surely
a powerful executive is needed to contend
with our diplomatic relations. But that of-
fice must be counter balanced by a strong
legislature and judiciary. This can pnly be
done by a strong mandate from the voters
of our country.
THERE IS also the sinking of our inter-
national prestige that must be faced. We
must accept that many countries, especially
those of the third world, despise what we
It will not be easy to shake the image
of a powerful aggressor. We have been
fighting wars intermittently, ever since
the end of World War II. No other large
country, free or communist, can m a k e
that claim. And despite our assertion that
they were all for the sake of the preserva-
tion of democracy, the rest of the world
does not believe us.
We must first stop our bullying of small
nations to accept governments that we im-
pose. This has continually been the case of
the regimes in South Vietnam. In addi-
tion, we must begin to share our wealth
with other nations, and stop using 40 per-
cent of the world's resources for only six
percent of the population.
Inotherwords, there must be a thorough
restructuring of our institutions and our na-
tional perspectives, in terms of international
relations. Not only must we refrain from
engagements like Vietnam, we must not
These proposals are not radical by any
means. They are only the return to the
principals upon which our nation was
founded - a strong legislature balancing
a chief executive and a military under
civilian control, and restraint in our dealings
with other peoples.
THE ALTERNATIVE to the proposed ac-
tions would be a greater tragedy than the
war ever was. For, we must come to grips
with our horrible mistake. If we do not,
it may be repeated. This lould be the
greatest tragedy of all.
The anti-war movement all but dissolved
when most of our troops came. home. As if
to say there is nothing wrong if Amer-
icans are not dying.
But it must be resurrected at the end
of the war. At that time it will be most
crucial. The American people must not be
allowed to salve their consciences by ignor-
ing the remnants of Vietnam. We must
be forced to see what we have done.
When the full impact is made clear; when
the damage is fully assessed, and when
the responsibility is clearly placed; maybe
they we will undertake the changes in our
country to ensure that it can never happen
Robert Barkin is a Daily night editor.
"Lights! Camera! Obfuscation!"
Cancer and the, morning-after pill
wanted to know was not what the ad-
ministration knows about the charges,
but what a lousy paper the Post is.
So Ziegler bemoaned the charges as
"hearsay, innuendo and guilt by asso-
And Dole called the accusations "dat-
ed and alleged rather than recent and
But MacGregor gets this week's booby
prize for oration. The replacement for
recently resigned John Mitchell attack-
ed the Post for using "unsubstantiated
charges, anonymous, sources, and huge
Indeed, if all one did is listen to this
Tricky Dick Troika, one would have a
very low opinion of such journalists. But
the funny thing is the Republicans no-
where denied the allegations. They
yelled and screamed and wretched but
they could not get themselves to deny
the charges. In fact they didn't deal
with the substance of the charges at all.
Ziegler, for one, didn't want to "dig-
nify" such charges by responding to
them and MacGregor had an even eas-
ier response, he simply walked out after
reading his prepared statement.
IT IS OBVIOUS that the Post has struck
a sore spot, and the administration
has reacted with the same smear tactics
which first brought our President to
power a quarter of a century ago.
Admittedly the new allegations will
have little effect on the outcome of the
election. But the public has a right to
know - they may not like it but it's the
only administration we've got.
To The Daily:
CONGRATULATIONS to T h e
Daily for admitting a link between
the morning after pill and cancer!
You've come a, long way, baby.
Now that the evidence from recent
medical journals has been present-
ed to doctors at the Health Serv-
ice, and to personnel -at The Daily,
the public can finally be informed
of what the original article in
'herself' newspaper stated: T h a t
diethylstilboestrol (DES) is a po-
tent carcinogen and women who
take it in massive doses should be
told of this fact. Now that T h e
Daily realizes its dangers, I hope
the Health Service will follow
told millions to the pharmaceuti-
cal industry. (Science, Sept. 23,
Vol. 177; Prevention, Oct. 1972).
DES HAS ALSO caused leukemia
in animals, sterility in heifers and
milk-producing teats on steers
(Prevention, Oct. 1972). A recent
article in Science decrying the
many uses of DES at 2 parts per
billion gave no mention of its use
at 22,000 parts per billion on wo-
men. Thinking that the author had
not known about thisparticular use
of DES I informed him, only to find
that he had in fact known.
When Science was asked t- print
information about its use on wo-
men, the editors replied that they
Maybe when men realise that
they are getting estrogen everyday
in their diet which may cause
breast growth, loss of libido, and
sexual impotency, will they be-
come concerned enough to demand
an FDA ban on it, and then women
can benefit by coincidence. Then
pregnant women will no longer have
to subject their babies to a daily
intake of DES in their diet, and
will not have to worry so much
about vaginal cancer, and maybe
someday women at the Health Ser-
vice will stop being administered
,DES in lieu of safer methods such
as menstrual extraction (although
it is more time-consuming and less
- Many people have responded to
this moriing-after-pill issue by say-
ing that "everything is carcino-
genic in massive doses." DES i%
carcinogenic in small doses, and
it is given in massive doses to
women. Where men are concerned,
hundreds of thousands of dollars
are spent to lobby before Con-
gress to get DES out of their diets
at subtraceable levels. Yet not
even one doctor in Ann Arbor will
come out against serving it up to
women at 11,000 times that amount!
Advocates for Medical
t .. - . ,.., t .. . ..
.IBM bust computed
SOME 200 odd years ago our founding
fathers hit upon the idea of "Free
Enterprise." Not a bid system for the
kind of small entrepreneurial economy
we had, but one which found the going
rough in the late 1800's. Some small en-
trepreneurs became big entrepreneurs;
and in the process wiped out the com-
Men like Andrew Carnegie and John
Rockefeller built mammoth monopolies
around the steel and oil industries.
Through some devious operating meth-
ods they managed to drive everyone else
in their fields out of business.
But along came "Trust-busting" Teddy
Roosevelt to smite such "heejous month-
sters", or at least so the story goes.
The big corporations have had a way
of ingratiating themselves with the gov-
ernment in Washington - for example,
the ITT connection with Nixon - and
monolithic industries still exist, and
flourish, in America today.,
All this leads up to the interesting
headlines in yesterday's paper - "Break-
ternational Business Machines
has installed 70 per cent of all
equipment in the United State
per cent of the computer equipm
seas. And when it comes to in
itself with the government, ITT]
ing over IBM. Tom Watson,
of IBM's executive board, is
active in the Democrats f
SO IF IBM and the WhiteI
tight, why is the justice d(
seeking a breakup. Possibly o
attribute high motives to 'th
ment. Maybe somebody there
does believe in free enterprise
fect competition? Perhaps som
realize the imperialism inheren
S. company doing 50 per cent o
of the world's computer busin
It is more logical that the ad
tion is just trying to show t
people" of American that it
against those big bad corporatio
everybody is always linking th
three-and-a-lf vears a~fte~rt]
I take issue with Dr. Anderson's
statement, "There is no danger to
the woman who takes the morning-
after-pill, so it will continue to be
used." Is he unaware of what Dr.
Hertz, chief of endocrinology of
reputedly the National Cancer Institute has
computer pointed out, that results of taking
es, ad 50 DES may not be detectable for 10
s, and 50 to 20 years?
Went over- THE DAILY stated that when
gratiating DES was given as treatment for
has noth- prostate cancer, it induced cardio-
chairman vascular disease and blood clot-
also very ting; but The Daily somehow fail-
or Nixon ed to mention that breast cancer,
a rare disease in males, was also
one of the side effects in 17 men
House are who took it. (Natural Resources
epartment Defense Council, Washington Post,
one could Oct. 24, 1971).
e depart- Side effects of nausea, vomiting,
actually and abdominal cramps which the
antupery Health Service does not inform wo-
and per- men of, are so severe that at least
eone does one woman stopping the morning-
it in a U. after-pill before the 5 days were
If the rest up, and remained pregnant, pos-
ess. sibly to bear a child who may
have vaginal cancer.
The Australian Drug Evaluation
iministra- Committee stated on Sept. 9, 1972,
he "little that "stilboestrol should be avoided
really is as a post-coital contraceptive . ..
ons which Australia, of course, banned stil-
em to. So boestrol from Australians' diets 12
years ago. Perhaps there is some
he John- n~f nne nU0"tAfktta
To The Daily:
THIS TALK of the "relevance"
of Dr. Green's slide show obscures
the issue. Relevance be damned.
A pro-administration slide show,
e.g., illustrating the uses of engi-
neering technology. by the North
Vietnamese, could as easily be con-
cocted. I'm sure we could make
pro-Zionist, anti-Zionist, pro-abor-
tion, anti-abortion, etc., slide shows
"relevant" to many subjects. It.is
a misuse of the power entrusted to
a teacher to take up the time giv-
en him to teach a given subject
-and instead championing his per-
sonal political views. This is simply
dishonest, and does not come under
the heading of "creative teaching",
try as we may.
--Aaron B. Corbet, '73
To The Daily:
IN THE Oct. 8 Daily a letter to
the editor suggested that students
on the University campus should
check into the possibility of stu-
dent health insurance providing
coverage for abortions.
The health insurance plan of-
fered by Student Government
Council this year does cover abor-
tion in addition to miscarriage and
other pregnancy - related com-
plications for up to $275.
Further details on the SGC
health insurance plan can be ob-
taned at the SGC office, Room
3X, Michigan Union or by 'calling
To The Daily:
DURING THE past month The
Daily has become a welcome ad-
dition to- my morning. I also ap-
preciate the quick summaries in
the "today . . ." column. But one