See Today for details
Eighty-Four Years of Editorial Freedom
Vol LXXXV, No. 132 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Sunday, March 17, 1974 Ten Cents
Rape: City police
* 1rFyMSE NEM HAPPT1CA m-ZN
"Schooling in Corporate America," a weekend con-
ference sponsored by a number of local and state organ-
izations interested in educational reform, continues
through today in Modern Language Building Aud. 3,
beginning at 9:30 a.m. Today's workshop will focus its
discussion on "Where do we go from here?" Speakers
will include authoress Miriam Wasserman; Wells Keddie,
speaking on the role of teachers; and Al Hurwitz, who
will discuss racism in schools. The conference is being
sponsored by Youth Liberation, PESC, Detroit's From
the Ground Up, and the LSA Student Government.
"The PESC Papers on Education," a 64-page analysis
of American education in general and at the University
in particular, is now on sale for a buck at the U Cellar
and New Morning stores. "All the people who wrote for
this spent one to three-and-a-half years working for
educational change and were largely unsuccessful," said
one of the booklet's authors, Ron Alpern. "This booklet
is an effort to understand why." The booklet-produced
by the Program for Educational. and Social Change
(PESC), focuses on educational structure andideology.
. ..have reached a new low today, but are definitely
picking up tomorrow. Beginning at 2:30 p.m. today, the
physical therapy senior class will hold demonstrations
for those interested in the physical therapy department
of the University Hospital . .. at 6 p.m., the Women's
Crisis Center will hold' a pot luck dinner at St. Andrew's
Church, 306 N. Division ... "Diversity and Unity in the
Arab World," will be the topic of tomorrow's lecture
by Prof. Daniel Dishan of Tel Aviv University at 3:10
p.m. in Angell Hall's Aud. D . Handi Sakkut of the"
University of California will discuss "Mahfouz as a Short
Story Writer" at 4:10 p.m., also in Angell Hall Aud. D
. . . on a more long-term basis, graduating seniors will
demonstrate their creativity in the A&D School's April
Bachelor of Fine Arts Show, continuing through the end
of the month in the Union Gallery . . . Peace Corps and
VISTA representatives will be here through Thursday
for career planning and placement in Rm. 3200 of the
Black mayor airs ire
Atlanta Mayor Maynard Jackson called on delegates
to the National Black Political Convention to "stop
fussing and stabbing at each other." The convention,
being held in Little Rock, Ark., is aimed at initiating
discussions and organizing for polteal power. Jackson
clamed that until blacks could influence the Mississippi
and Georgia state legislatures, joining the call for
President Nixon's impeachment or resignation would be
like "spitting into a hurricane." Jackson also said that
present employment "has left us with a median income
of slightly over $6,000 nationally while the annual median
income for a white family exceeds $10,000." He further
charged that blacks are "the last hired and first to be
What a decade of demonstrations can't do, the dollar
will. The Pentagon now claims that continuing ROTC
training in many colleges and universities is economically
unfeasible. Richard Rose, deputy assistant for defense
secretary for education, said at a news conference yes-
terday that the armed services are alarmed by the
large number of colleges where ROTC courses enroll
fewer than 15 seniors. At some of these schools, the low
enrollments have jacked the costs of training up to
$22,000 per student. If the cadet corps is not brought up
within a few years at these schools, Rose said, the
courses may be dropped.
Connally in 76?
John Connally has given a definite maybe to rumors
that he may seek the Republican nomination 'in '76.
Claiming that he is "keeping a toe in the door," the
former Texas governor and one-time Nixon treasury
secretary said Friday night he doesn't want to be ruled
out of the race for the Republican nomination, but he
doesn't want to be ruled in, either. The former Democrat
took this non-stand while speaking at a banquet in Salt
Lake City, Utah, held in honor of retiring Sen. Wallace
Tricia Nixon Cox has once again defended her father
in connection with the Watergate scandals, this time in a
copyrighted article in the April issue of Ladies' Home
Journal. "I think that history will record that Watergate
was a politically motivated matter that used the mis-
takes of a handful of foolish people to try to force out of
office, by resignation or impeachment, a man who was
innocent of all the fiction, not fact, of which he was
accused," said the President's daughter, who went on
to add, "The rumor that has to be one of the most
ridiculous is that (her husband) Eddie and Daddy don't
like each other, that they can't stand to be in the same
room alone together.
On the inside .. .
Tony Schwartz takes a look at the Washtenaw
County Jail's rehabilitation program, one year later, in
the Sunday Magazine . . and on the Sports Page,
Clarke Cogsdill covers the NCAA wrestling championship
in Ames, Iowa.
1 c .
By CHERYL PILATE
Although Police Chief Walter Krasny terms it a "serious problem,"
he admits that city rape cases "are not being handled adequately due
to lack of manpower."
BETWEEN 1968 and 1972, the number of reported instances of
rape and attempted rape in the city skyrocketed nearly 300 per cent-
surpassing even Detroit's rate of growth for this crime.
Meanwhile, convictions dropped to almost zero.
Charging that the city's present policies regarding rape are "inade-
quate," the Human Rights Party (HRP) is proposing a resolution to
City Council tomorrow night which is aimed both at preventing rape
and offering medical and emotional assistance to the victim.
ACCUSING THE CITY of having made only "token commitments"
towards the problem of rape, HRP is calling for the formation of an
all-female rape squad, free medical treatment fo raIl rape victimss,
and free self-defense classes.
The HRP proposal also calls for round-the-clock free transportation,
higher intensity lighting for city sidewalks, alarm systems in public
bathrooms and a direct free line to the police using a universal emer-
According to police statistics for 1972, nearly 90 per cent of all rapes
occur in the late evening and early morning hours. Approximately
one-fifth of the victims are attacked while out on the street.
"PROVIDING HIGHER intensity lighting and free public transpor-
tatipon would greatly increase a woman's safety at night-especially
low-income women who cannot afford transportation and who are most
often the victims of rape," said HRP member Diana Autin.
During 1972, more than 70 per cent of all rape victims were between
the ages of 17 and 23, and over 30 per cent of all rapes occurred in
the area surrounding central campus, making this also an issue of
"vital concern to students."
Autin feels that the most effective way to combat rape is for "all
women to learn how to defend themselves adequately."
"THE HRP PROPOSAL emphasizes prevention rather than prose-
cution," she said. "However, we do encourage the victim to press
lhe proposal also calls for an overhaul of the present Michigan
rape statute which was adopted in 1857 and has been subject to only
slight revisions in the intervening years.
HRP recommends that the state legislature adopt a rape statute
with the following provisions:
-that the facts concerning the personal behavior or sexual habits
of the victim not be considered as evidence bearing on either her
possible consent to the act or her activity as a witness;
-that degrees of rape be established to include incidental injuries;
-that any standard of resistance be regarded in terms of the
danger the victim was subjected to; and
-that general penalty provisions be lowered and scaled to the
system of degree.
HRP CONTENDS that many of the questions asked the rape victim
are both "embarrassing and irrelevant."
The police are required to include in their case report information
such as the reputation of the victim, prior sexual experience, her
relationship to the suspect, length of acquaintance with the suspect
and how recently she had sexual contact prior to the rape.
IF THE HRP proposal is passed, a Women's Crisis Center inter-
ventionist would be immediately called in to help protect the victim's
physical and emotional. needs
Robert Colville) Pittsburgh's police superintendent, once com-
mented:. "Rape is the only crime in which the victim is duly violated,
first by the attacker, and then by society. .
"In rape, society tends to blame or accuse the woman."
By CHIP SINCLAIR
Approximately 50 people picketed
Wrigley's supermarket in Ypsilanti
yesterday in protest over the
store's policy of selling non-United
Farm Workers (UFW) grapes and
Picketers circled for about two
hours in front of the Michigan Ave.
store, carrying signs urging shop-
pers to , boycott Wrigley's and
chanting "don't buy here."
THE PROTEST was part of a
larger national effort to boycott all
stores which sell non-UFW grapes
and lettuce. While Wrigley's does
sell union produce, it is supplied
by the Teamsters Union rather
than UFW. According to a spokes-
person at yesterday's demonstra-
tion, the Teamsters Union does not
represent farmworker interests.
As cars turned into the Wrigley's
parking lot the picketers parted
but asked the driver not to shop at
Wrigley's. Some drivers turned
away, while others went through
to the store.
Arturo Rodriguez, of the Detroit
Boycott Committee and organizer
of yesterday's demonstration esti-
mated thatrthepickets turned away
about 125 cars.
INSIDE THE STORE business
looked slow for a Saturday after-
noon. "Oh yes," one employe said,
"there are fewer people here than
Asked about the picketers in
front of his store, the manager
said, "What picketers? Idon't
know about any picketers." Then
nudging an employe, "Do you know.
about any picketers?" She dutifully
responded, "Oh, no."
"Business looks normal to me,"
the manager said when asked about
See UFW; Page 2
By JOHN KAHLER
Special to The Daily
TUSCALOOSA-Johnny Orr's "poor little boys" ran into a
coach from the wrong side of the tracks, and the meeting
Al McGuire, whose popularity ranks him with General
U. S. Grant among the people of Tuscaloosa, coached his Mar-
quette Warriors past Michigan, 72-70, yesterday as Campy
Russell missed two long shots in the fading seconds of the
Michigan simply never got un-
tracked yesterday, and the schem-
ing of McGuire was in large part
responsible for the difficulties. "I
never got into the tempo of the
game," complained Russell. "They
would run for a while then slow
things down. We couldn't get our
running game established."
Marquette went to work on Mich-
igan after the kWolverines had
jumped to a 3-0 lead, by hitting
the Blue with a- full court press.
Before the Wolverines could figure
out what was going on, the War-
riors had stolen the ball four times
and were leading 10-3. But Steve
Grote led the Wolverines back to
a 31-29 lead.
DURING THIS surge, McGuire
spent most of his time off the
bench screaming at the officials,
and listening to the fans urge that
a technical be called on him. They
got their wish after Jerry Homan
fouled C.J. Kupec. Kupec made all
Photo three free throws, and Michigan
was up 39-31.
n Britt On the Warriors' next possession,
east re- Homan was fouled by Grote. Mc-
he Wol- Guire, for some strange reason,
:nsboro, was hit with anoer technical.
This -one worked to his advantage
as Homan made his shots, Russell
missed his and Marquette won
the ensuing tip, sparking a surge
that cut the Wolverine lead to 39-37
at the half.
The second half saw the Mich-
* igan lead vary between four and
two points for two-thirds of the
period, as Michigan could not pull
ry many away and Marquette could not
ve," said close the narrow gap. However, the
a medi- Warriors were collecting fouls.
Their big man, Maurice Lucas
iAnn Ar- picked up four in quick succession
that the and exited the game with 7:58
1 puts too to go.
ruting and UNFORTUNATELY, t h e War-
on people riors, down 62-58 at the time, did
not miss him. Marquette rallied,
and a Bo Ellis free throw tied the
or and 5O- See THE END, Page 10
MICHIGAN'S STEVE GROTE (30) looks for help from teammates C.J. Kupec (41) and Wayma
(32) as he scrapes up a loose ball from Marquette's Marcus Washington (55) in yesterday's Mide
gional championship game at Tuscaloosa, Ala. In case you didn't know, Marquette knocked off th
verines, 72-70, to advance to the National Collegiate Athletic Association semi - finals in Gree
N.C., next weekend.
By AMY QUIRK
A Chicano Awareness Week fea-
turing speakers, movies, "tea-
tros," book exhibits, and music
will be sponsored tomorrow
through Friday by the Movimiento
Estudiantil Chicano De Aztlan (M-
ECHA), the Chicano umbrella or-
ganization on campus.
The University's Housing office
is providing much of the funding
for the week's events through its
ACCORDING TO Arturo Nelson,
Chicanonadvocate, the University
has been negligent toward Chica-
nos up to the present. "The Chi-
cano Awareness Week will accom-
plish two things, Nelson says.
"First, it will sensitize the Univer-
sity to Chicano needs at all levels;
second, it will reinforce the cul-
ture of a gr6up of students who are
institutionally and geographically
alienated from their backgrounds."
One of the goals of the confer-
ence is to point out the stereotypic
treatment of Chicanos in the mass
media. Chicano movies will be
shown, and teatros (theatres),
which provide a cultural vehicle
for satirical treatment of daily
problems and frustrations, will also
Monday the movie Yo Soy Chi-
cano will be shown in Markley's
Angela Davis Lounge at 8 p.m.,
By EILEEN LOEHER
"You've got to be aggressive,
got to be bold, got to say, 'I can
do it,' " Arlene Hegedus, assistant
professor of nursing, told approxi-
mately 50 women who met for an
all-day workshop during the Wo-
man's Symposium of Careers held
yesterday at Markley.
During the workshop, women
from such diverse areas as law,
government, business, media, nurs-
ing, and other fields presented an
informal panel discussion on prob-
lems they have encountered as
careerwomen and wives.
Many reiterated Hedgedus' em-
phasis on the need for strength.
Others pinpointed the problems
women face in job opportunities.
"THERE ARE not ve
opportunities to be creati
Janet Agranoff, presently
Dr. Susan Kennedy, an
bor gynecologist, agreed
University medical schoo
much emphasis on memor
repeating, and too littlec
in the first years.
Erica Raine,. a counselo
F freaks spair
w By JACK KROST
The challenger stands tensely
poised, plastic disque in hand, an-
grily eyeing his opponent. A deter-
mined sneer marks his choleric
countenance as he flexes his mus-
hcles and ponders whether to aim
the disque at his opponent's throat
On the other side of the gym
floor, some fifteen yards away, the
would-be receiver of the disque
assumes a hesitant stance. Beads
of sweat mount in nervous antici-
pation on his furrowed forehead,
and stain another ring on an al-
ready soaked headband.
The feeble Ann Arbor winter,
sunlight, meanwhile, timidly seeps
through the imposing protectively-
screened IM building windows at
Sthe "First Annual U of M Open In-
ciat worker in various city pro-
jects, complained that counseling
services in' general have not been
offering help to guide women along
fulfilling routes in careers.
She attributed this to counselors
who try to make decisions for the
women who come to see them, in-
stead of trying to help women un-
derstand their own capabilities.
JEAN KING, lawyer, described
the legal problems of women. She
discussed in depth the aborion
controversy, and discouraged sup-
porting any male candidates in the
next congressional election unless
they are willing to back women
firmly on these issues that are
crucial to their interests.
"The vote is powerful" she said,
"but we haven't done anything.
Most of the women advocated
compromise in solving the conflicts
arising between jobs and marriage.
"You have to work out a set of
compromises that hopefully will
last," said Marcia Jablonski, di-
rector at the U-M Television Cen-
ter. "You have to give a lot." She
did not advocate combining a ca-
reer and marriage for women who
like to be 100 per cent successful
in everything they do.
WHILE THE women snent a
Women slowly gai
in engineering field'-
By WENDY CHAPIN
Traditionally attended almost exclusively by men, the University's
School of Engineering has experienced steadily increasing female en-
rollment since World War II, according to Dean David Ragone.
However, despite recent efforts to attract women to the field, the
engineering school still has only 126 female students out of a total
enrollment of 2,942.
According to Ragone and Assistant Dean Robert Hoisington as well
as several female engineering students, women's lack of interest in
engineering is simply due to sex role stereotypes.
"SETTING A quota for the Engin School would be highly unrealis-
tic because most girls are just not interested-girls prefer arts and
literature rather than science and math," one female student claims.
And although many University divisions are presently setting per-
centage goals for female and minority enrollment, engineering school
officials claim such policies are not feasible in engineering.
"A quota is reasonable only if there is an adequate number of
women who possess these qualifications, and this might very well be
reasonable in about 20 years or so," Ragone maintains.
SIMILARLY, Ragone and Hoisington say quotas for employment
of women in the engineering school would be unworkable due to the
shortage of qualified faculty.
The engineering school presently employs three women as full
"professors: one in Aerospace Engineering and two in Humanities for