THE MICHIGAN DAILY
CRUCIAL VOTE AHEAD
LONDON (Reuter) - Fears of
a constitutional crisis and a sec-
ond general election within two
months cast a cloud of uncertain-
ty yesterday over the first cru-
cial vote, scheduled for next
Monday, in Britain's new Parlia-
Several days of intense politi-
cal maneuvering loomed as
Prime Minister Harold Wilson
and Conservative opposition lead-
er Edward Heath. moved toward
a Parliamentary showdown that
could topple Wilson's minority
Labor government after only two
weeks in office.
N A TI 0 N A L I S T groups,
and specifically seven Scottish
Nationalists, were likely to play
the deciding role in the drama,
in which the stakes for the main
parties and their leaders appear
almost as high as in the Feb. 28
Political analysts felt the odds
were slightly in favor of Wilson
surviving, but if he loses, Queen
Elizabeth would have to take the
lead in sorting out the tangled
The Labor Party leader is
fighting to stay in office long
enough to show he can govern
effectively. The party thinks it
can win any election forced on
it now or within the next year,
but it fears being ousted by its
opponents without an election.
HEATH is trying to bring Wil-
son down without precipitating
another election, apparently hop-
ing Queen Elizabeth will react
by asking Heath's conservatives
to try to form a government.
Heath sought a coalition gov-
ernment with the 14 Liberal par-
ty members immediately after
the recent election, but Liberal
Leader Jeremy Thorpe rejected
Conservative amendment regret-
ting the absence of income con-
trol from Labor's new legisla-
In the fragmentary Parliamen-
tary situation resulting from the
near-stalemate in the election -
which was fought partly on the
issue of pay controls - Labor
has a margin of only four votes
over the Conservatives.
THE BALANCE of power is
held by the 14 Liberals and na-
tionalist fringe groups controll-
ing some 20 votes.
after the last one and with the
risk of another stalemate as the
outcome, or of resisting Wilson
and asking Heath or another
Conservative to try to form a
Either way, many observers
believe there is an obvious risk
of the Queen becoming embroiled
in the party's political battle.
Rebelling Kurdish militia
key mountain areas in N.
ote will concern a One forecast yesterday of the
voting line-up suggested the gov-
ernment could count on only 303
votes, with the opposition likely
seize I isnieetdo
setzeto muster 309! A majority is 318.
day in a vote that he would prob-
ra qably see as a major issue, he
would ask the Queen to dissolve
Ira q Parliament almost immediately.
SUCH A CRISIS would force
ar of all oppressed Queen Elizabeth to return from
ill continue until we Far East travels for the second
s," said Suvar, who time due to the political situa-
d as one of Bar- tion at home.
ants. The Queen could then face a
that after the last ticklish task in deciding whether
t which ended four to call another election so soon
Civilians fleeing the embattled Cambodian provincial capital of Kampot, 85 miles southeast of Phnom
Penh, approach a fishing trawler. Government troops launched a counteroffensive yesterday against
insurgent soldiers surrounding the town.
Portuguese alert lifted
ANKARA, Turkey (Reuter) -
Kurdish tribesmen yesterday ap-
peared to be in control of key
areas of mountainous northern
Iraq in a revolt against the
Baghdad government's rule, ac-
cording to reports reaching this
A senior Turkish off'icial near
the border with Iraq said there
were no fresh signs of fighting
"and it appears the struggle has
died down in the border area at
THURSDAY the sound of dis-
tant gunfire and shelling was
plainly audible in Turkish fron-
tier towns as the Kurdish Pesh
Merga (militia) seized cutstomns
and border posts.
In addition to holding on to
the border points, the Kurds
were also reported by one Tur-
kish newspaper to have seized
the strategic town of Zakho after
skirmishes with Iraqi govern-
The Kurds, campaigning for
self-rule under the leadership of
76-year-old Mullah Mustafa Bar-
zani, began their new rebellion
Wednesday night when they
raided several targets.
LISBON (Reuter) - Tension
eased in the Portuguese capital
yesterday after the lifting of a
new order confining some mili-
tary units to barracks in the
wake of a major crisis over Af-
Military sources said a par-
tial "preventive alert" was re-
imposed Thursday night after the
rightwing government of Prime
Minister Marcello Caetano dis-
missed the country's two top
armed services chiefs.
But early this afternoon a gov-
ernment spokesman.told Reuter:
"There is now no state of pre-
MILITARY sources said ear-
lier that the new alert had af-
fected about half the armed
forces stationed in Portugal con-
pared with a total alert which
lasted from last Saturday until
Tuesday after an incipient re-
volt among young officers.
Portugal's most popular sold-
ier, Gen. Antonio De Spinola,
was removed from the post of
deputy chief of the armed forces
general staff yesterday because
of a best-selling book proposing a
radical solution - at least in the
eyes of the regime - to Portu-
gal's African dilemma.
His superior, Gen, Francisco
De Costa Gomes, also lost his
TH E MICHIGAN DAILY
Volume LXXXIV, Number 131
saturday, March 16,1974
is edited and managed by students at
the University of Michigan. News phone
764-0562. Second class postage paid at
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106. Published
daily Tuesday through Sunday morning,
during the University year at 420 May-
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Subscription rates: $10 by carrier (cam-
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Ohio)j; $12 non-local mail (other statep
Summer session publishea Tuesday
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tion rates: $5.50 by carrier (campus
area): $6.50 local mall (Michigan and
Ohio); $7.00 non-loc~al mail ;othe
states and foreign).
THIRTEEN YEARS ago yes-
terday African nationalist guer-
rillas opened a campaign against
the Portuguese rulers of Angola,
richest of this country's three Af-
Since then, guerrilla warfare
has spread to the two other ter-
ritories of Portuguese Guinea -
where Gen. Spinola was gover-
nor and commander-in-chief for
nearly four years - and Mo-
Reports from the area say
they have rejected the Baghdad
government's terms for autono-
TURKEY'S independent Haber
News Agency, in a dispatch from
a correspondent in northern
Iraq, quoted a Kurdish spokes-
man as saying, "We have been
fighting the Iraqi government for
14 years so that we may live
like human beings."
The Turkish reporter said the
Kurdish chief identified himself
as IsarSuvar, commander of the
northern region, and issued his
statement in Zakho.-
"THE KURDISH people have
taken up arms to fight . . .this
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years ago, the Baghdad regime
had pledged to share oil reve-
nues with the Kurds, carry out a
population census for the estab-
lishment of an autonomous Kur-
dish state and establish Kurdish-
prepaid Cambridge Univer-
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