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Eighty-Three Years of Editorial Freedom
Vol. LXXXIV, No. 122 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Sunday, February 24, 1974 Ten Cents
IfltOU1SEE NEWS HAP PENCALL 7-MfLy
Sen. Henry Jackson (D-Wash.) has moved one step
beyond his fellow Democrats in extending the olive
branch to Gov. George Wallace by declaring he "would
welcome him" as a 1976 running mate. Jackson's com-
ments, in response to a question during a recent politi-
cal visit to Tennessee, are in line with the effort by
party chairman Robert Strauss to woo the Alabama
governor and his millions of followers back to the Demo-
cratic fold. Asked if he would accept Wallace as a run-
ning mate if the convention nominated him, Jackson
said he considers the Alabama governor "eminently
qualified to be vice president or president of the United
States. I think he is qualified and I would welcome him
on the ticket," Jackson added.
President Nixon yesterday named Vice-President
Gerald Ford to head a blue ribbon panel to draft safe-
guards for Americans' personal privacy. In a national
radio address from his Oval Office, Nixon said he was
instructing the 11-member panel to begin within four
months to present "a series of direct, enforceable mea-
sures . . . that we can immediately begin to put into
effect" to equip every American with a personal shield
"he canuse to protect his right of privacy." Nixon, fol-
lowing up on proposals he sketched in his State of the
Union 'address, said that the names of more than
150 million Americans are now in computer banks
scattered across the country.
... are varied today. The Human Rights Party's In-
ternal Education Committee will sponsor a potluck dis-
cussion on "Ageism-Young People" at 1018 Church,
at 6 p.m. . . . The Ann Arbor Cantata Singers will
perform today at 4 p.m. in the University Reformed
Church, E. Huron at Fletcher . .. "The Zooks," a local
band, will perform in the Residential College Aud., at
8 p.m. . . . The Simulations and Strategy Games Club
will meet in the Henderson Rm. in the Michigan League
from 1 to 6 p.m. . . . Warren Day, director for Peace
and Conflict Resolution in E. Lansing, will speak on
Bangladesh 1974, at the Ecumenical Campus Center, 921
Church St. at 7 p.m. . . . Planned Parenthood will hold
an open house from 2 to 4 p.m. at 912 Main St. It's a
fund-raising affair for new facilities . . . For tomorrow,
the happenings are slim. Women, are invited to discus-
sion on career opportunities in management, banking,
sales, retailing and probation, at . noon in conference
rooms 4 and 5 of the Michigan League. . . . Dr. John
Atwater, director of the city and county health depart-
ments will speak on the current health problems fac-
ing the community at 12:10 p.m. in the Ann Arbor Pub-
NATIVE AMERICAN ADVOCATE Moose Pamp addresses a crowd of about 200 at the Fishbowl yes-
terday during a rally held for the Wounded Knee tr ials in St. Paul, Minn. Also speaking at the rally
was Clyde Bellacourt, one of the defendants at the trial.
Bellacourt, others speak
at Wonded Knee rally
ATLANTA, Ga. 0P) - Atlanta
Constitution Editor Reg Murphy
positively identified his abductor
yesterday as the husband of a
couple arrested in the kidnaping.
William August Halm Williams,
33, and his 26-year-old wife, Betty,
were being held in the custody of
federal authorities in lieu of $1.5
million bond after being charged
in the kidnaping.
Murphy, 40, was kidnaped by
persons claiming to represent the
previously unheard-of "American
Revolutionary Army." He was lur-
ed from his home Wednesday night
and released unharmed Friday
night after a $700,000 ransom was
paid by his newspaper.
THREE SUITCASES bulging
with money were recovered, but
the FBI said it had not yet deter-
mined whether they contained the
"There is no doubt Williams is
the man I left home with," Mur-
phy told reporters.
Murphy characterized Williams
as a "sick man" who didn't really
understand the political ideas he
"HE IS NOT the sharpest of
men, but is very canny in some
ways," Murphy added.
The couple was arrested yester-
day morning without resistence at
their home in Lilburn, about 24
miles northeast of Atlanta. The
arrest came just hours after Mur-
phy was freed.
. As they entered the federal
courthouse for an arraignment yes-
terday, Williams said to reporters,
"Mv wife is innocent. The army
has been defeated. It's dead."
WILLIAMS was charged with vi-
olating the federal Hobbs Act,
which forbids extorting money
from a company engaged in inter-
state commerce. U. S. Magistrate
J. Roger Thompson set bond a
Ms. Williams was charged wit
knowing about the alleged crim
and not reporting it. She was hel
on $$500,000 bond.
The FBI initially releaseda
statement saying the couple ha
been charged with kidnaping, bu
they explained later that no fed
eral kidnaping charges had bee
filed because there was no proo
Murphy had been transporte
across state lines.
Thompson set a preliminar
hearing in the case for March 4.
OFFICIALS would not say how
many persons were still being
sought, only that Williams alleged
ly was "aided and abetted b
After his release, Murphy sai
he was led to believe he was ab
ducted by four men and a woman
However, he said he was blind,
folded during most of the 49-hou
ordeal and could identify only tw
distinct voices - those of Wi
liams and a woman.
The newspaper editor said h
was convinced Williams, who cal
ed himself "colonel," tried to mak
him think there were more person
present at various times. He sai
Williams told him the right-win
organization had six colonels an
Williams, husky and darkhaired
and his petite wife, were hand
cuffed when brought into the court
room. Ms. Williams had been cry
UNDER QUESTIONING, Wi
liams, a self-employed contractor
said he had served 18 months i
jail for a 1965 conviction of inter
state transportation of stolen m
tor vehicles and had been place
on probation for one year in 196
for forging a government check.
The couple, who have thre
young children, have lived in th
See BOND, Page 2
By PAUL TERWILLIGER
For Clyde Bellacourt, the Wound-
ed Knee incident is not a thing of
the past. He made this evident as
he spoke to a crowd of 200 yester-
day who gathered for a Wounded
Knee rally in the Fishbowl.
Bellacourt, a co-founder of the
American Indian Movement, is a
currently a defendent in the
Wounded Knee trials at St. Paul,
Bellacourt shared the stage with
two other advocates of Indian
rights - Moose Pamp, the na-
tive American advocate at the Uni-
versity, and Eddie Benton, a Uni-
versity student teacher.
The rally marked the third and
final day of the Third World's Peo-
ple's Solidarity Conference, the
first conference of its kind to be
held in Ann Arbor.
BELLACOURT, D U R I N G his
speech, defended the Indian cause
and Wounded Knee, and attacked
the Nixon Administration as well.
"We are the landlords, it is the
end of the month, the rent isdue.
Pay up. We don't want to take
back the land, all we want is that
you leave us alone," said Bella-
"With -a 5.5 average grade level,
a suicide rate 20 times the na-
tional average, and a 43.5 year life
span, the Indian people are telling
the U. S. people that something
is wrong with their system."
BELLACOURT P O I N T E D
out that the people directly in-
volved in Watergate - John Ehr-
lichman, John Dean, and Spiro Ag-
new - were the same people who
headed the offensive against the
Indians -at Wounded Knee.
"With your support," he said,
"we can administer the final blow
to Watergate and the corrupt gov-
ernment in Washington D.C."
Benton, one of the occupants of
Wounded Knee during the crisis in
fall, 1973, gave an accoount of his
experiences and stressed the close-
ness of the people involved in the
"I was frightened all the way out
to Wounded Knee . . . until I saw
our spiritual leader. Then I was
no longer afraid."
Benton pointed out the substan-
dard living conditions at Wounded
Knee, and claimed that the press
gave an inaccurate view of the
See BELLACOURT, Page 2
Federal energy chief William Simon yesterday an-
nounced a two cent per gallon increase in the price of
gasoline sold by independent retail dealers effective
March 1. The two-cent increase, Simon said, "super-
cedes the one-cent increase granted Feb. 16 for service
station owners with less than an 85 per cent allocation"
of their 1972 supply. That one-cent increase would have
been effective March 1. Simon also announced a direc-
tive requiring suppliers of retail dealers to put all
scheduled March price increases into effect by March 1.
Hearsts still waiting
Exhausted by 20 days of tension, the Hearst family
waited this weekend to learn whether the terrorists
who kidnaped Patricia Hearst will free her in exchange
for another $4 million in food for the poor. Her father,
newspaper executive Randolph Hearst, said his personal
financial capabilities could not meet the latest demands
from the Symbionese Liberation Army that he put up
the $4 million in addition to the $2 million in food al-
ready available. But Charles Gould, publisher of the
San Francisco Examiner, said the Hearst Corp. would
put up the $4 million if Ms. Hearst is released unharm-
ed. He said $2 million would be provided immediately
upon her release and $2 million more in January 1975.
An Australian politician suggested calling the- street
where the Soviet Embassy stands "Solzhenitsyn Ave-
nue", prompting an Australian newspaper to suggest
that the street housing the U. S. embassy should be
called "Watergate Avenue." Appealing for the street to
be renamed after the Russian writer, labor member of
Parliament Richard Klugman said "I would love to see
the Soviet Embassy having to put Solzhenitsyn Avenue
on its letterheads." ThetNational newspaper, the Aus-
tralian, commented on the suggestion in an editorial.
"How about Nasser Avenue for the Israeli Embassy,
Watergate Avenue for the American Embassy, and Sep-
arate Way for the South African Embassy?"
Charles Docter, a Maryland state legislator has come
up with a new way to beat the gas shortage. He wants to
legalize hitchhiking in the state for a year. "We must
do all we can to get as many passengers as possible
into one car," he said. He has also proposed that state
police screen prospective hitchhikers and issue one dol-
lar identification cards saying the hitchhiker had not
been convicted of a violent crime.
On the inside .. .
... The Magazine presents a glimpse of a petty thief
by Jon Crane . . . The Sports staff has all the details on
By CHERYL PILATE
Proclaiming this weekend's Third
World People's Solidarity Confer-
ence at the University as a victory
for our people," Asian activist Pat
Sumi blasted the model minority"
image of Asian-Americans during
an exclusive interview yesterday.
"The mouthpieces of the ruling
class d i s t o r t Asian realities,"
claimed Sumi. They lead the public
to believe that Asians are a con-
tented minority and not militant
like blacks, Chicanos, and native
SUMI, AN ASIAN studies in-
structor at California State Uni-
Watergate grand jury
to return indictments
WASHINGTON (R - After20
months of taking testimony from
some of the Nixon Administra-
tion's highest officials, the origi-
nal Watergate grand jury is ready
to return major indictments in the
burglary and cover-up.
So are two sister grand juries
impaneled later to help out with
other investigations: campaign
contributions, including the milk
fund case and the ITT antitrust
settlement: the so-called plumb-
ers activities in the Ellsberg
break-in: the nonexistent and
flawed White House tape record-
ings; political sabotage.
Some of the indictments are ex-
pected this week, in time to meet
Special Prosecutor leon Jawor-
ski's announced end-of-the-month
THEY MAY INCLUDE men
once closest to President Nixon,
already identified as targets of
grand jury probes:
-Former Atty. Gen. John AMit-
chell; twice the President's cam-
paign' manager, his former law
partner and attorney general, al-
ready standing trial in a cam-
paign contributions aftermath.
-H. R. Haldeman; the man who
r-in the White House for the Presi-
-Charles Colson, a tough trou-
bleshooter and key political adviser
who once said "I would walk over
my grandmother if necessary" for
THE STREAM of witnesses be-
fore the grand juries has included
Mitchell, Haldeman and Ehrlich-
man as well as Press Secretary
Ronald Ziegler, Nixon aide Ste-
phen Bull and presidential secre-
tary Rose Mary Woods.
Some key administration and re-
election committee figures already
have pleaded guilty to assorted
In the cover-up, they include
John Dean, Nixon's former offic-
ial counsel and his chief accuser;
Jeb Stuart Magruder, deputy to
John Mitchell in the re-election
committee; Frederick LaRue, also
atop Mitchell campaign aide.
NEGIL KROGH has gone to pri-
son for the Ellsberg burglary;
Donald Segretti and George Hear-
ing for dirty tricks.
In all, 29 men and nine corpora-
tions have faced state and federal
charges arising out of the Water-
gate and - Ellsberg break-in and
illegal campaign contribution in-
Tphe.firstot rnnf rl ,.7 xnc rnittinP-
versity at San Francisco, stressed
the need for unity among all mi-
nority groups in order to tran-
scend racism and abolish exploita-
tion of the working class."
Sumi, who opened the Solidarity
Conference at H i 11 Auditorium
Thursday night, advocated social-
ism as the only realistic solution"
to what she considerediAmerica's
"Only when the working people
have mastery of society, can we
overcome racism," she exhorted.
It is impossible to make imper-
ialism less imperialistic-the only
thing we can hope for is a com-
plete transformation of society."
C I T I N G THE MOB brutality
against Asian-Americans in the late
1800's, Sumi emphasized that, be-
cause exploitation is an inescap-
able part" of Asian-American his-
tory, their militancy is not new.
"We are a part of the Third
World peoples because we share a
common history with Black slaves
and the Chicano laborers," she
said. "In California, we have al-
ways been relegated to the posi-
tion of poor, unskilled laborers."
Endorsing the need for political
revolution, Sumi stressed that "No
one can do it for us, except us."
"Because there are so few Asians
in the Midwest, few people here
realize the unfinished tasks that
lie before us," she continued.
SUMI BELIEVES that the only
solution to racism and explaitation
comes from all people working to-
gether. "Only then can we unleash
the tremendous potential of this
country," she said.
"T h is conference brought all
people together and created an
immense sense of power and rich-
ness." she continued.
Sumi cited the "glorious tradi-
tion" of slave rebellions, workers
strikes and the battle for civil
rights in emphasizing the need for
"WE ASIAN, black, brown and
native American peoples are de-
termined to end exploitation and
become the masters of our so-
ciety," she said.
"One-third of the world", peoples
-: sh oots self
GUERNEVILLE, Calif. (R) -Wil-
l- am Knowland, editor and pub-
lisher of the Oakland Tribune and
n former U.S. senator, was found
r- dead of a self-inflicted gunshot
o- wound at his summer home near
d here yesterday, the Sonoma County
Sheriff's office said. Knowland was
e Undersheriff Robert Hayes said
e Knowland's body was found by
members of his family just before
2 p.m. at his home near the small
town of Monte Rio, 75 miles north
of San Francisco. He said death
apparently had occurred "a few
"AN INVESTIGATION by the
sheriff's department disclosed evi-
dence the victim died of a self-
inflicted gunshot wound," Haves
said in a statement. "The weapon
is in custody of the sheriff's de-
No information was immediately
available on the nature of the
wound or the weapon used.
Knowland reached a peak of rank
and power as the U.S. Senate's
Republican leader at age 45. He
was considered a potential presi-
KNOWN AS A staunch conserva-
tive, Knowland's principal interest
was in Asia, which he considered
a breeding ground for Commu-
In 1945, during his initial gear in
the Senate, Knowland traveled to
the Far East and came back de-
manding the U.S. pay as much at-
tention to that region as to post-
war Europe. He spke bluntly in
favor of a "get-tough-with-Russia"
Soon after the war started in
Korea, he made a fact-finding tou.
to the Far East and returned with
very definite ideas of how to win
it. He wanted to bomb the Clm-
munist bases in Manchuria, set up
a naval blockade of the Communist
See KNOWLAND, Page 2
Whiz kids go for baroque
By BILL HEENAN
Tiny feet pitter-pattering in Tappan Hall. Has
the University been turned over to the pre-teen
It almost seemed so while waiting for this par-
ticular history of art class to begin.
Ten children ranging in ages from 8 to 14 quietly
filed into the room.
A wiry, sandy-haired instructor followed, greet-
ing each by name. "Now we're going to discuss
what you requested last week-baroque sculpture,"
he finally added.
STEPHEN INGRAM, an art history graduate
student, casually commented on various art slides
of the era: "Notice the variety in texture," he ex-
claimed, pointing to "The Rape of Persephone."
dominated by little heads barely emerging above
Uncannily, these children reacted to the lesson
like older folks. One girl knitted while one neigh-
bor conscientiously took notes and the other looked
However, the class could not suppress a few
child-like giggles when Lisa, 9, insisted Saint
Peter's Basilica in Rome was the White House.
THE YOUNGSTERS are exceptional children
who take Ingram's course for enrichment. Using
University slides as a vehicle he allows their in-
terests to dictate the pace.
Ingram marvels at the youngster's perception:
"These kids are energetic and show unabashed en-
thusiasm." But his students keep him on his toes.
"The quality of their questions have often forced