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November 13, 1973 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1973-11-13

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

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CRnr' CARP r
THE OF 666- ) E
R E B O Z O - N kA D

City picket support solicited
for continuing UFW boycott

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EIGHT MONTHS have p a s s e d
since the United Farm Workers
Union called the grape boycott. To-
day, the struggle continues.
A&P, the nation's largest retail
grocer, still continues to stock non-
UFW grapes and lettuce. Yes, the
lettuce boycott still continues. The
UFW is also asking people to boy-
cott Gall, Franzia, and Guild wines.
Over the past summer, farm-
workers were repeatedly and bru-
tally attacked by thugs hired by
the Teamsters Union. Thousands of
UFW strikers and supporters were
jailed and many beaten for nonvio-
lently disobeying unconstitutional
injunctions limiting picket lines to
one person every 100 feet.
The violence peaked in August
with the deaths of two striking
farmworkers. One was beaten to
death by sheriff's deputies and the_
other was shot.
UFW CONTRACTS are one of
the best of any organized union
group. They eliminate the racist

and exploitative labor contractor
system and provide for strict lim-
its on unsafe pesticide use, exten-
sive health and safety benefits aid
the best wages farmworkers have
ever received. These contracts re-
present the first real change f o r
farmworkers in a nation in which:
* Farmworkers have a life ex-
pectancy of 49 years, over 20 years
less than the national average.
A farmworker family of four,
all working full-time, make an av-
erage of only $2,700 per year.
* An estimated 75,000 farmwork-
ers are annually poisoned by the
misuse of pesticides; of these 800
to 1,000 die each year.
Most farmworkers come from
seriously disadvantaged minority
groups, principally Chicanos.
Blacks, poor whites, Filipinos, Por-
tuguese and other national minor-
ities make up the farmworker
RECENTLY, a statewide UFW
boycott meeting was held in Ann
Arbor. Boycotters and organizers
were present from throughout the

state. Cities represented w e r e
Lansing, Flint, Kalamazoo; Grand
Rapids, Adrian, Ann Arbor and De-
The purpose of the meeting was
to discuss and report on grape and
lettuce boycott activities in these
cities. Ways of forming new tac-
tics and strategies to increase the
success of the overall boycott were
In Ann Arbor, UFW supporters
have been on the picket lines since
February. The picket lines and
times of picketing have expanded.
But more needs to be done. Please
volunteer now! Call us and join us
on the picket lines.
The days and times of the picket
lines are: Thursday and Friday
from 2 to 6 p.m.sat the Huron and
Maple Village A&P's, Friday from
7 to 9 p.m. at the Stadium and
Plymouth A&P's, and Saturday
from 11 a.m. to S p.m. at all four
Alfonso Ramirez is a social work
graduate student.


- r

ghe Mir t a eau y
Eighty-three years of editorial freedom
Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan

420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mi. 48104

News Phone: 764-0552


Some fundamental rights

MORE THAN 30 years ago, the Wagner
Act established collective bargaining
as a fundamental right of working people
in this country.
Teaching fellows in this university are
as entitled to that right as any group.
However, the recently announced $3.75
million tuition surplus, and the subse-
quent administration decision to allo-
cate $2 million of this to the teaching
fellows, have obscured that basic right.
The $2 million allocation, which will
provide a 5.5 per cent wage hike to TF's
as well as temporarily subsidize the dif-
ference between in-state and out-of-state
tuition for non-resident TF's, paper over
the more long-term struggle of teaching
fellows for equitable treatment.
The Regent's decision last summer to
scrap the system under which teaching
fellows and their spouses were assessed
tuition at the resident rate regardless of
their real state of residence still stands;
the $2 million allocation merely mitigates
its effect this year.
TUITION RATES, which the Organiza-
tion of Teaching Fellows had de-
Sports Staff
Sports Editor
Managing Sports Editor
BOB McGINN ................Executive Sports Editor
CHUCK BLOOM.............Associate Sports Editor
JOEL GREER...............Associate Sports Editor
RICH STUCK ..............Contributing Sports Editor
BOB HEUER..............Contributing Sports Editor
News: Penny Blank, Della DiPietro, Chris
Parks, Cheryl Pilate, Chip Sinclair, Ted
Editorial Page: Zach Schiler, C h u c k
Wilbur, Ted Hartzell
Arts Page: Diane Levick
Photo Technician: David Margolick

manded a return to last year's levels, re-
main as they were, 24 per cent higher
than last year.
The University has still made little
apparent move to end racial and sexual
discrimination in the hiring of TF's as
the OTF demanded.
In other words, the fundamental de-
mands of the OTF remain unmet The
use by the University administration of
surplus revenue generated by a stagger-
ing tuition hike to grant a one year wage
hike - and not a particularly substantial
one at that - represents a blatant at-
tempt to buy off the TF's and crush their
infant organization.
More importantly, by seemingly goug-
ing undergraduates to pay the $2 million
to the teaching fellows, the administra-
tion may well have set students against
the TF's and thus dampened both the
TF's movement and whatever is left of
student opposition to the tuition hike.
THE FACT IS that this year's 5.5 per
cent faculty pay hike comes out of
students' pockets just as much as the
equivalent raise of TF's does. And so do
other University expenses.
The real reason for appearing to pick
the students' pocket does not lie in sub-
sidizing non-resident TF's out-of-state
tuition, as the $2 million allocation will
do; subsidies had been a permanent part
of the budget until this year.
President Fleming, a former labor ar-
bitrator, is familiar with the tactics of
divide and conquer, and whether con-
sciously or unconsciously he has used
them effectively so far to both cloud the
legitimacy of TF demands and undercut
student support for the teaching fellows
and demands for a tuition rollback.
Teaching fellows must be allowed the
right to bargain for themselves. And to
repeat what has now become almost pla-
titudinous, tuition must be rolled back.

An auto
SOME POLITICAL scientists say th e i r
sudden widespread use was the major
contributing factor to the advent of urban
sprawl. They are an important source of
air pollution. The three major producers of
them were the first, third and fifth in-
dustrial corporations in the country by
sales in 1972. And Americans love them,
God knows how we love them.
Cars. 118, 618, 162 of them were register-
ed in the fifty states last year. Americans
wash them, pamper them, tune them,
wreck them, repair them, junk them, race
them, live for them and die in them. Most
of all, and most unfortunate of all, they
drive them. All the time and everywhere.
Despite the fact that the automobile is
the Great American Fetish, the car as it
is presently known is obsolete. Not be-
cause technological breakthroughs have
relegated autos to a backsteat position, but
precisely because they haven't.
IF YOU WILL excuse the term, the auto-
mobile has been driven into obsolescence
because its use has not been controlled, but
in fact subsidized through billions of dol-
lars spent constructing roads and high-
ways. Thus most Americans' lifestyle cent-
ers around the car, and the results are
now out of control.
Many political scientists pin the cause
of urban sprawl to the automobile. Before
the advent of the railroad, and later the
trolley, cities had to be fairly compact so
that the distance between people's resi-
dences and their place of employment would
be reasonable.
Railroads and trolleys made some ex-
pansion possible, allowing people to live
farther away from their jobs. But this
expansion was fairly limited to areas on
either side of the transit lines.
(Editor's Note: The following IF NIX(
is the text of a speech given by fice, let u
Nancy Wechsler, city council- he will o
woman from the Second Ward, at Ford, or
the Impeach Nixon rally in Lan- feller, or
sing Saturday). . . . and
may look


all that, slowly at first as only a few
people could afford the luxury, quickly af-
ter millions found the automobile within
their economic grasp.
. One could now live anywhere one wanted,
almost. The constraints were still there,
but they were greatly eased. It took less
time to drive than to take the interurban
lines, and your route wasn't limited to
a track. You could live almost anywhere

".Americans wash them, wax them, pamper them, tune them,
wrech them, repair them, junk them, race them, live for them
and die in them. Most of all, and most unfortunate of all,
they drive them."
aissasistassistim iss:::::::::::::::............................. r ...t ............................ .sissem

seld in southern California.
In 1969 the Los Angeles metropolitan area
was 50 miles wide and 26 miles long, and
it hasn't stopped there. Its vast areas are
connected by the stupendous number of
freeways for which it is so justifiably fam-
ous. The heaviest per capita concentra-
tion of automobiles in the world can be
found choking them.
The problem is that if you want to get

But this option is unacceptable. Shall we
destroy the Alaskan wilderness and strip
mine the western half of the United States
so we can drive merrily about inour cars?
AS THE ENERGY shortage grows, there
will be stop-gap measures such as turning
down the heat and rationing*gasoline. But
they are just no good for the long, run.
The first alternative is finding alternative
sources of energy. But such things as solar
energy, considered to be theoretically pos-
sible, but won't be available for years.
President Nixon's goal of independence
from foreign sources of energy by 1980
is not good enough; it would appear that
it is necessary to be independent of pre-
sent forms of energy by 1980 as well.
But will 1980 be soon enough? One hates
to sound alarmist, but even if the United
States and the Arab oil producers sud-
denly become fast friends, an unlikely pro-
position at best, increased world oil con-
sumption will severely limit this nation's
fuel supply.
THE ONLY POSSIBLE solution, whether
it is voluntary, or is forced by events,
is a drastic change in American lifestyles.
People will have to quit consuming so
much oil, which means they will have to
quit driving so much. Unfortunately, Amer-
icans built their lives around their cars,
especially in places like Los Angeles. Ob-
viously there is an inherent conflict devel-
oping that could seriously disrupt the econ-
Unfortunately, most officials are preoc-
cupied with piecemeal, short-term solutions
to end the energy shortgae, while it is
increasingly likely that needed energy
sources will just not be available. Such a
limited perspective could easily result in
economic chaos and hardships more diffi-
cult than lowered speed limits and cooler
indoor temperatures.

turns to nightmare

you wanted, and white people decided the
city core was not where they wanted.
There were other forces contributing to
the exodus tohsuburbia as well.sFor exam-
ple, federal home loan pohiices were de-
signed such that investments being aided
by, the federal government had to be
"sound." The result was that the realtors
who were implementing the loan pclicy de-
cided that investment in city cores were
not sound hence if you wanted federal loan
aid, you had to build in suburban areas.
BUT THE major impetus for urban
sprawl has been the automobile, and sprawl
there certainly is. To check it out, one
need only drive from Detroit to Pantiac.
Even more striking is the case of Los
Angeles. There have been many other fac-
tors at work, of course, but the automobile
has created the greatest monument to it-

somewhere, you have to drive on them.
There is no other way to get around, be-
cause no one has had either the inclination
or the foresight to install adequate mass
SUCH A SITUATION is bad for people
with low incomes. They're stuck. But now
we have an energy shortage, and if there is
no gasoline everyone will be stuck - es-
pecially in areas like Los Angeles.
The world situation has changed so that
the oil supply to the United States will
continues to be inadequate for the forsee-
able future. The rest of the world wants its
fair share and it will be years before
the United States has the capabilities to
produce more oil. Oil supplies are decreas-
ing, so that more ecologically destructive
methods will have to be used if people
insist on driving gasoline-powered cars.

the system along with Nixon

ON is forced out of of-
s not rejoice long - for
only be replaced by a
a Connally, or a Rocke-
a Kennedy or a Strauss,
though the government
a little cleaner nothing

SAM ERVIN said in all serious-
ness that Watergate was the
worst thing that has happened to
the United States since the Civil
War. While I support impeachment,
I think Ervin's statement is ridi-
The U.S. and its government has
been involved in far worse crimes
than Watergate. The Vietnam war
stands out as a blatant reminder
to us of U.S. actions which have
caused widespread death and de-
struction - all for the sake of pro-
tecting American investments
abroad, not to protect democracy
as we are told.
The U.S. intervention in Chile
which has created one of the most
fascistic governments in the world
is far greater a crime than bring
ling a burglary or even rigging an
election between two parties who
stand for capitalism, apple pie,
paternalism, and the status-quo.
CERTAINLY, the poverty, the
alienation, the lack of adequate
health care, housing, or jobs for
many Americans is criminal in a
land of such wealth and power.
Every worker killed as a result
of cutting corners on safety to
bring more profit to the employer,
every woman who has died from an
illegal abortion, every gay person
given shock treatment, every
black woman sterilized without her
consent is a reminder of what is
wrong with our society.
Watergate is just a drop in the
Certainly we must impeach Nix-
on. To let him continue in office
is to tell every politician in this
country to go right ahead ripping
us off.
Our organizing to demand Nix-

--y av u Litt 4t Ult1 :, 1U t 1
much will have changed.
People will still be jobless, home-
less, without adequate heastr care.
Our foods will still be fiLed with
poisons so the food comoanies can
make more money. Five percent
of the country will still ovn 60 per
cent of the wealth. Women and
blacks will still be semnd class
citizens. Gays will still be consid-
ered sick. Workers will still have
no control over their working con-
ditions. America will continue to
intervene in foreign countries (as
it has done under every Demccratic
and Republican administration
alike) - to protect American in-
NIXON WILL be gone, but the
country will still be fucked.
Let us organize to impeacn not
only Nixon but the whole god damn
system. It is not the individuals
in office who make the government
unresponsive - it is the govern-
ment structure itself and its yon-
trol by business and industry.
The Human Rights Party sup-
ports Nixon's impeachment. But it
also calls on Americans todr eect
both status quo parties and their
politicians and work for r e a 1
change - through third parties,
through women's liberation, black
liberation, gay liberation, work-
ers strikes around working condi-
tions - through any grass roots
organization fighting for more
equality, democracy and radical
America will not cbanga as long
as people here assume all we have
to do is get rid of the horrible Re-
publicans and put in some good
Democrats. The Democratic party
has never and will never be re-

the defeat of a pro-abortion plank
in the Democratic Party platform
- should win him the disgust of
the womens movement and the
The Democratic Party s dismis-
sal of Jean Westwood (McGovern's
choice to head the party) to be
replaced by oil millionaire Strauss
- a friend and political ally of
John Connally - only too clearly
shows the nation that the Demo-
cratic Party wants no more Mc-

Govern liberals, or liberals of any
OUR ONLY CHOICE, if we seek
radical change, is to build a third
party on the left composed of
workers, racial minorities, gays,
women and students.
It must uncompr:mismngly push
for redistribution of America s in-
come and wealth, community and
worker control of services such as
health care, child care, housing,

itransportation, education.
We must fight for an end to sex-
ism and racism.
We must fight for a system that
allows every person an opportun-
ity for full human development.
The Human Rights Party is such
a party, and it is committed to the
ONE economic system that stands
for equality, where the chance or
real human liberation is pos-
sible: Democratic Socialism.

U' administration divides and
conquers on the TF issue

(Editor's Note: The following article was written by
Sandy Silberstein and Doug Brown, members of the In-
formation Committee of the Organization of Teaching
DESPITE THE FACT that their economic demands
for this year had been met, well over 400 teaching
fellows from 32 departments met last Thursday anx-
ious to form a permanent organization and quick to
point out that the Administration's timing in granting
their demands (one day before the scheduled meet-
ing) had not put an end to their sense of solidarity.
The primary concern of some TFs was that the
administration might successfully be turning both
the faculty and other students against them.
Some students have been understandably disturbed
by recent assertions that over half of a supposed
S3.75 million tuition surplus has been used to accede
to economic demands of the Organization of Teach-
ing Fellows (OTF). Many teaching fellows are sus-
picious of this figure. In a time of play money and
bookkeeping tricks, the University has taken with one
hand and given with the other. The University's an-
nouncement that it has earmarked money taken from
students to meet commitments made to TFs last
spring, is a clear attempt to undermine student sup-
port for a decent and fair TF wage.
THE ISSUE AT hand is a grave one. We believe
it is legitimate to demand of the University not only

to those of students. Legitimate demands of all stu-
dents for an adequate accounting of the reasons for
tuition increase and for influence over the allocation
of these revenues can only be weakened if the Admin-
istration succeeds in alienating TF's from students.
THERE IS A SIMILAR respect in which teaching
fellows and faculty members have a common interest
which should not be ignored. The current administra-
tion plan for future payment of TF's who do not
quality for resident tuition status involves increasing
the allocations to departmental budgets for 'student
A clear danger is that under such a plan, the sums
available to departments would be the cause for
divisive in-fighting between graduate departments
and among teaching fellows. Such'a result would in-
volve both faculty and teaching fellows in unneces-
sary and unproductive strife, introducing unnatural
divisions among natural allies.
A further danger posed by the administration's pro-
posed renumeration via student aid' is that it Would
we1'ken the TF bargaining position as workers seeking
a fair wage, rather than as students seeking finan-
cial assistance. Only Friday, The Daily mistakenly
termed our cost of living increase a 'stipend hike'.,
OVER 400 TF's attended the mass meeting Thurs-
day, basically to express their scepticism and con-

y .
,, t " __ 1

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