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September 15, 1973 - Image 4

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1973-09-15

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I

i

off the record

Eighty-three years of editorial freedom
Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan

ITT

and

Chile:

Paranoia deja

1

vu

420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mi. 48104

News Phone: 764-0552

SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1973

Anybody steering the boat?

THE NIXON Administration's announce-
ment Thursday that it is consider-
'Ing a tax increase, veiled as changes in
the tax law itself, is a frank admission of
its failure to stem galloping price in-
creases.
The President himself said Monday
that the Administration "continues its
strong opposition to a tax increase." And
since last year government spokesper-
sons have maintained that a tax increase
is out of the question.
A tax rise is never popular, and that
the President could even tentatively re-
verse his position and call for such an in-
crease when his Administration's popular-
ity has fallen to an all-time low is an in-
dication of the crisis situation which ex-
ists.
REP. AL ULLMAN (D-Ore.), acting
chairman of the House Ways and
Means Committee, remarked that it
would be "impossible to get a tax sur-
charge through Congress at the present
time, when people's real incomes are go-
ing down because of inflation, even if you
disguise the increase with the promise of
a later refund."
President Nixon his thus placed his
popularity on an even more treacherous
limb with the announcement of a pos-
sible tax increase.
Only the gravity of the economic situ-
ation could force him to act in such a
manner, assuming that the proposed in-
crease is being seriously considered at all.
Melvin Laird, counselor to the Presi-
dent, said there are two changes in the
tax laws under consideration.
ONE IS AN across-the-board increase
that would be collected when the
economy was in an inflationary stage and
refunded when a recession occurred.
The other proposal would initiate a
variable investment credit for businesses,
giving firms a tax credit ranging from
four to 15-per cent on its machinery and
equipment expenditures depending on the
state of the economy.
The across-the-board increase, by
siphoning money out of consumers' poc-
ketbooks, would presumably dampen
price increases by lowering total consum-
er demand.
TODAY'S STAFF:
News: David Burhenn, Jack Krost, Cheryl
'Pilate, Ann Rauma, Charlie Stein
Editorial Page: Mornie Heyn, Zachary
Schiller, Eric Schoch
Arts Page: Diane Levick, Mara Shapiro
Photo Technician:,Steve Kagan
Photograph), Staff
DAVID MARGOLICK
Chief Photographer
KEN FINK.,......................Staff Photographer
THOMAS GOTTLIEB..............Staff Photographer
STEVE KAGAN...................Staff Photographer
KAREN KASMAUSKI ..............Staff Photographer
TERRY MCCARTHY............Staff Photographer
JOHN UPTON ...... .............. Staff Photographer

However, with several sources as au-
thoritative as the economist of the Manu-
facturers Hanover Trust Co. already pre-
dicting a recession by next year, a tax
increase could wind up precipitating such
a slowdown.
THE FLUCTUATING investment tax
credit which constitutes the second
part of possible tax law changes would,
at certain periods of time, more than
double the amount businesses currently
receive for plant and equipment expendi-
ture. The present system gives firms a
seven per cent credit on such expendi-
tures.
The overall tax proposals outlined by
Laird Thursday would be clearly unfair
to the public at a time when incomes,
contrary to the President's first State of
the Union message, are falling in real
terms.
But coming as they do after the Ad-
ministration has vigorously denied that a
tax increase would be necessary, they lead
to a question aptly put by Louis Schnei-
der, president of Jet Party Favors of
Stamford, Conn.: "Is there anybody steer-
ing the boat?"
Inadequate
THE UNUSUAL recent suggestion by a
federal appeals court urging special
Watergate prosecutor Archibald Cox and
President Nixon to sit down with their
lawyers and listen to the tapes of Presi-
dential conversations together has some
merit on the surface, but is basically a
poor idea.
It is not surprising that the judicial
system wishes to avoid a major consti-
tutional showdown with the executive
branch, but we believe that there are
serious drawbacks to such a compromise.
The President and Cox would meet in
secret and somehow determine which of
the tapes should be released to the grand
jury. No doubt Nixon and Cox would
themselves have to compromise as to
what would be released. Cox would likely
have to let the President keep some tapes
secret that the prosecutor might want
for his case. Thus some important infor-
mation might very well be kept from the
grand jury.
MORE IMPORTANTLY, such a compro-
mise would not settle the basic ques-
tion of Presidential confidentiality in-
volved. We cannot believe that the Presi-
dent can withhold information bearing
on a criminal case based on any argu-
ment of Presidential confidentiality.
A compromise such as the one sug-
gested would not clear the issue up to any
degree, leaving any President the freedom
to continue to pursue the same policy in
the future.
A compromise such as the one sug-
gested would not provide a satisfactory
resolution to the issues in the case.

'By TED STEIN
"Administration officials spe
of the day denying charges t
United States was involved in t
throw of Chile's President, Dr
dor Allende Gossens . . ."
-The N.Y
ZAP! THIS BOMBSHELL is bu
in the grayness that is the T
it is even more explosive for us
chaotic surge that swept Allende'
regime from o f f i c e. An Adm
spokesperson vehemently denies
involvement in the military c
nobody buys it.
Perhaps we don't bristle at th
fact lodged conveniently out of si
inside page of the newspaper. But
to be a good yardstick of how f
come with Watergate.
To fight the suspicion and para
the Watergate White House en
we have to take on such a deme
selves. We must assume, there
the CIA was involved in the Ch
heaval and that Administration
are covering it up.
THIS IS A WORKING premise
tedly, it is based on circumsta
dence. But with ITT payoffs, dir
The m
By BETH NISSEN
WELCOME BACK. Ann Arbor is
again absorbing the annual
iSeptember pilgrimage of students
from 10 to 10,000 miles away. The
masses arrived last week, disem-
barking from airport limousines,
cross-country buses and family sta-
tion wagons, unloading stereos,
heavily-chained bicycles and orange
crates of favorite albums.
Sleeping until noon and long sun-
hot hours to build a bronze body,
or 8-to-5 hours with regular pay-
checks are forgotten in the almost-
late 8 a.m. walk across the Diag,
the 6 p.m. wait for the North
Campus biis, and the first 40-page
reserved assignment at the UGLI.
For those who are now returning
to Ann Arbor for the first time
since their relieved post-final exam
exodus last May, Ann Arbor is re-
assuringly - or, depending on your
attitude, unfortunately - t h e
same.
The Diag still reigns as the Uni-
versity campus center of pamphlet-
ing, dealing, and religious prophet-
eering. Frisbee addicts perform
nightly aerial shows, and Ann Ar-
bor's prolific population of prom-
iscuous canines play in Diag sha-
dows.
THE UNDERGRADUATE Lib-

illegal campaign contributions and a secret
nt most war (or two) behind us, it is a posture we
hat the have been forced into accepting.
be over- The specific background for the charge
Salva- of U.S. complicity is rooted in the "Chile
papers" published by syndicated columnist
. Times Jack Anderson in March, 1972. They con-
Sept. 13 vincingly show how the Nixon Administra-
ried deep tion and the International Telephone and
imes. But Telegraph Corporation-which has $200dmil-
than the lion in Chile holdings-had conspired to
s Marxist topple the newly-elected Allende regime.
consider the following;
Ministration
American Item: William Merriam, vice president
oup. And in charge of ITT's Washington office, writes
a company director describing a meeting
is simple he has with a Central Intelligence Agency
ght on an source. He says he is "still very very pes-
t it seems simistic about defeating Allende" but that
far we've "approaches continue to be made to select
members of the armed forces in an attempt
anoia that to have them lead some sort of uprising-
gendered, no success to date." Meanwhile, "prac-
oanor our- tically no progress has been made in try-
fore, that ing to get American business to co-operate
ilean up- in some way so as to bring on economic
officials chaos," Merriam says.
ITEM: THE VICE president of ITT in
e. Admit- New York, E.J. Gerrity, writes Harold
ntial evi- Geneen, ITT president, that the White
'ty tricks, House has been told ITT is prepared to

assist financially in sums up to a million
dollars to block Allende's inauguration on
Nov. 3, 1970; and,
Item: Two ITT flacks in Santiago write
Gerrity that on Sept. 15, 1970, U.S. Ambas-
sador to Chile Edward Korry had "finally
received a message from the State Depart-
ment giving him the green light to move
in the name of President Nixon." "The
message gave him maximum authority to
do all possible-short. of a Dominican Re-
public-type action-to keep Allende from
taking power," they continued.
The sense of deja vu is overpowering. If
only one slogan remains from the Water-
gate mess for posterity, it might very
well be ". . . in the name of President
Nixon."
SMALL WONDER THE press was in-
credulous when word got out that Nixon
knew about the coup in advance. At first,
official spokespersons only admitted that
U.S. warships headed for Chile to engage
in maneuvers with the Chilean navy had
been warned of the coup. That pronounce-
ment came from the Defense Department's
Jerry Friedheim, the manswho repeatedly
lied about our secret war in Cambodia.
Yesterday, rumors that the Nixon Ad-
ministration had known about the coup
were confirmed. But official sources said

that the President had taken no position
.on the outcome.
How can we believe this without proof?
The authenticitybofthe Anderson-Chile pa-
pers has not been disputed. And the situa-
tion ITT agitated for has occurred-the
military did take over, and economic chaos,
perhaps, proved to be the prime reason for
the downfall,
MOREOVER, THE CLOUT ITT has with
the Nixon Administration, as well as Ge-
neen' s penchant for doing a little foreign
policy of his own on the side, is well docu-
mented, And to assume that the CIA
calmly stood by while knowing all along
of an impending coup does stretch the
imagination.
Perhaps Jack Anderson will come along
now with another memorandum, this time
pinning the, coup on the CIA-ITT coalition.
This would certainly produce the kind of
thorough Congressional investigation into
the matter that Rep. John Moakley (D-
Mass.) proposed Wednesday. k
But more than likely, we'll only end up
with more suspicions that our government
lies through its teeth. And we seem to have
enough of those already.
Ted Stein is executive editor of The Daily.
More.:.

4

I

'J

ire

thitngs change,

the

rary still employs the suspicious
old man who frisks students and
paws knapsacks and U-Cellar book-
bags for smuggled resources. The
registration lines are longer, tui-
tion higher, and the procedures
still as frustrating for those hapless
students who must run the drop-
add gauntlet.
For those who are here for the
first time, the University is an un-
known; their sole contact with the
Big U has been Orientation, where
hours were spent trooping along in
a style reminiscent of a third-
grade class field trip as a strain-
ed-voice leader explained' the in-
tricacies ofthe Angell-Mason-Hav-
en Halls maze. And as much time
was spent on the lawn of the
Health Service discussing alterna-
tive methods of birth control as in
preparing a first semester schedule
of lectures and discussion sections
with a minimum of 8 o'clocks.
To those who are approaching a
first University experience with in-
ner anxiety despite a confident ex-
terior, remember that you are not
the first to feel frustrated or for-
gotten in the crowd. There is some
comfort in knowing that the person
in front of you in the dorm meal
line has felt it, too.
AND WHILE the University is
still more massive machine than

guiding friend, there are more hu-
man aspects this year than last.
Dialing 76-GUIDE can link you with
advice, information or a friendly
ear, and the new LSA Check-Point
system is a well-organized untang-
ler of LSA academic confusion.
For many, this year will be de-
cisive in preparing for a life's
work. And many will decide there
are better ways to life's goals than
through University graduation re-
quirements. Many will start ano-
ther semester with no long-range
purpose: this will be a cause for
inner re-evaluation in some, a
source of frustration for others,
and of little concern to the rest.
Some aretstarting with optimistic
energy, others calling on reserve
strength after an exhaustive sum-
mer.
It all starts again this week-
reunion with last year's friends,
buying used books, standing in line
for a better stadium seat than you
had last year, searching for a mis-
placed meal ticket, and dusting off
the yellow plastic card that carries
your University identity in 10 digits.
Welcome back to Michigan's most
illustrious mental institution.
Beth Nissen is a student at the
Universi/y.

t

Daily Photo by DAVID MARGOLICK

Letters: Open hearings on

Chile asked

. #PAT

I. JUS1T' VEAMED -1NE ELLS IlZ LtARS ~oiE IN
AND SToLE IMY 1tAPE ... ! '

i
i

To The Daily: ,
THE UNDERSIGNED represent
a broad constituency of citizens of
Washtenaw County who are con-
cerned that there may have been
active United States -government
involvement in the overthrow of
the duly elected government of
Chile.
Our suspicions are specifically
based on the past activities of ITT
and the CIA in Chile, the recent
exposures of the massive secret
U.S. intervention in Cambodia as
well as the hostility of the execu-
tive branch of the U.S. government
towards the Allende administra-
tion in Chile. In light of this we
feel that the U.S. Senate Foreign
Relations Committee should im-
mediately hold a public investiga-
tion to examine any possible overt
and/or covert encouragement or
assistance or actual participation
in the overthrow of the government
of Chile by any U.S. government
agency or operative. (Titles f o r
identification only.)
-Richard Levy, University teach-
ing Assistant; Bruce Cameron,
Executive Committee, Washte-
naw County Democratic Party;
Allen Whiting, University pro-
fessor; Gary Owen, state repre-
sentative, 22nd District; BIllI
Brodhard, state representative;
Jerry DeGrieck, Ann Arbor City
Council; Carol Jones, Ann Arbor
City Council; Norris Thomas, Ann
Arbor City Council; Susan Lind-
say, Ypsilanti City C o u n c ii;
Elizabeth Taylor, county com-
missioner; Ray Shoultz, coun-
ty commissioner; L. Allen Toth,
county commissioner; Robert
Guengel, Washtenaw county cor-
poration counsel; James Watt,
County Commissioner Div. 8; Vi-
vian Shaner, Mich. Women's Pol-
itical Caucus, vice chair; Ethel
Howard, vice chair, VAW C.A.P.;
Meri Lou Murray, county com-
missioner; Suzanne Freund,
Wasltenaw County Commission,
vice chair; John Reuther, Legis-
lative Review Co-ordinator, Ford
Motor Co.: Kenneth Langton.

revolution, such as that in Chile,
when in the past, The Daily has of-
ten been sympathetic to the idea
of overthrowing an unpopular gov-
ernment, namely the American
government.
The editorial in point notes that
the popularity of President Al-
lende's government had risen from
36 to 43 per cent. Yet, this still
left 57 per cent opposed to his ad-
ministration. Furthermore, h i s
presidential victory came about
only because the two major parties
split the vote, allowing him to slide
to power with 36 per cent.
(In Ann Arbor, we saw the Re-
publicans take over city hall in a
similar way. And I'm sure there
are many people in this city who
wouldn't mind a takeover of the
city administration by the liberals.)
That the poor benefitted f r o m
Allende's "social revolution" can-
not be denied. However, their gains
came at the loss of the majority of
the population, which didn't j u s t
include the capitalist corporations,
but the entire middle class. While
the middle class probably wasn't
opposed to the bringing together of
the lower and upper classes, they
were scared by what they felt to
be a lowering of the middle, rath-
er than the lifting of the lower.
Dissension in Chile was found in
both the extreme right and left, as
well as the middle. Meanwhile, the
economy worsened, according to
the Detroit Free Press, with "the
world's Worst inflation, production
declines, crop failures, political dis-
tribution Hof foodstuffs, acute short-
ages."
The Daily easily exuses this,
blaming it on "the reactions of
businessmen and landowners . .."
The truckowners'strike wa not
one by the rich capitalists; 50,000
truck owners, mostly middle class,
participated in a strike supported
by the middle class.
How can The Daily condemn le-
gal methods of protests (strikes)?
Doesn't The Daily feel that a frus-
trated majority of a country should
have znm, C ra t i t+ ; c nca

eration via the revolution m a y
actually strengthen democracy in
Chile over the long run.
I suppose whether this is desir-
able or not depends on whether one
prefers socialism or democracy.
Regardless, it is grossly unfair to
impose the will of the minority on
the majority. Frustrations grow,
and the tendency to rebel is
strengthened. If not the coup, then
a civil war may have broken out.
Was either desirable?
-Martin Stern, '73
Sept. 13
bail
To The Daily:
I AM A FORMER student at the
University, the third president of
the Black Action Movement, and
also one of the Black Action Move-
ment (BAM) strike leaders.
Many sacrifices were made to
win our demands; these were try-
ing times. Students were arrested
and threatened; one Black w a s
thrown to -the sidewalk, and would
have been beaten by a policeman
had not his partner stopped him.
Many Whites were supportive of
our efforts to gain and maintain
rights of Blacks at the University,
rights for future students. We
learned and used legal, practical
techniques. I am pleased to have
worked with all the people involv-
ed in the strike.
Later, I left Ann Arbor and
moved to Mississippi where much
freedom-fighting work is needed.
The black community asked me to
work with them. After some neces-
sary legal work was done, white
law officials of the state felt I was
a threat to their passive black
community.
For this reason, they conspired
to bring false charges against me.
I was quickly and quietly tried,
convicted in 15 minutes of jury
deliberation, and sentenced to five
years in Milan Federal Prison,
Milan, Michigan.
Since there was no preliminary
hearing, my attorney has asked for
an appeal. In the meantime, I have

responsibility-
To The Daily:
THE WRITER of your editorial
on "Women and Grad School" was
quick to transfer to the University
responsibility for encouraging wo-
men to enter graduatereducation.
The task is one we cheerfully ac-
cept, although it is large and im-
portant enough that no one need
feel it belongs only to someone
else.
A year ago the Graduate School,
with strong support from the fa-
culty and administration, estab-
lished a special committee on wo-
men in graduate education. This
group was asked to see why wo-
men still may not enjoy equal ac-
cess to graduate education and to
say what the University, the Grad-
uate School, and the graduate de-
partments and programs might do
to assure equal access.
The committee saw very quickly
the importance of the sort of mo-
tivational factors which your edi-
torial cited from the Educational
Testing Service study. It found,
closer to home, that women apply-
ing for admission are accepted at
a higher rate than men in all four
of our graduate divisions - the
biological and health sciences, the
physical sciences and engineering,
the social sciences and education,
and the humanities and arts. But
this advantage is immediately can-
celled by the lower rate at which
women accept admission and ac-
tually enroll in our graduate pro-
grams. What is more, there is a
marked further attrition of women
at each of two later thresholds to
an academic career - the entry
into doctoral-level studies and the
entry into a first teaching posi-
tion.
The committee felt we are unlike-
ly to make much headway until we
understand more of what is behind
the drop-out of women at each of
these entry ways. For this reason
they have mounted special studies
of recruitment and admission, of
the movement from master's to
doctoral-level work, and of the

dent Fleming, following his re-
marks in The Daily, Sept. 6, 1973,
in which he stated, "We like to
think we stress honesty, virtue and
integrity, but we see over and over
again people doing things that are
very distressing."
We agree. Seeing over and over
again (sic.) discrimination against
minorities and women is indeed
distressing. For instance, Fleming
says that salary equity has n o t
proved to be a problem for minor-
ity employees. On what grounds
does he base his peace of mind on
this matter? Fleming further states
that complaints about discrimina-
tory wages for women can be pro-
cessed only "as we become aware
of them". Unfortunately, when
made aware the U. typically re-
sponds with agonizingly slow pro-
cessing as well as vindictive treat-
ment of the individuals who made
them. Significantly, when discrim-
ination cases are won by the com-
plainent, the U. never admits to
sex discrimination but only claims
that an error has been made.
Fleming claims that you. won't
find women or minorities qualified
in some areas, which presumably
limits their full employment by the
U. This may be true for some
areas, however, the University has
a responsibility to- offer release
time and training programs for up-
grading academic employees (see
Higher Education Guidelines, Exe-
cutive Order 11246 - H.E.W.). When
is this going to be done? What
about the many women who were
considered unqualified to work or
be promoted at the University of
Michigan and who are now teach-
ing at major institutions here and
abroad? Fleming further states
that a "reduced job market" is
hampering efforts towards e q u a 1
employment. A reduced job market
is a poor, excuse for lack of ef-
fective search procedures to find
qualified women and for blatently
discriminatory employment and
promotion practices.
Finally, Fleming states that if
"we maintain the prestige of the

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