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February 19, 1975 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1975-02-19

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

_ -

gte AWid$tan DaU
Eighty-four years of editorial freedom
Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan

White on black
Amer

ica's past

alive

in Boston

Wednesday, February 19, 1975

News Phone: 764-0552

420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mi. 48104

Regent accounts won't wash

IN KEEPING WITH their past be-
havior regarding disclosures,
University administrators have once
again put up a smokescreen and re-
fused to release itemized accounts of
regental expenses.
Although total figures for each Re-
gent were revealed, no individual
vouchers were made public and con-
sequently, it is impossible to deter-
mine if the expense accounts were
the padded with non-essential items,
or in fact, represented justifiable
costs.
During 1974, the board spent a to-
tal of $15,774 in taxpayer money for
a variety of expenses, which are iden-
tified as either "transportation,"
"lodging," or "meals." The biggest in-
dividual spender was Gertrude Hueb-
ner (R-Bloomfield Hills) who retired
in January. Her expenses totaled
$4,312 - the bulk of which consisted
of a $3,150 bill for a driver to trans-
port her between Ann, Arbor and
Bloomfield Hills.
ACCORDING TO HUEBNER, she
needed a chauffeur because "I
don't like driving a car and I'm a
rotten driver." She said that her
membership in several campus organ-
izations in addition to her board du-
ties, necessitated frequent trips to
Ann Arbor.
James Waters (D-Muskegon) and

Paul Brown (D-Petoskey) were the
next highest spenders, claiming ex-
penses of $2,653 and $1,720 respec-
tively. The remaining Regents, with
the exception of Dean Baker (R-Ann
Arbor) who did not bill the Univer-
sity for any individual expenses, all
claimed expenses for varying amounts
under $800.
While the Regent's expenses may
have been wholly justified and above-
board, it is impossible to tell from
the information released by the Uni-
versity. The lump sum figures were
too vague to be of much value and
no individual vouchers were released.
In addition, according to University
Secretary Richard Kennedy, the ex-
pense claims are not audited - a sit-
uation which could. lead to padding
of accounts.
INFORMATION RELEASED earlier
this month revealed that Michi-
gan State University trustees included
such items as out-of-state football
games, travel junkets for spouses
and other frivolous items on their
expenses accounts.
Although this wasteful use of tax-
payer money may not have taken
place at the University, no one can
be assured of this until the Univer-
sity makes a full and complete dis-
closure of all regental expenses and
releases vouchers for each individual
item.

"Bus! That term! Now it's a leash violence
scare word rather than a ve- by last fall's
hicle for carrying kids with stonings. The
freckles through the moun- left Phase One
tains of New Hampshire. If we ::::
don't bus them across the city,
we could shoot them across "The
like projectiles.
-Jonathan Kozol, author of means p0
Death at an Early Age and tion. Caug
speaker at the National Stu-
dent Conference Against Ra- the cross,
cism. tional let
By BILL HEENAN courts, ani
LOOMING ABOVE THE com- constituen
pact rows of brick flats usetts and.
which recede toward frozen
arms of Massachusetts Bay is ticians ar(
South Boston High School. the path o)
Spray painted "Never" and
"KKK" adorn the building's ance - ina
rampart - like walls, testimony ,a. m
to the bitter struggle against
court-ordered bussing. Judge W. Arth
If nothing else, the pro- and segregation pt
antibussing forces in The Hub and the educati
agree on one point: winter has 18,000 schoolc
cooled tempers for the mom- tion.
ent, but spring's thaws will un- While public
Police crack
By STEPHEN HERSH
AT THE END of last semester I was involved
in a somewhat bizarre circumstance involving
the use of marijuana (a controlled substance).
I don't know exactly what lesson is to be learn-
ed from my experience, whether it should rein-
force or undermine the predominant fearless-
ness in this city surrounding the use of pot.
But let me share the experience with you, so
that you can draw your own conclusions from
it.
Last semester I attended a party celebrating
the completion of finals. The partiers stuffed
themselves with ham, rolled cabbage, coleslaw,
green beans, beer, and cheese. They also smoked
pot.
After the get-together had congealed into sev-
eral clusters of conversers, two people climbed
out onto a window ledge and began throwing
snowballs at passing cars. They couldn't h i t
anything.
While they were throwing their snowballs, I.
was walking around from group to group, unable
to inveigle my way into an interesting conversa-
tion. But when I spotted the snowball throwers,
and, thinking that what they were doing looked

winter lull
litical. mnac-
ght between
fire of na-
raders, t h e
d their own
is, Massach-
Boston poli-
e following
f least resist-
ction."
hur Garrity's de-
an in shambles
ional fate of some
children 'in ques-
attention focused

unparalleled even
s stabbings and
autumn upheaval
of District Court

on President Ford's oil tariff
plan and the Elden abortion
trial, undercurrents of violence
threatened to hasten that thaw
last weekend:
-Last Thursday, police broke
up a brawl between fifty Hyde
Park High School students.
Meanwhile, a Roxbury High
School pupil and his mother
were arrested for allegedly
kicking a police officer.
-ON FRIDAY, fifty Hyde
Park students forced their bus
driver to chauffeur them to
McDonalds. Also that day the
BostonSchool Committee ap-
proved issuing high school stu-
dents ID cards.
-Saturday saw area anti-
bussing groups shout down
their senator (Edward Kenne-
dy) at an airline fares hearing.
-Last Sunday, riot-equipped
police prevented fifty college
student picketers from boarding
buses bound for antibussing
leader Louise Hicks' residence,
where 430 of her supporters lie
in wait.

Beantown bigotry prevails

ONCE CONSIDERED the nation's
center of intellectual enlighten-
ment, Boston can no longer lay claim
to that title. If the raging confronta-
tion over busing has not completely
corroded that sterling reputation, last
weekend's conviction of a Boston doc-
tor on manslaughter charges in con-
nection with an abortion he perform-
ed certainly did.
On Saturday a dozen Bostonians-
nine men and three women - found
Dr. Kenneth Edelin guilty of killing
a fetusnafter he completed a legal
abortion.
The prosecution argued and the
jury agreed that the six-month fetus
would have survived outside the
mother's body had the doctor acted
in a competent, thorough manner.
IN ESSENCE, the jury's decision
casts a dark cloud over doctors
who now perform abortions - they
may be held accountable for the
"life" of the fetus. The Boston jury
arbitrarily decided that the fetus
aborted by Edelin did indeed consti-
TODAY'S STAFF:
News: Dan Blugerman, Stephen
Hersh, Jay Levin, Cheryl Pilate,
Cathy Reutter, Sara Rimer, J e f f
Sorenson, Wendy Stalo, Nathalie
Walker
Editorial Page: Alan Gitles, Paul Has-
kins, Debra Hurwitz, Karen O'Con-
nell, Cheryl Pilate, Steve Stojic
Arts Page: George Lobsenz
Photo Technician: Sue Shiner

tute human life.
But what seemed to sway the jur-
ors was a grisly picture of the fetus
introduced in the case by Prosecutor
Newman Flanagan.
Although the conviction will be
appealed, it still represents a grave
step backward in the fight to insure
women the right to control their own
bodies and the freedom to have safe,
legal abortions on request.
JUSTIFIABLY, THE decision has
elicited a strong, angry outcry
from the medical profession and
other groups.
Nonetheless, it has re-opened the
entire abortion controversy touching
the sensitive, murkey issues of medi-
cal ethic, personal freedom, and life
itself.
The necessity for doctors to per-
form abortions without fear of legal
prosecution and the innocence of
Edelin cannot be too strongly empha-
sized.
As he himself said after the ver-
dict was in: "I did nothing which
was illegal, immoral or bad medical
practice. Everything I did was in ac-
cordance with law and with good
medical practice."
Unfortunately a few short-sighted
people have made the doctor a mar-
tyr to cause which should no longer
demand such sacrifices and which
should be accepted by any clear-
thinking person.

"One of them pointed at me
and said, "That's the one," and
a goodly-sized county cop ap-
proached me, took hold of my
bicep, gently but firmly pushed
me against a wall, and pushed
the lens of his flashlight against
my chest."
like fun, I joined them.
WE COULDN'T hit anything. After five min-
utes the others gave up and climbed back
through the window. But I wouldn't budge with-
out scoring, and soon my perseverence was re-
warded. I struck the hood of a little orange
BMW.
About ten minutes later there was a knock
at the front door. Someone said, "Come in," and
the door opened. Five uniformed officers enter-
ed.
One of them pointed at me and said, "That's
the one," and a goodly-sized county cop ap-
proached me, took hold of my biceps, gently but
firmly pushed me against a wall, and pushed the
lens of his flashlight against my chest.
In a Dragnetesque voice he asked me, "Did
you throw snowballs out the window? Were
you the one?"
I thought, "Can snowball throwing be against
the law? If it is, and if I don't cooperate with
them, maybe they'll throw the book at me
and bust me for conspiracy to throw snow-
balls. Well, if they try to do that I'll fight
it to the Supreme Court.
"BUT THEY haven't informed me of my
rights," I further ratiocinated. "If I say yes

snowt ball ri~ng
they can't hold it against me."
So I said, "Yes, it was me."
The cop moved on to the next room, because
he detected the smell of pot diffusing from there.
He rounded up a bag of weed, some pipes, and
a couple of grams of hash.
A policewoman then approached me and ask-
ed, "were you aware that it's a violation of
state and local ordinances to throw snowballs
in this city?"
"No," I replied.
She asked me my name and address, and
although I was tempted to identify myself as
Joseph K., I answered truthfully.
When she had collected all the other partiers'
names, she radioed them in to headquarters.
Luckily, no one at the party had been on the
wanted list. But it was fortunate that the two
other snowball throwers were upstairs in the
attic at the time of the bust, exploring, as one
of them had previously been arested for selling
ice cream without a license.
DURING THE past summer a friend of his
who drove an ice cream truck decided one day
not to work, and asked the snowball thrower
if he wanted to work the truck. The snowballer
said okay.
Later that day, a policeman, suspicious of the
new salesman in the neighborhood, asked to see
his license. He didn't have one, so the cop
hauled him downtown and he was thrown into
jail.
After he had been in his cell for a few
hours, the cops decided to let him go. Since
charges weren't pressed, there shouldn't have
been any record of his arrest.
But with Sy Hersh's recent CIA revelations,
it doesn't seem too far-fetched to imagine that
his name and crime may have been on a secret
list somewhere.
If his name had been radioed in identifying
him as a snowball offender, the cops may
have figured, "Hmm, he has a history of of-
fenses relation to frozen matter. Maybe he needs
some rehabilitation."
THE COPS left with the dope, telling us that
they had been lenient in not hauling us all in
for being present where weed was being smoked.
On his way out, one of the cops wagged his
finger at me and noted, "None of this would have
happened if you hadn't thrown those snowballs."
Fortunately for my sanity, nobody at the
party held it against me.
No one should be arrested for using or deal-
ing in marijuana, and no one should have their
marijuana confiscated by the police. But it's for-
tunate that the vast majority of people who have
run-ins here with the man over pot are only
thrust into surreal predicaments, while in other
parts of the country, they could be thrown head
first into the legal system.
Now maybe somebody should work on making
snowball throwing an offense punishable by only
a five dollar fine. At least for amounts of snow
under a pound.
Stephen Hersh is a staff writer who moon-
lights as a snowballer.

"It's frightening," remarks
Mary, a housewvife who lives
across the street from Southie
High: "The hatred is not as
rabid as before, but this cold
is just a breathing spell." Her
children attend a parochial
school.
Kim O'Brien, a white bus
driver, who claims the South
Boston High track team assault-
ed him as he tried to prevent
their catcalls in a black neigh-
borhood, is equally pessimis-
tic:
"Louise May Hicks (leader of
Return Our Alienated Rights,
an umbrella group for Boston's
bussing foes) is beginning to
lose control of the racist mobs
-they're gonna be out for
blood," he warns. As a political
hot potato, O'Brien lost his
job after the incident.
YOU'LL SEE a great white
flight from Boston because
we're stuck with a judge (Gar-
rity) who won't be content until
all Boston is black," explains
Hicks. Seeing no light at the
end of the bussing tunnel, she
is organizing a march on Wash-
ington March 18 to demand a
constitutional amendment pro-
hibiting forced busing.
The winter lull means politi-
cal inaction. Caught between the
crossfire of national leaders,
the courts, and their own con-
stituents, Massachusetts and
Boston politicians are follow-
ing the path of least resistance
-inaction.
President Ford and American
Federation of Teachers Presi-
dent Albert Shankar have con-
demned the court-ordered buss-
ing plan, thus co-opting local
efforts to enforce it.
On the other hand, Governor
Michael Dukakis is preoccupied
with the latecoming 1976 fiscal
budget while Boston Mayor Kev-
in White must raise ten million
more to finance this year's buss-
ing program.
THEY ARE FACED with a
choice between inaction and
alienating a large segment of
the electorate.
The school children bear the
brunt of such inaction. The
lucky ones are attend over-
crowded parochial schools.
The less fortunate attend
"free" neighborhood schools of
dubious quality or kill time in
the stagnant public schools. Ac-
cording to the Associated Press,
400 whites and 130 blacks trick-
le into Southie High facilities
intended for 1500 pupils. On
"bad" days, the police guards
outnumber students, AP says.
Boston School Superintendent
William Leary warns that the
city may be forced to shut
schools beforesJune unless the
mayor can raise $10 million to
cover the cost of this year's
bussing.
Cynthia Wade, a black stu-
dent leader at South Boston
High sees a hopeless situation:
"We have no books to work
with, no lockers, and we eat
lunch in a dirty basement,"
she complains.
BUT MARY STRESSES -

and many South Boston parents
agree - community ties are
more important than quality of
education:
"They(students) really love
Southie, even if the pipes leak."
Boston's school authorities
sympathize with their chil-
dren's plight,, but as long as
the bussing issue divides them,
they can offer little help.
"Segregation withstanding,
the whole school system rots,"
admits Steve Glickel of the Bos-
ton Teachers Union.
As if things were not tense
enough, Judge Garrity's 1965
desegregation ruling provides
for a second phase - involv-
ing 30,000 pupils - to be im-
plemented next fall. Yet a four-
man committee appointed by
Mayor White remains undecid-
ed on how to enforce the rul-
ing. A plan must be presented
to the district court by April
15.
Thomas Atkins, pres-
ident of the Boston
NAACP stressed t h a t
busing must continue:
"We must get at the

little racists in

schools before they be-
come big racists."
The mosttattractive strategy
to date is the "magnet plan"
submitted by the Boston School
Committee. The plan is based
on the academic attractiveness
of 60 "magnet" schools located
in black neighborhoods. Stu-
dents, however, would only be
required to attend once a week
if they attended a racially iso-
lated school.
YET EDWARD McCormick, a
committee member and former
state attorney general, argues
the School Committee proposal
is too similar to those already
rejected by the U. S. Supreme
Court and will be dumped by the
mayor's committee.
Where is Boston going? Sev-
eral speakers at the Student
Conference Against Racism
(held at Boston University last
weekend) expressed t h e i r
views: Rev. Vernon Carter, pas-
tor of the All Saints Lutheran
Church depicted the city as a
"hunched over, drooling Nean-
derthal Man:"
"This city isn't going any-
where until Caucasians cease
pseudo - scientifically classify-
ing blacks into inferior cate-
gories."
Thomas Atkins, president of
the Boston NAACP stressed
that busing must continue: "We
must get at the little racists in
the schools before they become
big racists."
Bill Heenan is an LSA senior
who tutors at the Kingston
Center in Ypsilanti.

the

* y I 1;
.. I-M N
1~
Jf~iLNot
~I V L E

i

Letters

to*

Th

defense
To The Daily:
NOW THAT the strike is rn,
there will be many classro m
buildings with picket lines
around them. GEO hopes teat
both students and faculty, real-
izing the validity of the unioni's
grievances, will choose to hoi-
or those picket lines. Students
in particular may become the
target of certain kinds of aca-
demic reprisals, such as the
intentional scheduling of tests
during the strike or other acts
designed to force them to cross
picket lines.
GEO views this essentially as
an issue of academic freedom.
Each member of the University
should be allowed to make a
personal evaluation of tha legi-
tim a the G1n ni';+ mp,-

tions, than it would be justif-
iable for GEO mem'ers to give
blanket A's to students w h o
choose to support the strik:.
Specifically, we b?!eve it is
improper for instructors to re-
quire attendance at classes, or
to hold exams wiea't making
arrangements for students who
feel unable to attend. The situa-
tion is very much like that iac-
ing a faculty members w i t h
unpopular political or religious
views. They should n)- be pen-
alized in the academic commun-
ity where such high values are
placed on freedom of opimon.
Exams held during the strike
should include proviions for
make-ups after the strike, take-
homesubstitutes, or other mea-
sures, and no student who fails
to appear in class during the

will discuss the rniatter with
faculty members anA try to
make them aware of tnt prob-
lem. If this matter fails, a
member of the Defense Com-
mittee will bring the isoue .o the
attention of the approtriate de-
partment chairperson or u r i t
head. Finally, the Defens Com-
mittee maintains close working
relationships with the Organ;.-
ing Committee (pu'lishers of
the Picket Line) and we will use
all publicity channels available
to publicize the details of the
conflict and the ensuing nego-
tiations to the entire academc
community.
We anticiate that no mem-
ber of the University of Micoi-
gan staff will wish to be widely
identified with a break of the
principle of academic freedom.

Daily
uation concerning the GEO
strike. Motions directing t h e
board to get information from
both sides so all members could
make wise choices, and to issue
a policy statement concerning
the strike both failed for lack
of a second. However, during
the whole meeting it was stated
that the Rackham Graduate
School does represent the grad-
uate student body.
Rackham Student Govern-
ment has two student members
on the board. They are allowed
to issue agenda items, and con-
tribute to the perspectives ex-
pressed at the meetings, but
the student members are not
allowed to vote. Hence it was
not even possible for them to f
second the motion made by a
faculty member. How then does

gays
To The Daily:
ACADEMICS come out now!
The Ann Arbor Gay Academic
Union (GAU) urges all gay fa-
culty members and graduate
employees to unite behind
GEO's demand for inclusion of
sexual preference in the non-
discrimination clause of its
contract.
GEO was found and develop-
ed with the active participation
of Gays and Feminists at every
level. Take- pride in your vay-
ness. Protect your rights. Pro-
mote Gay Studies. Participate in
the Gay Academic Union Mid-
west Spring Conference, A call
to action, to be held at Rack-
ham on March 7, 8, 9.

" F- t MOA

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