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February 19, 1975 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1975-02-19

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Wednesday, February 19, 1975

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Page Three

Wedesdy, ebrary19,197 TH MIHIGN DIL

Court rules Nixon
exceeded authority

Italian court rules
some abortions legal

WASHINGTON (P) - Ruling
for the first time on the im-
poundment issue, the Supreme
Court declared yesterday that
former President Richard Nixon
exceeded his authority in with-
holding pollution control funds.
The decision was one of six
handed down by the high court
.withonly seven of its members
on the bench.
JUSTICE WILLIAM Douglas
wrote solitary dissents in three
of the cases, despite his ab-

sence due to a stroke. Doug-
las has been doing court work
in a hospital room.
Justice Thurgood Marshall,
hospitalized with pneumonia,
was the author of two of the
opinions.
In one of the decisions writ-
ten by Marshall, the justices
ruled 8 to 1 that employes may
not go outside union channels
to bargain with employers over
alleged racial discrimination.
Douglas said the decision made

Ethiopia besieged
ADDIS ABABA OP) - Secessionist guerrillas armed with
machine guns and rockets attacked military positions last night
in Asmara,stunning the provincial capital with the stiffest fight-
ing in eight days.
Some observers suggested that the assaults, which continued
for more than three hours, were the guerrillas' response to gov-
ernment rallies in Addis Ababa called to oppose independence for
Eritrea province.
RESIDENTS IN Asmara said heavy fighting erupted about
8 p.m., two hours after the curfew had cleared the city's streets
of civilians. They reported guerrilla bands with about two dozen
men in each made repeated attacks, with red tracer bullets
criss-crossing the night air.
Battles swirled around the airport, navy headquarters next
to the U. S. consulate, a hilltop artillery center and the army's
second division command post that formerly was an American
military communications base, they said.
Fighting tapered off near midnight, but civilians in the city
of 200,000 feared another wave of battles, with both the guer-
rillas and government units reinforced and preparing for a
showdown.
Reports from Asmara said Ethiopian warplanes bombed
guerrilla bases again near the Red Sea port of Massawa. Relia-
ble sources said 30 insurgents surrendered in Massawa, which
has been free of guerrilla activity so far. Northern Eritrea pro-
vince offers Ethiopia its only outlet to the Red Sea, and this is
one reason the countrv's military rulers are adamantly opposed
to the 12-year struggle for independence by predominatly Mos-
lem secessionists in Eritrea.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULIETIN
,.e. M -0 S S:S: a tija tt . .:-::-- I
Wednesday, 1~ebruary 19 ing Type and the Philosophy Be-
Day Calendar hind It," Aud. D. Angell, 7:30 pm.
WUOM: Panel discussion, "Future Res. College: Poetry reading, An-
Energy Systems: What Form?" with selm Holo, 126 E. Quad, 8 pm.
Mark Enns, Coll. of eng., Peter Op- Music School: Concert Band, Hill
permann, Coll, of Arch. & Urban Aud., 8 pm; DMA piano series, Les-
Planning, & Peter van Dresser, dir., lie Wright, Recital hall, 8 pm.
low energy commune in Arizona, Career Planning & Placement
9:55 am. 3200 SAB, 764-7460
CCS: Dr. J. Erickson, "Multi- Summer Research Positions,
Spectral Surveys of Earth Re- $860-$960/mo for new grad. & grad.
sources," 2050 Frieze Bldg., 10 am. students in physical and environ-
ISMRRD: C. Kornetsky, "Medica- mental sciences, math, & engineer-
tion and Control of Behavior;" J. ing with Oak Ridge National La-
Valk, "Neuroradiology and Learning boratory. Deadline March 1. Write
Disabilities," 130 S .1st St., 2:30-5 Calvin Lamb, P. O. Box X, Office of
pm. Professional & University Relations,
Resource Pol., Nat. Resources: Oakridge, Tenn 37830.
Donald Michael, "The Club of Rome Fellowships for grad. study in
Perspective and Some Implications," Public Affairs at U. of Texas for
1040 Nat. Res., 3 pm. students in any major interested
Herbarium: L. Anderson, Duke in public policy study & research
U., "Sex Chromosomes in Moses," leading to public service career.
1139 Nat. S., 4 pm. Write Lyndon Johnson School of
Zoology: Dr. Hermann Rahn, Public Affairs, U. of Texas, Austin,
SUNY at Buffalo, "Gas Exchange Tx 78705.
of the Avian Embryo-A Problem of'! MA in College Services Admin.
Gaseoous Diffusion," Lee. Rm. 2, offered by Oregon State U. Write
MLB, 4 pm. Dr. Wm. Fielder, Sch. of Educ., Cor-
Ctr. Coordination Ancient, Mod- vallis, Ore., 97331.
ern Studies: H. D. Cameron, "Pe- Liberal Arts grad. Preparing to
tronius' Satyricon," 2408 Mason, 4 teach Math, Set., English, Soc.
pm. Studies, Langs. apply to Temple U.,
Physics: Werner Brandt, NYU, Philadelphia, Pa. 29122. Classes begin
"Positions as a Probe in Solid State in June. Interns begin work in
Physics," P&A Conloq. Tm., 4 pm. city or suburban schools as full-
Anthropology: Eastern European time salaried teachers in Sept., A
Films, 200 Lane Hall, 7 pm. MA degree & certification earned.
Computing Ctr.: B. Carnahan, "Career Opportunities for Women
"Running Time-shared Jobs in in Health Sciences, Business, and
MTS," 7:30-9:30 pm. Nat. Set. Aud. Government," luncheon / discussion
Art Museum: Niels L. Prak, "The will be held, Conf. Rms. 1 & 2,
Art Museum: History of a Build- League, Feb. 20, Noon.
-- -i

the employes "prisoners of the'
union.,
IN A decision written by Mar-
shall, the court ruled 8 to 0 that
companies are not required to
grant vacations to returning vet-
erans under labor agreements
which make the vacations con-
ditional on having worked a
certain number of weeks in the
preceding year.
In an unanimoous decision
which will affect criminal pro-
cedures in a number of states,
the court ruled that a defendant
may not be held in jail for an
extended period without a court
hearing to review the evidence
against him.
The court agreed to review in
its term beginning next fall
cases involving a Maryland
program of state aid to private
colleges, a decision exempting
health professionals from a law
imposing stiff penalties for
illegally dispensing drugs, and
a federal appeals court ruling
allowing public access to Air
Force Academy files in honor
code actions.
T H E IMPOUNDMENT
case concerned water pollution
funds for fiscal years 1973
through 1975. Congressauthor-
ized $18 billion, but the Nixon
administration allotted only $9
billion.
The court ruled unanimously
that administration officials,
who acted under orders from
Nixon, lacked authority to do
this under the Water Pollution
Control Act of 1972.
"As conceived and passed in
both houses, the legislation was
intended to provide firm com-
mitments of substantial sums
within a relatively limited per-
iod of time in an effort to
achieve an early solution of
what was deemed to be an ur-
gent problem," Justice Byron
White said for the court.
A spokesman for the Environ-
mental Protection Agency said
the decision would have little
practical effect. Funds can ac-
tually be spent only after they
are obligated for specific pro-
jects.
T H E SPOKESMAN said
EPA already had been able
to obligate only $4 billion of the
$9 billion available before the
court's ruling.
Although a number of lower
federal courts had decided im-
poundment cases against the
administration, this was the
first one to reach the Supreme
Court.
The decision was limited to
the Water Pollution Control Act
and did not affect impound-
ments in general.
While the case was in the
courts, Congress passed legis-
lation under which the adminis-
tration now must receive con-
gressional approval before im-
pounding funds.

ROME (A) - Italy's highest'
court, crossing swords with the
Vatican, ruled yesterday thatI
abortion is legal in this Ro-1
man Catholic country if preg-
nancy threatens a woman's,
health.
The Vatican reacted in a,
broadcast, saying: "The rulingI
is questionable and of extreme
gravity because it backs kill-'
ing of the one to be born."
THE RULING by the consti-I
tutional court, equivalent of the
U. S. Supreme Court, came
amid a massive campaign by
feminists and most political
parties for a reform of Italy's
Fascist-era abortion law.
Specifically, the court de-
clared unconstitutional Article
546 of the Italian penal code.
The law barred abortion under
any circumstance, and set a
prison term of two to five years;
for women who underwent abor-
tions, as well as for doctors,
nurses and anyone else involv-
ed in the operation.
The law was widely flouted.
This nation of 55.6 million per-
sons has 1.2 million abortions
a year, according to U. N. es-,
timates. Most of them are per-
formed outside hospitals under
crude medical conditions.

Conviction protester
OVER A THOUSAND marchers on Boston Common turned out
of Dr. Kenneth Edelin, who was convicted Saturday of mansla
during a legal abortion. Edelin was sentenced yesterday to one
viction that carries a maximum penalty of 20 years in pris
would file an appeal soon.

AP Photo
d
Mondav tn showvtheir suinn,'t

Order
Your
Subscription
Today
764-0558
I1 ,,
Studying Too Hard?
Free lecture
on Hypnosis
Wed. at 7:30
ANN ARBOR
HYPNOSIS CENTER
611 CHURCH, Suite 3029
761-0440
____

THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Volume LXXXV, No. 117
Wednesday, February 19, 1975
is edited and managed by students
at the University of Michigan. News
phone 764-0562. Second class postage
paid at Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106.
Published d a 11l y Tuesday through
Sunday morning during the Univer-
sity year at 420 Maynard Street, Ann
Arbor. Michigan 48104. Subscription

-XWA~sx ' '* " "pp' THE COURT acted on a re-
iugher in the death of a fetus quest from a Milan judge who
year on probation for a con- jhadbeen trying anwoman who
on. Edelin's lawyer said he claimed she turned to abortion
after doctors warned her that
pregnancy was tantamount to a
rates: $10 by carrier (campus area); death sentence.
I11 local mail (Michigan and Ohio); The high court's ruling said:
$12 non-local snail (other states and hig
soaeign) d "Pregnancycan be interrupt-
Su nmer session published Tues- ed when its continuation can
day through Saturday morning. cause serious damage or risk to
Subscription rates: $5.50 by carrier the physical and psychological
(campus area); $6.00 local mail health of the mother which is
(Michigan and Ohio); $6.50 non- to be medically ascertained and
local mail (other states and foreign). is such that it cannot be avoid-
ed in any other way."

IN THE absence of parlia-
mentary action, the ruling has
the effect of law. But the court
failed to specify to what stage
pregnancy can be terminated or
define proper medical consulta-
tion.
France adopted an abortion
law last mnth permitting
abortion until the 10th week of
pregnancy on the demand of
the would-be mother, an action
which encouraged the pro-abor-
tion lobby in Italy.
Most of Italy's political par-
ties favor a liberalized abortion
law. But the dominant Chris-
tian Democrats control the
votes in parliament, and they
along with the Vatican, favor
the present law. It was adopted
during World War II to "protect
the national stock" as part of
dictator B e n i t o Mussolini's
dream to resurrect the Roman
Empire.
A nationwide controversy
erupted last month when police
raided an abortion clinic in
Florence and arrested seven
persons, including a doctor,
nurses and militant abortion-
ists. These included the leader
of the Radical party, a politi-
cal group with no seats in par-
liament but credited with the
success of the divorce referen-
dum last year.
SMORGASBORD
Wednesdays 6-10 P.M.
AND
Saturdays 6-10 p.m.
$3.95
1. cold vichysoisse
2. coq an vin
3. potatoes anna
4. shrimp newburgh
5.boe""burguingone
6. rice
7. swedish meat balls
8. vermicelli
9. breaded veal cutlet
10. fresh garden green
11. tarragon peas
12. eggplant parmesan
13. beef oriental
14, veal hearts
15. chicken giblets
16. cheese casserole
17. sliced beef
18. fried chicken
19. barbecued ribs
20. fried cod fish
21. black olives
22. greek olives
23. green olves
24. dill pickles
25. celery
26. carrots
27. green onions
28. crab apples
29. red peppers
30. radishes
31. corn salad
32. sliced cucumbers
with sour cream
33. sliced tomatoes
with fresh dill
34. red bean salad
35. greek bean salad
36. italian green peppers
37. greek stuffed eggplants
38. sliced beets
39. garlic sauce
40. herring
41. portuguese sardines
42. anchovies
43. cod fish caviar mousse
44. cod fish red caviar
45. liver pate
46. sliced jambon
47. sliced salami
8. sliced cold turkey
49. chicken salad
50. russian fish salad
51. tuna fish salad
52. cottage cheese
53. sliced mushroom in
dill sauce
54. eggrolis
55. hot mustard sauce
56. stuffed eggs bonneemme
57. cole slaw
58. cold salmon

59. fresh tuna in soya sauce
60. butter
61. home made bread
62. sliced tongue
63. horse radish sauce
64. chicken wings Japanese
65. fried squid
66. smoked pork chops
67. potato salad
68. russian salad
69. macaroni salad
70. jellied fruit salad
71. tossed green salad
72. chef's dressing
73. french dressing
74. 1000 island dressing
75. russian dressing
76. tartar sauce
77. hot sauce
78. bacon crumbs
79. croutons
80. parmesan cheese
81. sliced onions
82. eggplant salad
83. hocktail sausage
84. hors d'oeuvres
85. stuffed grapeleaves
86. greek feta cheese
87. swiss cheese
88. cheddar cheese
89. bread pudding
90. rice pudding
91. creme caramel
92. baked apples
93. house cake
94. peaches

.. m & RON - - -- - - --_O---

I

the. 4 j' 0tO g 0.4 ' c
Glenda Jackson Wed. nights Festival
JON SCHL EI SINGER'S
Sunday, Bloody Sunday
with
Glenda Jackson and Peter Finch

BURSLEY HALL Presents
WALK TOGETHER
SOULFUL PEOPLE
CTAKE Y ?
Hebie is Cornin--Are You?

TONIGHT, WED., FEB. 19
Aud. A, Angell Hall

7:00 & 9:30

$1.25

Tomorrow: ZABRISKIE POINT
Fri.: THE LAST DETAIL

Aud A
MLB 3

7 & 9
7 & 9

Saturday,

Feb. 22,

1975

SHOWTIME 11 :30 P.M.

Tickets: Michigan Union Lobby
$4.00 couple, $2.50 single

I

Katy Mellen. Graduated in '71 with a
B.S. in Textiles and clothing. Doing
well - and moving forward - in Car-
gill's commodity Marketing Division
GROWTH
Graduating Seniors and M.B.A.'s:
Accounting * Agriculture Business "
Engineering " Liberal Arts
Cargill-at the leading edge. Active in agricul-
tural, industrial, and consumer commodities
and products, and in a variety of other related
businesses. You could be there! We need top
people for a wide range of positions, careers
that lead to management. Our policy is to
stimulate leadership potential. To encourage
personal creativity. To recognize and reward
individual achievement. And to promote from
within

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