Wednesday, September 1 1 r 1974
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Wednesday, September 1 1, 1974 THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WASHINGTON (M-The spe- this offic
cial prosecutor was Investigat- have son
ing 10 areas in which former to activiti
President Richard Nixon may is person
have been personally involved, listed as:
White House officials disclosed "1. TA
yesterday. ing to the
According to a memorandum papers.
prepared by the staff of spe- ;2 The
cial, prosecutor Leon Jaworski justice p
and made public by the White matter.
House, the areas range from "3. The
Nixon's tax deductions to the tional sec
handling of campaign contribu- from the
tions by his close friend, C. G. Hue
THE MEMO from deputy spe- ".TiH
cial prosecutor Henry Ruth to tapping o
Jaworski was dated Sept. White ilou
The matters which Ruth said "5. Mis'
"are still under investigation in tion.
Pres asks $850,000
e and may prove ' to "6. Misuse of IRS through
me , direct connection tempted initiation of audits
ies in which Mr. Nixon to 'enemies.'
nally involved" were "7. THE DAIRY industry
pledge and its relationship to
X DEDUCTIONS relat- the price support change.
gift of pre-presidential "8. Filing of a challenge toF
the Washington Post ownership
Colson obstruction of of two Florida television sta-
lea in the Ellsberg tions.
"9. False and evasive testi-
transfer of the na- mony at the Richard Kleindienstl
Eurity wetap records onfirmation hearings as attor-
e Fl ,to heWhite! ney general as to White House
participation in Department of
E INITIATING of wire- Justice decisions about ITT.
of John Sears former "10. The handling of campaign
.se aide. contributions by Mr. Rebozo for
use of IRS informa the personal benefit of Mr. Nix-
(Continued from Page 1)
the money for Nixon under two
federal laws applying to ex-
presidents: t h e Presidential
Transition Act of 1963 and the
Former Presidents Act of 1958.,
THE REQUEST, worked out
by GSA Administrator Arthur
Sampson and Nixon aides at an
unannounced meeting in San
Clemente, Calif., Aug. 10 and
11, would take full advantage of
both laws simultaneously. Samp-
son was in San Clemente Mon-
day for what was described as
further discussions of the tran-
Nixon would get his own pen-
sion, plus office, staff and other
expenses u n d e r the Former
Presidents Act while receiving
the office, staff and benefits
provided by the Presidential
A Justice Department memo-
randum prepared at Sampson's
request indicates that Nixon is
not eligible for full benefits un-
der both laws at the same time.
In that memo, Acting Asst.
Atty. Gen. Mary Lawton said:
"IT IS OUR conclusion that
former President Nixon immedi-
ately qualifies for a pension un-
der the Former Presidents Act
and ... for the staff, office and
other benefits of the Presiden-
tial Transition Act for six
months from the date of his
resignation, at which time he
would qualify for the office and
staff provided for by the For-
mer Presidents Act."
The late President Johnson
was Nixon's only predecessor to
benefit from both laws, but the
records show he did not take
full advantage of the two simul-I
Johnson received about $370,-
000 of the maximum $450,000j
provided in the transition lawf
and stretched it over 17 mon'hst
rather than taking it all in the
six months the law provides.
During the same period, John-
son received his $25,000 annual'
pension but not the staff andr
office expenses provided for inI
the Former Presidents Act. t
The presidential pension has:
sincerbeen increased to $60,000
CALCULATIONS based on the
GSA figures show that during
the period of heaviest govern-:
ment spending for Johnson dur-
ing his life as an ex-president
he received an average of about!
$31,000 a month. After the tran-
sition, that figure drooned to
abort $17,000, with much of itc
going to pay one staff assistant-
and consultants' fees.
T h e administration reqiiest
for Nixon would provide the
full $450,000 in transition money
his first 10 months out of office,
in additional to $400.000 under
the Former Presidents Act dur-
ing the same time period.
The request is retroactive to
Aug. 9, the day Nixon rani-ned.
and covers the period through
next June 30, the end of the
current fiscal year.
The administration proposal
would make available a sum
averaging $85,000 a month, com-
pared to the top $31,000 monthly;
spending figure for Johnson.
In future budget years, Nixon
is entitled under existing law to
receive his annual pension, now
set at $60,000, plus up to S96,000
for staff salaries and "suitable
o f f i c e space appropriately
equipped." He may seek addi-
tional funds from Congress for
such items as travel.
Former' Presidents Harry Tru-
man and Dwight Eisenhower
received funds under the For-
mer Presidents Act, but both
had completed their transitions
to private life before the cur-j
rent transition law was passed.
Sen. Joseph Mon toya (D-'
N.M.), wh os e appropriations
subcommittee is scheduled to'
consider the measure today,
said he would insist that every
item in the request be justified
before he will support it.
Montoya said one item he is
particularly concerned about is
a request for $100,000 for "mis-
cellaneous contingencies" to
cover unforeseen expenses.
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'Ford may pardon all accused
of Watergfate-r elated crimes
(Continued from Page 1)
Ford's decision 5,700 to 3,900.
B U C H E N made public a,
memo of the Watergate special
prosecution force which listed
10 areas, in addition to the
Watergate cover-up, that could
personally involve Nixon in po-
"None of these matters at
the moment rises to the level of
our ability to prove even a prob-
able criminal violation," the
It cited investigations cover-
ing-matters ranging from dairy
industry campaign contribu-
tions to the alleged handling of
campaign contributions by Nix-:
on's friend, C. G. "Bebe" Re-
bozo "for the personal bene-
fit of Mr. Nixon."
B U C H E N, recounting
some of the steps that led to
Nixon's pardon, tried to counter
criticism from some quarters!
(Oontinued from Pae 1)
dication of which specific of-
nses Mr. Nixon has com-j
KAMISAR also said that un-:
vorable public opinion may
xert control over the Presi-
ent's power to pardon and that
ord "may have underestimated:
he mood of the country."
amisar called the decision
"similar to the misestimates
r. Nixon made."
But he speculated that "the
Republican party may be willing
to take the punishment for a
few weeks" and gamble that "in
two years there'll be some new!
crisis," and hope that Water-
gate will then be forgotten.
Kamisar also stated that Re-
publicans may be saying, "let's
end this thing now," to get the
scandal out of the limelight as
quickly as possible.
AS FOR a general pardon for
all those involved in Watergate,
Kamisar said he believes the
action-if it comes-may be
taken "not out of concern for
that Ford had not insisted on an: fident .the public will reach
adrnission of guilt by Nixon. the same conclusion in the long,
The White House lawyer said run.t
he told Ford acceptance of a The spokesman said that;
pardon "could be accepted as while he couldn't inject him-
a~n admission of guilt - therej self into Ford's "thinking pro-I
is no other reason for granting cesses," he felt that the ques-
a pardon." tion of Nixon's mental and!'
Asked if they had considered ;physical health was "getting
seeking a plea from Nixon to "undue attention" as a possi-
at least one criminal charge ble motivation for the pardon.
prior to a pardon, Buch said However, Hushen added that
the former President's attor- "a reasonable man could con-!
nev, Herbert Miller, seemed clude" that a person's healtha
certain "there would never be might be impaired if a threat of
a plea." prosecution hung over his head.
Bucheni also was asked if cir-
cumstances might not suggest A T T O R N E Y Buchen said
there had not been a Ford-Nix- that when he first told Nixon's
on pardon deal. lawyer, Miller, that Ford was
considering granting a pardon,
"I CAN assure you Ford did the two attorneyagreed that it
not make a deal," he said. Hu- would be "very beneficial" to
shen said Ford knew the Nixon dthecountry if Nixon would pro-
pardon, announced. Sunday, vide "a full a statement as
"was going to be a controver- possible" on his involvement in:
sial decision" but believes he the Watergate scandal.
did the right thing and is con- Buchen said Nixon's Sunday
in which he expressed re-
d morse but admitted no guilt,
7 / /ilo was felt to meet this standarda
under the circumstances.
He said Miller was told fromj
the outset that a pardon would
not depend on an admission of
guilt by the resigned President.
Both Buchen. and Hushen
Haldeman and Ehrlichman, but said they felt Ford's decision
for Nixon." He said that if such to study the possibility of other
a pardon materialized "it would Watergate pardons should have
really close the book 'on Nixon." no impact on the trial of six
University Law Professor Rob- fo r m e r administration and
ert Burt also commented on the campaign aides on cover-up
pardon, saying, "Do you want charges, scheduled to begin.
my legal opinion or my psy- I Sept. 30.
ehiatric opinion? I think it's Besides the Watergate break-
crazy." Burt said there was in and cover-up, other Water-
nothing to prevent any state gate - related allegations have
prosecutions of Nixon, but added involved the White House Plum-
Assistant Leaders Wanted, Too.
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that such action is unlikely.
Burt suggested an alternativ
plan of action. "They could pas
a 'sense of the Congress' resolu
tion saying they believe Richar
Nixon is guilty of the following
crimes, and then list them."
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