THE HIDDEN COST OF
See Editorial Page
L w F43U
Cloudy, rain ending
Vol. LXXXI, No. 49
Ann Arbor, Michigan - Thursday, October 29, 1970
By DAVE CHUDWIN
Third of a four-part series
A ten-foot high fence topped with barbed wire
surrounds the complex of research laboratories.
Once inside one of the World War II-vintage re-
search buildings, a uniformed guard asks your
business and has you sign a register asking your
name, occupation and citizenship.
On the wall a large poster with a winter scene
advises "Security is always in season." A framed
notice informs you the country is still in a state of
emergency declared in 1950 and that it is illegal
to reveal unauthorized classified information.
An escort comes to take you to your appoint-
ment (you cannot go through the building unac-
companied) and leads the way past offices lined
with files secured with combination locks.
Security precautions such as these at the Uni-
versity's Willow Run Laboratories are one conse-
quence of the University's heavy involvement in
classified military research.
University scientists and engineers last year
performed $5,619,003 of classified research under
42 classified contracts, reports Vice President for
Research A. Geoffrey Norman. This represents one
out of every eleven dollars spent on sponsored re-
All of t h e University's classified research is
sponsored by the Deoartment of Defense except
for a handful of remote sensing projects for the
Department of the Interior and the space agency.
Besides heavy security measures, another result
of the University's classified research operation is
that the experimental findings of some of these
projects is not available to the general scientific
If a final project report contains any classified
data the entire report is classified and unavailable
to those without security clearances and a "need to
Campus debate over classified research in 1967
produced a re-examination of University research
policies and all classified projects submitted after
September, 1968 have been reviewed by a student
Since that time the amount of classified re-
search carried out by University researchers has
dropped in half - but this has not been because
of the committee.
"There has been some lessening of security by
the government and also the government is turning
less to universities to do research," explains James
Wilson, director of the University's Institute for
Science and Technology (IST).
More than three-quarters of the University's
classified research is performed by Willow R u n
Laboratories at its facilities in Ypsilanti and the
1ST Bldg. on North Campus.
"My concern is that research be g o o d, not
whether it is classified or not," comments William
Brown, director of Willow Run.
The Cooley Electronics Laboratory does about
$400,000 of classified work, says director Thomas
Butler. The lab, located on North Campus, is a
division of they electrical engineering department.
T h e Radiation Laboratory, another electrical
engineering division, devotes about one-quarter of
its $460,000 budget for classified projects, accord-
ing to director Ralph Hiatt. The research group has
facilities at Cooley Lab and on Catherine St.
Research officials downgrade the importance of
security measures at Willow Run and other loca-
tions where, classified research is done.
"We'dhave a little girl sitting there if the truth
were known, but we have to have security over the
building for weekends," Norman explains. "So you
simply write a contract as we have done with San-
ford Security to hire some of these tired, old men
who act as a combination receptionist in the day-
time and a guard at night and on weekends."
Brown says building security is a convenience,
allowing researchers to leave classified documents
out without locking them up.
"The debate on ,classified research misses the
See LOCKING, Page 10
Willow Run Laboratories
By SARA FITZGERALD
Graduate Assembly (GA) last
night declined. to affirm or deny
the graduate school Board of In-
quiry's jurisdiction in the case
of graduate student Peter Denton.
Denton is charged with class dis-
ruption during the Black Action
Movement strike last March.
The Board had asked GA to af-
firm its jurisdiction following
charges by Denton that the -board
was "illegally constituted" and
should dissolve itself.
The assembly decided it had "no
authority to either affirm or deny
the effect of rules over which it
had no control in propagation. For
this reason we decline to provide
the affirmation the Board of In-
quiry has requested."
In response to a similar request,
the Executive Board of the grad-
uate school two weeks ago asked.
the Board of Inquiry to proceed
with the case, rejecting Denton's
Prof. Bernard Galler, of the
computer and communication sci-
ences department, charged Denton
with disrupting his class last
March 26 in an attempt to gather
support for the demands of the
Black Action Movement.
Denton's case was brought be-
fore the graduate school Board
of Inquiry, composed of two stu-'
dent members appointed by GA
and three faculty members ap-
pointed by the Executive Board of
the graduate school.
At the Board of Inquiry's first,
hearing late last month, Denton
charged that under g r a d u a t e
school rules, the Board of Inquiry
should have been appointed at the
start of the winter term. Because
it was not appointed until April,
after Galler filed the charges,I
Denton charged that the board
was "illegally constituted" and
should dissolve itself. t
See GA, Page 6
AMMAN, Jordan (P) - Jordan
formed a new government last
night under an antiguerrila prime
minister. Authoritative sources inj
Cairo said the Egyptian ambassa-
dor was called home immediately
* for consultations on the "grave
The new Jordanian prime min-
ister, Wasfi Tell, is a veteran poli-
tician staunchly loyal to King
Hussein and strongly opposed to
activities of Palestinian guerrillas.
He heads Jordan's third govern-
4 ment in six weeks.
Tell, 50, is disliked by the guer-
rillas who fought an 11-day war
with Hussein's army last month.
By CHRIS PARKS
City voters will decide Nov. 3
on a half mill three million dollar
bond issue for dam repairs and
storm sewer improvements.
If approved the issue will make
the city eligible for state and fed-
eral funds to finance recreation
projects for the pond areas behind
the dams. The dams at this time
arenot considered adequate for
"The city can't get money for
4 recreation until we get the dams
repaired," said Douglas Crary,
chairman of the citizens commit-
tee appointed by City Council to
promote the bond issue.
Dificulties with the city's dams
and sewers stem from a flood in
June. 1968. The flood caused ex-
tensive damage to the city area,
revealing inadequacies in the over-
all flood control system.
Structural improvements a n d
such operations as repairs on flood
gates and spillway for the dams
will total $2,339,000.
The planned improvements on
ner the storm sewer system will cost
nb $665,396. SDS
The bond issue has received the Pre
support of many civic leaders in-
cluding Mayor Harris, who says
hen"strongly endorses the flood
control bond issue."
Many local organizations in-
cluding the Democratic and Re-
S publican parties have also en-
dorsed the bond issue, making it
one of the least controversial in
sses The only aspect of the issue
of which has attracted any noticable agai
opposition is the coupling of the
idst sewer improvement with the dam them
ked repairs. Fears are expressed by Univ
r a the Citizens Association for Area ROT(
Planning that the storm sewers T
the might be "inadequate for future cont
tegrowth in the area. cnr
rted While expressing some agree- to se
ment, Crary said the matter of Q
rom the storm sewers was not "an
the overriding issue." effor
STILLWAGON VS. ESCH
WASHINGTON (R) - Declaring an official House report on
campus speakers was issued "solely for the sake of exposure or
intimidation," a federal judge yesterday prohibited its public
distribution by the government.
U.S. District Judge Gerhard A. Gesell, in a landmark
confrontation between the courts and Congress, ruled the list
of 65 so-called militarit, radical or Communist-oriented speak-
ers serves no valid legislative purpose.
Gesell perwanently enjoined the U.S. public printer from
printing the report at public expense. But he specifically re-
fused to prohibit individual congressmen from distributing
it on their own.
"There are undoubtedly individuals who would destroy
our institutions and form of
STUDENTS gather outside Angell Hall during yesterday's bom
Angell Hall classes
By JUANITA ANDERSON
Students approaching Angell Hall for their 10 a.m. cla
yesterday were confronted by a crowd of people, shut ou
the building by the semester's fourth bomb scare.
Students lounged on the grass or stood chatting am
falling leaves and barking dogs, while security guards tre
through the building in an hour-long futile search fo
The Undergraduate Library has been the target of
three previous bomb threats this fall.
Roland Gainsley, chief of University security, repor
that his department received word of the bomb threat f
city police at 9:31 a.m. There was no mention of when
bomb was to go off. -- -___
S DISRUPTS ROTC drill (above) before meeting with Vice
sident for Research Geoffrey Norman (below).
'DS disrupts ROTC
drill at Waterman
By MARK DILLEN
Local radicals started yesterday by trying to "play ball"
nst the University and ended by settling for a debate.
The activity began when some 25 students, identifying
.selves only as "concerned people," protested alleged
ersity "war research" by attempting to disrupt scheduled
'C drills in Waterman Gymnasium.
The group is asking an immediate suspension of research
racts with the Department of Defense and formation of
dent-faculty committee to judge all proposed research
e if it could be used by the military.
One-sixth of the University's total sponsored research
t, over $10 million in 1969-70, is performed for the De-
__partment of Defense.
government," Gesell said in
his order. "If any of them are
listed in this report, our Con-
stitution nevertheless preserv-
es their right to speak e v e n
though their acts may be re-
Gesell's court order appears to
be the first ever to prohibit Con-
gress from publicly distributing an
official report. And Gesell said it
was the first to be based on the
doctrine of valid legislative p u r-
Gesell said the 25-page report it-
self states it is not related to any
legislation but is intended instead
to alert university presidents,
alumni and parents "to the ex-
tent of campus speaking in pro-
moting the radical revolutionary
"The conclusion is inescapable,"
he said, "that the report neither
serves nor was intended to serve
any purpose but the one explicit-
ly indicated in the report; to in-
hibit further speech on college
campuses by those listed individ-
uals and others whose political
persuasion is not in accord with
that of members of the commit-
"Newspapers have been making
the same mistakes for 150 years
and in just 20 years, television has
managedtorepeat them," said
Edward Diamond, moderator of a
Washington, D.C. media criticism
show, in a journalism lecture yes-
terday in the Rackham Amphi-
"The wonder is not that the
news is so bad, but that it is as
good as it is in some places," Dia-
mond told the audience. "The most
pressing question in the m e d ia
today is can the structure be saved
by reforming parts df it, or by
taking all but the shell and re-
building, or by blowing it up and
"I think radical-liberal reform
can work," he said.
"The young reporters want more
relevant media, and I think they'll
Twenty guards immediately be-
gan to evacuate the building,
Gainsley said, covering "from the
basement to attic."
However, several students at-
tending 9 a.m. classes on the third
floor said they were not aware
that anything was wrong until!
they reached the deserted first
floor at the end of the hour.
"They must not have been lis-
tening, because we told everybody,'
"Everyone was told to stay 100F
feet from the building, but of
course we couldn't force them," he
added. "We weren't about to join
hands around the building to keep
And the guards did not attempt
to keep anyone away from the
H~illi 'l ..cio- 27,01 P... ont C
By STEVE KOPPMAN
Daily News Analysis
Republican Marvin Esch is seeking re-election
Tuesday to a third term in the House of Repre-
sentatives against Democrat R. Michael Still-
wagon in the Second District.
And though Esch is favored to win his re-elec-
tion bid, a close race is foreseen, and Stillwagon
is hopeful he can defeat the incumbent as he
defeated the candidate supported by the local
Democratic organization - Ford Motor Co. exe-
cutive Bruce Neal -in the August primary.
The secon district. which inclides Washtenaw,
involves largely shaking hands at plant gates,
taking part in 'candidate's nights' and various
group meetings, and appearing at supermarkets
and other public places.
Esch's strength appears to lie in his ability to
combine the Republican label with identification
as a "moderate". A study of his voting record in-
dicates a considerable shift to the left from the
fairly conservative positions he took when he first
entered Congress in 1967.
A Congressional Quarterly study correlating
voting records with support for the conservative
bloc in the House gives Esch a rating of 63
Originally planning to play bas-
ketball while the Air Force ROTC
cadets drilled at noon, the con-
tingent choose instead to gather
on the oval track above the gym
floor. While several cadets prac-
ticed marching below, a few radi-
cals began running around the
1/16 mile track, as others chanted
"Ho Ho Ho Ho Chi Minh, NFL is
going to win."
When the group completed its
first lap, University photograph-
ers took pictures of the runners.
Then the gym janitor asked them
to leave, and a discussion between
the group's members ensued.
"We can either go someplace
and do educational stuff and rap
about the issues, or we can go to
the Administration Bldg. and con-
fonnt the TTniversit. " saido ne