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J. Edgar's women: From Bonnie to Bernadine
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SATURDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1970
NIGHT EDITOR: STEVE KOPPMAN
Attacking student approach
to Jiegents' open bearings
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following is the text
of extemporaneous remarks made at yester-
day's Regents' meeting by Regent Lawrence
Lindemer (R-Stockridge) regarding disturb-
ances at Thursday's open Regents' hearing.
Reconstructed from reporter's notes, this
version has been reviewed and approved by
OVER A YEAR AGO, in an attempt to
establish better communications be-
tween the Regents and other members of
the University community, we decided to
set aside Thursday afternoons for open
meetings. Some of them have been very
helpful, and then others were like yes-
We're concerned about the intent (by
members of the audience at the hearing
Thursday) not to resolve and not to com-
municate, but to harass and insult, and
demonstrate an expertise in arrogance.
My experience with many students on
the Ann Arbor campus, some of them in
this room right now, is that they are the
type of people of which any University
should be proud.
In reading the enrollment figures, we
have about 33,000 students at this cam-
pus. At the hearing yesterday, there were
perhaps 100-150 people. Out of 150 people
there were those few - 10, 20, 30, 40 out
of the 33,000 who were raucous in their
behavior, insulting in t h e i r demeanor,
who really had to demonstrate a most
surprising, if not stupid approach to the
art of persuasion.
REAL COMMUNICATION cannot be fos-
tered by rudeness, loud noise, phys-
ical pressure. There should be no place in
Michigan where the f r e e exchange of
ideas a n d concepts should be afforded
greater opportunity than at a University
campus. But the exchange of ideas does
not involve hissing and booing and angry
outbursts of invective.
If this is the type of open hearings that
we're going to have, I think that com-
munications have broken down'. I hope
the administration working w i t h SGC,
SACUA, and other responsible elements
on campus can work together to reopen
constructive channels of communication.
When a man who has devoted as much
to the University as (Regent) Paul Goe-
bel has receives the arrogant disdain he.
received yesterday, my blood boils. These
people have never given anything - all
they've done is grab and take and de-
mand. It just isn't fair. It just isn't right.
If all of the 33,000 students could have
been there and seen what went on, 32,950
would have expressed disgust. But be-
cause of the noise and organization, those
few give to the student body a reputation
not deserved and create an impression, in
my mind, of a reluctance to participate
further in this type of communication.
Yesterday's session was distressing, un-
fair, and uncalled for in this t y p e of
SOURCES close to a coalition of national women's lib-
eration leaders say the central committee is prepared
to start litigiaton against the Feberal Bureau of Investi-
gation charging it with discrimination against women.
The bureau, the case will reportedly argue, was foot-
dragging from 1951 to 1969 because it failed to deem
any female criminal worthy enough to merit a posi-
tion on the 21-year-old 10 Most Wanted List during that
time. The first woman to earn that status didn't earn
it until January, 1969 - Ruth Eisemann Schier, charg-
ed in the kidnaping of Barbara Mackle, daughter of a
Florida millionaire. Schier was arrested soon after. The
womens lib people reportedly will ask that retroactive
10-Most Wanted status be given to all deserving female
criminals of the 1951-69 era.
Observers are awaiting confirmation 'of these
rumors, but it is doubtful that womens lib will attempt
to force the FBI to recognize the existence of their crim-
inally oriented sisters. Being on the 10-most wanted
list is a distinction of dubious merit.
According to the FBI office in Ann Arbor, this dis-
tinction means that the bureau "considers that these
cases warrant more intensified investigation and wide-
spread coverage. The bureau in Washington signifies
(that people are) most wanted for the type of crime
committed or because of the widespread publicity re-
ceived in terms of the notorious crime committed."
The FBI, in all fairness though, seems to have been
cognizant of its "discrimination" against women, and
since 1969 it has made great strides in acknowledging
females as a criminal force in the country. Right now,
for example, 20 per cent of the list - that is, two of
the most wanteds, are women, and four altogether have
achieved this distinction.
AND A closer look at the FBI four and their counter-
parts who failed to achieve such fame reveals women
who are truly interesting, daring, clever, in hiding, in
jail or dead.
Currently on the list is Marie Dean Arrington who
escaped from a Florida prison March 3, 1969, clad only
in pajamas and a house coat. She was awaiting execution
for the April, 1968 murder of a legal secretary in
Ocolala, Fla. Arrington made the list May 29, 1969,
two months after her escape.
Her companion on the list, Bernadine Dohrn, was
added to the list Thursday, just two days after the third
woman to make the roster, Angela Davis, was arrested
in New York. Dohrn is sought for advocating terrorist
bombings, unlawful flight to avoid prosecution for mob
action, violation of federal anti-riot laws and conspir-
Preceding them on the list was Davis, who had a
brief stint on what one agents calls "the FBI honor
roll." She received that status for unlawful flight to
avoid prosecution for her alleged role in the August
murder of a judge in a Marina County, Calif. courtroom.
Four of the guns carried by 17-year-old Jonathon Jack-
son, one of the armed men who entered the court-
room, were registered in Davis' name.
Jackson is the younger brother of one of the Soledad
Three, inmates at Soledad prison who are accused of
murdering prison guards and recipients of political and
monetary support from Davis.
Among the more famous women criminals who dealt
with the FBI less publicly than today's ladies were
Machine Gun Kelly's wife, Kathryn, and Clyde Bar-
row's accomplice and gun-moll, Bonnie Parker.
Former FBI agent and current author William Turn-
er recently investigated Kathryn Kelly's brush with the
FBI and J. Edgar Hoover, and has offered some inter-
esting insights into the way the country's head detective
KATHRYN KELLY was sought in connection with a
1933 kidnaping that temporarily netted $200,000 ransom,
Turner reports. Even though the typewriter on which the
ransom notes were composed was never found, Hoover
was sure Kathryn Kelly was involved in the crime be-
cause the ransom letters "carried an atmosphere of imag-
ination and casual use of hyphenated words entirely fore-
ign to the average gangster."
Hoover, a lifelong bachelor, further postulated in 'his
writings on the case that the letters revealed "feminine
thought and psychology." He was likewise confident that
"the words, the construction, the imagery, the supersenti-
mentality mixed with utter coldheartedness could only
have come from Kathryn Kelly."
There was, however, no real evidence that Kelly was
behind the kidnaping. In fact, a report by FBI labora-
tory expert Charles Appel showed that the handwritten
portions of the ransom letters were not Kathryn Kelly's.
But this report was suppressed for reasons still unclear,
Kelly was subsequently convicted, released on bail
later for a new trial which never -ensued and is cur-
rently a bookkeeper at the Oklahoma County Hospital
and Rest Home. She is not allowed to have visitors.
Just a year after Kelly's incarceratiion Bonnie Parker
had her final run-in with the law. Parker started life
mildly enough as a waitress in a Kansas. City restaurant
with a heart-shaped tatoo on her thigh bearing the
name of her husband Roy. But she left the restaurant
business for greater glory when she met Clyde Barrow.
Most of us are fimiliar with what happened to her -
shot dead going 85 miles an hour in a car ambushed
in Shreveport, La. by persevering law officer Capt. Frank
Hamer told the New York Times May 24, 1934, that he
had been searching for the nefarious duo for six
months but declined to say what agency had employed
him. The result of an attempt to ascertain who hired
Hamer revealed yesterday that it might and might not
have been the FBI. An agent in the Detroit office said
neither Parker nor Barrow were on the 10 Most Wanted
List because none existed then. But the official indicated
that FBI agents may have been involved in the search
for the duo.
HAMER APPEARS to have been somewhat more sen-
sitive to females than Hoover, though Hamer, too, was
apparently something of a male chauvinist. 'After the
shootout he told Time Magazine, May 28, 1934, "I hated
to bust a cap on a woman - especially when she was
sitting down, but it was either her or us."
These brief histories indicate that women thus far
have not been too successful with the FBI - on or off
the list. Kelly is holed up in Oklahoma. Davis was cap-
turned in New York after her trail was reportedly picked
up in Florida, Arrington was imprisoned and is still on
the lam in Florida. Schier was picked up in Florida.
Parker was shot in Shreveport, La. And the Associated
Press reported Thursday night, just a few hours after
she made the list, that Bernadine Dohrn was reported
seen in this same Shreveport.
A striking geographic coincidence seems to emerge from
the above tales - one which should be a lesson to any
female anxious to avoid the FBI net. Should you
engage in activities someone may term criminal, stay the
hell out of the south.
ONLY A FOOL ASKS WHY
...listening to the words
but mistaking the message
THOSE WHO were present when Regent
Lindemer delivered the above com-
ments could not help but be impressed
with the emotional yet sincere statement
of a man deeply disturbed about the level
of communication at the University.
But is is equally apparent that Linde-
mer's comments are indicative of an at-
titude which will only serve to hamper
the resolution of such a far-reaching and
-By suggesting that the communications
gap between students and the University
administration is the outgrotwh of "rau-
cous" behavior and an "insulting" de-
meanor, Lindemer and the other Re-
gents display a sad misunderstanding
of the causes of friction at a University
Why, Lindemer asks, is an open hearing
held by the Regents for the express
purpose of facilitating an interchange
of ideas, "marred" by those who have
continually sought a better climate for
It might have been more appropriate
to ask: What is an open hearing? For
given the present nature of University
decision-making, the open hearing be-
comes a place where each month, those
members of the University community
who have a token role in its governance
are able to play their limited role to the
fullest - which amounts to merely set-
ting forth their views and awaiting a
Disenchanted by the "knowledge that
this is the extent of their participation
in University government, many students
see the open hearing as a manifestation of
powerlessness; of rule by eight people who
have a far lesser stake in this institution
HE REGENTS have seen the o p e n
hearing from a very different per-
spective. Empowered by the state con-
stitution to govern the University, the
Regents believed that instituting a'
monthly hearing would bring them, the
decision-makers, closer to those affect-
ed by the decisions.
Yet the nature of the open hearings
themselves has made even this limited
goal impossible to achieve.
In the first place, the Regents rarely
voice an opinion at the hearings, and the
group making a presentation leaves with
complete uncertainty as to the impact of
mitted by the executive officers - the
seven vice presidents and President Rob-
While the executive officers remained
in contact with the Regents up to the
time of their decision, BAM was never
able to participate in the closed proceed-
If the Regents' procedures had allowed
them to keep in contact with blacks as
well as executive officers, black students
would have been able to make their posi-
tion clearer, and the Regents could have
made a decision which might have avert-
ed the strike.
The outcome of other open hearings
has prompted student groups to wonder
whether their proposals have been sim-
ply ignored. At September's open hearing,
for example, the Tenants Union urged the
Regents to develop a plan to build low-
cost student housing to alleviate Ann Ar-
bor's critical housing shortage.
One month later, there has been no
formal response from the Regents. And
although they may be in the process of
considering a plan, their failure to in-
dicate where this and other proposals
stand merely contributes to the frustra-
tion which provokes a hostile atmosphere
at open hearings.
THE REGENTS complain that the groups
making presentations at open hear-
ings often provide them with too little
information, forcing them to delay serious
consideration of the proposal. But while
submitting more information might
quicken the regental response, it would
not erase the fact that the information
is being discussed and acted upon com-
pletely in the absence of those who sub-
In this context, the Regents o p e n
hearing can be seen as a farcical attempt
at fostering a serious dialogue between
the administration and the student body.
And it is a recognition of this which
prompts the audience at hearings to dis-
play considerable disdain for the pro-
If the Regents seek an open inter-
change of ideas with the student body
in an atmosphere devoid of hostility,
they must first discard the open hearing
concept in its current form.
In its place they might arrange to hold
continuous discussions with each group
submitting a pronosal throughout the
be inquisitve at the
By MARK DILLEN
LIKE, THIS IS how it was, and
I guess I first started asking
"why?" when I enrolled at the
University in the fall of 1969. My
high school teachers had k e p b
telling us to expect to become in-
quisitive (no one dreamt ofmask-
ing "why?" back then), but I
didn't realize how right they
would be until that first day here.
The University propaganda had
described Ann Arbor "as a typical
small college town yet close to a
major cultural center (they nev-
er said what the center was). They
also said the weather was "wet."
I trusted them. Making sure to
have my army green polyethylene
raincoat on as I departed the jet
at Metro, I was a trifle taken
aback. The sweet sexy voice over
the plane's intercom had told the
truth: 85 degrees and a clear blue
The few stares I received didn't
bother me. (I rather fancied my-
self a paranoid freak). Glancing
down at the map the University
had sent me, I was relieved. There
were still some 20 miles to go be-
fore my destination was reached.
It would be raining by the time
we got there, I thought.
I STEPPED into the bus (which
was not really a bus but an ex-
tra long Oldsmobile or Pontiac
with about ten doors). Other stu-
dents were already inside, care-
fully avoiding each other's glanc-
es. I sensed we were all freshmen
- we were all trying to act as
though we knew what the hell we
were doing. I should have known
then that was a dead giveaway.
There was a nervous moment of
silence as the gum-chewing driv-
er moved out.
"Be cool, Mark," I says to my-
self. "Show them how worldly you
are by starting a conversation
with the guy next to you who ev-
eryone knows you don't know."
Turning to a pimply-faced kid
with low ears and a yellow poly-
ethelyne raincoat I stammered,
"They say it's kinda wet here." I
was mildly perspiring (polyethe-
lyne sure is hot).
"Yeah" says he self-conscious-
ly. But he quickly recovered with
"My old lady done gave dis here
raincoat to me."
I had quickly learned the first
rule of being a freshman: pretend
you are everything you think ev-
eryone else wants you to be so
you'll be accepted. My contempor-
ary could obviously speak perfect
English, but he was trying to "out-
cool" me with his "Hi; I'm Sal
Mineo from the Bronx" accent
And my inklings of that first
day were not to prove at all un-
founded. As time wore on I dis-
covered this f o r m of deception
was so widespread that when you
finally did discover the identity
of your floor-mates, you were
very confused. In the next two
months, for example, I witnessed
a mass religious conversion - the
gentiles were refusing to eat pork
- those w i t h Eastern accents
really turned out to be from Ken-
osha, and my roommate finally
admitted playing Beethoven when
no one was around.
IT WAS THEN I started ask-
ing "why?" in earnest. About that
time, the University was engaged
in a gigantic project: the random
selection and tearing up of every
50th section of sidewalk (I had
counted). Every day, groups of
men would come, select a section
of sidewalk, air hammer it up and
then fill it up again. Not knowing
the agent of this plot, I boldly
confronted the perpetrators.
"Some kind of fraternity 'hell
week', huh?" I queried.
"What are you, some kind of
wise 'guy? Gowan, scram hippie
From that I certainly knew they
were fraternity boys - of course
I was a wise guy - I was !t the
University, wasn't I?
Not discouraged, I was deter-
mined to succeed at the big "U"
in my first year. In the course of
my courses I of -course hoped to
learn "why?" I memorized my ID
number, noting with glee that I
was the first one to have my so- o
cial security number here - there
was a "1" right after it. I mem-
orized the toll line hook up code
on certain University phones so
I could call my girl friend in De-
troit free. I memorized tests,
learning the relevance of educa-
tion in 500-person 100 level cours-
es. But it wasn't until this se-
mester that I really learned "why."
IT WAS two weeks ago and I
was imploring my counselor to
let me take Russian 203 pass-fail.
"Please Mr. , can I take
203 pass-fail," I asked angellically.
"C'mon, Mark. Advance regis-
tration classification for pass-fail
options ended two minutes ago,"
he said benignly. (Somehow, he
reminded me of a used car sales-
man my father once warned me
against dealing with).
He s m i 1 e d sympathetically,
though. "Listen pal, even if you
had come to me two minutes ago,
I still couldn't have done anything
"Why?" I asked.
"It's time for my coffee break.
I'm now resigned to my fate. I
go to the Ugli and ask to take out
a magazine. "No," says the svelte
young chick behind the counter.
"Why?" says I. Another dude be-
hind the counter deadpans, "No
"You can get them copied back
there at the "coin cop" she adds.
I go back there, and sure
enough the "coin cop" copier cons
Letters to the Daiy Jews as refugees
To the Daily:
IN HIS second letter (Daily,
Oct. 10 )Mr. Brown finally ad-
mits that cries of "throw the
Israelis into the sea" have been
heard from official Arab sources
as recent as 1967, but, he claims,
the "various Palestine liberation
organizations are not anti-Jewish,
just anti-Zionist". Furthermore,
he says, their aim is a "secular
state of Palestine", while Israel's
aim is a "military peace" (sic).
Let us investigate a little the
nature of the. democratic state of
Palestine as envisaged by the ten
Terrorist (pick one) groups. One
of the groups is headed by the
ex-Mufti of Jerusalem, the Pal-
estinian Moslem leader who spent
Wnrl1l War TT in Nazi t3 rmaonv
Declaration, 1917), will be con-
sidered as Palestinians. T h is
means that the million or more
Jews whose parents or g r a n d-
parents came to Israel in the last
53 years from countries like Iraq,
Egypt, Syria or Yemen (and per-
sisted on less than 10 cents a day),
will not have any rights whatso-
ever in this "democratic state".
As explained by Mr. Shafik al-
Hout, the Beirut representative of
the Palestine Liberation Organi-
zation (Al Anwar, Beirut, March
1970), these Jews will have to re-
turn to their countries of origin..
This means solving the A r a b
refugee problem by making Jews
into refugees. And if these coun-
tries of origin would not accept
them, these Jews will probably be
driven either into the sea or into
a Moslem, Christian or Jew to be
president. The Palestinian Chart-
er does not even recognize t h e
Jews as a national minority (use
of the Hebrew language etc.).
Without deportation or genocide
the Jews would actually have a
slim majority even after all Arab
refugees would return.
The majority, however, does
not even need to rule the future
"secular" Palestinian state: "If
the slogan of a democratic State
is intended only to counter the
argument that we aspire to throw
the Jews into the sea, then it is
an effective and useful one as a
political and propaganda act.
However, if we consider it as the
final strategy of the national
Palestinian Arab Liberation Move-
ment - then it needs prolonged
William Ryan (AP corre3pondent)
of bias, only of incompetence.
Ryan mentions anti-Jewish po-
groms a century ago in Russia
and Poland(?) He neglects to men-
tion explicitly the genocide via gas
chambers of 6 million Jewish men,
women and children 25 years ago
(the phrase "desperate situation"
is quite an understatement).
Ryan does not mention that the
23 year old war in the Middle
East started by a declaration of
the Palestinian leaders in 1947,
immediately after the U.N par-
tition decision (they objected to
having both an Arab Palestinian.
State and a Jewish one). It was
the Palestinian command that
started military activities then,
resulting in evacuation of Jewish
villages (Beth Haarava, Atarot,