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October 17, 1970 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1970-10-17

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Jury indicts 25 Kent protesters, exonerates


By The Associated PresĀ§
A special state grand jury yesterday
exonerated National Guard troops who
fired on students during a Kent State
University campus riot last May in which
four students were killed.
The jury indicted 25 persons whose
identities were withheld pending arrest.
Jurors said National Guardsmen, whose
fire killed four students, were not subject
to criminal prosecution, and they accused
the university administration of being
overly intent with radical elements.
The Justice Department is "evaluating"
the grand jury report, a spokesman for

Atty. Gen. John N. Mitchell said yesterday.
The department, which conducted its own
investigation of the fatal shooting of four
students May 4, has been withholding a
decision on possible federal action until
the jury reported.
Craig Morgan, Kent student body presi-
dent, said he was contacted last night by
attorney William Kunstler. Morgan said
that Kunstler, who defended the Chicago
Seven, had said he would conduct -a co-
ordinated defense program for all 25 per-
sons indicted "to make sure that research,
press relations, financial aid and attorneys
could be shared."

The report brought angry reaction from
parents of the deadistudents. Bernard Mil-
ler, of Plainfield, N.Y., wlose 20-year-old
son Jeffrey was killed, said: "You mean
you can get away with murder in this
And a member of the President's Com-
mission on Campus Unrest, James F.
Ahern, who is police chief of New Haven,
Conn., said the grand jury's findings were
"inconsistent with the facts" presented to
his commission.
The grand jury report broke sharply with
the commission's report, which charged
guardsmen with firing "indiscriminately"

May 4 and said the deaths were "unwar-
ranted and inexcusable."
.The grand jury concluded weapons used
by guardsmen were inappropriate for
quelling campus disorders, but disagreed
with those advocating that troops not be
issued live ammunition.'
The jury report capped four weeks of
testimony received from more than 300
witnesses. It said the university adminis-
tration had "fostered an attitude of laxity,
over-indulgence and permissiveness with
its students and faculty to the extent that
it can no longer regulate the activities of
either. .."

While they did not condone all activity
by the guard on the campus, jurors said
guardsmen involved in the shooting "fired
their weapons in the honest and sincere
belief and under circumstances which
would have logically caused them to believe
that they would suffer serious bodily injury
had they not done so."
"They are not subject to criminal prose-
cution under the laws of this state for any
death or injury resulting therefrom," the
report added.
The jury said guardsmen involved in the
shooting "were on the defensive and had

every reason to be concerned for their own
During the period immediately before
the shooting, the jury said, several guards-
men "were knocked to the ground or to
their knee by the force of the objects
' thrown at them."
Verbal abuse by students at guardsmen,
the jurors said, ''represented a level of
obscenity and vulgarity which we have
never before witnessed."
The jury also criticized university policy
"to routinely grant official recognition to
every group that makes application. The
See JURY, Page 10


See Editorial Page


Ak z~lar


Fair to
partly cloudy

Vol. LXXXI, No. 39

Ann Arbor, Michigan -

Saturday, October 17, 1970

Ten Cents

Ten Pages

Regents reject plan


'-backed child center

No response given on
TU, SSAW proposals
Citing shortages in funding and facilities, the Regents
yesterday rejected plans for University financing of a free,
24-hour child-care center.
The proposals were brought to the Regents by the Child
Care Action Group of Women's Liberation during Thursday's
open hearing. Since its organization eight months ago, the
group has been pressing the University for what it calls a
"positive response to child care."
No action was taken on the Tenants Union's (TU) request
on Thursday for regental commitment to build single student;













'bans Q


* *0






low-cost housing, nor did the Regents take formal action on
eight demands presented by the Students to Support the
Auto Workers (SSAW).
R egent hits However, after the meeting, Re-
gent R ob e rt Nederlander (D-
I Flushing) said, "These were legi-
timate requests, although we ob-
COnauC a . viously did not have time to con-
sider them all. We may have an
* answer on them next month but
Swe'll have to wait for the admin-
pen y ession istration to assemble the neces-
sary information on these re-
The text of Regent Linde- Though describing the child
mer's speech is printed on to- huhdsrbn h hl
care proposal as a "laudable ob-
day's editorial page. jective," Regent William Cudlip
(R-Detroit) said, "We are just an
By CARLA RAPOPORT arm or agency of the state and
Charging their manner was quite dependent upon the taxpay-
"raucous" and "insulting", Regent, ers for our support."
Lawrence Lindemer (R-Stock- Mentioning the "millions of le-I
bridge) yesterday attacked t h e gitimate demands" made upon the
conduct of a portion of the stu- Regents by various groups, Cudlip
dents who attended the Regents added, "It is simply a case of no
open hearing Thursday. resources for this fine purpose."
At Thursday's hearing in the Citing a "tight money situa-
Michigan Union Ballroom, mem- tion," President Robben Fleming
bers of the audience consistently said, "We have not had any funds
interrupted President Robben identified which can be used for
Fleming and Regent Paul Goebel full-time funding of a child care
(R-Grand Rapids). center."
A motion to reject the proposal
At yesterday's Regents meeting,E passed with Regent Gerald Dunn
Lindemer said he felt communica- (D-Flushing) dissentingand Ned-
tions between students and Re- erlander abstaining.
gents had broken down as a result Although different organizations
of thehearing and expressed re- have raised the question ofechild
luctance to participate in-future care at the University over the
hearings, past two years, not until Women's
Saying past hearings had-im- Liberation members formed the
proved communications between Child Care Action Group did the
the Regents and the University question become a major issue.
community, Lindemer denounced LastMarch, the group approached
Thursday's proceedings, remark- several administrators, including
ing, "Real commuhication cannot Barbara Newell, then acting vice
be fostered by rudeness, loud noise, president for student affairs, and
or physical pressure." President Fleming.
After several meetings w i t h
Lindemer said the rest of the Newell and Fleming, a committee
student body would have "ex- to study the feasibility of a Uni-
pressed disgust" at the conduct versity-supported child care center
of the nearly 40 students who, he was established in late March.
said, disrupted the meeting. Earlier investigations for child
"Because of the noise and or- care facilities by Newell and the
ganization. those few give to the action group resulted in requests
for space at the University School
student body a reputation not de- which was to close that June.
served," he added. See REJECT, Page 10

Rebellion threat cited;
250 j'ailed in province
OTTAWA (R--The Canadian government invoked the War
Measures Act yesterday,, suspending many civil liberties and
outlawing the Quebec Liberation Front (FLQ). Police, in a
wide sweep across Quebec province, arrested more than 250
The War Measures Act gives the government emergency
power to censor and suppress publications, make arrests
.without following normal procedures, and control virtually
all aspects of the nation's economy. It has never before been
invoked in peacetime.
Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau, who comes from
Quebec, declared the FLQ posed the threat of insurrection
and was trying clandestinely to destroy the nation's social
structure. _~

-Associated Press -Associated
TROOPS WEARING GAS MASKS and with fixed bayonets (left) go through training exercises yesterday at the Canadian Forces
east of Montreal. Meanwhile, Prime Minister Trudeau, right, who called up the troops, reads his notes as he prepares to meet
members of Parliament to explain why he invoked the War Measures Act.


'U', Soistis sign five-yeai

By EUGENE ROBINSON month by the newly formed
University officials yesterday Friends of Solstis, Inc. The cor-
gave their approval to the con- poration was formed in compli-
tinuation of the experimental Sol- ance with conditions the Univer-
stis School on University-owned sity set for use of the property.
property. The property in question, a
wooden house at 706 Oakland, was
Director of Business Operations leased to Solstis at the beginning
James Brinkerhoff said a five- of the summer for a three-month
year lease has been signed by period. The school offered an in-
both parties. Members of the Sol- novative section of courses for
stis staff could not be reacned fors
comment yesterday. junior and senior high school ;Au-
The lease was prepared last dents.


The Michigan State game will
be played today, despite an at-
tempt to obtain a preliminary
ijunctionbtonclose Michigan
At a hearing yesterday in
Washtenaw County Circuit
Court, JudgeRoss W. Camp-
bell ruled that there was not
"sufficient evidence" of a pub-
lic nuisance to warrant issuance
of a restraining order.
However, plaintiff Joel Block,
a former Daily sports editor,
savs th deeisin will h a n-

refuses grid


When the lease expired, the
University refused to renew it. Of-
ficials claimed the house was too
old and dilapidated to meet build-
ing code standards, and were re-
luctant to invest the money need-
ed to update it.
After a vigorous petition cam-
paign in support of the school,
University officials agreed to re-
new the building's lease if Solstis
agreed to assume full liabilities
for the property. Incorporation
was suggested as a possible solu-
Until recently, it was unclear
whether Solstis could assume full
responsibility for the property
under its organized corporation.
However, according to Brinker-
hoff, "The lease was changed
somewhat so that the 'Friends of
Solstis, Inc. is the operating en-
tity of the property."
A branch of the Project Com-
munity-formerly University tu-
torial-Solstis began as an experi-
ment in unstructured learning.
Courses rely heavily on "self-im-
posed" discipline rather than the
discipline of prescribed classes,
and one of the major aims of the
school is student- teacher coopera-
tion in the determination of edu-
cational goals.
The entire program of more
than 80 courses has been planned
by students, instructors and staff.

The University claimedt
jor faults of the building
its basic unsound structur
the house would have to b
fied, said officials, to comp
fire codes and the city c
quirement that all new
buildings have only one f
The University estimal
cost of repairing the buil
$8,500. School members cal
figure ridiculous, estimati
a much lower figure would
to make the house comp
all existing building codes

Sept. 6 was judged a public
nuisance, and an injunction
against it was obtained by a
Jackson County prosecutor.
Explaining his decision, Camp-
bell said he did not feel the two
cases were analogous because
"there is no evidence of the
public sale of drugs," at Mich-
igan Stadium, as there h a d
been at an earlier Goose Lake
festival in August, and t h a t
police protection is more read-
ily available at Michigan Stad-
ium than at Goose Lake.
Calling the games at Michi-

He announced regulations pro-
viding five years in jail for any-
one even assisting a member of
the front.
The organization, which con-
demns the capitalist structure and
seeks to make a separate nation
of Quebec, was responsible for last
d Press week's kidnapings of a British dip-
Base lomat and a Quebec Cabinet mm-
with ister. FLQ has an estimated 2,000
-" Among those arrested were Mi-
chael Chartrand, outspoken lead-
er of the 67,000-member Montreal
Central Council of the Confedera-
tion of National Trade Unions,
and three prominent separatists,
Charles Gagnon, Pierre Vallieres
and Jacques Larue-Langlois. The
three spoke Thursday night at a
student rally supporting the po-
the ma- litical aims of the FLQ-independ-
lay in ence for Quebec.
e. Also,
e modi- In a nationwide radio-television
ply with address last night, Trudeau told
ode re- Canadians the government had in-
school voked the "distasteful," extraor-
loor. dinary powers because the nation's
ted the criminal law "as it stands is sim-
ding at ply not adequate to deal with sys-
led this tematic terrorism."
.ng that The terrorists "have in their
g suhaicpossession a considerable amount
suffice of dynamite," the prime minister
ly with said, and the threat they pose "is
See CANADA, Page 10

warns against
vigilante law
citizens might resort to vigilante
tactics to defend themselves from
the violent attacks of America's
revolutionary 'groups, Attorney
General John Mitchell said yes-
Mitchell told a news conference
he saw no possibility of 'this coun-
try invoking the type of emer-
gency powers that Canada turned
to yesterday in combatting ter-
rorist separatists in Quebec.
"If there is any danger, it might
be that the society itself might
take it upon itself to defend itself
agaisnt some of these attacks,"
Mitchell said.."That would be an
area of danger that I do not see
at the present time, but could
possibly come about."
He said if bombing attacks con-
tinued in, this country, "Citizens
outside of government might feel
theywould have to 'resort to the
vigilante tactics that have been
See VIGILANTE, Page 10


a public nuisance on several
Among the incidents, he list-
ed the sale of marijuana, as-
saults on vendors, obscenity,
petty thievery, use of alcohol by
minors, unsupervised pets and
children, ticket scalpers, noise,
litter, and traffic congestion.
Roderick Daane, defending the
University, called the suit a
"patently frivious lawsuit" and
said that "nothing would be a
greater absurdity than to grant
the plaintiff a preliminary in-

case for a permanent injunction
would be successful.
Campbell, in stating his de-
cision. agreed with Daane that
an injunction is an extreme ac-
tion, and "there must be a sub-
stantial injury and an irrepar-
able injury, not just the alle-
gation that there has been or
wil be an injury," to grant a
restraining order.
He added that according to
Krasny's affidavit, police take
"approximately ten" persons in-
to custody at each game a n d
charge "approximately one
,,r " fth s ltr

river blasts
Nixon on Corps
Former Peace Corps director Sargent Shriver
yesterday blamed a lack of direction in the
Corps on the Nixon administration whose actions
he termed "a war on the youth of this nation."
Shriver, former ambassador to France and
first director of the Peace Corps, addressed about
300 students on the steps of the Michigan Union,
commemorating a speech proposing the Peace
Corps made there ten years ago by the late
President Kennedy.
Shriver was in Ann Arbor to campaign for

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