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Yl r e
Chance of showers,
Vol. LXXXI, No. 34 Ann Arbor, Michigan -Sunday, October 11, 1970 Ten Cents
Women discuss roles at teach-in
NEW YORK CITY POLICE check for bomb fragments early yesterday morning after
an explosion hit the third floor of a courthouse in the Queens borough of the city.
The building is adjacent to the Long Island City jail, where prisoners revolted
N.Y. courthouse bombed,
some airports threatened
bias in jobs
By CARLA RAPOPORT
and JIM McFERSON
Two panels discussed the role of women
in academia and the professions yesterday
as part of this weekend's Teach-in on
Women, designed to celebrate the centennial
of women at the University.
Women are treated in today's academic
world as harmless adornments, intelligent
but superfluous females, vicious men-haters
and potential invaders of the educational
power structure, according to a five-women
Nearly 100 women and a few men attended
the discussion to hear the five women dis
cuss their academic careers and relate them
to the struggle of women as a whole.
The five, ranging from a grad student to
associate professor, agreed emphatically that
w o m e n are consistently discriminated
against in the academic world, and that
even to gain some little recognition a woman
must be far more outstanding than her male
Business Prof. Mary Bromage told of her
special position as the "doll" and "female
on the pedestal" position, because she is
the only woman on that faculty.
Mary Alice Shulman, an economics lec-
turer, said she had faced little overt dis-
crin-ination, but pointed out that, as tokens,
women presented little threat. "As numbers
grow past tokenism," she added, "discrim-
ination becomes real."
A graduate student in journalism who is
doing research about women in the Univer-
sity, Kathy Shortridge, emphasized the poor
position of women on the faculty.
Although the situation is improving at
the University," she said, "the faculty is
only 8 per cent female." Many of those
women are located in the nursing school,
At the same time, about 40 women filled
the first few rows of Aud. B to hear a three-
women panel on women in professions.
The panel members spoke initially of the
"deplorable" isolation in which highly-train-
ed women find themselves.
"Because a woman is so cutoff from other
women, when she is discriminated against,
she naturally thinks others must have it
better," said the panel's moderator, Dr.
Rhoda Powsner, an Ann Arbor cardiologist.
Powsner attributed this isolation to the
lack of organization and direction among
Jean King, a local lawyer, gave several
instances of what she called blatant, illegal
discrimination against women.
According to King:
-Only one out of every 40 lawyers in the
U.S. is a women;
-Out of 10,000 judges in the country, 200
-In 1959, 18,000 elected officials in the
country were women, last year 4,300 women
held elected offices; and
-In the University's law school, 35 out
of the 400 are women.
The panel, however, expressed optimism
that the professional woman's situation
would soon change under organized pres-
NEW YORK (R) - The nation's fifth
bombing in the past week claimed by a
radical underground group heavily dam-
aged a Queens courthouse yesterday.
Minutes before the explosion a telephone
caller saying, "This is Weatherman" warned
that a bomb had been planted. No one was
injured in the blast.
The Federal Aviation Agency tightened
security around the nation's airports in re-
sponse to a series of threats against those
facilities. A spokesman said that threats
also had been made against other govern-
Detroit police canceled all leaves and
placed extra officers on duty at Metropoli-
tan Airport after receiving the second tele-
phoned bomb threat in two days against the
The Pentagon announcec that it had
issued a warning to the military services and
several federal agencies to be alert to at-
tempts over the weekend to damage federal
property. An official said the' warning
amounted to an alert.
The Queens courthouse blast blew out
most of the building's windows and caused
heavy interior damage, knocking several
heavy wooden doors off their hinges.
Police said that an open stairwell in the
building reduced the effect of the explosion
and may have saved the building from col-
A prison guard at Long Island City jail,
adjacent to the courthouse, received an an-
onymous warning of the bomb at 1:10 a.m.
"This is the Weatherman calling," the
caller was quoted as saying. "There is a
bomb planted in the court building that will
go off shortly. This is in retaliation for what
happened d u r i n g the week. Inform pig
Patrick Murphy is the city's new police
The bombs went off ten minutes after the
call, police said. Two policemen who were
investigating the call, were across the street
when the bomb exploded.
The custodian in the building and 17
prisoners and several guards in the adjacent
jail escaped injury.
The FBI joined the investigation. The
agency was ordered by President Nixon Fri-
day to find the persons responsible for the
three West Coast bombings Thursday. Those
bombings and another one Monday in Chi-
cago, all have been claimed by radical
The jail was recently the scene of a pris-
oner takeover in which guards were taken
as hostages. Four other city jails eventually
were involved in similar takeovers. In each
case, prisoners were demanding changes in
the prison and judicial system.
The FAA would not say where the threats
against airports were received-although of-
ficials in Baltimore, Seuttle and Lewiston,
Idaho, said their airports had been threat-
ened Friday night The Idaho airport was
closed Friday night. No bomb was found.
"Calls have come to several airports with
anonymous threats, apparently to impede
the movement of aircraft," said Al Garvis,
a FAA spokesman. "The threats have been
scattered from coast to coast."
See related stories, Pages 2, 8
By SARA FITZGERALD
In 1870, Madelon Stockwell overcame one
type of discrimination against women and
became the first female to attend the Uni-
versity. Yesterday, a hundred years later,
over 500 women and men attended t h e
Teach-in on Women, which explored how
they can fight sexual oppression that still
Opening the teach-in were three panel
discussions on the alternatives available to
women in marriage, academia, and the pro-
fessions. Later, more than twenty workshops
explored specific problems that women
This afternoon a panel will discuss the
future direction of Women's Liberation at
Hill Aud. at 1:30 p.m.
Attracting the largest audience yesterday
was a discussion on family, marriage and op-
pression. Robin Morgan, founder of t h e
Women's International Terrorist Conspir-
acy from Hell (WITCH), psychology lec-
turer Adrienne Tentler, Nadine Miller and
Ellen Post of Radical Lesbians, and philoso-
phy lecturer Lois Addison acted as informal
"We are not a panel of experts though
Morgan said, "for every woman is an ex-
pert on her own oppression."
Before the discussion began, the audience
asked that the males who were present leave.
Though the teach-in was advertised as open
to all, Morgan claimed the men's presence
"would restrict the feeling of intimacy
we hope to create in this session."
McCarthy The discussion covered a wide range of
y. Over concerns from lesbianism to the directions
sions on the women's liberation movement shbuld
ns, and take. Many in the audience .discussed how
l on the they came to realize that they were op-
"The whole crux of the women's libera-
tion movement," one woman said, "is find-
ing out how we can get into the right frame
"I discovered at age 40 that I was merely
living for my $50,000 home, its furniture,
and its grass," she continued. "My family
only took notice of me if I didn't have the
meal on the table at the right time."
"One day I decided to start living for
myself, so I packed up, took off and left
eaded by Rochester, N.Y. wondering about me ever
sident of since," she added.
vestigated After the applause subsided, she said
soberly, "But it wasn't easy to do. I spent
more than a month job-hunting because
inent, the no one would hire a divorced' woman."
ivil rights "I couldn't get a charge account and the
outright license bureau wouldn't let me combine my
ivil rights names. I was finally forced to retreat back
ns. to marriage to avoid all the hassles," she
port said, added.
that view "Because society thought I was a failure,"
erogatives added another audience member, "I felt a
failure. Nothing gave me a sense of pride."
encies for She said that she finally realized that she
of strong was measuring herself against society's con-
tion and ception that a woman wasn't useful unless
she met certain requirements.
e respon- Post, Miller and several other discussed
rs comply the oppression that lesbians face. One
s, the re- woman claimed, "Heterosexuality is destruc-
een term- tive in that it is based on sex roles, exploita-
rred" for tion, and manipulation."
rds. Others discussed the problems women face
en effec- in their families. "Being a woman carries
sy for any a lot of burdens with it if you are a wife
the time and mother," said one woman. "If you try
t said. and be strong about it you're squelched by
", rr,. men.
PARTICIPANTS LOOK over literature at the Teach-in on Women yesterda
500 women and men attended the teach-in, which included three panel discuss
the alternatives available to women in marriage, academia, and the professio
workshops exploring specific problems that women face. There will be a pane
future direction of Women's Liberation, today at 1:30 p.m., at Hill Aud.
Bureaucracy charged wi
inertia on civil right's hi
CHICAGO (4-) - The U.S. Commission
on Civil Rights says the federal bureau-
cracy's inertia and hostility threaten to
"nullify" the civil rights legislation of the
1950's and 1960's, the Chicago Sun-Times
The newspaper said today it received the
report, to be released tomorrow, from non-
commission sources and gave this account of
The 1,115-page report said present civil
rights laws "will be nullified through in-
effective enforcement" by federal depart-
ments and agencies.
Inadequate enforcement, the report
stressed, however, is not the fault of policy
makers nor of any administration.
DISCIPLINARY CODES INVOKED
Univers'ities discourage disruptive tactics,
The bipartisan commission, h
the Rev. Theodore Hesburgh, pre
the University of Notre Dame, in
40 federal offices.
Reasons for inadequate enforce
report said, are lack of funds for c
sections within the federal offices
hostility of bureaucrats toward c:
and timid use of federal sanctio
Some of the inadequacies, the re
are due to "hostile bureaucracies
civil rights as a threat to their pr
The report chastised federal ag
"failure to make sufficient use
sanctions, such as fund termina
Pointing to 16 agencies that ar
sible for making federal contracto
with equal employment guideline
port said "no contract has ever bi
inated nor any company disbar
failure to meet civil rights standa
Civil rights laws never have be
tively enforced by the bureaucrac,
substantial period going back to
when they were passed, the repor
Because of this, the report sai
minority group members are losin
the federal government's will and
to protect their rights."
And, in an apparent attempt
civil rights failures to violence, t
added, "Some also are losing f
equality can be achieved throug
The commission, which has no
enforcement, made several recd
-Adding civil rights sections to
White House staffs,
-Increasing the budgets of all c
-Upgrading the position of
civil rights officer in each federa
ment to a level equal to the her
By The Associated Press
With the imposition of the Regents Interim Rules
and Disciplinary Procedures last April, the University
joined a long line of colleges and universities across the
country that are laying down the law about demonstrat-
ing, occupying buildings and other forms of protest.
The interim rules prohibit disruption of classes and
other University functions as well as destruction of
Under procedures established by the Regents, a hear-
ing officer appointed by President Robben Fleming tries
and sentences accused violators.
New antiviolence measures across the country range
from similar revision of rules to electronic sensors and
secret tactical plans. More are in the works. Some
measures originate with regents, some with administra-
tors and a few with faculty.
While recent studies have indicated that the bigger
institutions and those with highest enrollment standards
have been by far the most subject to volence, an Asso-
their stands against violence months before President
Nixon's Sept. 16 admonition to "stand up and be count-
ed" and similar recommendations from his Commission
on Campus Unrest.
On Sept. 18 trustees of Southern Illinois University
specified activities that will be punishable by suspension
or expulsion and listed among more serious offenses
the occupaton of a university facility in defiance of ad-
The same day, regents of the University of Washing-
ton passed unanimously a five-point conduct code with
a controversial clause that forbids "intentionally inciting
others to engage immediately in any of the conduct pro-
The University of Wisconsin, long plagued by violence,
reflects two aspects of line-drawing. The state regents
have set forth categories of nonacademic, intentional
offenses for which students may be disciplined by the
Complementary to these bylaws, the Wisconsin ad-
Stanford University, which says its disruptions last
school year cost more than $500,000, has a new acting
president, historian Richard Lyman, and an array of
A booklet to incoming students outlines campus rules
and the judicial system.
Measures under consideration to identify disrupters
include more highly trained campus police, photographers
with advanced photographic and television equipment,
campuswide circulation of photographs of disruptive
incidents and use of faculty, students and staff as ob-
Some schools, like Northwestern and Emory univer-
sities, have informed students in advance that if they
don't like the rules-as Northwestern put it-"you should
spare yourself and the university future troubles by
reconsidering your decision to enroll."
Sources say a few institutions are trying to head
off violence by screening applicants. Oklahoma State's
dean of students, Abe Hesser, said: "We are watching
g faith in
ad of the
to speak on war
Rennie Davis of the "Chicago 7" and Mike
Lerner, indicted in a Seattle conspiracy
trial, will speak in the Union Ballroom on
Tuesday, Oct. 13, at 8 p.m.
Davis, who has made two trips to Viet-
nam, will discuss the state of the war there
and his recent trip to the Paris peace
Lerner is a leader of the Seattle Libera-
tion Front, a coalition of collective radicals.
He and six others are charged with consnir-