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September 22, 1970 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1970-09-22

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Chavez faces


Hi-Fi Studio
V1 W. Washington


presents the quality sound of

' "---

SALINAS, Calif. '(P)-The lettuce strike
launched by Cesar Chavez in the Salinas
Valley "salad bowl" is a bitter union battle
that has pitted priest against priest.
grower against grower and Mexican-Amer-
ican against Mexican-American.
Fresh from the success of a five-year
strike and boycott against California table
grapes, Chavez has launched a nation-
wide lettuce boycott to gain recognition
of his AFL-CIO United Farm Workers Or-
ganizing Committee. He has also threaten-
ed to extend the strike to other states
and Southern California.
Slowly but surely, he is getting some
The largest lettuce grower in the 100-
page three

mile-long valley, made famous in John
Steinbeck's "Cannery Row," has signed
with Chavez. Ten strawberry growers, an'
artichoke grower, two tomato growers and
two other lettuce growers are in negoti-
ations with UFWOC.
A majority of growers, however, have
pledged to fight Chavez.
The California Council of Growers and
the Western Growers Association an-
nounced plans Friday to combat the boy-
Both said they were distributing infor-
mation to major food chains and associ-
ations saying their lettuce also is union-
produced-under a Teamsters union con-
tract. Chavez has urged a boycott in 64
cities of all lettuce sold without the union

ce igh
label of the UFWOC, saying the Teamster
pacts are "sweetheart contracts."
For most large growers, the strike, which
began Aug. 24, represents an attempt by
Chavez to destroy contracts they have
signed with the Teamsters. For smaller in-
dependent growers, it means a fight
against all unionization until federal
farm labor legislation is passed prohibiting
strikes during harvest.
For Chavez, the strike is the "hump" in
his effort to unionize an estimated 7,000
farm workers 'in the Salinas Valley and
thousands of others throughout California
and the Southwest. A
To the U.S. consumer, the strike has
meant skyrocketing vegetable prices-with
See CHAVEZ, Page 7



Cezar Chavez


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NEWS PHONE: 764-0552




Tuesday, September 22, 1970 Ann Arbor, Michigan Page Three

:30 P.M. 761-1451

1421 Hill


3 t 1
. '

Corrier State & Liberty Sts.
DIAL 662-6264

n briefss
e- . b . By The Associated Press

OPEN 12:45 P.M.
Shows at 1 -3-5-7-9 P.M.




First Appearance
in Ann Arbor

landing on the "Sea of Fertility" Sunday and is now headed back
to earth with a cargo of lunar rocks, the Soviet news agency Tass
reported yesterday.
The mission of Luna 16, launched Sept. 13 and expected to return
to earth Thursday, repr'esents a technological first in space achieve-
Tass said Luna 16 transmitted pictures to earth while digging
up lunar rocks at a depth of nearly 14 inches.
Luna 16 apparently accomplished what its predecessor - Luna
15 - failed to do when it crashed into*the moon the day before
the first American moon mission landed on the Sea of Tranquility 14
months ago.
* * *
A SURVEY OF PHYSICIANS and dentists has disclosed that
nearly half failed to report all, funds received from medicare and
medicaid programs on income tax returns, a Treasury Depart-
ment official told a Senate panel yesterday.
The official, Meade Whitacker, tax legislative counsel for the
Treasury Department, urged the Finance Committee to tighten the
laws in order to recover some of the money now being lost on income
Sen. Russell Long (D.-La.) urged the Treasury Department to fol-
low up on cases of the 4,000 physicians and dentists being audited
and declared "it would be a very great deterrent" if some criminal
prosecutions resulted.
* *
THE SENATE BEGAN DEBATE yesterday on the toughest
air-pollution bill ever considered by Congress - a bill which
would require automakers to build a non-polluting car by 1976 at
the latest.
Sen. Edmund Muskie (D-Maine), who brought the bill to the
floor, said that neither economic or technological feasibility would be
allowed to stand as barriers to the bill's clear mandate to protect the
public health.
The bill would extend that mandate to all sources of air pollution,
including factories, by the establishment of deadlines over a five year
period for meeting health protecting emission and air-quality stand-
Stating that 200 million tons of contaminants are spilled into the
air each year, Muskie said a reduction of air pollution by 50 per cent
in urban areas should result in savings of $2 billion yearly in medical
costs alone.
* * *
URUGUAY'S TUPAMAROS guerrillas attacked seven police
stations in the capital of Montevideo this morning, setting small
fires and distributing anti-government pamphlets.
Yesterday's action followed President Jorge, Pacheco Areco's
refusal Sunday to distribute anti-governmept literature in exchange
for the release of captured U.S. agricultural adviser Claude Fly.
The guerrilla's pamphlets warned against what it called a gov-
ernment plot to kill hospitalized guerrilla prisoners and added that,
they stood by their earlier offer to exchanke Fly and a captured
Brazilian consul for some 150 imprisoned Tupamaros.
The message was considered the twelfth official communication
from the guerrillas since they kidnapped foreign hostages in August.

House unit
WASHINGTON 0P)-A stringent
anticrime bill backed by President
Nixon to curb organized crime and
bombings was approved yesterday
by a House judiciary subcommit-
Chairman- Emanuel Celler (D-
NY), said the death penalty f or,
,fatal bombings was written in to
the bill at a three-and a half hour
meeting but declined to give fur-
ther details.
Besides the death penalty for
fatal bombings, the bill is under-
stood to provide a maximum 20
years in jail and $20,000 fine for
bombings resulting in injury and
10 years and $10,000 fine 'for
bombings destroying property.
Other ,sources said the subcom-j
mittee was split on the death pen- ,
alty and Rep. Robert W. Kastern-
meier (D-Wis), said it could stills
be stricken when the full Judiciary
Committee considers the massive
bill today.
The long-delayed bill-basically
the Organized Crime Control Act
passed by the Senate last January
plus the antibombing section-was,
passed by the subcommittee under
threat of a move by the House
Republican leadership to force it
out of committee.
With ;lawand order an issue in
many congressional election cam-
paigns, the leadership would have
had -lttle trouble getting the 218
signatures needed for a petition
to force discharge of the bill.
House consideration is expected
in the next few weeks.1
Celler, who has, contended that1
some of the bill's provisions might
infringe on individual rights, said
the bill is satisfactory.
He said, however, that the bill1
was passed under deadline pres-
sure and declined to describe its
features, saying some may beF
changed before approval by the
full committee.{

-Associated Press
Action in Cambodia
South Vietnamese marines fire on suspected Viet Cong and North
Vietnamese positions in a major operation about 50 miles nort i of
Phnom Penh,. Intelligence reports indicated that the units may
be pulling back from their strongholds in the face of the Cam-
bodian and South Vietnamese offensive in the area.
GM, laborers
to wres UMe talks

rate cIvut
NEW YORK () P -A cut in
the prime interest rate to 71/2
per cent from 8 per cent
spread among major 'b a n k s
yesterday, indicating t h at
more money will be available
for business loans. But, econ-
omists said, benefits will be
slow in seeping down to the
consumer level.
The prime rate is 'the interest
charged by commercial banks to
their biggest and m o s t credit-
worthy borrowers - mainly cor
Morgan Guaranty Trust Co.,,
fifth largest U.S. bank, took the
lead yesterday in reducing t h e
rate. First Pennsylvania Bank and
Trust Co. of Philadelphia h a d
done so last week, as had several
smaller banks.
Major California banks, includ-
ing Bank of America, the world's
largest, followed eastern banks in-;
lowering prime interest rates.
The president of the American,.
Bankers Association, Nat S. Rog-
ers of Houston, said t h e prime,
rate reduction "should be recog-
nized as further evidence that in-
flationary pressures-are lessening..
and that the economy is return-
ing to a more stable condition in,.
the money and capital markets.".
A spokesman for the Federal]
Reserve Bank of New York said
the prime rate cut shows that
banks "feel they can meet bus-.
ness loan requests." IHe said the
lower interest would "add to the.
ability of business to expand."
He said the reduction was a re-
sult of the easier money policy fol
lowed by the Federal Reserve since
last January.
He added that "directly and im-
mediately there would be little ef-
fect on consumers."
George Christy, chief economist
of the F. W. Dodge division of
McGraw- Hill, a construction in-
formation service, said the reduc-
tion isn't expected to have any
effect on mortgage rates or hous-,
ing, starts but is "symptomatic of;
the general loosening of credit
which is very beneficial to hous-..
ing." Homebuilding has been one
of the most depressed segments of-
the economy.
The stock market, which had
risen Friday on hopes of a prime
rate cut, failed to respond yester-
day. Wall Street analysts said
anxiety over the Middle East sit-,
uation took over as a depressing
market factor.

9-10 P.M.

2800 Ja ckson Rd


DETROIT ()-With a predic-
tion from United Auto Workers
President Leonard Woodcock that
"no quick settlement is in view,"
top union officials and bargainers'
from strikebound General Motors'
are scheduled to resume contract
talks today.
The UAW strike against the
automotive giant, which effects
some 344,000 workers around the
country, began at midnight last
Monday. No national-level ,nego-
tiations have been conducted in
the week since the strike began.
Union leaders were returning to
Detroit from five days of coast-
to-coast meetings with local bar-
gaining units. They had teen seek-
ing local support 'for he strike,
discussing strategy and spurring
negotiations on local level, in-
plant issues.

The Michigan Daily, edited and man-
aged by students at the University of!
Michigan. News phone: 764-0552. Second
Class postage paid at Ann Arbor, Mich.-
igan, 420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor,
Michigan 48104. Published daily Tues-
day through' Sunday morning Univer-
sity year. Subscription rates: $10 by
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Summer Session published Tuesday
through Saturday morning. Subscrip-
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Woodcock this eekend termed
plant-level issues "an endless
struggle . , . an unending, fight"
and indicated that .isputes in
some 157 bargaining units around
the country may prolong the strilfe
even if major national issues are
When national contracts were
last negotiated, in 1967, the final
local settlement at GM was not
signed until one year and nine
days after the start of bargaining.
An atmosphere of fatalism
characterized the final hours of
national level negotiations be-
tween UAW and GM officials last
Monday. The union and:the com-
pany were still 25 cents apart on
a first-year wage increase' and as
the midnight strike deadline ap-
proached, bargainers from both
sides took a leisurely, three-hour
lunch break.
GM has offered an additional
38 cents an hour but the union
wants 63 cents for the first year
of the three-year contracts. The
average hourly wage at GM is now
is $4.02.


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