See editorial page
Vol. LXXXI, No. 101 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Friday, January 29, 1971 Ten Cents
LSA STUDENT GOVERNMENT members discuss the Curricu-
lum Committee's decision to delete several sections of the Course
Mart course in political action. The government condemned the
action and voted to review the performance of the three student
members of the Course Mart Committee which recommended the
action. The sections deleted include those on repression, gay
liberation, independent political action, youth liberation, and
CLEVELAND, Ohio (A - A
federal judge struck from the
record y e s t e r d a y a special
grand jury r e p or t on last
May's Kent State University
disorder, but let s t a n d the
jury's 25 indictments.
U.S. District Judge William K.'
Thomas declared the report could
"irreparably damage the rights of
the indicted persons," mostly stu-
dents, but said there was no basis
to stop prosecution of the indicted.
He said in a 51 page memoran-
dum that the special Portage'
County grand jury exceeded its
power by making accusations in
the report, and that jurors also
violated secrecy instructions in the
"The grand jury is an accuser
of crime, not a trying body,"
Thomas said in the memorandum,
adding that the report upset the
teaching atmosphere at K e n t
*He said it leveled charges "bor-
dering on criminal accusations"
against 23 faculty members who
opposed the presence of National
Thomas ordered the report to be
"physically expunged and destroy-
ed" within 10 days.%
However, he overruled defend-
ant motions for a three-judge fed-
eral panel to study constitution-
ality of Ohio's anti-riot law, say-
ing that there was no evidence to
substantiate claims that the law
The anti-riot law w.s the basis
for most of the 25 indictments re-
turned by the jury.
The jury investigation was or-
dered by former Gov. James A.
Rhodes after 13 students were
shot, four of them fatally, during
a confrontation with National
Guardsmen on the campus last
The jury's report was critical of
the Kent State administration and
stated that the National Guards-
men on the campus were not liable
to criminal prosecution.
The report contended that the
university administration had fos-;
tered "an attitude of laxity, over-
indulgence a n d permissiveness
with its students and faculty to
the extent that it can no longer
regulate the activities of either ..."
The report also charged that
students, "observers," "cheerlead-
ers" and the 23 faculty members
who circulated a statement May 3
against the guard presence all
shared blame for the shootings.
Thomas' ruling was made on two
scis jinied in his court one by a
By The Associated Press
The United States is conducting the heaviest bombing
campaign of the war in Laos and Cambodia in an effort to
force North Vietnam "to make accommodations" and to pave
the way for withdrawal, sources said yesterday.
Up to 500 U.S. warplanes from the Air Forces, Navy and
Marine Corps, the sources said, are now making daily raids
on North Vietnamese troops and supply routes in Laos and
Senator John Stennis, chairman of the Senate Armed
Services Committee, said yesterday after a briefing by Secre-
tary of Defense Melvin Laird, that it might become neces-
sary to relax the present Congressional restrictions on mili-
tary operations in Cambodia.
Despite efforts on the part of f e
Secretary of State William RogersVu n o
yesterday to minimize the import-
ance of the use of American heli-
copters and planes in last week's
battle in Cambodia, however, both
Democratic and Republican Sen- adjourn
ate Foreign Relations Committee
members expressed fears of deep-
ened U.S. involvement.fSaFo3 days
Senate Foreign Relations Com-
mittee Chairman J. William Ful-
bright told reporters he disagreed By SARA FITZGERALD
ith Roers insistence that there
Jerry Rubin speaks for the life culture at Hill Aud. last night
Ru bin calls
By BOB SCHREINER
The LSA student government
last night condemned the literary
*ollege curriculum committee's de-
cision to delete six out of the 15
sections of a Course Mart course
in political action and unani-
mously urged students to fight for
a reversal of that decision.'
In addition, the representative
body for all LSA students v o t e d
,nanimously to review the per-
formance of the three student
" _ -
1 members of the course mart com-
mittee, and declared void any fur-
ther decisions concerning College
Course 327 (Issues, Strategies and
Analysis in Political Action) until
representatives selected by LSA
student government were seated
on the Course Mart committee.
The three students presently on
the committee were appointed by
LSA Assistant Dean James Shaw.
Earlier in the afternoon, several
persons responsible for the decis-
ion made Tuesday to delete the
sections pronounced the decision
"final and unnegotiable", w h i 1e
refuting charges that the dele-
tions were made for "political rea-
By MARK DILLEN fear and guilt that have immobil- sure must constantly be applied
Over 300 heard Yippie spokes- ized young people, Rubin said. to seemingly "liberal" judges like
man Jerry Rubin and other "There was this feeling last year Keith to "free John, Jack and Pun
radicals speak at Hill Aud. last that if I don't blow up a building, because they are just as dangerous
night during what was billed as I'm not a revolutionary," said Ru- as Julius."
"an evening of talk, a night of
action" for Life Culture Week.
Joined by members of the East
Coast Conspiracy To Save Lives,
radical author Mark Lane, and
Genie Plamondon, Rubin discussed
the current CIA trial in Detroit
and other "policies of genocide
undertaken by the U.S. govern-
Rubin criticized students and
other young people for failing to
politically act in support of the
defendants in the Detroit trial;
John Sinclair, Pun Plamondon
and Jack Forrest. Police and gov-
ernment response to political dem-
onstrations last year has created
bin. "But now, every appeal ofj
John's (Sinclair) has failed-and
it's the fault of you people to put
pressure on (U.S. District Courtl
Judge Damon) Keith."
Rubin and Genie Plamondon fo-
cused on the various "conspiracy"
trials (which include the Detroit
trial) and how the government
allegedly jails people because of
their potential in youth communi-
ties to generate opposition to the
"Where pig (Judge Julius) Hoff-
man hit us directly, Damon Keith
is going to hit us with a smile on
his teeth," said Rubin.
Accordingly, Rubin said, pres-
i n (sons''. '1VS Jv~t1CtSACn try V ,y
j onvtctec I At a meeting called to clarify group of students and another by
the reasons for the deletions, faculty members who contended
economics Prof. Locke Anderson, See U.S., Page 10
GE incident chairman of the curriculum com-
mittee, psychology Prof. Ronald
Susan Eisenberg, '71. was con- Tikofsky, secretary, and S c ott ae
victed in Ann Arbor Circuit Court Bass, '71, Sandy Fleming, '71, and
nd battery against a police of- lent members of the course mart
ficer stemming from a recruiter committee - explained that each
During the incident, over 100 ed and evaluated separately by the
demonstrators were prevented by course mart committee on Mon- From Wire service Reports
police from "locking-in" a Gen- day. DETROIT - A federal jury
eral Electric job recruiter. They said while the six sections DEsdOy -oAifederl jury
Elecric ob rcruier.were deleted for various reasons, Wednesday convicted Peter Blood,
Eisenberg's arrest outside the a common factor was the lack of a 24-year-old Quaker pacifist, of
'Nest Engineering bldg. sparked a qualified teachers for the sec- draft evasion.
20 minute battle between police tions, who by Course Mart rules, The U.S. District Court found
and demonstrators attempting to must be approved by the dean and Blood guilty of violating the Se-
free her. Police made eleven other executive committee of the college lective Service laws by failing to
arrests during the incident, which if not already members of the observe his draft board's order to
attracted a crowd of over 500 LSA faculty on a regular or lec- report to a hospital for alternate
people. ture basis. service.
Police had contended that Eis- The sections deleted from the Last February Blood was in-
nberg, after blocking the lens of course include those on repres- dicted by a Federal Grand Jury
a police officer's camera, jumped sion, corporations, independent for refusing to perform the alter-,
on the back of the officer and at- political action, youth liberation, native service. He did not appear
tempted to bring him to the the media and gay liberation. for arraignment, and a vigil was
ground. Psychology Prof. Robert H e f- held at the Ann Arbor Friends
The defense countered that it ner sponsor and coordinator of Meeting House, where, he in-
was improbable the 5'2" Eisen- the course, estimated the number formed authorities, he "could be
See STUDENT, Page 10 See LSA, Page 10 located for arrest."
cifist convicted for not'
with alternate service
Blood said the vigil, attended 7 for his alternative service assign-
by about 35 people, was intended ment in May, 1969.
to provide "communication among Blood conducted his own de-
each other as well as to those out- fense, focusing on his personal re-
side." ligious beliefs. He argued that the
He explained that his draft re- draft is a form of slavery, be-
sistance stemmed from "a need to cause it is involuntary, and that
make a powerful response to the it provides manpower for a de-
Vietnam war." structive military machine.
-,,. ,n ~ ,-.n.. c . His feelings about Selective
Where Rubin's speech, which
ended the program and continued
with a discussion at the Union,
emphasized that any means of op-j
posing government "oppression"
should be used, other speakers
took a more moderate stance.
Sister Susan Cordes and Father
Phillip Lindon, representing the
East Coast Conspiracy, said radi-
cals must spread their ideas to
"middle Americans" while develop-
ing their "own islands of freedom
that the government can't touch."
"Hope has to be placed an hu-
manity - not in political struc-
tures," said Lindon, including the
Catholic Church as one of the
structures that must be changed.
Lane, author of the controver-
sial book "Conversations with,
Vietnam Veterans," discussed his
investigation of "U.S. government
war crimes throughout the world."
Lane, comparing government mil-
itary actions in Southeast Asia
with those of the German govern-
ment during World War II, said
that if an investigation were con-
ducted against the U.S. as the
Nuremburg Trials were against
Germany, it would find America
"My Lai was not the result of
an aberration or psychological dis-
turbance in any individual, but a
policy of genocide by the govern-
ment," Lane charged. This policy,
according to Lane, was the pro-
duct of recent government lead-
ers and could be ended "only in
the streets and on the college
See RUBIN, Page 10
is no U.S. commitment to defend Fact-finding hearings between
Cambodia. "I think the events the University and Local 1583 of
have created a situation," he con- the American Federation of State,
tinued, "where we and the world County, and Municipal Employes
believes we are committed." (AFSCME) were postponed until
Stennis has suggested that if Monday afternoon as negotiators
the military situation in Cambodia for the two sides met without the
then mi situmatbe nemcsary tofact-finder for four hours yester-
worsens, it may be necessary to dy
expand U.S. operations there. day.
Though the sides reported that
It may be necessary, Stennis discussions were carried on, t
said, for the U.S. to send in appeared that little progress was
ground controllers to direct the made towards a contract settle-
American planes providing air ment.
support for Cambodian and South The chief negotiators for the
Vietnamese troops. two sides were asked to meet with
Such actions would not be per- fact-finder William Ellmann in
missible under the Cooper-Church Detroit this morning. The meet-
amendment which forbids the ings will supposedly help iron out
President to introduce ground contradictions in the evidence pre-
combat troops or military ad- sented by the two sides.
visors into Cambodia. Congress At yesterday's session, George
attached the amendment last year Maurer, attorney for the union,
to a supplementary military aid finished his presentation with the
bill, introduction of a chart compar-
Democratic leader Mike Mans- ing the lowest category of wages
field expressed concern about at other state colleges.
Stennis' comments. "I think we The University will begin its
are treading dangerous ground," presentation Monday at two a.m.
he told reporters. Maurer presented statistics for
Moreover, sources have reported just the lowest pay grade, because
that the Ho Chi Minh trail in University officials had question-
southern Laos has become the ed making comparisons between
most important objective of the pay grades at different schools
U.S. in Indochina. Most of the when people at other schools could
American airpower in Southeast be doing different jobs.
Asia is now concentrated on the Maurer said that out of nine
trail, in the second major cam- state colleges the University
paign since last May. ranked ninth in the amount of
By choking off North Vietna- wages paid workers in the lowest
mese supplies and troops moving pay grade.
southward along the trail, sources "The union's own wage pro-
said, the U.S. hopes to buy time posal," Maurer said, "ranks be-
for the Vietnamization program low the average wage of lower pe-
and to reduce Hanoi's capaoilities ninsula colleges."
for waging war.-1 Fact-finding proceedings began
Some attacks are in direct sup- last Friday after the union and
port of South Vietnamese, Cam- the University agreed to recoin-
bodian and Laotian troops fight- mend acceptance of the fact-
ing the North Vietnamese and the finder's suggestions to the union
Viet Cong. But about 75 per cent membership and the Regents re-
of the raids are against enemy spectively.
supply routes, depots and troops Following an unsuccessful Uni-
along the Ho Chi Minn trail versity attempt to get an injunc-
through southern Laos. tion served against the union, the
The latest report brought U.S. parties agreed to proceed to fact
casualties in Indochina since Jan. finding, ending a two-day strike
1, 1961 to 44,355 killed, 294,118 by the 2,600 service and mainte-
wounded and 9,145 dead from nance employes that the union
non-combatant causes. represents.
In Laos, the Defense Ministry Ellmann has estimated that it
reported that Laotian government will take two weeks for the sides
forces were driven out of Muong to present their arguments and an
Phalan, 11 miles southeast of additional week for the prepara
Vietiane, the capital. tion of his iecommended settle-
Cambodian planes raided enery ,iment.
See AIR RAIDS, Page 10
Blood, argued that obeying the
draft board's order would violate
his personal religious convictions.
Although the draft board had
granted Blood, an Ann Arbor :'esi-
dent, conscientious objector (CO)
status, he refused to accept the
designation. The board then or-
dered him to report to Butter-
worth Hospital in Grand Rapids
By TAMMY JACOBS
"Women at the University are channeled,
not counseled," says Barbara Kurtz, grad,
who is setting up an informal counseling
service for undergraduate women.
Kurtz is working with Claire Rumelhart,
women's advocate in the Office of Student
Organizations, to contact graduate and
faculty women interested in sharing job
and study experiences.
such specific programs as the new coun-
She says she wants to "bring together"
undergraduate women interested in a spe-
cific field with women who have already
established themselves in that field.
She also says she plans to have under-
graduate women sign up in the Office of
Student Organizations women's advocate
office in the Union, or in the Women's
Besides the counseling program, Kurtz
will head the Women's Liberation office
in the SAB. Established by the now-defunct
Women's Liberation Coalition, the office
has been closed for over a month.
Kurtz plans to reopen the office today
with a brownbag luncheon at noon for
She is also developing an extensive bib-
liography of books of interest to women,
Service, Blood explained, maaej
him unable in good conscience to
comply with it in any way.
U.S. District Judge John Feik-
ens charged that Blood's testi-
mony was irrelevant and that the
jury should disregard the "justice"
of Selective Service or the war in
Vietnam and instead decide only
whether Blood was guilty of hav-
ing failed to appear at his draft
board on the designated date.
"The freedom of belief is abso-
lute, but the freedom of action is
not,"' commented U.S. Attorney
James Russell in his trial summa-
tion. "The defendant was ordered
to report and he refused to per-
form that duty. That's all we're
concerned with," he continued.
Blood faces a maximum sentence
of five years in prison and a $10,-
Feikens postponed sentencing,
pending a hearing by the court's
probation section, a process which
could last several weeks.
S "When I think of Peter going
to prison, I kind of shudder," com-
Mp..,.nf-,A l *f.-,tl- a fn,'rmn r
1 luU, m -