See Editorial Page
I I .
sunny and clear
Vol. LXXXI I No. 28 ' Ann Arbor, Michigan-Tuesday, October 12, 1971 Ten Cents!
income tax on
By TAMMY JACOBS
In the wake of a financial report stating that Ann Arbor
will go into fiscal year 1972-73 with a $480,000 deficit, Mayor
Robert Harris last night told city council that he intends to
place a controversial income tax resolution on the agenda
The move apparently came as a surprise to several coun-
cilmen since it was expected that Harris would not place
the motion before council until after receiving a report of
the Citizen's Tax Committee, due Nov. 1.
The resolution will seek to replace part of Ann Arbor's
property tax with a flat one per cent personal income levy.
"We had no advance notice of this," said Councilman
James Stephenson (R-Fourth
..Ward), generally considered
the leader 'of the Republicans
on council. "I think you're
totally premature. The least
we can do is await the com-
By GERI SPRUNG
University service and main-
tenance employes Sunday re-
jected a strike as a means of
solving a controversy with the
University over contract in-
In a 533 to 395 vote, Local 1583
of the American Federation of
State. County and Municipal Em-
ployes (AFSCME) indicated that,
rather than striking, they prefer
to follow the procedures outlined
in the agreement they have with
the University to work out prob-
But after the vote, Union
President Charles McCracken em-
phasized, "We don't want the Uni-
versity to get the idea - just be-
cause there were only 395 votes
for a strike - that we agree with
what they are doing now."~
"If it takes everything we've
got," he added, "we are going to
get these problems ironed out."
"Our job now," he continued, is
to go back to our own people to
let them know that the union is
only as strong as its members."
Only about 100 outof approxi-
mately 2450 members attended
yesterday's meeting -, most of
them disappointed with the re-
sults of the vote and the low re-
sponse. McCracken emphasized
the need for union members to
work together. "We can't go as in-
dividuals. we must go as a group,
as a union of 2,450 people. Until
that gets across, we're not going to
The union, sees its job in the
coming weeks, as continuing to
get problems solved through pro-
cedures in the contract and edu-
cating their own members as to
the meaning of unionism.
Manager of Employe and Union
Relations James Thiry declined to
# By SARA FITZGERALD
City Coincil last night debated
resolutions which could affect the
impact of the stutlent vote in fu-
ture Ann Arbor elections.
Council postponed action for
three weeks on a resolution ask-
door vote regisration Thedea
ministrator time tostudithet eas
bilit of such registration.
Proponents of voter registration
have said it will be necessary to
go door-to-door in order to register
the majority of the city's newly
enfranchised students by the Feb-
ruaiy primary election.
In other action, the Council Re-
publicans tried in vain to over-
ride a mayoral veto of an earlier
resolution to add the six Republi-
can Council members to the sward
boundary commission. The bound-
ary commission will soon begin
redistricting the city's wards inI
accordance with 1970 census data.
The redistricting may either con-
centrate or dilute the bloc of stu-
dent, voters throughout the city's
wards, thus affecting the power of
the student vote.
The boundary commission is cur-
rently made up of four Democrats
and three Republicans. Though the
Republicans had no hope of get-
ting the two-thirds majority neces-
sary to overrule Mayor Robert
Harris' veto of their measure, they
went ahead "in order to exhaust
all the administrative remedies to
test the legality of the mayoral
See REDISTRICTING, Page 8
Harris, however, spoke on the
need to act on the tax issue im-
mediately, though he emphasiz-
ed the fact that even with a first
reading Nov. 1, Council would not
be able to vote until at least a
week after the committee's report.
For the tax to go into .effect
during the 1972-73 fiscal year, it
would have to go on a February
city-wide ballot. Deadline for
placing items on the ballot is,
Prior to the quarterly finan-
cial report of City Administra-
tor Guy Larcom, it was thought
possible that if the committee did
not recommend an income tax in
its Nov. 1 report, Harris would
wait until 'next spring to place it
However, the report, dated Oct.
8. "makes a bad story worse,"
In August, a five year financial
projection report by Larcom's of-
fice predicted a gap of $1.4 mil-
lion between the city's revenues
and what the report called "nor-
mal" levels of service for this fis-
cal year. Last week's report added
an expected $480,000 to the de-
We were informed several
months ago that the next fiscal
year would bea disaster unless we
tapped a new source of revenue,"
Harris told council.
Although Larcom's five year
projections underestimated incom-
ing funds from state revenue
sharing programs, Harris said, it
overestimated the money that
would come in from such things as
parking fines by an equal amount.
The quarterly report also de-
tails expenses beyond original pre-
dictions for such items as street
lighting (now expected to in-
crease 45 per cent), garbage col-
lection and police overtime.
A musical day at the 'U'
With bagpipe and violin in hand, two traveling musicians (top left) entertain
afternoon near State St. and N. University. As the crowd grew, a city policeman
makers (top right) to move further away from the street. Later last night some
and dance on the Diag (bottom) to protest oppression of Soviet Jews.
Wargc \-Jim Wallace
asks the two music
500 marchers rally
AFSCME President McCracken
planned across U.S
Rallies and marches are scheduled across the nation to-
morrow in conjunction with the anti-war moratorium called
by the National Peace Action. Coalition (NPAC) and the
Peoples Coalition for Peace and Justice (PCPJ).
Spokesmen say this moratorium has the broadest base
of support that any "of the anti-war actions have had in
recent years, including support from organized labor in many
In Ann Arbor, a full day of anti-war activities, sponsored
by the Ann Arbor Coalition to End the War, will begin with
a march at noon from the Diag to city hall to promote reg-
'U' officials grapple
with looming fund cutsi
comment on the results of the.
By CARLA RAPOPORT
While University department
heads say they have already
stripped their programs to skele-
tal proportions because of this
year's stringent state appropria-
tion, an additional two per cent
general fund cutback appears
This new cutback will come
directly from the governor, who
is empowered to cut appropria-
tions by as much as three per
cent if he decides it is necessary,
to balance the state budget.
In a letter to all state depart-
ment heads, including President
Robben Fleming, the governor's
budget bureau has asked each
state unit to submit by Friday
a description of the "impact"
such a cutback would have on
Whether Gov. William Milli-
ken will order the entire three
per cent cut at this time is un-
sure, but for the past week,
University officials and faculty
members have been discussing
various ways of dealing with
the full cut.
"The impact of such a cut will
Panther chief faces trial today
for alleged '67 police slaying
certainly be grave," says Allan
Smith, vice president for aca-
demic affairs, "but the state is
facing a very serious financial
situation also. We've got to be
ready to make cutbacks."
As state appropriations make
up only 60 per cent of the Uni-
versity's general fund, a three
per cent cutback ordered by Mil-
liken will constitute about two
per cent out of the total general
The consensus of recent
faculty- administration meetings,
Smith said yesterday, is that
fully one-third to one-half of
the impending cutback should be
These areas include new lab
equipment, road repair, elevator
maintenance and other non-
According to Smith, there was
also.a general agreement at the
meetings that certain areas of
the University be immune from
the cutbacks. These areas are
faculty and staff salary increases
and benefits, student aid pro-
grams, and increased funds for
Whether the remaining portion
of the funding reduction would
be reached through an across-
the-board cut of all units is yet
Plans for the cutback will be
finalized by tomorrow night in
order to be presented to the Re-
See BUDGET, Page 8
Ever since the University and'
the union agreed on a new con-
tract last February - after a
three day strike - a controversy
has been brewing between the two
parties over interpretations of
The issues include disagree-
ments over promotions and trans-
fers. grievance procedures, sick'
time. lay-offs and wash-up time.
One Union activist contended
that the failureofthe strike vote
was due to a lack of awareness
among the membership to prob-
lems facing them. Because union
members did not understand these
problems, the union activists con-
tended, they saw a strike as too
drastic a measure.
The activist charged the Univer-
sity with seeking too divide the
union membership. Backing his
charge, he said that somehow a
rumor circulated among Univer-
sity's printers that the University
had been willing to budget' higher
raises than the union negotiated in
the final contract.
Union activists maintain that
such statements were false rumors
circulated, by the University to
try and undermine the trust of
printers in the union.
Three weeks ago, before call-
ing a strike vote, the union had
presented a list of complaints to
the University requesting answers.
The union received a written re-
sponse two days later and twvo spe-
cial conference were held to dis-
cuss the issues.
Still dissatisfied with the re-
sultt, the union sent a letter out
to all 2,450. members of the local
presenting the union's complaint
and the University's answers to
them-asking the membership to
vote whether they approved of a
strike to settle the differences.
Sunday's tally was the result of
istration for "votes to end the,
A teach-in and workshops held'
in the afternoon will lead up to
an anti-war convocation tomorrow
night in Hill Aud.
The moratorium is only one na-
tionally planned program in the
fall offensive against the Vietnam
war. Marty campuses expect much
larger anti-war activities next
month in the next phase of the
This month, many large cam-
puses and communities which have
traditionally been associated with
militant anti - war activity, are
conspicuously lacking in programs
In Detroit, picketers will protest
the Defense Department business
of Singer and Firestone, urging
shoppers to boycott those two
Wayne State University will host'
a convocation on racism in the
military, and students at Oakland
University will vote on a referen-
dum on the seven point peace
proposal of the Provisional Revo-
lutionary Government of South
In Highland Park, a Detroit sub-
urb, the mayor has proclaimed
tomorrow Moratorium Day and
has given city employes the after-
noon off. National moratorium or-
ganizers have labled Highland
Park a model moratorium city,
typical of many small communities
See ANTI-WAR, Page 8
ALAMEDA, Calif. (P)-A group
of 11 servicemen said yesterday
athat 1,000 crewmen from the air-
craft carrier Coral Sea have pe-
titioned Congress to keep their
ship from sailing to another com-
bat mission off Vietnam.
Between 30 and 35 of the ship's
4,500 crewmen will refuse to re-
port for duty Nov. 12 when the
ship is scheduled to sail for South-
east Asia, the group said at a
Wearing civilian clothes and
accompanied by supporters, the
11 men began a sitdown vigil at
midday at the east gate to the
Alameda Naval Air Base, where
the Coral Sea is anchored. Ala-
meda adjoins Oakland, across the
bay from San Francisco.
The men said they planned to
camp until this morning when the
ship sets out for eight days of sea
trials. "The ship will not go back
to Vietnam. If the petition doesn't
work, we have other means," said
one man who identified himself
as Seaman Larry Harris, 20, of
OAKLAND, Calif. (R) - Black
Panther chieftain Huey New-
ton, charged with manslaughter,
goes on trial a third time today in
the shooting of a rookie Oakland
policeman four years ago.
The trial is the latest in a long
series of Black Panther trials that
have been widely criticized for
being "political" in nature. Re-t
cently juries have become increas-
ingly reluctant to convict the
Panthers - most notably in the
cases of Panther co-founder Bob-
by Seale, Chief of Staff David
Hilliard and the trial of 13 Pan-
thers on a bombing charge in New
Police security will be tighter
than at the previous two trials,
said Superior Court Judge Lyle
Cook. He said everyone entering
the 48-seat courtroom will be
Alameda County supervisors or-
dered tighter restrictions follow-
ing incidents of courtroom out-
Charles Garry, Newton's law-
yer, said he plans several bids to
Organic food demand blossoms
By BETH OBERFELDER
Eating h a b i t s are changing"
here inrthe city as the sprouting
Sof several "organic" food stores
in the past few years offer food
shoppers a more natural - and
many claim more healthy-menu
to select meals from.
In addition to buying naturalr
foods off the shelf, the Ann Ar-
bor community wil soon have
the option of ordering organic
meals from two restaurants
slated to open soon:
Organic, as it refers to the I
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delay the trial - one on grounds
it should be postponed until the
California Supreme Court rules
on whether 18-21 year olds
should sit on juries.
"Huey is confident if he gets a
cross-section of people on the jury
from his own peer group he will
be acquited," Garry said.
"If he is tried by old, middle
class racists, we've got problems."
Newton is 29.
Newton, who founded the Black
Panther Party with Bobby Seale,
is accused of shooting patrolman
John Frey, 23, on Oct. 28, 1967.
At an eight-week trial in 1968,
Newton was charged with first-
degree murder but was convicted
of manslaughter. He served 22
months of a 2-15 year sentence
before a retrial was ordered by an
appeal court in August 1970 on
grounds the jury was improperly
The second trial ended in a
hung jury after six days' deliber-
atior:. He has been free since on
Garry has told two previous
juries that Newton had no motive
for the shooting, adding that New-
ton was due to be off probation
for an earlier offense only hours
before the incident.
Garry said Newton was quot-
ing his constitutional rights to of-
ficer Frey, that Frey became in-
By SUE STARK
and BILL LILLVIS
The program was billed as "Con-
troversy Series '71" and contro-
versy was indeed what Georgia's
Lt. Gov. Lester Maddox gave the
audience of less than 300-many
who came to spar with him-Sun-
day in Hill Aud.
In a low-keyed speech, the for-
mer Democratic governor of
Georgia called for a closure in
what he termed the truth and
Americawill not long be a free'
In remarks interspersed with
down-south humor, Maddox de-
cried public officials "who cam-
paign under one platform and live
Maintaining that h y p o c r i s y
among public officials ought to be
rooted out wherever it can be
found, he called on the press to
help in this task.
Using anecdotes to illustrate his
would bring more people into the
city compounding problems by
breeding more ghettos, crime, wel-
fare, and pollution.
"And where they goin' to get
this money?" he drawled. "From
the working people, who else?
They put more into revenue shar-
ing than they get out," he said.
"We're told the m o n e y will
strengthen city, county, and state
governments-but the exact oppo-
site is true," Maddox claimed.
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