See Editorial Page
Fair and mild
Vol. LXXXII, No. 146 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Tuesday, April 11, 1972 Ten Cents
By DANIEL JACOBS
The LSA Curriculum Committee yesterday
approved a plan that would allow students
to elect any course on a Pass/No Entry basis.
Approved by a 4-3 margin, the plan is
now subject to review by the literary college
faculty and Executive Committee, as well as
by the Regents. It offers the following al-
ternative grading plans:
-Letter grades A through D/No Entry.
-Pass/No Entry. A "Pass" would consti-
tute the equivalent of a C or better.
-Either of the two plans plus a one-
paragraph evaluation which would be shown
only to the student.
Students would be required to designate
one of the three plans within two or three
weeks of the start of a semester. This repre-
sents.a retreat from the original proposal,
which had allowed students to change grad-
ing systems any time before final exams.
Literary College Dean Frank Rhodes last
night declined comment on the committee's
action, saying he had not yet had a chance
to study the proposal, which was finished
Rhodes also declined to comment on whe-
ther he generally favored the extension of
pass-fail grading within LSA.
The plan now goes to the literary college
Executive Committee, which will then pre-
sent it to the LSA faculty. "In view of the
closeness of the vote, I question whether the
Executive Committee will bring it to the fac-
ulty in its present form," said English Prof.
Hubert English, chairman of the Curriculum
The issue is further complicated by the
fact that grading revision plans are being
considered by two other groups in the col-
lege: the Committee on the Undergraduate
Experience (CUE) and the joint student-
faculty advisory committee.
As a result, says English, "several differ-
ent proposals might be taken to the faculty
as a whole, and there will be a lot to say."
Since the faculty is unlikely to begin ser-
ious discussion of grading reform until next
fall, any definitive changes would have to
wait until the fall of 1973 for implementa-
tion, according to English.
The Curriculum Committee's plan stems
directly from a report of its sub-committee
on grading reform, which met twice during
the month of February.
One of its student members, John Lande
'74, cites as its motivation "the increasing
number of requests for experiments in grad-
ing," and the popularity of the current Pass/
Fail courses offered in the college.
While considering its plan, the Curricu-
lum Committee examined reports of re-
formed grading in a number of other col-
leges. Two of the more prominent examples
are Brown University and Oberlin College,
both of which offer the student options simi-
lar to those the committee has now proposed.
One of the main items of dispute at yes-
terday's meeting involved the definition of a
"Pass" in terms of the letter-grade system.
Under the accepted plan, a student perform-
ing "D" work would receive credit under the
letter-grade option, but not in the Pass/No
Committee members' feelings about the
approved plan were generally favorable,
though often tempered by the anticipation
of a hard struggle toward its implementa-
English calls it a "good proposal that
strikes a middle ground between keeping
things the same and creating sweeping
Chemistry Prof. Daniel Longone who vot-
ed against the plan, finds it "comfortable"
because of the options it allows, but consid-
ers its acceptance unlikely.
Proponents would have to demonstrate
it to be "totally superior" to the current
grading system, he explained
Under present LSA regulations, an up-
perclass student can elect only one Pass/Fail
course per term, provided his grade point
average is at least 2.0. However, the course
generally cannot be counted toward distri-
bution, concentration, or certification re-
Of the 15,800 students enrolled in the lit-
erary college last semester, 2,839 elected one
or more Pass/Fail courses.
The Residential College and Pilot Pro-
gram, on the other hand, employs Pass/Fail
systems nearly exclusively.
In the RC, "Passes" are accompanied by
See COMMITTEE, Page 8
By LINDA DREEBEN
In his semi-annual address to the faculty body, President
Robben Fleming yesterday spoke on the "successes and fail-
ures" of the University's Opportunity Program and the efforts
to provide both money and services to meet a goal of 10 per
cent black enrollment by 1973-74.
Fleming told the some 80 faculty members present at the
University Senate's spring meeting that the University is
safely "within the framework of both dollars and students"
for the achievement of the ten per cent goal by 1973-74.
Addressing many of his comments to the Opportunity
Program - the University's mechanism for achieving the
said "The major criticism of
By REBECCA WARNER
President Robben Fleming yes-
terdaytold the University's Com-
mission for Women that he still
intends to appoint a single Affirm-
ative Action Director to monitor
equal employment opportunity pro-
grams at the University.
Fleming stuck to his earlier po-
sition despite the group's objec-
tion that his proposal "in effect
destroys the commission."
Fleming told the group that he
understood its objections to his
plan but that he disagreed with
enrollment goal - Fleming
the program has not been.on
the funding count."
"The criticism has been that we
have not properly analyzed the
need for supporting services or
supplied them," Fleming said.
"It seems grossly unfair to me
to charge that the University has
been indifferent to supporting ser-
vices." he continued.
According to Fleming, since the
start of the academic year 1970-
71, the University has spent ap-
proximately $450.000 on support-
ing services, - and the tentative
budget for next year allocates an-
other $200.000 annually.
Fleming's comments come on
the heels of the dissolution of the
Advisory Committee to the Oppor-
t u n i t y Program, which was
charged by Fleming last August
to study the problems facing mi-
nority students and suggest me-
thods for improvement.
dent body effectively dissolved re-
cently when the administration's
acting chairman resigned citing
"ineffectiveness" and "neglect
from the top administrative lev-
Currently, some 70 per cent of
the University's black students en-
roll through the Opportunity Pro-
Fleming yesterday announced
the newly-compiled figures on the
dropout rate for black students
under the Opportunity Program
and compared them to those of
the general student body.r
By the end of the sophomore I
year the dropout rate for all fresh-
men for all reasons is about 23 perc
cent, according to Fleming's fig-d
ures. For black students it is 28 c
per cent, he said. d
Of students awarded degrees d
after four years, the proportion of
Opportunity students who 'are
awarded degrees is about five perr
cent below that of all students in
the University, though the exper- 3
fence is limited, Fleming said. I
From Wire Service Reports
The United States yesterday
widened the Indochina air
war by sending B52 heavy
bombers deeper into North
Vietnam than ever before, in
their first strikes around a.
maj or North Vietnamese city.
Military officials said the raid
by Stratofortresses near Vinh, 145
miles north of the demilitarized
zone, was a calculated show of
strength by President Nixon.
None of the bombers was re-
ported hit in the strike, but con-
tinued B52 strikes would run a
high risk that one or more of
these massive bombers might be
shot down and that their highly
classified equipment might fall
into North Vietnam's hands.
Meanwhile, South Vietnamese
President Nguyen Van Thieu was
also running a major calculated
risk, by committing two regiments
of infantry from the Mekong Del-
ta to the current hot spot, An Loc.
Currently, 10.000 ARVN troops
are surrounded by a much larger
enemy force at that provincial
capital 60 miles north of Saigon.
The fall of this key town could
endanger the safety of Saigon.
The two Delta regiments are
part of a 20.000-man ARVN force
bushing un "Bloody Route 13" the
main highway into the region
from Saigon. The column reported
little fighting and minimal enemy
progress toward An Loc.
The Mekong Delta was com-
paratively quiet but vulnerable to
a major enemy push, with the
loss of the two regiments of the
government's better troops. As in
east days. there were scattered
hit-and-run attacks in the lush
rice land of the Delta south of
Saigon. An enemy division was
reported In Cambodia just across
the border from the northern
U.S. officials. in attempting to
evaluate the pluses and minuses
of Hanoi's second largest offen-
sive of the war, said a stand-offp
appeared to be in effect at thee
Although North Vietnamese di-f
visions, in the early days of the t
offensive across the DMZ collaps-
ed the government's northern de-
fensive tier like a house of cards,
,See U.S., Page 8
You must register by April
14 to be eligible to vote in
Michigan's May 16 primary.
Register, then get out and vote!
According to Fleming's plan, in-
troduced in a memo Wednesday,
the women's commission and the
University's Commission for Min-
orities would become advisory to
the Affirmative Action Director or
could choose to act as ombudsmen
"There's nothing we can do
MAYOR ROBERT HARRIS (top foreground) and City Council members' (left to right) Norris
Thomas (D-First Ward), Robert Faber (D-Second Ward) and Nancy Wechsler (HRP-Second
Ward) listen to a representative of People Against the Air War (center) at last night's council
session. At the meeting, newly elected HRP council members Jerry De Grieck (left) and Nancy
Wechsler (right) were sworn into office.
HRP brings new style
to C ity Council.meeting
By CHARLES STEIN , Democrats and Republicans that
When newly elected City Council! future proceedings would be more
members Jerry DeGrieck (HRP- colorful than ever, before.
First Ward) and Nancy Wechsler The two new HRP council mem-
(HRP-Second Ward) gave the bers were in striking contrast to
clenched fist sign to the audience their regular party counterparts,
during last night's swearing in sporting blue jeans and bright
ceremonies, one well-dressed el- shirts rather than conventional
derly gentleman stormed out in- suits.
dignantly. I It became clear that the dif-
"Too much crap for me," he ference extended even deeper
muttered. when the opening ceremonies be-
A long-haired young crowd of gan. Wechsler remained seated for
300 people packed the council both the invocation and the
chamber and served notice on ( pledge to the flag which drew
now," said women's commission
chairwoman Virginia Davis Nor-
din. "None of us understand exact-
ly why he disagrees with us."
Yesterday's meeting, which was
See FLEMING, Page 6
av.ivv au a.. .a v...s .. .+ . . p ..w .
OPENS STATE CAMPAIGN
Chisholm blasts Nixon economics
some negative grumbles from the
more conservative elements.
John McCormack (R-Fifth Ward)
criticized the HRP practice of let-
ting citizens address the council
from council members' chairs. "I
had hoped," McCormack told May-
or Robert Harris, "that you would
not let this meeting turn into a
Mayor Harris tried to empha-
size the similarities between HRP
and the Democrats in his remarks
to the new council. He pointed out
that 60 per cent of the electorate
had expressed disapproval with
"stand-pat politics," an obvious
swipe at the council's five Repub-
The first political action of the
meeting involved the election of
the mayor pro tem. The post is
largely a ceremonial one, although
when the mayor is out of town,
the mayor pro tem is in charge
of the city.
Some had speculated that the
HRP members would throw their
support to a. liberal Democrat,
but on two successive votes both
HRP council members voted for
Six votes were needed to elect
the mayor pro tem, but as the
vote broke down along party lines,
no one was able to get the re-
niremraivity rnd the mnmere
OVERCOME WITH JOY, a young man leaves Jackson Prison yes-
terday - one of 128 persons whose drug convictions under the
old state marijuana statute were overturned.
ot conVitS 'eate
with sudden freedom.
By JONATHAN MILLER
Special To The Daily
JACKSON - For four hours they came, dressed in prison blue
pants, looking young and somewhat stunned - their confinement
ended by order of the state Supreme Court.
James Griffin was in the fourth year of a 20-40 year sentence
for possession of marijuana, his third offense, when the Jackson Coun-
ty circuit judge, sitting in a library on the second floor of Jackson's
visitors wing, told him he was free.
"I'm elated," he said.
On Friday, the state Supreme Court issued writs of habeus
- corpus for 128 persons imprisoned
on marijuana charges.
in e "It's far out," geraintLrr
d eta n edGeorge, 18, as he .ran into the
glare of the television cameras,
the flashes of photographers, free
atoreturn to his home in Benton
By DIANE LEVICK
Democrat Shirley Chisholm, the
only woman presidential candi-
date, kicked off her Michigan
campaign in Hill Auditorium last
night calling for "a massive re-
direction" of the nation's eco-
Receiving several standing ova-
tions, Chisholm condemned Presi-
dent Nixon's economic policies,
"I'm sick of reading every year
Chisholm called for an "Eco-
nomic Bill of Rights" to guard
against the systematic exclusion
of minorities from decent jobs and
wages. Also included would be an
overhaul of the tax system.
Chisholm listed the following
items for reduction in federal
-Elimination of federal subsi-
dies paid to farmers for not grow-
-Reduced spending on federal
L .. .... . .. « a a~.4 rv
r vv Iv v s/' q-'ua U.'- U.
By REBECCA WARNER
A demonstrator was taken in
for questioning by police yester-
day morning as over 80 people
picketed with striking workers
of the Commission on Profes-
sional and Hospital Activities
(CPHA) at th~e hospital infor-
mation company on Green Road.
Seized on charges of spitting
issue of a union shop as well as
other working conditions and al-
most 200 keypunch, scanner, and
machine operators are involved.
Women comprise 80-90 per cent
of the unionized employes, mem-
bers of UAW Local 157.
Yesterday's incident occurred
as employes began arriving at
the plant for the 8:00 a.m. shift.
George had been inside for five
months of his 11/2 to 10 year sen-
tence for possession of two joints
The prisoners were paraded be-
fore a three-judge panel of Jack-
son county circuit court judges,
who verified each individual's eli-
gibility for release.
Many of them said they'd smoke
pct again, and many more of them
cPvnoCe it frne at their Inno