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February 10, 1972 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1972-02-10

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gsjr A&JCr4oan 1) a
Eighty-one years of editorial freedom
Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan

Look Dick, look at the stereotype!

420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mich.

News Phone: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
ur the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1972

NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT SCHREINER

By SARA FITZGERALD
"LOOK, LOOK," said Dick. "Oh
look. See Daddy go off to work.
See Mommy stay home and make
cookies, yummmy yummy cook-
ies."
"See, see," said Jane. See Dick
go fight with the boys. See Jane
stay home and play dollies with
Sally."
An exaggeration? Perhaps. 'But
increasingly women are realizing
that literature - even school books
- is a major culprit in the stereo-
typing of sex roles.
Last December, a Kalamazoo
woman made the problem graphi-
cally clear in a report she pre-
pared for the Kalamazoo school
board on reading books used in

grades one through six.
The books, published by Scott,
Foresman and Company of "Dick,
Jane and Sally and reading work-
book" fame, have been teaching
little girls and boys to read for
more than 25 years.
The study showed that of 413
stories in the books, 227 featured
boys, while only 43 were about
girls. The rest were on general
subjects.
From the stories, she concluded
that "boys are portrayed as vigor-
ous and inventive, girls as passive
and timid."
ADULT WOMEN fare no better.
Most are shown only as mothers
and are often placed in situations

Nixon: Trouble from within

DESPITE PRESIDENT NIXON'S claims
that his foreign policy is winning
friends and influencing people around
the world, several indiscreet statements
made by close advisors have demonstra-
ted that he is having major troubles
within his own camp.
Two days ago, for example, Secretary
of State William Rogers made what has
been called a mere "slip of the tongue"-
and it has reportedly added a new bar-
rier to the Washington-Saigon relation-
ship.
Rogers' comment that the United
States will be "flexible" and willing to
negotiate with the North Vietnamese on
the, eight point Nixon peace plan, has
angered South Vietnamese President
Nguyen Van Thieu.
Thieu is seemingly concerned that Nix-
on may ask him to resign immediately
in order to expedite progress in the peace
talks. Although Nixon has never pub-
licly indicated that such a move might
be made, Thieu sees himself as a poten-
tial "sacrificial lamb."
T1HE REALITY of the situation is that
U.S. peace efforts-feeble as they
seem-are being blocked by Thieu in his
determination to retain his power.
In a sense, Thieu has become the bas-
tard child of the peace negotiations, us-
ing the United States to legitimize his
base of power in South Vietnam.
Meanwhile, he continues to criticize the
U.S. government's desire for a negotiat-
ed peace in order to placate his staunch
anti-communist constituency.
State Department officials have at-
tempted to dismiss Rogers' remarks as
being a "slip of the tongue." But what
the American people should know is
whether Rogers' blunder was to reveal
the truth, or merely to characterize his
own opinion as being national policy.

MEANWHILE, the furor continues in
Washington over the remarks of a
top White House aide who attempted
to dissuade Democrats from criticizing,
the President's peace plan by charging'
them with "consciously aiding and abet-
ting the enemy."
In this case, rather than being a "slip
of the tongue," official White House
sources informed the press that the aide,
H. R. Haldeman, was merely expressing
his own personal opinion.
Nevertheless, IHaldeman's remark must
be seen as an embarrassment to the
President, for Haledman is too close an
advisor to have his actions disavowed for
the sake of expediency.
THE REMARK seems to have prompted
top presidential advisor Henry Kis-
singer's comment to newsmen yesterday
that one purpose of the President's State
of the World address "is to have serious
debate about the national purposes. And
we would welcome such a debate."
Apparently, however, the Nixon ad-
ministration is having a foreign policy
debate within its own ranks. As much as
the President would like to show a uni-
fied administration to the people, his
middle-of-the-road stance seems to have
alienated both his conservative and his
liberal advisors.
The result is that now, perhaps more
than ever, administration credibility and
accountability are practically nil. Nixon,
who has always relied heavily on the ad-
vice of his cabinet and advisors, has ef-
fectively been relegated to the position of
babysitter to keep his own staff in line.
AND WHO he will turn to in his quest
to become the world's foremost
statesman is anyone's guess.
-ALAN LENHOFF

RSG fighting SGC:
ro / s

that can only be solved by a male
"rescuer."
Second grade students, for in-
stance, read of a woman who
goes shopping and can't find her
gloves. Finally some smart little
boy spots them on top of her hat
and enlightens the befuddled fe-
male.
The situation doesn't improve as
students get older. Later readers
include stories on famous Amari-
cans - or rather famous Ameri-
can males - such as F. W. Wool-
worth, Alexander Graham Bell and
Andrew Carnegie. And when girls
read the stories, they get to iden-
tify with women like Clara Ford,
who provided a steady stream of
sandwiches - probably peanut
butter and jelly - to Henry when
he was working out in the shed
to all hours of the night.
But' if educators are guilty, so
are authors - including w o m e n
writers.
There are, of course, the "super
girls" books a la Hardy boys.
Girls can identify with the adven-
tures of the intreprid Nancy Drew
or that indubitable nurse, Cherry
Ames.
Yet even their creators are
guilty ofvstereotyping. Nancy is a
beautiful, charming, what-every-
girl-should-grow-up-to-be s t o c k
character, while each book in the
series continually pokes fun at
her two friends - Bess, the fat
one, and George, who - "G o d
bless her" - is a "tomboy."
(Note the unusual name, as well.)
FAIRY TALES fall into similar
traps. Sure Cinderella, Snow White
and Sleeping Beauty all feature
girl-women, but all three rely on a
male to discover them (as in Cin-
derella's case) or to awaken them
- both from sleep and probably
sexually. Snow White's worth more-
over, is fittingly measured by a
talking mirror.
Junior high girls move on to the

sentimental schlock that is dished
up by writers such as Betty Can-
ever and Rosamund du Jardin.
Under such titles as "Seventeen-
th Summer" and "Double Trou-
ble", the writers move their high
school age characters through a
series of maneuvers for that pot
of gold at the end of the dating
rainbow - marriage, or at the
very. least, a steady.
College plans sometimes enter
in, but decisions are usually made
on the basis of which school is
closest to where one's beau will
be heading.
WITH THE large part of liter-
ature to fight, feminists are in-
creasingly seeking to publicize
non-sexist books and in some cases
write them.

The latest issue of Ms., for
example, includes an article list-
ing several such books - biogra-
phies of women, written, for a
change, by women, and stories
such as "Eloise" which features a
cunning little girl who battles the
establishment.
One book's description placed its
familiar story in a totally n e w
light. And it suggests perhaps a
new approach children's literature
should take, the new light in which
stories for boys and girls should
be considered.
"(She) leads the fight for intel-
licence, courage and heart. A
classic for feminists and humanists
of all ages."
THE BOOK; L. Frank Baum's
"The Wizard of Oz."

4

By LINDA ROSENTHAL
UNITED WE STAND, divided
we fall." That's a good line
-right? Of course. And why is it
good? Simply because it has' prov-
en to be a veracious statement
harkening all the way back to
1768 and The Liberty Song.
But alas, as with most tried and
true axioms handed down from
ages past, it is little put to prac-
tie.
A prime example abounds with
the latest installment of a seem-
ingly endless dispute ensuing be-
tween the Student Government
Council and the grads at Rackham.
Essentially, it all boils down to
an old-fashioned power play be-
tween two warrinng factions -
undergrads and grads.
SGC is of the opinion that it
should be the student voice on
campus - representing all the
students.
Consequently, SGC abhors t h e
mere thought of strong govern-
ments for the various autonomous
units within the University, like
engineering, pharmacy, and other
professional schools.
Rackham Student Government
(RSG), on the other hand, dis-
agrees violently, believing that
they too should have a voice heard
'round the campus.
THE MOST recent episode in the
conflict concerns SGC's charge of
illegal election procedure on the
part of RSG, which still has not
held its fall, 1971 election. SGC
members claim the delay is due to
"political maneuvering."
In this instance, SGC happens
to be right - from a philosophic
standpoint, that is. For the stu-
dents of this University to ever
get anything from the administra-
tion, a strong united front is man-
datory.
However, RSG does have a valid
point. SGC has twenty members,
thirteen of which possess voting
privileges. Of those, only four are
grads.
According to the most recent
statistics available, there are 24-
141 undergrads, 11,038 grads snd
4,483 grad professionals.
Now it has often been said that
figures don't lie, but liars can
figure and when one sets up the
ratio of undergrads to grads, the
representation sounds fair.
BUT IS IT really equitable? I
think not.
The goals of SGC and RSG ap-
parently differ greatly and SGC
does not appear to be responsive
to the needs of those attending
grad school.
SGC has traditionally dealt with
issues of more concern to under-
grads than grads, and has gener-
ally assumed a stance more left of
center than graduate governments
have taken.
Hence, one can see RSG's posi-
tion.
Both sides have valid points, but
their recent actions have reduced
this bickering to the level of squab-
bling little children who should
know better and unless the two
try to resolve their differences

then little - if any - good will
emerge.
WHAT IS THE point of paving
student government if it is inef-
fective? And how effective can it
be if there is constant enmity pre-
vailing.
All that could possibly happen is
that University officials would be
justified in strutting around with
smug smiles on their faces, 1 ugh-
ing at the little children who quar-
rel among themselves."
The time is long past due for
the two sides to put aside their
personal animosities and childish
games and to start coming to
grips with the 'hard-core problems
of the day.
RSG should yield to SGC for the
good of the entire student body
but SGC should realize it has the
responsibility to speak for 39.662
students and not solely for 24,141.

*

-Daily-Jim Judkis

Letters:* Supporting Soviet Jews

To The Daily:
WITH THE performance of the
Osipov Balalaika Orchestra mem-
bers of the Bolshoi and Kiev Opera
and Bolshoi Ballet held at H i 11
Auditorium, an old controversy
concerning protesting oppression
of Soviet Jewry again arises.
Many have questioned whether
this cultural event or any cultural
exchange with Russia warrants a
demonstration. I am among those
who picketed, who believe that a
cultural flow between the t w o
countries should be maintained.
There are others in support of
Soviet Jewry, who would cancel
cultural exchange events on the

basis of an "all-or-none" policy.
They contend that either all mem-
bers of Russian society be given
cultural freedom, or else we will
close our doors to those who are
not subjected to Russian discrim-
ination.
I was outside of Hill Auditorium
and not inside enjoying the per-
formance, in order to bring to the
attention of those attending, that
the same country that has sent
these performers is in the process
of a spiritual, cultural and relig-
ious annihilation of Jews in the
Soviet Union.
It is because of such public nuis-
ancest some nuisance: a mere
picketing endangering no lives and

Anchoring the naval academy

rrHEVERDICT has been entered in the
Valerie Schoen case. Schoen has
been denied permission to enter the U.S.
Naval Academy at Annapolis because,
Secretary of the Navy John Chafee says,
the Navy is "not ready" for women.
Now that women - Schoen is not
alone in her request-have decided to
challenge the military academies' rules,
which limit admission to men, it is fit-
ting to challenge also the very existence
of the academies.
In a world clouded by the shadow of
nuclear destruction, it is particularly ap-
palling that our country should main-
tain four academies to prepare men for
military combat.
AND, TO further compound their dis-
tastefulness, these academies have
cloistered themselves apart from the
mainstream of life; using taxpayers
funding for programs which can at best
serve a minute portion of the populace.
Besides excluding women, these schools
effectively bar many applicants who are
poor or members of minority groups or

whose prior schooling has not equipped
them for the highly competitive atmos-
phere the military academies propogate.
Schoen's attempt to enter Annapolis
clearly has implications beyond simply
allowing one woman to attend the Naval
Academy. For, once one woman is en-
rolled there, a precedent will have been
set so that other women too must be al-
lowed.
It certainly appears that military
training schools will not disappear dra-
matically in the near future. Thus, with
the influx of new programs to accommo-
date the women, who will eventually be
allowed to attend Annapolis, it is hoped
that the Academy will continue to adapt
to the needs of contemporary society by
adjusting its standards and available
programs.
AT THE same time, the publicity
Schoen's case has focused upon the
Academy will hopefully raise public con-
cern over the existence of military
training so that these "schools for sol-
diers" will someday be extinct.
--ROSE SUE BERSTEIN

'damaging no property), that pos-
sibly a few more Russian Jews,
who have lost their jobs when ap-
plying to immigrate to Israel, will
be allowed to go to an environ-
ment that does not deny Jewish
education or observance. On oc-
casion a world power has 'o save
face, and even if only a slight
amount of embarassment is felt
by Russian officials by our pro-
tests, then we have been effective.
For those of you who in your
luxury of freedom say "I don't
believe in such protests", I con-
demn you for the control you have
thus assumed of the ,destinies of
some Russian Jewish families. No
one has asked you to join in the
buring of a New York office that
coordinates cultural exchange with
Russia. It is strange that a demon-
stration such as last night's of-
fends your morals more than the
Soviet government's oppressive
treatment of Russian Jewry.
And finally, to those of y u
whose inaction was due to your
worry that the financial ourden
in absorbing a great influx of
Russian Jewish immigrants would
be unbearable, these are problems
welcomed by Israel and will be
solved with your help in the United
Jewish Appeal.
-Nancy Shapiro '74
Feb. 8
Health service
To The Daily:
AN ITEM which appeared in the
Jan. 29 issue of The Daily ("Health
Service Plans Modified") m a d e
reference to the Committee on
Long Range Planning for the
Health Service. However, t h e r e
was very little similarity between
statements made in this article
and the Committee's actual posi-
tion on various matters.
Indeed, some Committee mem-
bers are not entirely sure that
your reporter was writing about
the group in which they partici-

pate.
Since the Health Service and,
more generally, health tare de-
livery are of vital cbncern to the
entire University community, I
urge you to do a more complete
and accurate story on the sub-
ject. It will take more thin 8%
column inches, even if you have
the facts straight.
-David V. Heebink
Chairman, Committee on
Long Range Planning for
the Health Service
Feb.'6
Housing security
To The Daily:
I WOULD LIKE to comment on
Judy Ruskin's article on dormi-
tory Security (Daily Feb. 1). While
it was in most respects a good ar-
ticle, there was one statement that
the facts do not support.
-MS. Ruskini says that after over
a year of experience with various
security measures they have been
found to have had little effect on
crime.
In the Fall of 1970 we instituted
a new plan using night security
men. In the Fall of 1971 we equip-
ped these men with two-way ra-
dios. During the past two years
many of our halls have instituted
new procedures for the securing
of doors during the night-time
hours. We feel all of these have
contributed to improved security
conditions in the dorms.
Our biggest problem in terms
of the number of occurrences con-
tinues to be the theft of student
property from student rooms.
While we will continut to try
and improve our dorm security
precautions, there is nothing we
can do that would have as great an
impact on reducing thefts as
would occur if residents would re-
member to lock their doors when-
ever leaving their rooms or when
going to sleep.
-Dave Foulke
Security Officer-Housing
Feb. 2

4

-Daily-Tom Gottlieb

grassroots
Terry and the drug pirates

i

by mark

dillen

SANDRA RICHARDSON is a young
+ black woman whose home for the past
few days has been the Washtenaw County
jail. So far, she has been convicted of no
crime and, because a legal precedent in
her case threatens extended pre-trial mo-
tions, it may be some time before justice
decides whether she is guilty of possessing
and selling heroin.
Yesterday, at the pre-trial hearing on
her charge of possession, District Judge
S. J. Elden denied a defense motion that
her $10,000 bond on that charge be re-
duced. Citing the seriousness of the al-
]eqpd crimes, the judge expressed doubts
ami uuhathurR ,,,n-rr,,n w ,.l,,,,ii

(or is it ignoring?) the problem.
Regardless of whether Richardson is
guilty of anything, her case is an exam-
ple of how we've lapsed into a very ar-
tificial way of dealing with complex social
problems like drug use. We constantly
specify our laws and attitudes according
to what involves the least thought and ef-
fort (or we let our government officials
do it for us."
In other words, we decide that heroin
has to be eradicated from the community
because it makes people helpless slaves to
a drug, right? But because we have recog-
nized that addicts cannot help themselves
we decide that punishing those who sell it

not be into dangerous drugs very much,
who are usually black and who are usually
on the lower end of this community's
economic continuum.
Most of the young white kids around
here have lost whatever enchantment
they saw in hard drugs and, with their
parents and legislators acclimated to the
idea that a little pot now and then isn't
so bad, that rationale which made all
drugs equally bad is weakened.
So now we're in a situation where local
law enforcement agencies are carrying on
the campaign to protect us, trying to
beat to death what is a complex social
problem by throwing the greatest victims
nf hard ruiL iisep-the user himself-

more than $100,000 counting all indirect
sources.
MOST PEOPLE are attracted to Sandra
Richardson's case because an undercover
agent named Terry Bernay kept a paper
bag over 'his head while testifying against
her on the witness stand last week. He
said, by way of Assistant Prosecutor
Thomas Shea, that a lot of people were
interested in finding out his identity.
Aside from the constitutional question-
it was the first time a disguised witness
has ever testified in Washtenaw county
and Richardson's lawyer claims it violates
her right to confront her accuser-people

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