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February 08, 1972 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1972-02-08

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84e friian mailg
Eighty-one years of editorial freedom
Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan

grassroots
Hello ... and praise for tomato throwers
by mark dillen

420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mich.

News Phone: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1972

NIGHT EDITOR: SARA FITZGERALD

Publishing faculty salaries

STATE AGENCIES, including the Uni-
versity, have always been overly
secretive about publishing their em-
ployes' salary figures. Citing claims of
privileged information, administrators
have traditionally kept state taxpayers in
the dark about who receives their tax dol-
lars and what the employe does to earn
them.
Last month, the trustees of Michigan
State University set an historic precedent
by voting to publish the salaries of MSU
faculty members by, name, rank, title,
sex and years of professional service.
The MSU precedent is one which
should be followed by the University.
While the University currently provides
such information to federal and state
agencies investigating such issues as sex
discrimination, it is essential -that the
public know exactly how their tax dol-
lars are being spent.
IT IS IMPORTANT that the public be
aware of any discrepancies in pay
based on sex at the University. The pub-
lic, not only federal agencies like the De-
partment of Health, Education and Wel-
fare, should be allowed to judge the Uni-
versity's accomplishments in its fight
against sex bias.
Also, some faculty members are inter-
ested in the salary lists as a means of
cross-campus comparison. There have
been claims of great discrepancies in the
salaries of faculty members in different
departments. If it is necessary to pay
some faculty igembers more than others

in order to maintain high faculty stand-
ards, the full extent of this practice
should be open to public scrutiny and dis-
cussion.
ANOTHER ASPECT of the issue is the
amount of classroom work professors
are doing for their salaries. For the past
few years University administrators have
claimed that the University is in a se-
vere economic squeeze, and have resorted
to tuition hikes to provide additional
funds. They have virtually ignored the
practice of paying high salaries to pro-
fessors who do almost no classroom work.
At recent meetings, several of the Re-
gents have expressed an interest in the
issue, and have questioned the practice
of sending professors on paid leaves of
absence, with no directly positive results
for students.
THE UNIVERSITY is a state institution,
and as such it is not only the right
but also the duty of the taxpayers of
the state to be aware of how their monies
are being spent. The publication of salary
lists should not cause in-fighting or petty
/ jealousies among faciulty members;
rather, it should provide a more open at-
mosphere in which discrepancies in pay
due to sex, department or amount of
classroom work could be openly examined
and ameliorated. The University must
publish salary figures for all faculty as
an important part of its service to state
taxpayers, faculty members, and stu-
dents.
-GENE ROBINSON

Part I: On starting a column
TN THE Daily's library, you can
leaf through pages of news-
print yellowed with age since our,
grandparents' time. Glancing at
1898, you realize that nearly all of
the politicians and soldiers who
made the headlines back in The
Daily's infancy days of the Span-
ish-American War are now dead.
Even page one exhortations to
buy World War I Liberty Bonds in
a 1918 issue arouse little more than
recollections of the history text-
books that once conveyed thenam-
es and dates to you. The events
are long past, and despite my eld-
ers' energetic descriptions of their
era ("We were disappointed if
we could not get in the Army dur-
ing WWII"), the vividness is lost.
The feeling that dominated those
eras seems lost too. It might be
called patriotism, but somehow it
was more expansive. It connoted a
positive feeling about the nation
and, more significantly, a confi-
dence in the state. Today, at least
among most young people, t h e
feeling is the opposite. Wars have
lost their glory, we can be thank-
ful, but more important, the gov-
ernment has lost its credibility.
While the least political among us
-meaning the least radical-have
paid lip service through talk of
improvements more often heard is
talk of the need for an alterna-
tive.
Above these words is a typogra-
phic design that often decorates
Daily columns. From it you'll see
that I'm calling this column
"grassroots." Aside from it being
the sort of catchy thing that most
staffers look for in a column's
title, I mean to convey that I'll be
talking about people and ms v e-
ments for political and social
change. Change toward a m o r e
basic concern with men and man-
kind than their destructive crea-
tions. Why people feel the need for
this change much stronger n o w
than in the past. And what they
plan to do.
* * *
Part II: The world needs
tomato throwers
BEING FAMOUS, Pasternak
tells us, isn't very pretty,. To this

Daily-John Upton

there exists a small corollary that
a University psychiatrist has been
discovering lately: If you're fam-
ous and politically radical, not
only aren't things very pretty, but
your job security at the University
is rather tenuous.
The psychiatrist is Prof. Rich-
ard Kunnes, who has gained notor-
iety among his colleagues from
time to time for his yippie'like way
of demonstrating his leftist politi-
cal views. Long-haired a la Abbie
Hoffman, dungareed, work-shirted,
Kunnes came to the University
last summer with a reputation for
doing things like burning his AMA
card before television :ameras and
generally being an activist for rad-
ical change in health care p r o-
grams.
BUT CERTAINLY no one ex-
pected what was to come. "U-M
PROF. THROWS TOMATO AT
HUMPHREY AT AAAS CONVEN-
TION," the headlines screamed
last December. Incensed alumni
screamed at the Regents and the
Regents let Medical School Dean
John \Gronvall know about it. And,

with the Medical School bigwigs
trying hard to make the situation
fit t h e i r ready-made cliches
on academic freedom, things,
as the saying goes, got worser and
worser.
"Dear Dr. Kunnes," wrote Gron-
ville Jan. 28, 'during recent weeks
there has been a considerable
amount of discussion relating to
the reports of your actions at the
meeting in Philadelphia of t h e
American Association for the Ad-
vancement of Science and your ap-
pearances on the Lou Gordon tele-
vision show and the J. P. McCar-
thy "Focus" program.
"One of the fundamental princi-
ples which is essential to the exist-
ence and preservation of a univer-
sity is the academic freedom of
its, faculty which permits them to
expresshwithout interference b e -
Riefs which may be unpopular to
the public at large," the sermon
continues. "With rights go respon-
sibilities; to protect the right of
academic freedom for each single
member .. .
"The Executive Committee of the
Medical School has reviewed the
newspaper reports of the Philadel-

phia meeting, and has read trans-
cripts of your interviews with Lou
Gordon and J. P. McCarthy. Whe-
ther your actions . . . constitute a
forcible denial of the right of the
other individuals involved to their
own academic freedom could not
be determined by the committee in
a " 'legalistic fashion.'"
SOMEHOW, IT SEEMS question-
able whether the higher-ups ap-
proached the matter in a legalis-
tic fashion, doesn't it? What
grounds did they have for starting
an investigation into the private
affairs and political beliefs expres-
sed by a faculty member on his
own time? But the clincher comes
at the end:
"The Executive Committee has
asked that I communicate to you
its concern for the fundamental
importance of these overriding
principles of academic freedom
and academic responsibility in or-
der that you might have the bene-
fit of being informed of your fa-
culty colleagues' apprehension lest
the right of free expression for all
be jeopardized by the actions of a
few."

When all the gobbledygook is
translated, the threat implied is
clear enough. Dick Kunnes is an
activist who knows how to use the
media. By throwing tomatoes and
paper airplanes at the former Vice
President, Kunnes drew much at-
tention to the disgust with which
Humphrey is viewed as a dozen
peaceful picket lines. And, whe-
ther you like it or not, that's low
you get on the talk shows
and get your word across. And
that's how you find out what the
University's notion of "academic
freedom" is.
CHARGES WERE never pressed
against Dick Kunnes. In fact, he
says, "After they arrested me,
some of the cops, finding out (that
I had thrown a tomato at Hum-
phrey) responded, 'Yeah, d u m p
the Hump.'" Kunnes has told the
local branch of the American Civil
Liberties Union that the M e d
School's Appointments and Pro-
motion Committee has privately
obtained and viewed video tapes of
the TV shows, and recorded and
monitored radio shows on which
Kunnes was guest. Now, he says,
they want him -to put in writing
his "perceptions" of certain poli-
tical events in which he was in-
volved and to formally submit
these "perceptions" to the psy-
chiatry department.
It may be that young, untenured
faculty members are forever fat-
ed to face this kind of treatment
from the corporate university
whenever they demonstrate poli-
tical beliefs differing from t h e i r
established, status quo oriented
elders. But let's not call this the
furtherance of the cause of "aca-
demic freedom."
WHEN KUNNES "as a joke" re-
aently wrote a letter to H u m-
phrey asking for help in stopping
the investigation, the Senator's of-
fice replied that it was "certain
that the University of Michigan
has well established procedures to
provideadue process to members
of its faculty."
Given the senator's past actions,
one's suspicions about "due pro-
cess" here should not be relieved.

At

a

*

Nxononnes and GM profits

WHEN GENERAL MOTORS Board
Chairman Richard Gerstenberg an-
nounced on Friday that GM recorded its
second largest profit ever during 1971, it
came as no surprise that he gave Presi-
dent Nixon's economic policy much of the
credit for the $1.9 billion profit. From its
onset, labor leaders have claimed Nixon's
policy let corporation profits soar while
keeping the working man's wages down.
However, Gerstenberg also announced
there will be 4,300 job openings during
the coming year. The openings initially
appear to indicate Nixon's policy is not
biased towards big business. Nixonomists
may even argue that the jobs are deferred
benefits which help nullify the discrimi-
nation labor claims it incurred during
Phase I.
The '4,300 job figure, though, is mis-
leading.,
FIRST, MANY OF the people hired will
be workers previously laid off, and
hence not filling any new jobs the large
profits allegedly created.
Second, as early as last August, the then
Chairman James Roche predicted GM's
productivity would swell by 15 pet cent to
12,750,000 vehicles in 1972. Thus, even if
the openings are all new, the 1.3 per cent
increase in jobs doesn't come close to the
15 per cent increase in productivity.
Third, GM receives a 10 per cent tax
credit from the government for research

and profit re-investment. The credit os-
tensibly helps create new jobs by stimu-
lating the corporation to expand its oper-
ation. However, at the time the credit was
extended, GM and -corporations through-
out the United States were not working at
full capacity. Consequently, the tax credit
stimulated the company to full capacity
and increased profits, but did little to
create new jobs.
Thus, while GM and many other cor-
porations recorded high profits in 1971,
labor failedto receive its fair share of
benefits from the stimulated economy.
While profits were high, so was unem-
ployment. Inflation, though partially
abated, continued.
DURING PHASE I, the working man's
wages were frozen though inflation
continued to rise. Consequently, his ac-
tual buying power decreased. At the same
time corporation profits, which weren't
frozen, soared up as the money saved by
the wage freeze poured in.
As long as Nixon's pro-business ap-
proach prevails, labor, as in the case of
GM, will get scraps while business feasts.
A sound economy is not an end in it-
self. What this nation requires is a sound
economy and an equitable distribution of
profits. Although Nixon may accomplish
the former, he will not accomplish the
latter with his present economic policies.
-JIM REUS

Letters Responding to Ireland's crisis

To The Daily:
I WRITE in response to your cover-
age (Daily, Feb. 5) of the rally organiz-
ed by Mr. Bernard Cullen last Friday to
protest British military presence in
Northern Ireland.
No one, neither the Irish themselves, nor
the British government, has contended
that what is happening in Ireland is a
religious war - at least in the sense
that any theological debate is involved.
To label someone "Catholic" or "Pro-
testant" in Northern Ireland is, sadly,
but for the most part, accurately, to
identify not only his church, but to
imply a set of assumptions, substantiat-
ed by empirical data, about his histori-
cal, political and cultural heritage and
aspirations.
The American audience at this trag-
edy must resist seduction by rhetoric.
Words like "imperialism", "oppression",
"fascism" and so on are plastic pejora-
tives which can yield only facile and
unthinking interpretations of a situation
where thought is already at discount.
Any analogy with Viet Nam, however
comforting its familiarity, is simply in-
valid.
I find it hard to believe that Mr. Cullen
has been accurately quoted as saying
that "many Protestants support the
Irish Liberation Army (sic)." Let us
distinguish between the situation in 1968
and that existing now. Then, tension be-
tween Catholic and Protestant communi-
ties was at an all-time low. The former
six-county Prime Minister, Terence O'-
Neill, and the then Taoiseach, S e a n
Lemass, have exchanged their historic
cross-border visits. The spirit of Ecu-
menism had penetrated even Northern
Ireland: Catholic clergy were preaching
in Protestant churches and vice versa.
Mr. Paisley had been jailed as a rabble
rouser. Old myths were being measured
against economic necessities.
In this more relaxed atmosphere, many
Protestants admitted discrimination and
advocated reform. Many did, indeed, join
the civil rights movement as it was
then constituted. That good will has
since been wiped out, not by the violence
of the British troops, but by that of the
IRA. Protestants now regard the Civil
Rights Association as a front for the
IRA. The refusal of civil rights leaders
to dissociate themselves unequivocally
from the tactics of the IRA has lent
credence to this Protestant fear. For
Mr. Cullen to assert that many Protest-
ants support the Irish Liberation Army
is wishful thinking.
THE PRECISE circumstances in which

a ban which would have to include the
,famous "Twelfth of July" extravaganza.
Recently - to furious protests from
Ulster Protestants - Mr. Faulkner im-
posed precisely such a ban. It should
be stressed that it does not extend to,
assemblies, gatherings and other demon-
strations. The right of the people peace-
ably to assemble has not been suppres-
sed.
It was in defiance of this law that a
march took place in Derry last week. To
argue that one does not recognize a law
because it is promulgated by a discred-
ited government is surely to miss the
point if the law itself is for the clear,
good of all. Is the distinction between a
march and an assembly so significant
that it can become fatal? The organiz-
ers of that march can escape respon-
sibility for those thirteen deaths in pre-
cisely the measure that they can accept
credit for the fact that no fatalities oc-
curred Sunday in Newry - neither more
nor less.
Perhaps the grief of those Derry fam-
ilies will be lessened if they think their
fathers and brothers died for Ireland.
But can they be sure their menfolk have
not died to bolster the ego trips and
rhetorical posturings of politicians who
refuse to negotiate, despite the fact that
people, Catholic and Protestant, English
and Irish, are dying in the streets?
Miss Devlin and Mr. Paisley are in
public agreement that internment is
wrong and must end, despite the clamor-
ings of Mr. Faulkner's right wing. Even
they should, by now, be convinced that,
since its introduction in August 1971,
internment - quite apart from the Hu-
man Rights implications - has been of
dubious military value, and a political
disaster. It has obscured all kinds of
issues, not least the withdrawal of the
Catholic members from Stormont, which
in fact took place several days before
internment was introduced, and over a
quite separate incident.
In common with the American media,
Mr. Cullen overstates the homogeneity
of the Catholic populace. Many Catho-
lics, who do want the reunification of
Ireland, are angry and ashamed of the
indiscriminate violence undertaken in
their name. Some Catholics are happy
to remain British citizens. Others have
joined such moderate groups as the
Alliance Party and the New Ulster
Movement. All maintain their belief in
the rule of law. Many of these people are
admittedly middle class, but that does
not, at least in a democracy, disenfran-
chise them.
Mr. Cullen is further quoted as describ-

Nations cannot intervene except at the
invitation of the British government. To
imagine that such an invitation would be
forthcoming from a member of the Se-?
curity Council is as fond as to believe
that the Soviet Union would request help
with its recalcitrant Georgians, or Pres-
ident Nixon with New York.
To sign this petition is, I recognize,
more a symbol of deep emotion at the
situation in Northern Ireland, than a
commitment to any realistic plan. But
then the tragedy of Ireland has always
been one of putting symbols before plans,
and emotionalism before realism.
-Angela McCourt, Grad
Feb. 5
Disclaiming fires
To The Daily:
AS THE ORGANIZER of the success-
ful rally in the University last Friday
to protest atrocities committed by the
British occupation forces in Ireland, I
disclaim all responsibility for or con-
nection ,with the recent spate of fires
in University buildings. If it is arson,
I condemn it unequivocally. Nothing
could be more calculated to alienate
public sympathy from any cause.
Of course, this disclaimer would not
be necessary, were it not for the irre-
sponsible behaviour of the Ann Arbor
police chief, who is reported to have
publicly linked the fires with the rally.
These disgraceful smear tactics are re-
miniscent of the British government pol-
icy of interning Irishmen without charge
or trial on suspicion of being "prejudic-
ial to the peace and maintenance of or--
der in Northern Ireland." Less predict-
able and even more alarming is The
Daily's decision to give credence to such
smears. Editorials should not be based
on pure speculation.
A word about the petitions circulating
on campus. One calls upon the British
government to withdraw its occupation
forces from Ireland. The other calls
upon the United Nations to intervene in
the Irish conflict. Fears have been ex-
pressed about what would happen if the

British troops were withdrawn.

"The

Catholics would be massacred by the
Protestants," is the standard British
propaganda line. Such hysteria is grossly
exaggerated and merely serves as an
excuse for political inertia. A violent
reaction may indeed be expected from
an extremist Protestant lunatic fringe.
But such a threat cannot ' be used to
blackmail Britain into shirking her re-
sponsibilities towards justice in' Ir e-
land.
Harold Wilson acknowledges as a mat-
ter of policy that justice for all the
people of Ireland can only be found in
a united Ireland. In the latest opinion
poll, 59 per cent of the British electorate
wants out of Ireland. Even Conor Cruise
O'Brien, the former United Nations dip-
lomat who has consistently held out
against a British withdrawal, now real-
izes that the situation has deteriorated
so drastically because of the behaviour
of the troops, that a British withdrawal
is necessary as a matter of urgency.
The IRA has always said that they will
lay down their- arms the minute the
British government sets a date for total
withdrawal from Ireland.
In the meantime, the Orangemen
could be disarmed (as their guns are all
held legally, the police have their names
and addresses). A new constitution could
be worked out, perhaps involving a fed-
eral solution, to allay the fears of any
apprehensive Protestants. The laws con-
cerning contraception and divorce in
Ireland could be changed to cater to Pro-
testant consciences. Britain could, in-
vite the United Nations to supply an
interim peacekeeping force, as she did in
Cyprus, for example.
With so many possibilities, it is tragic
that any lives should be lost because
intransigant Prime Minister Heath in-
sists on trying to impose a military
solution on a situation 'which cries out
for radical and imaginative political
initiatives.
-Bernard Cullen, Grad
Feb. 7

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