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January 30, 1972 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1972-01-30

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The month
in review

No. 4

December, 1971

- January, 1972

Page Four

Classified research: Light
at the end of the tunnel?

Senate Assembly's endorsement last week
of restrictions on University classified and
proprietary research has set the stage for
the final resolution of the year-long re-
search controversy at next month's Regents'
The controversy has focused on the issues
of war-related research and academic free-
dom-whether or not an educational insti-
tution is justified in permitting classified
The University currently operates under
a policy forbidding research whose specific
purpose is the destruction of human life.
Almost no projects have been rejected un-
der this policy.
The restrictions passed by the assembly
should eliminate most federal classified
research to maximum of one year. This pro-
of private-sponsored proprietary research
beyond one year.
The sanctions, in the form of a report
submitted by the assembly's Research Poli-
cies Committee, limit classification of all
research a maximum of one year. This pro-
vision, however, is relevant only to proprie-
tary research, since currently no federal
research is classified for a specified time
The report's sponsors explain that the
one-year grace period allows proprietary re-
search sponsors a "reasonable" amount of
time to obtain patents and deal with legal
The report, however, does not restrict re-
search which only'restricts publication of
numerical constants and parameters which
are deemed inessential for publication.
The determination of what is essential
for publication must come from the Clas-
sified Research Committee (CRC), which
reviews all classified research projects.
Members of the committee indicate that
this provision would not likely allow a
significant amount of "research to continue
However, some University administrators
have called the provision a loophole. Wil-
liam Brown, director of Willow Run Labora-
tories, site of most of the University's clas-
sified research, said that the provision
could conceivably allow 10 to 20 per cent
of all classified research to continue.
The stipulations of this provision will
certainly be difficult to enforce, since the
decision on whether to accept a proposal
must be made before a contract is actually
-signed. It is difficult at that early stage for
the government to determine exactly what
must be classified.



-Daily-Sara Krulich


The beat of the bands

After being stoned by Stanford bandsmen during the days preceding the Rose Bowl, the University Marching Band (lower right)
got its revenge on the field by subjecting a nationwide television a udience to a series of bleary-eyed '60's pop tunes. George Caven-
der, University band director, waves his baton (upper right) as a Stanford freak (left) demonstrates his band's unique style.
Sexbias charges con tinu
Se I

-Daily--Terry McCarthy
Senate Assembly discusses classified research

Women have good reason to worry about
the results of the University's affirmative
action plan to combat sexism in employ-
ment practices.
Campus women's groups, who have been
unhappy with the year-old plan since the
day it was formulated, last month com-
plained to the federal government for the
second time in 18 months.
This time they focused on the plan itself,
Which they called "distorted, confused and
deficient," and reiterated their claims that
the University is guilty of discrimination.
Meanwhile, the Department of Health,
Education and Welfare, which enforces the
ban on sexism at the University, recently
proclaimed itself guilty of widespread sex
discrimination in employment.

The last two months have been the most
hectic-in terms of women's demands on
the University-in a year and a half. The
recent flurry began when PROBE, a local
women's group, charged the University with
wid e s pre a d employment discrimination
against women.
The complaint, released in December,
charged the University with acting in bad
faith concerning its goals and timetables
for increased hiring of women.
The goals were formulated in response
to an HEW demand last year, when HEW
found the University guilty of discrimina-
tion and ordered some federal contracts to
the University halted until an affirmative
action plan was created.
PROBE had helped file the original com-

PESC: Fighting the
ivory to wer' image

plaint in fall, 1970, which led to the HEW
As evidence of bad faith, the new com-
plaint cited:
. -The inadequacy of the University's
complaint procedures for employe griev-
ances concerning sex discrimination;
-The failure of the University to pro-
vide any back payment of wages to women
victimized by sex discrimination, despite the
fact that the University was ordered to do
so by HEW;
-The "distortion, confusion, and inac-
curacy" of the goals and timetables for pro-
moting and hiring women, which the Uni-
versity submitted to HEW, and the Univer-
sity's failure to meet even these limited
-The inadequacy of the procedures the
University is currently using to identify
victims of sex discrimination; and
-The University's alleged use of the me-
dia to bias the public and gain support for
its allegations that sex discrimination is an
insignificant problem.
The complaint was filed with the De-
partment of Labor and passed along to
HEW, the federal agency in charge of en-
forcing an executive order 'prohibiting sex
bias in employment in federal contracts.
According to Gaye Crouch, PROBE's
president, the complaint was sent to HEW
rather 'reluctantly. "We filed it under HEW
because we're not protected under any other
law, even though they've been slow and
inefficient in the past," she said.
The action which HEW will take on the
complaint-if any-is as yet unclear. Ac-
cording to Crouch, HEW investigators have
stated that they will be on campus exam-
ining the University this month.
HEW officials, however, have not con-
firmed nor denied these reports.
A short time later, however, PROBE
members may have wished they hadn't sent
the complaint to HEW. Less than two
weeks after they filed the complaint, it was
learned that President Robben Fleming had
See SEX, Page 8

The research controversy began early last
year with a series of demonstrations against
war-related research and a week-long pro-
test fast by some 60 faculty members.
Shortly Phereafter, Senate Assembly di-
rected its Research Policies Committee to
undertake a study of University classified
research guidelines and presents recom-
mendations for possible changes in it.
The report of the committee, however,
was bypassed by the assembly last fall in
favor of a resolution introduced by sociology
Prof. Howard Schuman.

The University has always had a tenuous
relationship with the citizens of Michigan.
While the University acknowledges that it
has an obligation to increase its services to
the citizens of the state, it has never been
quite sure what the thrust of such a policy
should be.
In general, the University's efforts to
this end have followed rather uninspired,
traditional paths - resulting in scholar-
ship programs, minority admissions goals,
extension education programs, and various
"missionary-like" activities such as "Project
Outreach," in which students work at state
correctional institutions.
The emphasis has always been on extend-
ing the University to the people, rather
than making the University itself acces-
sible to the general public.
Recently, however, a group composed of
professors, students and "community peo-
ple" has presented the University with a
program that would, on a limited basis,
open the ivory tower that is the University
to the community-for the mutual benefit
of both town and gown.
Dubbed the Program for Economic and
Social Change (PESC), thergroup announc-
ed that approximately 50 courses in the pro-
gram will be open to the community for
tree auditing and two new courses taught
by community political activists who are
not University faculty members are being
in addition, PESC professors are both
encouraging and offering individual and

The usual fee for auditing in $30 per
credit hour for Michigan residents, and $95
for non-residents.
PESO's response to the Smith statement
was simply to reaffirm their intentions to
open their courses to the community.
Apparently, Smith has come to believe, as
have many others, that enforcement of the
University's rules regarding auditing is im-
possible by any means short of placing se-
curity guards at classroom doors.
"Most University rules depend largely on
the good faith of the participants," Smith
Smith now says he is willing to let the
courses continue if PESC would guarantee
that no "duly registered student" would be
excluded from a class because it was filled
with non-students.
See PESC, Page 8


The proposal called for the University not
to "enter into or renew" any federal con-
tract or grant which limits open publica-
tion of the results of research, unless the
project was likely to contribute significantly
to "the advancement of knowledge."
The Schuman resolution was scheduled
to be presented to the Regents last De-
cember, but became stalled as several of
the Regents and President Robben Fleming
expressed an unwillingness to deal with the
classified research issue until a report was
completed on proprietary research as well.
See RESEARCH, Page 8

After staggering through recent years of
budget cuts and slashed appropriations, the
University could easily term Gov. William
Milliken's proposed hefty appropriation in-
crease a welcome breath of fresh air.
Indeed, Milliken's sizable recommenda-
tion to the State Legislature comes directly,
on the coattails of what has been a rather
grim financial year for the University. Tui-
tion hikes, across-the-board cuts and the
elimination of many services were all in-
stituted after the governor last year recom-
mended only a $2.7 million increase over the
University's 1970-71 appropriation.
And only a few weeks ago, a predicted
two per cent cutback on state funds to the
University and all other state agencies was
ordered by the governor to avert a possi-
ble state budget deficit.
Thus, when Milliken announced his bud-
get recommendation last week for fiscal

Rather than facing another year of


Bandagig the -budget cuts
to make financial ends meet
:.2: ,..:, .

cutbacks, the

University can now

most likely anticipate full state



for most of its


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1972-73, calling for a $12 million increase
in funds to the University, he opened the
door for a new budget scene. Rather than
facing another year of budget austerity and
cutbacks, the University can now most
likely anticipate full state funding for most
of its minimum needs.
While the governor's recommendation

scheduled departures from their jobs and will stay until successors
are found.
Robert Knauss, vice president for student services, plans to
commute from his new job as Dean of Vanderbilt University Law
School until a successor is found for the Office of Student Services
post. A student-staff-faculty search committee is presently inter-
viewing candidates, and hopes to submit a list of nominees to Presi-
dent Robben Fleming by the end of February.
A special dispensation from the Regents has been given A. Geof-



doesn't include funds for major new pro-
jects, it does include funds for increased
operational costs, growing departments, and
faculty and staff salary increases.
While the reasons for the University's
impending financial upswing stem from
many different areas, a major factor has
necessarily been a brightening state finan-
cial scene: Both .state officials and Univer-
sity administrators feel the economy-par-
ticularly in relation to the state's auto in-
dustries - will pick up enough to generate
the revenues to support Milliken's record
$2.24 billion budget.
University officials are also quick to point
out that the governor's sizable funding in-
crease recommendation for the University
reflects certain funding priorities which
Milliken hopes to establish for all state in-
stitutions of higher education.
. For example, Milliken has recommended a
6.5 per cent salary increase for all state
college and university faculty members.
Thus, as the University has the highest
faculty pay budget in the state, its increase

A SPECIAL "UNIVERSITY UNIT" of the Ann Arbor Police
Department, to be funded entirely by the University, may be in
operation as early as July 1.
The plan would supersede the current arrangement in which
the University subsidizes a portion of the Ann Arbor Police budget
in return for services rendered.
The plan has been endorsed by University and city officials,
in addition to Governor William Milliken, whose opposition to the
old set-up prompted the new plan.
* * *

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