See editorial page
See Today for details
Figh Ity*-N n C Year of Editorial Freed1
Vol. LXXXIX, No. 157 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Sunday, April 15, 1979 Ten Cents Fourteen Pages plus Supplement
Students on Executive Committees: A
By JOHN SINKEVICS A
dLUUr11 hi b1Ihin } i1U UIUTI1 17In1iIl S WKA -iA vL e rveu o n 0e11. mkin a decision
I -- #
Executive Committees at the University make
some of the most important decisions on cam-
pus. Their members decide the fate of tenure
recommendations, committee reports on
curriculum, and budget proposals.
However, only two colleges at the University
currently place students on their Executive
Committees: the College of Architecture and
Urban Planning and the School of Public Health.
And even though both faculty members and
students on these committees say the student'
participation has worked out well and has been
valuable, indications are that other colleges will
not follow suit.
PAUL SILVERBERG, a fourth-year graduate
stuaent in Arcitecture and Ur an running anda
a member of that college's Executive Committe
(which has four students and six faculty mem-
bers), said students have been effective in
forumating important policies.
"Students on the committee have been effec-
tive in getting their ideas across, and I think a lot
of positive benefits have come out of our par-
ticipation," he said.
"I would rule out totally the notion of student
irresponsibility in such a position," he continued,
"because I think the students bring another
valuable perspective to the committee. I think
we are treated as equals by the other members
and we have established a good deal of
T 1UDVENTSb HAVE served on the collegeo
Architecture and Urban Planning's Executive
Committee for four years, and the idea came
about as the result of changes in the structure of
Assistant Dean Herbert Johe said that
following the college's abolishment of depar-
tments, regulations were rewritten to include
student input on the Executive Committee.
"We felt that students should share in the
discussion of matters pertaining to the college,
and this participation has been very valuable
when we talk about promotion," said Johe. "The
students will attain information on the teaching
competence of professors up for promotion, and
we carefully consider their suggestions when
niml g UMZl.
However, students do not formally vote on the
issues because the University's Regents' bylaws
state students can only serve on executive com-
mittees in an advisory capacity. The Regents
will not consider student votes in making their
BOTH SILVERBERG and Johe had serious
reservations about the inclusion of students on
the LSA's Executive Committee because they
said the college was much larger and involves
broader issues than does the College of Architec-
ture and Urban Planning.
"While this college is small-everyone seems
to know everyone else on a one-to-one
basis-LSA is scattered, and there are a lot of
issues which students may not know a great deal
about," said Silverberg. "Even with a small
college, there are still a lot of issues that I don't
have any idea about."
Johe agreed. "There is a real in-house
comradery in this college, and the issues are
easily focused. I don't see how you could struc-
ture anything like it in LSA," he said.
"I THINK STUDENTS are basically reluctant
to commit themselves for a long time to
something like this; they are not on the same
level as the faculty," he added.
Johe said he felt student organizations voice
their opinions on various matters in r.epresenta-
See SOME, Page 2
Saudi oil in
doubt for 80's
Shake your booty Daily Photo by LISA UDELSON
Members of the Ann Arbor Morris Club performed the "morris" on the Diag in the spring to welcome the new season. The club meets once a year to perform
yesterday. The dance is an ancient English fertility rite traditionally performed the dance.
WASHINGTON (AP) - Saudi
Arabia's oil production will fall far
short of worldwide demand by the late
1980s, touching off the potential for "a
fierce political and economic struggle"
among consuming nations, a Senate
Foreign Relations subcommittee said
The study said that while Saudi
Arabia has more oil reserves than any
othier nation, previous optimistic
forecasts of its ability.and willingness
to produce as much oil as is needed
should be discarded.
UNLESS THE United States and
other industrialized importers of
Mideast oil sharply revise their energy
policies, there will be "adverse im-
plications for the lives of people
everywhere," the report said.
Sen. Frank Church (D-Idaho),
chairman of the Foreign Relations
Committee, said the report's findings
demonstrate that "it would be im-
prudent for the United States to rely on
Saudi Arabia to increase its oil produc-
tion capacity . . . to bail us out of our
long-term energy dilemma."
The subcommittee on international
economic policy's study of Saudi
Arabian oil reserves stirred controver-
sy because of the sensitivity of U.S.
relations with the Saudis.
SOME OF THE report's findings
were based on subpoenaed records
from two, big U.S. oil companies,
Standard Oil of California and Exxon
Corp. Both are members of Aramco,
the group of four oil companies which
explores and drills for reserves in Saudi
The State Department and the Saudi
Arabian government raised objections
to the investigation, and Church
acknowledged that some information in
original drafts was deleted.
Congressional sources said some
consideration was given to keeping the
document secret. Public release of the
study had initially been scheduled
CHURCH SAID the study was not in-
tended to influence how much oil the
Saudi Arabian government sells to the
United States, despite the report's
generally gloomy findings.
Nonetheless, the report said there is
risk of major international conflict
unless demand for oil is somehow
By 1990, it said, "The consuming
nations could begin a fierce political
and economic 'struggle for scarce sup-
plies, straining relations between
Western allies and between richer and
THE REPORT estimated current
Saudi oil reserves at 177.6 billion
barrels, one-quarter of the world's
Several years ago, the Saudi Arabia
government believed it could produce
20 million barrels daily through the end
of the century, the report noted.
As late as 1977, it was estimated that
production could be sustained at 16
million barrels daily, it said.
NOW, THE report stated, the Saudis
probably will limit production toa bout
12 million barrels daily starting in the
Even at that rate, reserves would
being to run out in 15 to 20 years, it said.
At the 16 million-barrel daily rate, the
Saudis will begin to run out of oil in
about seven years, the report said.
It said Saudi Arabian officials have
clamped tight limits on how much oil
they will permit Aramco to take from
Currently, production is running at
9.5 million barrels daily.
PERFORMANCE OF NRC IN DOUBT:
From AP and UPI
WASHINGTON-As the threat of
potential disaster faded at the crippled
Three Mile Island nuclear reactor last
week, attention shifted to the confusion
that hampered responses to the ac-
cident by key officials.
More and more questions were raised
about the Nuclear Regulatory Com-
mission (NRC) and its ability to handle
problems at the nation's nuclear power
plants. It also became known that many
nuclear plants suffer from problems
similar to those that triggered the
Three Mile Island accident.
PRESIDENT CARTER, aiming to
get some answers, appointed an 11
member commission to study the ac-
cident and the official handling of it.
And the NRC intensified its review of
plant design and procedures with a
more informed eye for possible
As the week began, the tone was op-
Pennsylvania Gov. Dick Thornburgh
told pregnant women and young
children that it was safe to end their 11-
day exile and return to their homes
within five miles of the plant.
"THIS MEANS that it is now con-
sidered safe," he told a Harrisburg
news conference: "Thid does not mean
that we will relax our vigil. We will con-
tinue to monitor the entire situation on
a 24-hour basis."
Thornburgh also said schools within
five miles of the plant could reopen,
state officials could go back to business
as usual and Civil Defense operations
could be geared down.
Dropping temperatures in the
damaged core of the Three Mile Island
reactor were permitted to stablize
again yesterday as officials pondered
their next step in a cautious cooling
process to end the nation's worst
nuclear plant crisis.
"The temperature is holding at 250
degrees Farhenheit and pressure at 900
till cooling down
pounds per square inch, and it looks like
it's going to stay there for awhile," said
Karl Abraham, a Nuclear Regulatory
Commission spokesman. "It looks like
that's where the reactor wants to go."
A PHASED FINAL cooling to reach
a benign, long-term reactor condition
called cold shutdown started Friday
when operators began reducing core
cooling water temperatures at a rate of
about five degress an hour.
NRC authorities refused to set an
exact timetable for achieving cold
shutdown, saying they laced sufficient
technical data and had to analyze each
action carefully before proceeding.
But there was another development
last Monday that wasn't public and that
struck a quite different note.
THE NRC'S Advisory Committee on
Nuclear Safeguards wrote a letter that
day saying that 42 other U.S. reactors
like Three Mile Island could be
vulnerable to a major instrument
problem. And that could mislead the
reactors' operators toward another
The letter got to NRC Chairman
Joseph Henrie the next day, Tuesday.
And on Wednesday, the NRC staff
called for new safety measures for
pressurized water reactors. Three Mile
Island Unit 2 is such a reactor.
The problem, the NRC said, is that
instruments designed to measure the
amount of vital cooling water in the
reactor may give conflicting readings.
Rhodesian warplanes attack
SALISBURY, Rhodesia (AP) -
Rhodesian warplanes blasted a black
nationalist guerrilla- base in Zambia
yesterday, just 24 hours after a
Rhodesian commando raid on guerrilla
headquarters in the Zambian capital of
A terse military statement said the
air strike 100 miles inside Zambia was
against "a terrorist camp at
Mulunguhsi, which is situated 66 miles
north to northwest of Lusaka. All
Rhodesian aircraft returned safely to
IT MADE NO mention of casualties.
This is the last issue of The
Daily for this semester. The
summer edition of The Daily
begins publication May 2. Best of
luck on finals and have a good
base inside Zambia
By JOYCE FRIEDEN
Virginia Morton is more than just the
proprietor of Second Hand Rose, a used,
clothing store at 211 N. Main St. She is
its atmosphere and its creator.
Morton, a charming middle-aged
woman, presides over her store from an
antique chair, dispensing shopping ad-
vce, neauty hints, and counseling to
customers with equal enthusiasm.
A VISIT TO Second Hand Rose is like
a trip to a by-gone era. Gibson Girl. pic-
tures from the 1920s and antique
mirrors cover the walls. Beer steins
rest on the shelves. Boxes sitting on the
floor are filled with feather boas and a
variety of hats-enormous hats, tiny
hats, wide-brimmed hats, and hats
See SECONDHAND, Page 8
Lt. Gen. Peter Walls, Rhodesia's
supreme military commander, told
reporters at a news conference there
might be more raids before next week's
general election. "Who know," he said,
"it might be on again tonight."
Earlier, the military command an-
nounced that Rhodesian troops had
killed 90 guerrillas inside Rhodesia in
the heaviest fighting of the six-year
IT ISSUED a communique saying the
guerrillas killed two Rhodesian soldiers
and five black civilians in the fighting
and one "terrorist collaborator" was
killed. It said the battle erupted after
Friday's assaults inside Zambia.
Yesterday's air raid was the latest in
a series of cross-border strikes that
have occurred almost daily in the past
Walls said the air strike was directed
against a base of Joshua Nkomo's Zim-
babwe People's Revolutionary Army. -
HE CLAIMED Friday's commando
assault that destroyed Nkomo's home
in Lusaka was not aimed at killing or
kidnapping the guerrilla leader.
Zambian sources reported at least 10
guerrilla guards and three raiders were
killed in the Lusaka attack, but Walls
denied any raider had been killed.
VIRGINIA MORTON, owner of Second Hand Rose, examines some-
of the store's line of used clothing.\
T he newspaper game: A toss-up in A
By GREG GALLOPOULOS
Second in a two-part series
About 2,000 copies of the New York
Times are unloaded in Detroit daily.
table and impress their friends,"
Bishop said with a grin recently.
BISHOP HAS little reason to worry
The editor says the role of the News
ought to fill is to be "first and
foremost" in local news coverage, and
-ad he onnsiders this "A great resnon-
l +S Y S
e. _.. .+ .. ti.