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April 08, 1979 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1979-04-08

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Page 4-Sunday, April 8, 1979-The Michigan Daily
_____________ IN REVIEW

Belcher ri
GOP keep
Government down at City Hall will
tot be altered as a result of last Mon-
"lay's electons-all the incumbent can-
'didates were reinstated in their posts.
And Mayor Louis Belcher, who beat
his opponent, Jamie Kenworthy, by 473
iotes-9,936 to 9,463-has said he plans
to continue striving for the long-range
goals he mapped out during his past
year in office. The mayor's plans in-
elude increased street repair, zero-base
$udgeting at City Hall, and a tornado
warning system.
ALONG WITH THE incumbent
Councilmembers-Ken Latta (D-First
'Ward), Leslie Morris (D-Second
Ward), Louis Senunas (R-Third Ward),
dward Hood (R-Fourth Ward), and
Gerlad Bell (R-Fifth Ward)-four of the
eight ballot proposals were also ap-
proved by the.voters. The passage of
those proposals will enable the city to
reconstruct several local streets and to
purchase a solid waste shredding
facility for the local garbage dump.
R By approving Proposition A, voters
have authorized a millage increase that
will allow the city to borrow $525,000 for
street repair, as a supplement to a
$1,725,000 government grant. Three
University streets-Ann, Maynard, and
South University-will be resurfaced.
: Proposition D authorizes the city to
borrow no more than $700,000 to con-
struct and equip a new fire station, to be
located on the south side of Ann Arbor.
the exact site has not yet been pinpoin-
THE MAYOR HAS said the fire
station is needed to reduce the
emergency response time for
firefighters serving that area of town.
Currently there is no station close to the
Briarwood area. Belcher said he wants
the maximum response time for city
firefighters to be four and half minutes.'
Also approved were Propositions E
and F, which provide for the purchase
of a $2,825,000 solid waste shredder and
a $675,000 108-acre landfill addition ad-
jacent to the present city dump, respec-
tively. These two purchases will help
pi'long the life of the fast-overflowing
'City Administrator Sylvester Murray
420 Mayna
E.ighty-Nmie Y
Vol. LXXXIX, No. 151
Edited and managed by
- 4
products to dormitory resi
tbe University Food Service has,
fet, symbolically approved the
p.ny's policy of selling infant fo
to underdeveloped countries i
Third World. And, according to t
1 fant Formula Action Coa

(INFACT), the formula has
proven harmful if not prepared
special conditions not usually fou
those developing countries. Thi
nula has been linked to milli
cases of infant malnutrition i
Third World.
But dormitory residents now ha
qpportunity to show their disfavo
estles' policy by voting this we
+c~1l for the University to boyco
rcmpany's products. If the boyc
-endorsed, the University Ho
d ijvision will recognize student su
afthe boycott, and Food Servic
lialt the purchasing of Nestle item
buy alternative brands.
Although the University pre
b uses only a few of the comp
o products, students must still vo
v the boycott. Any kind of suppo
matter how extensive, must b
minated so that the company
eventually stop selling the fo
when it is not prepared under sal
Sditions. Nestles officials have a
that the company has taken steps


e-e ected;
Is majorit
said he could not offer a reason for the
failure of the remaining four ballot
proposals. In order to secure the drain
repair funds that would have been
authorized by Proposition B, the city
will try to negotiate with the drain
commissioner for an installment plan.
The money is needed to repair the Allen
Creek Drain, located in the center of
Ann Arbor.
TO PAY FOR the water, sewer and
road repairs that would have been
covered by Proposition C, the city plans
to sell Special Assessment bonds that
do not carry the full faith and credit of
the city. Voter approval must be ob-
tained for the sale of bonds that do
pledge full faith and credit.
Because of the defeat of Proposition
G, the proposed new landfill equipment
will have to be forfeited. Murray said
the failure of that proposal came as a
"total surprise," since the other two
proposals benefitting the dump passed
The city's general budget will pay for
the Archwood District road im-
provements that would have been
financed by bond issuance if
Proposition H had passed.
At Thursday night's City Council
meeting-the last session of the Council
year-both the Democrats and
Republicans blasted the city's new
punch card voting system, calling for a
return to the old voting machines.
Complications arose on election night,
and some of the ballots had to be coun-
ted by hand, resulting in later returns
than had been expected.
MrSA Elections
Although results from the Michigan
Student Assembly (MSA) elections
have yet to be declared official,
presidential and vice-presidential can-
didates James Alland and Laurie Tyler
from the Student Alliance for Better
Representation (SABRE) were
delcared winners early yesterday mor-
ning with a 340-vote margin over
People's Action- Coalition (PAC) can-

didates Yvonne McClenney and
Josephy Pelava.
Last week's three-day election was
embittered by controversy concerning
the lack of poll sites, ballot problems,
and electioneering by candidates, along
with several minor' election-related
SEVERAL GROUPS and individuals,
including PAC, have filed suits with the
Central Student Judiciary (CSJ),
calling for invalidation of the election.
CSJ will hold a certification hearing
tonight at 7 p.m.
PAC tried to get CSJ to grant a tem-
porary restraining order to prevent
election officials from counting ballots,
but the Judiciary decided' to proceed
with the tabulations. PAC members
wanted to open up more poll sites so
that those who were "denied the right to
vote," could vote in the election.
PAC candidates are angry because
two dormitory poll sites, East Quad and
Bursley, did not have polls open Wed-

nesday night, the last night of the elec-
tion. PAC expected strong support from
East Quad and Bursely dorm residents.
MSA President Eric Arnson say that
this year's election problems are
similar to problems in MSA elections of
past years, but that they were handled
somewhat sloppier..
"It doesn't appear that there's any
widespread problem as far as the
balloting procedure goes," Arnson said.
Less than 20 ballots were declared in-
valid.. This year 4293 votes were tallied
as opposed to last year's figure of 4427.
SABRE and PAC were the major par-
ties winning MSA seats, with each cap-
turing 15 positions. Two independent
candidates, one Young Socialist Alliarn
ce candidate, and one write-in can-
didate also won seats.
The six ballot proposals and Board of
Student position will be counted today
at noon.

The Psychology Department's
experimental learning course Project
Outreach faces drastic revisions by the
department following a Literary
College (LSA) Executive Committee
If the department does not revamp
the program to address the Executive
Committee's objections, the committee
has threatened to cut off TAs funds for
the project.
THE EXECUTIVE Committee's ob-
jections to the program were based on
the committee's claim that un-
dergraduates, who currently supervise
other undergraduates in the program,
are not qualified to serve in this role.
The Psychology Department has
formed a committee to revise the
program which hopes to complete a

report on the matter this week.
Psychology Prof. Shula Renharz
Project Outreach director, says she
believes undergraduate students are
qualified to supervise the projects. She
also says the leadership experience of-
fered Outreach supervisors is a
valuable addition to their education.
Moreover, Reinharz says the depar-
tment will face enormous difficulties in
recruiting faculty members to take the
place of undergraduate supervisors. If
the department cannot replace the un-
dergraduates with faculty, many, if not
most of the Outreach programs may be
Admist the controversy surrounding
the Regents' meetings several weeks
ago, the Board directed the Senate Ad-
visory Committee on Financial Affairs
(SACFA) to update a March 1978 report
on the South Africa divestiture issue.
SACFA, who last year advised the
Board to keep its holdings in banks and
corporations doing business in South
Africa, is not scheduled to have its up-
dated report ready for the Regents'
April meetings.
But a new complication, which may
damage the committee's credibility
developed this week when the
Washtenaw County Coalition Against
Apartheid (WCCAA) charged SACFA's
chairwoman, Patricia Longe, with con
flict of interest because she is a memo
ber of the boards of directors of the
Manufacturers National Bank of
Detroit and the Warner-Lambert cor-
poration, two businesses holding in-
vestments in South Africa.
"If the University decides to divest
then it's a conflict because she is going
to want to have a position that it not
divest. She has a stake in the outcome,'
said WCCAA member Heidi Gottfried.
Longe, however, said she believes her
ties with the two businesses doesn't
constitute a conflict of interest.
The Week in Review was written
by Editor-in-Chief Sue Warner,
Editorial Director Michael Arkush,
Night Editor Elisa Isaacson and
Day Editor Julie Engebrecht.

Daily Photo by LISA UDELSON
Students wait in the Michigan Union as ballots are being tabulated in the MSA elections.

ti tgan vat*
rd St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109
ears of Editorial Freedom

Nuke experts make errors

News Phone: 764-0552

students at the University of Michigan

should boycott-
es products .
food Berkeley, and Notre Dame; have also
dents, boycotted the company but it continues
in ef- to sell the formula in underdeveloped
com- countries. However, a boycott by the
rmula University will show Nestle officials
n the that students are deeply concerned
he In- with the company's selling policy.
in- The University boycott, if approved
lbeen by the students, would aid INFACT's
under effort, but it's only one step. It must be
und in followed by a strong effort by all
is for- University students, not just dormitory
ons of residents, to stop buying Nestle
n the products. For instance, students would
still be able to purchase Nestles produc-
ave an ts in stores and in candy machines
r with across campus.
eek to If the company is to stop selling the
ott the formula to developing countries, it
cott is must be persuaded by, consumers in
-using the United States. After all, when a
upport company begins to lose substantial
ce will earnings, it starts to listen to per-
ns and suasion.
sently ..
ote for
)e ter- Sue Warner............................... EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
may Richard Berke, Julie Rovner.........MANAGING EDITORS
rmula Michael Arkush ...................... EDITORIAL DIRECTOR
fe con- Brian Blanchard....................UNIVERSITY EDITOR
Keith Richburg............................. CITY EDITOR
argued Shelley Wolson..................... PERSONNEL DIRECTOR:
s to in- Elizabeth Slowik ........................ FEATURES EDITOR
DennisSabo.............................SPECIAL PROJECTS

To the Daily:
As Three Mile Island has
recently demonstrated, we risk a
great deal by placing our national
energy future in the hands of
putative experts. Expertise, like
the emperor's new clothes,
sometimes vanishes upon close
'inspection. This needs emphasis
in light of a recent letter to the
Daily (April 5, 1979) by Stephen
Wineberg regarding what he con-
siders to be 'misguided'
criticisms of nuclear power.
Wineberg points out that the
question "Are nuclear plants
safe?" cannot be answered in the
absolute, and that 'the relevant
comparison is with alternative
sources of energy. True enough.
He then argues that ". . . any
standard of safety that would
flunk nuclear power would easily
flunk other sources of power."
This is followed by a call for a
'statistical estimation' as a basis
for comparing the costs and
benefits of nuclear power against
Here the expertise begins to
evaporate. We are asked to com-
pare power sources according to
'fatality rate per unit of power
generated,' and are assured that
those with the 'relevant actuarial
knowledge' would choose nuclear
over coal. Where is the data for
this assertion, and how confident
should we be that this conclusion
is correct? The Nuclear
Regulatory Commission recently
disowned its Rasmussen Report
on the safety of nuclear plants,
and there iscnosscientific or
engineering consensus which
stands ready to fill this vacuum.
Not long ago, the likelihood of a
core meltdown was being com-
pared with the probability of
being struck by a meteorite. This
view seems somewhat quaint
The truth is that at Harrisburg
we escapted a disaster by the
skin of our collective teeth. There
have been several other near
misses, including Fermi I near
Detroit and the Browns Ferry

ber of reactor-years of experien-
ce this implies, and the number of
near misses we have already
had, should make us rather ner-
vous about the growth rates for
nuclear plants which the industry
(and until recently, the gover-
nment) would advocate. I for one
am unwilling to live with a
Harrisburg-style accident every
few years. Also, we have vir-
tually no experience with the
problems to be encountered as
power plants deteriorate with use
and age. Statistical estimation is
fine in principle; I have done it
myself on occasion. However, our
sample size is frighteningly
One often hears comparisons of
nuclear with fossil fuel plants in
discussions of the safety issues.
There is no doubt that the en-
vironmental costs of fossil fuel,
and the dangers of coal extrac-
tion, are considerable. However,
one needs to ponder the stakes
involved in a nuclear accident. A
core meltdown could spread
radioactive materials over'
enormous land areas and render
them uninhabitable- for- decades.
It is unimaginable to me that we
would weight such damage, and
the associated deaths and birth
defects, on the same scales as we
would use for, let us say, air
pollution. And, as is the case with
the probability of disaster, the
scope of disaster is subject to ex-
tremely wide uncertainties. Just
as no one foresaw the hydrogen
bubble which almost uncovered
the reactor core at Three Mile
Island, it is entirely possible that
we will not understand all of the
ramifications of disaster unless
we have one.
Wineberg's resort to 'fatalities
per unit of power generated,'
'statistical estimation,' and
'relevant actuarial knowledge'
does not constitute the rationality
he advocates. Instead, it provides
a veneer of expertise for our
ignorance. One does not merely
need point estimates (which in
themselves are rather scarce).

about the stakes, and they are
enormous. Learning by doing in
the nuclear arena means ex-
perimenting on the American
public. If we allow the experts
and utility companies to 'ex-
periment until the probability of.
disaster is clarified, our reliance
on expertise may well do us in.
-Greg Dow
April 6, 1979
No Nukes
To the Daily:
How safe are we from nuclear
The ongoing incident at the
Three Mile Island plant in Pen-
nsylvania is not the first one in
which radiation has leaked into
the biosphere from a nuclear
power plant. In 1973, 115,000
gallons of high level radioactive
waste leaked from a tank in Han-
ford, Washington. Leaks have oc-
curred in New York, Kentucky,
Idaho, and from ocean dumping
in Delaware and California
(report by the Union of Concer-
ned Scientists, 1977). Each time
the public has been assured that
-the exposure is harmless, less
than that of a chest x-ray.
Well, not only are the rates of
cancer and leukemia acquisition
higher among populations that
have been exposed to radiation
from nuclear reactors (studies
cited by Gerald Drake, M.D.,
2/79), but for every identified
cellular mutation (cancers,
leukemia), there could be as
many as 10,000 unidentified
mutations which may take twen-
ty generations to be lethal
(geneticist Herman Muller,
American Journal of Public
Health 1/64).
Besides playing Russian
Roulette with our own lives, we
are going, to leave behind us a
trail of mutations and radioac-
tive waste dumps which will be a
threat to survival thousands of
.- - - . n - "^%F . On- - - +. -

technological paradise." As
evidenced by the leaks that have
occurred thus far, power plants
in the real world have not met the
safety standards laid out in those
John King, chairman of the
University's Nuclear
Engineering department and a
prominent proponent of nuclear
power, mocks us when he says
"it's not a question of whether
there is a risk, but rather how
much risk the public is willing to
accept" (Daily, Local Reaction
to Mishap by John Goyer, 3/30).
We should hear this as a
challenge and organize against
nuclear power to show the in-
dustry that werwill not accept the
nuclear risk. Of course we can
adapt to the presence of nuclear
plants, but we can never suc-
cessfully adapt to the radiation
those plants are exposing us to,
For more information, contact
the Ann Arbor Alliance against
nuclear power, or P.I.R.G.I.M.
-Michael Gold
Mechanical Engineering
To the Daily- eurt
As a student at the University
of Michigan, I had no idea that
when dealing with Campus
Security, it was a case of us
against them. When I tried to at-
tend Reissner's "No To The
Veil!" speech the officers there
were totalitarian and hostile.
Before I arrived at the Union, a
group of chanting, Iranian men
were thrown out. However, I am
a non-political, non-Iranian
woman who was deliberately
deceived, bold-facedly lied to,
and manhandled with no
I can't believe that not only
wouldn't they let me explain why
I wanted in, but worse, they
refused to give me any reason
why they wouldn't admit me. Not
only were my student rights
violated (I am researching the
. . . .

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