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Page 12-Tuesday, March 20, 1979-The Michigan Daily
House probes alleged
South African bribes
U.S., Arabs split over
Mideast peace treaty
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WASHINGTON (AP) - The House
Ethics Committee has opened an in-
vestigation into allegations American
politicians were bribed by officials of
the South African government, it was
Rep. Charles Bennett, (D-Fla.),
chairman of the ethics panel, said an
inquiry has been under way for several
A NEWSPAPER in Johannesburg
reported over the weekend that a for-
mer official in the South African Infor-
mation Ministry had charged secret
contributions were made to the election
campaigns of unnamed U.S. politicians.
He said the staff of the ethics commit-
tee began an investigation for reasons
other than the appearances of the front-
page story in the Johannesburg Sunday
HE DECLINED, however, to say
what evidence the committee had con-
cerning the allegations.
So far, he said, the inquiry has
produced no names of U.S. House
members who may have knowingly or
unknowingly accepted contributions
originating with the South African
Lynn Murphy, a spokesman for the
Senate Ethics Committee, said no
decision has been made on whether
there will be a similar examination on
the other side of the Capitol.
THE JOHANNESBURG newspaper
reported that Eschel M. Rhoodie, a
former senior civil servant in the In-
formation Ministry, has made tape
recordings of his allegations.
On the tapes, the newspaper said,
Eschel says some contributions may
have gone to an unnamed presidential
candidate in the United States.
The story named no U.S. politicians
as accepting South African funds.
According to previous reports, South
Africa spent up to $73 million in various
countries to promote its apartheid
racial policies abroad. The newspaper
story said money distributed in the
United States went to "pro-South Africa
AMMAN, Jordan (AP) - King
Hussein of Jordan, whose continued
survival in the turbulent Middle East
depended in the past on U.S. support,
has split with Washington over the
Egyptian-Israeli peace issue.
Observers here believe he has little
choice now but to stand firm with Arab
critics of the pact.
HUSSEIN'S SURVIVAL now depends
more on the Arabs than on the
Americans or other Western allies. In a
post-treaty era, the 44-year-old monar-
ch cannot afford to offend the
Palestinians, Islam or the Arab left,
political observers here believe.
If he were to join the Egyptian-Israli
peace process, or even remain
neutral-as President Carter has
requested-Hussein would find little
assistance in a crisis from President
Anwar Sadat, Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin or even Carter. Jor-
danian government sources say.
This is the pragmatic side of Jordan's
tough stand against the American-
sponsored peace. The other, more
altruistic side, is Hussein's consistent
commitment to an overall settlement
that would see the end of Israel's oc-
cupation of the West Bank of the Jordan
River and the Gaza Strip, both seized
from Jordan in 1967. He's also holding
out for a state for the Palestinians.
He does not believe the Egyptian-
Israeli plan provides prospects for
CARTER'S NATIONAL securityad-
viser, Zbigniew Brzezinski, this
weekend carried two arguments to
Amman that the Jordianians regard as
based on false premises: That the
separate peace treaty is the "first step"
toward an overall peace, and that
communism represents the greatest
threat to the moderate Arab world.
The Jordanians believe Israel's at-
titude throughout the 16-month peace
process, particularly its insistence on
maintaining settlements in the oc-
cupied lands, proves it is less interested
in peace than in protecting its interests.
Jordan favors a peace based on U.N.
Security Council resolutions 242 and
338, which call for Israeli withdrawal
from war-won lands as a pre-condition
for Arab recognition of the Jewish
THE GOVERNMENT believes U.S
refusal to support Jordan in continuing
U.N. debate is one more example of the
grip Israel has on American foreign
policy. Jordan has charged in the
Security Council that Israeli occupation
practices in the West Bank and Gaza
violate the Geneva Convention on oc-
cupied territory. That debate was in its
seventh day Monday.
Jordan has problems unique among
the Arab qonfrontation states. It has
more Palestinians than Jor-
danians-1.2 million to 800,000. It has
the longest, most vulnerable border
with Israel. It continues-to retain some
responsibility for the Israeli-occupied
West BAnk, spending more than $10
million annually to maintain the civil
service, development projects, pension
and Moslem holy places.
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By Reuter and AP
JERUSALEM (March 19) - The
Israeli cabinet yesterday over-
whelmingly approved a proposed peace
treaty with Egypt and passed it on for
final action to the Knesset
(parliament), which-is also expected to
support the accord.
The Knesset debate on the historic
document ending more than 30 years of
hostilities will begin today, and is ex-
pected to last until tomorrow or
According to Israeli law, the treaty
will take effect only after the Knesset
has approved it.
The Egyptian government has
already endorsed the accord, which is
expected to be signed in Washington
The Israeli cabinet effectively- ap-
proved the treaty last Wednesday when
it approved a U.S.-proposed com-
promise on the final two issues blocking
In yesterday's vote, the cabinet sup-
ported the'proposed treaty by a vote of-
15 to two after a stormy debate on the
provision granting limited autonomy to
more than one million Arabs in the oc-
cupied West Bank of the Jordan River
and the Gaza Strip.
The two opposing votes were cast by
Hardline Agriculture Minister Ariel
Sharon and Transport Minister Haim
Landau, a lifelong friend and associate
of Prime Minister Menachem Begin.
The signing of the treaty will open a
new stage in the peace process -
negotiating the political future of the
Palestinians. Those talks are to begin
one month after the treaty is signed.
Continued distrubances were repor-
ted yesterday in the Israeli-occupied
West Bank of the Jordan River, where
Palestinians are protesting almost
daily against the Israel-Egypt treaty
because it does not provide for an in-
dependent Palestinian state.
Israeli military spokesmen said
Palestinian youths demonstrated in the
towns of Nablus and Kalandia, and high
school students in Hebron burned tires
and blocked a road before being disper-
sed by troops.
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