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Eighty-Nine Years of Editorial Freedom
"Vol. LXXXIX, No. 119
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Wednesday, February 21, 1979
Ton Pnnahc .
Cart~er warns,'SAL TI is necessary .. i
due to tense world
ATLANTA (AP) - President Carter
said yesterday that the turmoil in Iran
and Southeast Asia demonstrates
dramatically the need for a new U.S.-
Soviet arms treaty, and vowed he will
not let peripheral issues stand in the
away of agreement on the pact.
In a major pitch for the nearly com-
plete Strategic Arms Limitation
Treaty, Carter again cautioned the
Russians against meddling in Iran's in-
ternal strife or taking actions that
would widen the conflict between China
and Vietnam. However, the President
stressed that he will press for
agreement on the new arms pact
.-SALT II - despite these trouble
"IT IS IN OUR national interest to
pursue it even as we continue com-
petition with the Soviet Union
elsewhere in the world," Carter told a
friendly audience at the Georgia In-
stitute of Technology in his home state.
In. a speech billed in advance by
presidential aides as a major foreign
policy address, Carter repeatedly and
strongly rejected demands by conser-
vatives for a foreign policy that would
link progress on arms negotiations with
the Soviet Union's conduct around the
bulence in Iran, Southeast Asia and
elsewhere increase rather than
diminish the need for an arms
agreement. At the same time, he said,,
direct or indirect Russian interference-
'it is in our national interest to pursue
II) even as we continue corn-
petition with the. Soviet Union elsewhere
in the world.'
intervention on behalf of their Viet-
namese allies, might have "unforeseen
and grave consequences for nations in
the region and also beyond."
The President reiterated, however,
that the United States won't intervene
in Iran or in "conflicts between Asian
communist nations" in Southeast Asia.
Carter was dressed in academic
robes as he received Georgia Tech's
first honorary doctor of engineering
degree. He said the globe "is still a
world of danger ... of change and tur-
bulence" today as it was in 1942 when
he attended the institution for a year.
THE PRESIDENT ,said agreement
has been, reached on most of' he com-
ponents of the SALT II treaty, but gave
no indication when the pact might be
signed. The Soviets puat off a treaty-
signing summit scheduled for last mon-
th after Carter extended diplomatic'
recognition to China. The arms talks
have been in limbo since then.
Confirming earlier reports, Carter
said the emerging treaty would for the
And he told the audience of some 7,000
persons that the emerging SALT II ac-
cord "will make the world safer and
"THEREFORE, I will seek both to
conclude this new SALT agreement and
to respond to any Soviet behavior which
adversely affects 'our interests," he
Carter said disturbances and tur-
in Iran "will have serious consequences
and will affect our broader relationship
The President also said the United
States is continuing to express "deep
concern" over Vietnam's incursion into
Cambodia and China's punitive in-
vasion of Vietnam.
CARTER SAID any widening of that
conflict, which could result from Soviet
War continuies on Chi na-Vietnam border
By AP and Reuter
TEHRAN-Four more pro-shah
generals were executed in Tehran
yesterday and the country's new
military chief said the purge of monar-
chist officers h~ad not ended.
Meanwhile,~ in an Atlanta speech,
President Carter warned the Soviet
Union that any interf~rence in Iran
"will have serious consequences and
affect our broader relations with
IRAN'S FOREIGN Ministry officials
issued a statement yesterday vowing to
hound exiled Shah Mohammad Reza
Pahlavi until he can be brought back to
Iran for trial. The Tehran newspaper
*Ettelaat reported a committee had
been formed to kidnap the exiled
Khomeini aides brought out three
men they said were the shah's ex-
bodyguards-who told reporters they
were willing to help in the abduction.
The shah has been in Morocco since
shortly after leaving Iran Jan. 16.
THE FOUR GENERALS were
executed by firing squad at 2 a.m. on
the roof of 'Khomeini's headquarters,
five days after four other generals were
shot. Those executed yesterday were
Gen.. Parvis Amin Afshar, the former
commander of the shah's elite Imperial
Guard; Brig. ,Gen. Maunuchehr Malek,
the infantry commander in iQazvin;
Gen. Nematullah Motamadi, military
governor, of Qazvin, and Gen. Hossein
Hamadanjan, chief of the SAVAK
secret police in Kermanshah.
When asked if more executions were .
to come, a Khomeini aide said that the
shah's political .opposition has
estimated that 65,000 people were killed
in the past 25 years of his rule and they
"4were not killed by just eight men. All
the others responsible will also be
punished." At least 15 other persons are
believed to be under death sentences.
See KHOMEINI, Page 7
Casualty figures high
By AP and Reuter,
Daily Photo by ANDY FREEBERG
As a result of the turmoil in Iran, mail service between the United States and that country has- been suspended, demon-
strated by this sign in the Nickel's Arcade post office.
'U' Cellar employees fight back
BANGKOK-Both China and Vietnam said yesterday their
forces were still battling one another four days after Peking laun-
ched its big attack on Vietnamese territory 'near their common
The Vietnamese said Chinese troops had occupied many
districts in the frontier areas of northern Vietnam but that 1,50
Chinese had been killed Monday alone.
CHINA SAID ITS men were "continuing to hit back at Viet-
namese aggressor troops" and it denied that its forces were with-
drawing to the frontier. It gave no casualty figures.
Vietnamese emb assy sources in
Peking said Hanoi's forces: had laun-gi
ched a counter-offensive with air 'at-
tacks destroyinig the Chinese "in- C o .t e
.Striking behind a heavy. artillery rgCieetop atrdte t r t s h
big Vietnamese border town of Lao Cai
yesterday, but Vietnamese defenders
routed some Chinese units elsewhere in invasion 01
the mountainous border country, ac- '
cording to reports in Bangkok and
Hanoi. Vi etnam
THE SOVIET news agency Tass, in a
dispatch from Hanoi, reported the fall
of Lao Cai, 175 miles northwest of thed
Vietnamese capital. By GREG GALLOPOULOSn
Thai intelligence sources in Bangkok A group of University students and
said the Chinese had thrust as far as 10 local residents, calling themselves the
miles into Vietnam, four miles beyond "Ad Hoc Committee for Peace in Viet-
their deepest penetration reported~ nam," held a meeting at the Michigan
Monday. Vietnam's U.N. ambassador union last night to organize protest of
said in New York the invaders had ad- the Chinese invasion of Vietnam.'
vanced 12 miles into Vietnam. The meeting, which was attended by
Hanoi claimed Peking's troops were about a dozen persons, centered on the
resorting to chemical welfare, firing preparation of a formal statement of
shells filled with "toxic substances.' protest to be made by the group in an
VIETNAMESE U.N. Ambassador Ha open letter to President Carter.
Van Lau said Hanoi's forces had killed
5,000 Chinese soldiers in the first three AFTER considerable debate, during
days of the four-day-old invasion, in- which several participants attempted'
cluding 1,500 killed in heavy fighting to broaden the protest to include a
Monday. general condemnation of "U.S. and
Vietnam has not reported its own Soviet imperialism in Southeast Asia,"
casualties, but the Thai sources said the group voted to adopt, three basic
Vietnam has suffered more casualtiesstemnsc prigispoto.
than the Chinese. Both casualty figures stemnsc prigispoto.
and battle reports have been difficult to In these statements, the group calls
verify independently. for the "immediate, unconditional
As battles raged 'along the. 450-mile withdrawal of Chinese troops from
Chinese-Vietnamese frontier, there was Southeast Asia," demands that the
a flurry of reports that the Chinese United States "immediately normalize
were withdrawing or. about to with- relations with Vietnam and carry
draw. But the Peking news agency through the terms' of the Paris Peace
Hsinhua confirmed that Chinese troops Agreement," and states that "no nation
were "continuing to hit back" at the has the riglt to use punishment as an
Vietnamese yesterday. ecs owg a.
See CHINA, Page 7
By RON GIFFORD
The controversy over the proposed
restructuring of the University Cellar
B~ookstore continued this week as Cellar
workers conducted a "sick-in" on Mon-
day and met with members of the
Michigan Student Assembly (MSA) last
night to discuss the planned changes.
Last Friday the store management
posted a notice outlining a new super-
visory structure ibi the store that has
been approved by the Cellar's Board of
Directors. Under the new plan, two
assistant managers would be added to
the present system of one store
manager and one assistant, and super-
visors would be appointed to run each
department in the stor'e.
TO PROTEST the proposed struc-
ture, 31 of the employees called in sick
Monday, stricken with "Cellar flu."
Tudor Bradley, the store manager, said
that about 30 employees showed up,, but.
according to Fred Chase, an employee
in book buy-back, few of the depar-
tments were filled with. regular em-
"There was no one at the warehouse,
and there wer~e no regularly scheduled
employees in the stock, trade, cashier,
and desk departments of the store," he
Last night about ten employees ad-
dressed MSA to seek their support in
the issue. Spoke~woman Deborah Filler
told the assembly that the "issue was
crucial to all employees at the Cellar,"
and it was "very important the board
votes to delay implementation of the
structure until the contract could be
AFTER EXTENSIVE discussion
with board president Larry Pulkownik
and several of the employees, MSA
member Jim Sullivan read a resolution
*AFL-CIO President George
Meany says he won't retire.
Meany also announced plans to
watchdog companies to, make
sure they are complying with
Carter's anti-inflation guidelines.,
For the story see page 2.
0 The traditional Mardi Gras
festival could be cancelled if a
strike continues by New Orleans
police. The business usually
generated by the tourists is
already suffering. For the story
see page 5.
" The House Foreign Affairs
Committee drafted a proposal
urging the board to delay the policy im-
plementation until the union could
negotiate- the issue with the
management. MSA passed this
The workers claim these new super-'
visory positions will take away their in-
put into the decision-making at the
store,. Currently each department is run
on a collective basis, with all the depar-
tment employees involved in the
This ability to affect the day-to-day
operations of the store, as well as the
long-range planning, has made the
Cellar a unique place to work, accor-
ding to the employees. The new plan
would "make the store just like
Kresge's or any other retail place,"
said one worker.
BRADLEY DOESN'T think the new
structure will undermine the workers'
.. See 'U', Page 10
MSA hears 'U' Cellar
Experimential courses reviewed
By JULIE ENGEBRECHT
At last night's Michigan Student
Assembly (MSA) meeting, University
Cellar employees presented 'the
Assembly with a discussion of problems
workers have had in the last week with
management policy decisions.
Larry Pulkownik and Nelson Jacob-
son - MSA-appointed students .on the
Cellar Board of Directors .- were
Se~ral school and college gover-
nment representatives were also
present at the meeting. Larry Tolley,
president of Rackham Student Gover-
nment (R-SG) discussed with the
Assembly several issues of concern to
Decreased aid to students, and in-
creased tuition costs are very impor-
tant to the students, Tolley said. He also
brought up the issue of increased costs
By JOHN SINKEVIC~S
Although the Literary College's
(LSA) Curriculum Committee has been
discussing the status of experiential
learning courses for several months,
only yesterday did the group formally
vote on some of the major issues
related to' these courses. However,
whether the committee decides to drop
credit for some of these courses com-
pletely is an issue which is yet to be
rather than through traditional
THE COMMITTEE also passed a
motion by Associate Prof. Sharon Her-.
bert to remove Social Science
distribution credit for Project Outreach
and instead, move it to a "not excluded'
This category would restrict students
to using Project Outreach courses to
"fill up" holes in their distribution
requirements rather than being
here, they hope to gain future support
for other resolutions..
ALTH~OUGH ALL recommendations
made by 'the. committee must be for-
mally approved by the Executive
Committee, John Knott, chairman of
the Curriculum Committee, said he ex-
pects cooperation from this higher
He also said that in an informal
meeting last week with the Executive
Committee, it appeared that this groupi