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Vol. LXXXIX, No. 96 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, January 25, 1979 Ten Cents Ten Pages
ISR study shows worry increase
adults are optimistic about their tuture, te survey showed. creased from 14 to 1 per cent.
By PATRICIA HAGAN "People, even frequent worriers, are more likely to say Kulka listed several possible reasons for the increase in
Americans-especially young adults-worry more than that they are going to have a very happy future than in young people's worrying such as questioning of traditional
they used to. 1957," according toKulka. roles, distrust in government, doubts about marriage and ~.
That's according to survey results released this weekend Worry increased most among young adults. Some 32 per family, and a lack of connection with institutions.
by the University's Institute for Social Research (ISR). The cent of the 20-29 and 30-39 age group reported worrying "a
study found that Americans today spend more time lot" in 1957. But in 1976, 51 per cent of the 20-29 group said KULKA, VEROFF, and Dr. Elizabeth Douvan, who also;
worrying about the same problems cited by their they were big worriers, and 53 per cent of the 30-39 year- helped conduct the study, found that over the past two7%
predecessors in a 1957 survey. olds fell into that category. decades the proportion of adults seeking professional coun-
THE 1957 STUDY was entitled "Americans View Their ISR RESEARCHER Dr. Joseph Veroff attributed the ap- seling doubled from 14 to 26 per cent.
Mental Health." parent paradox of happiness and worry increasing The increase in use of professional resources does not
"Things are more problematic today," commented simultaneously to what he said was an enhanced self- reflect a decrease in mental health according to Kulka, who
Richard Kulka, an ISR research assistant who worked on confidence of young people. This, in turn, "increased the cited instead the increased availability of counseling ser-
the project. "People are more aware of problems." new generation's sense of being able to cope with dif- vices. Kulka noted that those surveyed showed a greater
The 2,300 adults surveyed reported unhappiness over ficulties." self-reliance, that "people are more likely to use their own
jobs, communities, and interpersonal relationships. About Anxiety symptoms increased most in young adults. The personal resources such as family and friends."
10 per cent more people said they worried about each sour- younger age group reported more symptoms such as One in five persons in both surveys said that at some time
ce of unhappiness than did the 1957 panelists. sleeping trouble, nervousness, headaches, loss of appetite, in their life they expected to have a nervous breakdown.
ALMOST THE SAME number of Americans are happy and upset stomach. The 20 to 29 year olds showed an in- Views of marriage and divorce have also changed
now as they were 20 years ago, thestudy reported. The per- crease form 10 per cent in 1957 to 16-17 per cent having these significantly since the 1957 survey. Douvan reported that
centage of people who reported that they were "very hap- symptoms in 1976. The 30-39 group went up from 14 to 17 per people who do not choose marriage and parenthood are no
py" decreased only slightly, from 35 to 31 per cent. More cent, while the 40 to 49 group's complaints of anxiety in- longer considered deviant.
BY BRIAN BLANCHARD
A storm kept away two scheduled
speakers and two regents, and an unex-
pected meeting with the Pope in Santo
Domingo absented the governor.
But that didn't stop the final tribute
last night to 11-year University
President Robben Fleming and his
wife, Sally, from producing the fit-to-
be-carved-in-granite praise called for
by the occasion.
With constant reference to Fleming's
cool handling of "the turbulent sixties"
as well as his careful budgeting and eye
for quality during current financial
problems, the speakers at the banquet
in the League Ballroom told a group of
close to 400 what they thought best
about Fleming's approach to Univer-
THE EX-WRESIDENT and his wife
returned to Ann Arbor for the banquet
from their new Washington, D.C. home.
Fleming is now president of the Cor-
poration for Public Broadcasting in
Regent Deane Baker (R-Ann Arbor)
read a prepared speech from Gov.
William Milliken praising Fleming's
ability to lead calm debate and en-
courage quality in education.
"The excellence of the University is a
reflection of the quality of your leader-
ship," the governor had written.
Detroit Recorders Court Judge
Geraldine Ford, a University student
herself during the 1940s, said she felt
Fleming "helped to open doors" to
students from all sections of society.
THE UNIVERSITY, when he
arrived, "was thought of by-and-large
as an institution solely for the education
of the intellectually elite," she said, but
Fleming helped make it today "an en-
" Daily Photo by ANDY FREEBERG
Up the down staircase
This empty, winding staircase at the Michigan Union should soon be crowded
The University Regents voted last week to turn over Union control to the
Office of Student Services.
with University students as they begin to enjoy their new studentc
PARTICIPANTS DISCUSS 'U'S NEEDS:
ew attend search panelforum
terprising developer of human respur-
Elitism was the topic Fleming him-
self addressed in his remarks to the
faculty members, University ad-
ministrators, and local politicians who
paid $15 apiece for the meal and
Fleming stuck to generalities in his
talk, avoiding-the specifics of Univer-
sity policy, preferring to speak of
"quality" and "excellence."
HE SAID THAT since the University
has chosen to provide "high quality
education,' it has been charged with
elitism. But why isn't that word applied'
to coaches who pick the finest athletes
See FLEMING, Page 7
By LEONARD BERNSTEIN
A tiny group of students gathered
last night to conduct a wide-ranging
discussion of the University's needs as
partlof the selection process of the next
The 11 people who attended the
student presdiential search commit-
tee's open forum barely outnumbered
the seven committee members present.
Among the few who turned up were City
Councilman Ken Latta (D-First Ward),
Political Science professor David
Singer, and Michigan Student Assem-
bly (MSA) member Joseph Pelava.
THE THREE dominated discussion
before a largely passive student
audience which sought more infor-
mation than it offered.
Presidential search committee
members said they were disappointed
at the small turnout. Committee mem-
ber Carolyn Rosenberg noted that bad
weather and little publicity may have
kept students away, but acknowledged
student apathy towards the selection
"Face it, the assignment that's due
tomorrow is more important than a
president who may not be a president
until they've graduated," Rosenberg
'Committee member Bridget Scholl
stressed the search panel had received
private suggestions from a number of
people. She said, the group would also
send letters to student organizations
requesting more advice on the Univer-
THOSE WHO did attend the meeting
heard a varied discussion centering on
the type of person the committee should
Fed cuts won't hurt A2
By ELISA ISAACSON
Despite President Carter's proposed 1980 budget, which
trims funds for social services, jobs, and other urban
assistance programs, Ann Arbor officials say they are not
greatly concerned with the local impact of the proposal.
Carter's plan includes a cutback nationwide of some 7,000
jobs in the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act
Mayor Louis Belcher said the president's budget cuts
"probably won't have a large effect on the city at all, since
Ann Arbor traditionally hasn't used federal programs to a
great extent." He added, however, that under the new
guidelines, the city would not be able to supplement the
salaries of CETA employees to the extent it has previously.
BELCHER, CITY ADMINISTRATOR Sylvester Murray,
and local CETA coordinators will be meeting during the next
few weeks to determine the exact effect of the cuts on the
city's programs. Yesterday, Murray pointed out what he said
were three drawbacks in the new CETA regulations. With the
reduction in the amount of money the city is allowed to give
an employee, Ann Arbor will no longer be able to hire CETA
workers for such positions as police officer.
Another factor reducing the pool of potential CETA em-
ployees wpuld be the proposed rule that workers must be both
on welfare and unemployed. The proposed guidelines also
See BELCHER, Page 7
recommend as permanent successor to
Singer offered a strategy of deter-
mining the type of president the com-
mittee would not want, in order to
"head off some potential
Singer said the student advisory
group should reject a president who
would be only "a business manager"
and one "who wants to make the
University even more of a service
station for American industry."
See FEW, Page 7
* The Ann Arbor Transporta-
tion Authority last night rejected
a proposal to hire an outside
management firm to run the
city's bus system. ,See story,
" Chicano activist Rodolfo
"Corky" Gonzales overcame his
shame at being a Mexican-
American and became an activist
in defense of his people. See
profile, Page 2.
" Several Ann Arbor residents
upset about the reported leaking
of their unlisted telephonr num-
bers, have brought suit against
Michigan Bell. See story, Page 2.
" Deposed Cambodian boss Pol
Pot said his forces would "kill
and kill again" in their struggle
to oust Vietnamese forces from
his country. See story, Page 7.
* Pope John Paul II will leave
Italy for an historic visit to Latin
America Iter this we e.Se
Exiled Khomeini will
delay return to Iran
TEHRAN, Iran (AP)-Self-exiled
religious leader Ayatullah Ruhollah
Khomeini has agreed to delay his
return to Iran for three weeks at the
request of Prime Minister Shahpour
Bakhtiar, a high government source
said early today.
Khameini had planned to end his 14-
year exile and return to Tehran from
Paris tomorrow to begin efforts to
replace the Bakhtiar government with
an Islamic republic, his aides in France
THE GOVERNMENT source, who
asked not to be identified, said the need
for special security for Khomeini's
arrival and protection here led
Bakhtiar to suggest that he delay his
arrival for at least three weeks.
The source said several million
Iranians could be expected to greet
Khomeini, who led the uprising that
drove Shah Mohammad Reva Pahlavi
from the country, upon his arrival in
Tehran. "The crowd alone would have
been too dangerous and too difficult to
handle," he said.
It was early morning in Paris and
Observers saw the move as an effort
to bar Khomeini's return. However,
Gen. Mehdi Rhimi, Tehran's military
governor, made no mention of
Khomeini in his announcement shutting
down the airports, according to a
Tehran Radio broadcast monitored in
RHIMI SAID the closures were or-
dered because of strikes by flight con-
trol workers, according to Tehran
Radio. Rhimi also was quoted as saying
the three-day closure was ordered
because of the "failure" of certain
companies to operate flights.
Companies named in the broadcast
were the German and French airlines,
Lufthansa and'Air France.
ONE POSSIBLE explanation for the
short-lived airport closure was that
Prime Minister Shapur Bakhtiar was
attempting to squeeze some form of
compromise out of the ayatullah, who
Connally enters race for
WASHINGTON (AP) - With a
platform emphasizing budget cutting,
free enterprise and a strong defense,
Jnhn Connllv vesterdav entered the
administration," Connally said he has
faith the American people will accept
the innocent verdict in his Watergate-
-..nnor M ahnc-. io