The Michigan Daily-Tuesday, December 4, 1979-Page 7
WASHINGTON (AP) - In a major policy
shift, the government has decided that, except
for scholarships, colleges do not have to spend
the same for each female athlete as for each
male to conform with federal laws banning sex
Government sources said yesterday that
Helath, Education and Welfare (HEW)
Secretary Patricia Roberts Harris would an-
nounce the change in "interpretation" of gover-
nment policy on sex discrimination in collegiate
THE MAJOR impact of the new guidelines is
likely to be felt in college football because of the
comparatively heavy amount of scholarship
money allotted to the sport.
The per-capita spending test was proposed a
year ago by Harris' predecessor, Joseph
Califano Jr., who allowed exceptions for football
because of the heavy expenses involved when
compared to such other sports as tennis.
Under Harris' new guidelines, per-capita
spending would still apply to financial assistance
for college athletes. If 40 per cent of a school's
athletes are women, for example, women
athletes must receive 40 per cent of the money
the college allots for scholarships.
ONE RESULT may be that some colleges will
have to allot more money for women's athletic
scholarships, or raise more money to do so.
At the same time, the new, "final" guidelines
for compliance with a 1972 anti-discrimination
statute will eliminate the per-capita spending
requirement in such areas as sports publicity,
game scheduling, equipment, practice,
distribution of travel allowances, coaching
assignments, and such facilities as locker rooms.
HEW is to explain later what steps are
required to achieve compliance with the law in
these areas, said the sources, who asked not to be
HARRIS' ANNOUNCEMENT comes eight
months behind schedule because of a storm of
controversy over a previous set of tentative
policy guidelines and the firing of Califano, who
had issued them in 1978.
Harris has scuttled Califano's interpretation of
Title IX of the 1972 law, which bars sex
discrimination in all education programs
receiving federal assistance.
The delay in enforcing Title IX as it applied to
collegiate athletics had angered feminists, and
Califano's initial guidelines aroused even wider
dissatisfaction and confusion, especially among
educators and college athletic officials.
Although the law containing Title IX was
passed by Congress in 1972, no regulations were
issued until 1975. Since then, HEW has been
beseeched for clarification of how it intended to
enforce the law.
Throughout the controversy, exemptions have
been requested for football because of assertions
that football programs 'generally are money
making activities that support other aspects of a
college's athletic program.
But National Collegiate Athletic Association
(NCAA) statistics indicate that about 80 per cent
of all collegiate football programs lose money.
(Continued from Pate 1)
lawyer helping out on the case, said it
IS "more likely than not" that the judge
would reach a decision today or
tomorrow concerning the preliminary
injunction halting the interviews the
ACLU is seeking.
At their interviews, the students are
required to present a current passport
and visa (proof of legal entry into the-
U.S.) along with other completed im-
migration forms. From the University,
the student must obtain the computer
printout of their courses and registered
hours, and a letter indicating tuition
and fees have been fully paid.
THE PROOF of having paid all fees
"is the thing where the students are
"aving the most trouble-they're
aving a real problem," said John
Heise, director of the University's In-
ternational Center. "It's a problem for
a lot of my friends because they don't
have the money," Maryam said.
Since President Carter froze Wanian
assets several weeks ago in retaliation
for the seizure of the U.S. embassy in
Teheran, it has been virtually im-
possible for Iranian students in the U.S.
to receive tuition and expense money
from expected scholarship or personal
sources in Iran.
Many students, according to those in-
terviewed, have been seeking anxiously
to borrow the necessary money to avoid;
having their financial payments record
reveal an unpaid bill to the INS inter-
viewer. ''I'm just trying to collect as
much money as possible," Javad,
another student said. "My options are
obviously limited," he continued, "if
they (the University) don't change
their policy, I have to come up
somehow with the money."
THERE IS NOT a lot of policy
maniuplation possible, the guidelines
for the interviews are pretty clear, said
Virginia Nordby, Policy Coordinator
for Academic Affairs.
Nevertheless, University officials in-
dicated the University is taking as
limited a role as possible. "This is not a
matter of (an Iranian in) a student role
but as an Iranian in this country
relative to his immigrant status, and,
the INS has the responsibility and
authority," said University Vice-
President for Student Services Henry
Nordby said the University's "in-
sistence" on holding the interviews in
the Federal Building downtown, and
not in a University facility was a way of
"disassociating the University from
for INS interviews
AT THE HEART of this polite cede these written records, in the form
struggle between the University and of entry visas, are in such disarray due
INS has been the University's refusal to to insufficient clerical staffing and a
supply INS with a list of Iranian studen- lack of compterized records at INS that
ts attending the University. Such a list it would be nearly impossible for INS to
would make it possible for INS to pur- compile a list of Iranians at the Univer-
sue those Iranian students who chose sity.
not to come in for the mandatory inter- UNIVERSITY ATTORNEY Roderick
view. Daane said, "There is no legal
According to Heise, the INS requirement or obligation for the
repeatedly prodded various branches University to produce such a list."
of the University to acquire such a list "We are not saying to the student he
but "it was just like the old days with must comply, we are saying there is
everybody circling their wagons and this law and 'A' happens if you do com-
ref using to give them the list." Johnson ply and 'B' if you don't. We are not
said at an Executive Officers meeting going to turn the student in but if
last Thursday "a decision was made caught the consequences are yours and
(that) we would not provide a list, our should be knowing ones," Heise said.
feeling was INS had a list of the Heise said if the student passess the in-
Iranians anyway.'' terview, his visa will be specially stam-
Techniclly, INS has a written record ped, and any Iranian who after Dec. 14
of every Iranian student'who legally en- is found without this specially stamped
tered the country and their destination. visa; will be instantly subject to depor-
But privately University officials con- tation.
(SARAH MALDOROR, 1972)
Centering around the Angolan people's fight against oppression, the
story focuses on a happy young black couple. One day, the husband is
arrested for political reasons and is interrograted in the dreaded Luanda
prison. The central movement of the film is the search of the young wife
from villnoe to villaae for her lost husband, a iournev that' ooints out
with heartbreaking clarity the contrast between promise and oppression
in modern Africa. SAMBIZANGA speaks, simply and movingly, for both
its own land and the victims of political oppression everywhere. Portu-
guese, with subtitles. (102 min)
Natural Science Aud. $1.50 7&9
with the support of MCA
sponsored in part by MSA Friday: Ell (This Strange Passion)
on the Ros'I faith
Every Wed. and Thurs. thru Dec. 20
GShe'i Center, 512 Packard St.
anian visa checks
(Continued from Page1i) these Iranians risk death or imprison-
Complying with Carter's order, im- ment if they return to Iran.
migration authorities have told Iranian WHAT TROUBLES the civil liber-
students to report for questioning by tarians most is the selective enfor-
Dec. 14, and they have taken steps to cement of immigration laws, based on
deport those found in violation of their nationality.
visas. "It becomes sort of Ayatollish to say
THE STUDENT visas allow tem- we're going to pick on Iranian students,
porary U.S. residence and require to single out Iranians when you're not
enrollment in a college or recognized checking on anybody else," said Joseph
nstitution. Those holding student visas Rauh, a Washington lawyer and
ay not work full-time. longtime civil liberties leader.
Immigration Service spokesman "It is not only a violation, of civil,
erne Jervis said Friday "that 29,800 liberties, but ludicrous," he'coitinued.
ranian students have been questioned "If it would bring one hostage home one
and that 23,500 were complyig with the minute sooner, one might consider it.
visa terms. They are safe from depor- But it won't bring one hostage home.
tation, he said. You don't answer the outrages of the
But Jervis said 4,000 have violated Ayatollah by mistreating people in your
the rules, most by staying longer than own country."
the visa allowed, and that the others' "ALIENS HAVE constitutional rights
situations are unclear and being re- but not to the same degree as citizens,"
evaluated. said Yale law professor Robert Bork, a
HE ADDED THAT 458 of those in former U.S. solicitor general. "If these
violation have agreed to leave the were American citizens, obviously one
United States voluntarily, and 26 have couldn't single out an ethnic group."
left already. The deportation But Bork said in an interview that he
machinery is gearing .up against the believes Congress would have the con-
other violators. stitutional authority to refuse U.S. ad-
In addition to students, an undeter- mission to Iranians or any other
mined number of Iranians in the United nationality. And if a nationality could
States on tourist or business visas also be excluded from the country, then the
face deportation when their visas ex- government can deport those from a
pire. particular nation who have violated the
Civil liberties attorneys say many of law, he said.'
Founded by Maharishi Mahiesh Yogi
INTRODUCTION to the
TUESDAY, DEC. 4
8:00 P.M. Multi-purpose
or every Wednesday-Noon & 8:00 P.M.-Michigan Union
For Information Cali 668-8256 Room 4313
(C) 1976 World Plan Executive Council-U.S. All rights reserved.
Transcendental Meditation is a series of WPEC-U.S. a nonprofit education organization
When in Southern California visit ^ IESA STUDIOS TOUR
University of Michigan
Department of Theatre and Drama
GUEST ARTIST SERIES
by: Steve E.Carter (February 20-241
Directed by: Mel Winkler
EfiD OF SU ER
by: S.N. Behrman
Directed by: M. E. Friedman
Auditions: Dec. 5-7
1 IJUII1liuml i i inEU 31 A EI l l IEJA~l l itiU'I~tEA1~iIrtll .1