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November 30, 1979 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1979-11-30

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See Today for details

Ninety Years of Editorial Freedom
Vol. LXXXX, No. 70 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Friday, November 30, 1979 Ten Cents Twelve Pages
Students press for more involvement in the system

By HOWARD WITT
and MICHAEL ARKUSH
Third in a five-part series
Do undergraduates have enough
voice in determining which professors
will be granted lifetime job security?
To many University professors and
administrators, the answer is a
definitive "yes." They maintain that
students have adequate opportunities to
express their views in tenure cases.
MANY STUDENT leaders, however,
complain that they have no votes in the
tenure process and no guarantees that
student opinions are considered when
faculty members go behind closed

doors to decide on tenure and
promotions.
"The departments jealously guard
the privilege of deciding on tenure.

"Students don't have any real ability to
be involved. They can't vote on
promotions, they can't speak to depar-
tment executive committees, (which

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Stechuk's assessment of the situation.
"It's easy to misunderstand the dif-
ference between student involvement in
the tenure process in an important way
and actual student voting. Students are
involved because (course and teacher)
evaluations are weighed quite
heavily," Frye says. He adds that he
strongly favors student influence in
tenure decisions in the form of
evaluations, but strongly opposes
student votes.
THE BATTLE lines over student in-
volvement in the tenure process have
stood drawn in a similar manner for the
past several years, but some direct con-
frontation on the issue could occur in
See STUDENTS, Page 12

Frye
... satisfied with system

They don't want to allow students to
participate," says Bob Stechuk, whose
term as president of the LSA Student
Government (LSA-SG), just ended.

are often involved in tenure decisions),
and no one will discuss specific cases
with us."
LSA Dean Billy Frye disagrees with

... wants student votes

Brown vs.
Board of
Education
reopened
TOPEKA, Kan. (AP) - The historic
Brown vs. Board of Education case,
which began here 28 years ago and led
to the U.S. Supreme Court's 1954 ban on
racial segregation in schools, was
reopened by a federal judge yesterday
after a group of parents complained
schools are not yet integrated.
U.S. District Court Judge Richard
IRogers ruled that a group of black
parents who asked him to revive the
case have a continuing legal interest in
seeing that the court's desegregation
order is properly carried out.
'The parents contend that Topeka
schools remain racially imbalanced,
and they cite figures that some schools
have as much as 70 per cent minority
enrollment..
SCHOOL OFFICIALS deny that they
have failed to carry out the Supreme
Court's order and say recent federal in-
vestigations have dismissed charges of
segregation in Topeka schools.
The original 1954 Brown decision
struck down a 1949 Kansas law that
allowed racial segregation of school
children in some cities. In the early
1950s, Kansas was one of four states
that permitted segregation, while 17
states and the District of Columbia
required segregation.
In the decision, then-Chief Justice
Earl Warren wrote, "separate
educational facilities are inherently
unequal," and therefore in violation of
the equal protection clause of ftle 14th
Amendment.
ATTORNEYS FOR the school beard
argued that parents should file a new
lawsuit to pursue their claims rather
than reopen the Brown case. But
Rogers said the federal courts never
closed the case and said he could find
"no substantial prejudice" to the school
board in permitting the parents to press
their claims under the original case.
But Rogers said that if the courts find
See DESEGREGATION, Pige 2

Mexico..
refuses to
adnut Shah.
MEXICO CITY (AP)-The Mexican government said last
night it will not let the shah of Iran back into the country because
the "situation has changed radically" in the U.S.-Iranian crisis
and harboring the deposed ruler is not in Mexico's interest.
"The government of Mexico will not be in a position to renew
the visa of the shah on Dec. 9," Foreign Minister Jorge Casta-
neda said in a statement to reporters, so it makes "no sense for

Daily Photo by DAVID HARRIS
Ode on the Arb

Crystal snow-the stark, white, winter dress of trees,
Hanging on the boughs where so recently clung leaves.
COCKROACHES
D-igusting Pests 'bug' ityresidents

him to return to Mexico." Cas-
taneda refused to answer
reporters' questions.
U.S. officials, surprised by
Mexico's decision not to read-
mit the deposed shah of Iran,
were trying to assess the im-
pact of the move.
,STATE DEPARTMENT officials
said it was not clear from the terse
statement issued last night by Mexican
Foreign Minister Jorge Castaneda
what Mexico had done or what it might
mean.
Neither the shah nor his chief w
spokesman, Robert Armao, was
available for comment. Armao's
private phone had been disconnected.
THERE WAS NO immediate com-
ment from the Carter administration.
Castaneda's statement said: "In the
current moment the situation has
changed radically. The world is facing
a real crisis, described by U.N.
Secretary-General Mr. Kurt Waldheim
as a threat to international peace and

By CATHY BROWN
He's a night stalker. Waiting until
you've turned out the lights to emerge,
he crawls over your counters and into
your cornflakes. Perhaps you re
familiar with the culprit, for he and his
friends frequent several local homes
and apartments - and in greater num-
bers since the bottle bill took effect.
He's the cockroach, and he's a com-
mon plague in Ann Arbor.
AS WELL AS the inconvenience of all
those beer cans to return after the par-
ty, the state's three-year-old bottle bill
has provided another problem - an in-
crease in roaches.
According to George Roache of
Roachie Exterminating in Ypsilanti,
"The bottlestare brought from home in
bags and they (shoppers) transport
roaches back that way." He explained
that roaches cling to the bottles and

when brought to the store, they get out
and climb among the shelves, into other
food. But he added that most grocery
stores are treated monthly with insect

For many party stores which aren't
regularly visited by exterminators,
however, roaches have caused real
problems.
This year's apartment hunters should
also be aware of the bacteria-spreading
pests for, according to Jim Sandlin of
Orkin Extermination Service in Wayne,
"you can find them in any house or
building," apartmentsyincluded.
Roache and Sandlin reported that they
get calls from students plagued with
roaches.

security.
"Faced with this new situation, the
government of Mexico has had to pon-
der all the essential factors of its duty to
protect before anything else the vital
interests of the country. It has reached
the conclusion that it would be contrary
to those interests to renew the tourist
visa granted to the former shah."
MEANWHILE, THE United States
filed suit against Iran in an inter-
national court yesterday, appealing for
immediate action to free American
hostages held by Islamic militants in
Teheran.
In an urgent appeal to the Inter-
national Court of Justice in The Hague,
the Carter administration called for a
ruling that the American hostages be
freed and the grounds of the U.S. Em-
bassy in Teheran be cleared of the mob
that seized the compound on Nov. 4.
In a letter to the international court,
Secretary of State Cyrus Vance also
asked the court for unspecified "in-
terim measures of protection" for the
hostages.
See MEXICO, Page 6

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A 2Dems may attempt to
change city election date

By JOHN GOYER

Ann Arbor's Democratic Party last
night considered trying to change the
date of city elections from April to
November, an action which members
of both parties said would benefit the
Democrats.
The move would require the approval
of city voters. A majority vote by the
Republican-dominated City Council or
5,000 signatures on a petition would be
required to place the question before
the voters.
THE DEMOCRATS took no action on
the change last night.
The November date is better for the

Democrats, Republicans and
Democrats said last night, because
more voters traditionally turn out in
November, drawn by the national and
state contests. And Democrats, who
outnumber the GOP locally, usually
benefit from high turnouts.
Republican Party officials said
yesterday placing the local elections in
November would obscure the local
issues.
"I THINK there are a lot of people
here who call themselves Democrats
and would vote Democrat in a national
election," Council member Edward
'See CITY, Page 5

By KEITH RICHBURG
The current showdown between the
governments of President Carter and
the Ayatollah Khomeini exemplify fun-
damental contrasts between Islam and
Christianity, according to Prof. Ali
Mazrui, noted Africanist and director of
the University's Center for Afro-
American and African Studies.
The differences in the two dominant
world religions - rooted in the
dissimilar circumstances of their foun-
ders, Jesus Christ and Mohammed -
have put the Christianized western
world on a collision course with the
Islamic states of the Third World,
Mazrui said yesterday at a colloquium
on Iran in the old Architecture and
Design Building.
FOR EXAMPLE, Mazrui explained
how in Christianity, there is a notion of
mercy and forgiveness that does not
exist in Islam. Among Muslims, as
among traditional Jews, there "is the

idea of accountability in justice" - an
eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth.
That one difference would explain
why Americans were willing to accept
the pardon of former President Nixon
as an act of mercy, while Iranians are
obsessed with the idea that the former
Shah must be returned to Iran to face
justice, Mazrui said.
It was that obsession - that the shah
be returned to answer to charges of
crimes against the people - that led
Iranian students to seize the American
embassy in Tehran and continue to hold
49 Americans hostage until the shah is
extradited.
"SAYING 'LET'S forgive the shah' or
'Let's forgive Nixon' is easier in a
religion that says turn the other cheek,
than in a religion that says you pay for
your crimes," Mazrui told his audience.
"The shah is their Nixon, (the man)
at the top, guiltier of far greater crimes
See RELIGION, Page 2

By JULIE SEL
"Fifteen hundred Iran
were summoned by the S
dered and tortured. This
of Iran' means to Irani
Iranians justify the U
playing host to the Shah?
So asked Sadri Khal
tears, last night at the N
Auditorium before a grou
people, as he concluded.
Iran" panel discussion
various religious groupso
"THAT IS WHY you he
on your television sc
Khalessi, a doctoral
statistics at the Univers
that Iranians are terror
Iranians are not terrorist
they have been oppress
you had undergone all I
tortures, all the system
ments, it's why they wan
the world will hear," he s

case explained
BST KHALESSI WAS one of three guests
ians a month on the panel. Also speaking were
hah to be mur- professor K. Allin Luther of the Depar-
is what 'Shah tment of Near Eastern Studies and
ans. How can Professor William Schorger, a
Jnited States professor of anthropology and director
" of the Center for Near Eastern and Nor-
essi, close to th African Studies.
atural Science The audience was also close to tears,
up of some 100 by the time he finished. Luther opened
a "Focus on the talk with a note that he had been
sponsored by asked to speak by campus ministers, to
on campus. "shed a little light on the subject,
ear these cries rather than influence the growing
reens " said anger over the current crisis."
student in
sity. "It is not , BUT A QUESTION from one obser-
rists, by God; ver quickly reminded the audience that
s. It's just that 49 Americans are being held in Iran.
ed too long. If "How seriously do the Iranians
the systematic specifically, and the Islamic people
vatic debauch- generally take the Ayatollah Khomeini,
t to make a cry now that he has declared religious war
aid. See IRANIAN, Page 5

I

U ________________________ U
- 7

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the service come from WSU, Lawrence Institute of
Technology, University of Detroit, and Wayne County
Community College. Actually, the hot line is a recorded
message which informs interested callers that they must
call another number if they want to talk to "live" coun-
selors.
Campus freaks
Like every other business around, the world record
packaging industry wants into the college market. With the
first Guinness Book of College Records and Facts, to be

Swiggett Prize, and Michael R. Gutterman Award contests
should be in the Hopwood Room in Angell Hall by then or
not at all. H
Did F.D.R. have cancer?
Franklin Delano Roosevelt may have been secretly suf-
fering from cancer when he died of a stroke in 1945, says a
Dartmouth Medical School surgeon who has made a life-
long study of FDR's health. Rumors flew during the 1944
camnaign that the nresident (shown here in 1932) was ill.

On the inside
The demand by Iran that the deposed Shah be tried by
an international court may signal the beginning of a trend
in trials involving ousted leaders, on the editorial
page ... a review of the play Richard III in the Guest Ar-
tist Series on the arts page .. , a story on tonight's MSU-
Michigan hockey contest on the sports page. H
On the outside

I

,

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