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October 23, 1979 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1979-10-23

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See Today for details

Ninety Years of Editorial Feedom

4E a iQ

See Today for details

Vol. LXXXX, No. 41 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Tuesday, October 23, 1979 Ten Cents Twelve Pages

7 " ' /



bumps settlement

takes Sears
to court over
equal rights
WASHINGTON (AP) - The federal
government took Sears Roebuck & Co.
to court in five cities yesterday on
charges that the world's largest
retailer practiced illegal job
discrimination against women and
minorities across the United States.
A nationwide suit filed in federal
court in Chicago accused Sears of job
discrimination against women in the 48
contiguous states in violation of the
Civil Rights and Equal Pay acts.
Four other suits filed simultaneously
in New York City; Atlanta; Mon-
tgomery, Ala.; and Memphis, Tenn.,
charged the retailer with
discriminating' against 'minorities in
hiring at seven facilities in those four
THE SUITS, brought by the Equal
Employment Opportunity Commission
(EEOC), are among the largest em-
ployment discrimination cases ever
launched by the government and likely
will be the biggest job bias suit to be
fought in court.
Sears is one of the nation's largest
employers, with a work force of 400,000
in all 50 states, the District of Columbia
and Puerto Rico. The company has 850
retail stores and nearly 3,000 other
selling locations, such as catalog cen-
The suits were filed more than six
years after the federal agency first ac-
eused Sears of racial and sexual
discrimination in its employment prac-
COURT ACTION has been expected
since January, when the commission
broke off 14 months of negotiations with
Sears on an out-of-court settlement,
charging the discussions were fruitless.
After -the negotiations broke off,
Sears filed a novel suit against the
EEOC and nine other federal agencies
in an attempt to hold the government
responsible for job discrimination in
the work force.
The suit charged that federal
policies, such as veterans preference
laws, created a work force that is
dominated by white males, thus
preventing employers from providing
equal job opportunities to women and
minorities. The suit was later
dismissed by the trial judge as being
without merit.
According to Sears figures based on
1977 employment, 20 per cent of the
company's employees are minorities.
Among "officials and managers," 10
per cent are minorities and 36 per cent
are female. }

Jews must evacuate
West Bank territory

JERUSALEM (AP) - The Israeli
Supreme Court, in a landmark decision
that surprised the nation, ruled yester-
day that the government had illegally
seized private Arab land for a Jewish
settlement and ordered that the hilltop
outpost in the West Bank be abandoned.
The ruling, the first in which an
Israeli court found a settlement in the
occupied territories to be illegal, came
just a day after Moshe Dayan resigned
as foreign minister in a deep-seated
dispute over the settlement policies of
Prime Minister Menachem Begin's
government and its tough line on
Palestinian autonomy.
The developments dealt a one-two
punch to Begin's ruling coalition, and
hopeful speculation raced through Arab
capitals yesterday that they might
foreshadow major changes in Israel.
several motions of no-confidence in the.
Israeli Parliament today. But it is ex-
pected to survive them, and Begin
probably will reject the opposition
Labor Party's call for new elections.
The five-judge Supreme Court or-
dered that the settlement at Elon
Moreh, near the Arab-populated town
of Nablus in the West Bank of the Jor-
dan River, be dismantled within 30
The 50 or so ultra-nationalists who
have settled there indicated Monday
they would resist efforts to remove
THE COURT, acting on an appeal by
17 Arabs whose land was appropriated
for the settlement, ruled that the site
was chosen by Begin's government un-
der pressure from right-wing settlers.
It rejected the argument that it was
needed for security reasons.
The decision was a clear warning to
the government that the plea of
national security will no longer be
automatically accepted as a reason for
seizing land forsettlement.
In Cairo, Egypt's top peace
negotiator, Butros Ghali, called the
court decision "a positive step" and
predicted it would encourage West
Bank and Gaza Strip Palestinians to
end their boycott and join the U.S.-
Egyptian-Israeli talks on autonomy for

the two occupied territories.
WEST BANK Palestinian leaders
also applauded the ruling but said all
Jewish settlements should be removed.
"All settlements must go," said Mayor
Elias Freij of Bethlehem.
Nablus Mayor Bassam Shaka noted
that the ruling appeared to apply only
to Elon Moreh and said he feared it
would be interpreted as giving
legitimacy to all other West Bank set-
tlements not built on private land.
There are 52 other settlements,
inhabited by approximately 12,000
Neither Begin nor Agriculture
Minister Ariel Sharon, a strong ad-
vocate of more Jewish settlement in oc-
cupied areas, had any immediate
said he would have to study the court's
40-page ruling to determine whether
government decisions were needed.
The Parliament could enact new
legislation that would declare such land
seizures legal, but there was no im-
mediate indication the government
would take that course.
Since Elon Moreh was established in
June, the government has decided it
will no longer take privately owned
Arab land, but will restrict settlement
to state land. That decision caused
widespread demonstrations by. Gush
Emunim, the "Bloc of the Faithful,"
which leads the settlement movement.
Begin and many of his ministers tend
to agree with the position of Gush
Emunim that the West Bank belongs to
the Jewish people by biblical right.
MEANWHILE, AR4 B reaction to
Dayan's resignation {centered on its
potential for abruptly transforming the
Israeli political situation.
One Arab newspaper, Al -Ittihad of
Abu Dhabi, suggested that the United
States might "find an alternative in
Dayan" 's a new Israeli primne
minister, a prospect Israeli political
observers find unlikely:
The Carter administration withheld
comment on both the Dayan
resignation and the court decision on
Elon Moreh.

.A "rhto
A PREGNANT MOTHER and her two children watch a small girl play on a swing at the Jewish settlement of Elon
Moreh in the Israeli-occupied West Bank. The Israeli-Supreme Court ruled yesterday that this settlement is illegal
and called for its evacuation within 30 days.


Pot .legal for medical use

Lt. Governor James Brickley yester-
day signed into law a bill permitting
marijuana use for certain medical pur-
poses in Michigan. Anyone wishing to
obtain the drug legally will have to un-
dergo a strict screening process.
Brickley signed the bill as acting
governor after the House of Represen-
tatives last week approved the bill by a
100-0 vote.
"THIS BILL does not legalize
marijuana for medical use in a broad
sense," said Dick Klaver, an aide to
Sen. Stephen Monsma (D-Grand
Rapids) who sponsored the bill. "Can-
cer chemotherapy or glaucoma patien-
ts must apply to the (Michigan) Depar-
tnient of Public Health (DPH) with
their doctors."
In order to receive marijuana from
the state, the doctor and patient must
demonstrate that the patient suffers
from the disease and tried all other
means of treatment'to no avail, accor-
ding to Klaver.
The legislation was limited to
glaucoma and cancer chemotherapy
treatment because doctors consider

marijuaypa to be most useful with those
diseases, said Klaver. "Use for
anything else would require further ap-
proval by the FDA (Food and Drug
Adminstration), and they're very strict
in approving these programs," he said.
The.health department will receive
the marijuana from the federal gover-
nment. "But this is contingent upon
FDA approval of the DPH receiving the
marijuana in the state," said Klaver.
ACCORDING TO Jack Walker of the
DPH, "The marijuana can only be
dispensed at selected pharmacies
determined by the Michigan Bureau of
Pharmacies. The pharmacies will be
selected by geography, so there is no
hardship for a patient to obtain it."
The state is uncertain, however,
about the form in which the marijuana
will be dispensed, said Walker. lie said
capsule form was favored, but doctors
complained that nauseous patients will
be unable to take them. "It is now my
understanding that tobacco form will
be available," Walker said.
The law stipulates that the marijuana
may not be given to a patient if it causes
major hallucinogenic effects, accor-

ding to John Isbister, the State Disease
Control Officer. "The law requires a
psychologica evaluation of the
patient," he said. "It has to be certain
that the hallucinations will nbt'create a
problem for the patient."
The DPH still must work out other
major details in the implementation of
the new law, said Walker. "We're going
to rely on the other states that are doing
it," said Walker. "We're trying to learn
by their mistakes."

China now in the super power
spotlight, Swedish author says

When the United States and China established
diplomatic relations last December, it symbolized the
end of an era of American world dominance, according
to Jan Myrdal, recognized worldwide as an authority
on Chinese affairs.
Myrdal addressed some 90 persons at Schorling
Auditorium Sunday night, discussing a range of
economic and social topics relating to China. The
present international scenario, is far different from
when the U.S. had the upper hand in the 50's, 60's, and
early 70's, Myrdal said. Now, the U.S. shares the
economic, political, and military spotlight with the

Soviet Union, China, and Japan.
MYRDAL, A SWEDISH author, and his wife, artist
and photographer Gun Kessle, were the first foreigners
allowed to settle in rural China after the 1949
revolution. They first visited Liu Lin, a village in nor-
thwestern China, in 1962 for a month. They returned to
the village in 1969, 1975, and again in 1978 for brief
stays. They spent the subsequent visits talking with
villagers and recording the developments since the
beginning of the cultural revolution in 1965.
Myrdal said each time he returned to Liu Lin, he was
impressed by the village's progress. "In 1962, the
See CHINA, Page 12


Leaves LFIy~lT yLKN
Although the past few days have felt like Spring, the varying hues of the fallen leaves on Church Street serve to remind
that Autumn is upon us.


9 Y'4

Streetcar Named Desire" to her acting class. Threatened
with rape by "Mitch", Lewis, playing the part of Blanche,
found her only recourse was to bolt to the window and holler
"Fire!" since in Blanche's part of town to cry rape would
hardly raise an eyebrow. A true thespian, the quick-witted
Lewis simply made use of what props were available. "The
class really liked her performance," said Lewis' teaching
assistant Terri Hallquist, who later urged the class to use a
bit more discretion in future performances.
The hissing of 'U' lawns

arrives, lest they freeze and erupt. But if.you missed the
hissing of the University's lawns this year, Plant Depar-
tment officials promise an encore performance next year.
But if you can't wait that long, just go to any campus co-op
film and wait for some actor to make an even mildly sexist
Quick recovery

smashed into a tree. "The guy really took a shot and was
bleeding from the head and mouth and he sure looked,
dead," said a police officer who had been.at the scene. [
On the inside
An analysis of. San Francisco's role in the national gay
community on the editorial page.... three reviews of
"Apocalypse Now" are in Arts . . . a roundup of club sports
is on the sports page., 1,





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