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September 07, 1978 - Image 7

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1978-09-07

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The Michigan Daily-Thursday, September 7, 1978--Page 7

Undergraduate Tuition Hikes ,
since 1975 1976 1977 1978
10.6% f'
9.4% 96%9.6%
t 6.0%
Underclass Upperclass Upperclass
Non-resident Resident Non-resident

Tenure: Pinning down, specifics

(Continued from Page 3)
though it could, as it does, recruit
heavily for minorities. But all members
of the University community contacted
expressed support for what they con-
sider to be a- well-intentioned, albeit
vague, affirmative action program.
They seemed in agreement with a
professor who preferred to remain
nameless when he quipped that at all
times, "we try to bend over blackwards
Another question which has been
raised concerns the fact that the
'Executive Committee members for
LSA are asked to consider the potential
of a. scholar from a field that may be
totally removed from their own
"I have a hell of a time with the
Physics papers," admitted LSA
Executive Committee member Esch-
man (geology). Eschman said that in
those cases in which he can't possibly
personally read the candidate's resear-
ch first hand, he relies heavily on the
departmental evaluations and "you can
always ask someone from the depar-
tment who sits on the committee" for
UTTAL EXPLAINED that "there are

commonalities in intellectual en-
deavors," but admitted that there are
limits to the perception of a linguist
when scouring a history paper. "A
clumsy writer may have stumbled on
one of the greatest ideas of history,"
hypothesized Uttal.
Another problem with the tenure
system is the intense pressure that
rests with the faculty members waiting
to learn of their fate. Tenure operates
on an "up or out" principle, according
to Nordby. After six years the decision
must be made by the department, then
the school's Executive Committee, and
finally the Regents, who virtually rub-
ber-stampthe recommendations of the
Executive Committee; should this per-
son be granted a job we would have
trouble taking away?
Nordby explained that "everybody is
in the pressure cooker" when they
come up for review. "For young
families the pay is terrible and you get
the book or baby problem." The "book
or baby problem" faces young couples
who are faced with what amounts to the
necessity to publish in order to
establish an academic reputation
suitable for tenure in the field, but who
at the same time feel a desire to raise

"A GOOD department," said Nordby,
"will protect their assistant
professors" from too much of the
tenure blues at a time when the young
academic is-just launching into what he
or she hopes is a life-long stint at the
Another major issue concerns the
criteria used by the department and the
Executive Committee in arriving at the
final list. LSA Dean Billy Frye ex-
plained that there are three main areas'
of interest "teaching, service, and
research," not in order of importance.
Many students complain that they have
been subjected to poor teaching in or-

der that the University could make a
name in research circles.
Frye and several others made the
point that one need not sacrifice
teaching for service or research foi
teaching. "The simplest thing of all is
one werd," said Uttal dramatically
"excellence." He went on to say thai
although the University tends to be "a
little too heavy in our empirical resear
ch," (it is), really very good at striking
a balance" between the three areas. Ut
tal and Frye agreed that careful
research may be an. advantage in the
classroom and that professors car
learn and gain help from studentsloi
their research.


Regents up tuition
9 of last 10 years

(Continued from Page One)
find themselves in the same financial
squeeze that is troubling state colleges
and universities. He 'said one of the
reasons for, money shortages at private
colleges is that public schools, under
more financial pressure than they have
felt in a long time, are now competing
for money from private sources
previously reserved for private schools.
INDEED, THE University has
always, unlike most pgplic universities,
relied heavily on gifts for financial sup-
port. The University holds an award for
its fund-raising activities of 1976-77 and
expects to be on top again when the
1977-78 figures come out, according to
University officials.
For 1976-77, the University received
more corporate gifts ($8.7 million) than
Stanford University, Massachusetts In-
stitute of Technology and Harvard
University. In the same fiscal year the
University was one of the top fund-
raising schools in the country receiving.
totalgifts of $27 million.
But with respect to tuition, the
University also ranks among the
highest. In the realm of public "peer"
institutions, the University demands
the highest resident and nonresident
undergraduate fees. The University's
closest out-state competitors are Ohio
State and University of Minnesota, both,
at $915 per year with University of
California-Berkeley and U.C.L.A. trail-
ing behind at $710 and $702 respectively.
BUT IF RATD WITH private in-
stitutions the University, at $3350 non-
resident fee, is the lowest with Yale
University topping the list at $4,750.

However,'University Law School at
$3,800 for nonresidents is more expen-
sive than Harvard at $3,550. And
University Medical School at $4,160 for:
non-residents is more expensive than
either Columbia University or Chicago
University, although far cheaper than
Northwestern University at $6,855 per
To keep the cost of tuition down the
University has launched a number of
fund-raising programs including
"Michigan Awareness"-a sort of "toot
your horn" endeavor aimed
specifically at the legislature.
AND TO EASE the plight of students
with financial problems the Regents
are attempting to increase the Univer-
sity's financial aid program.
At the June Regents' meeting,
Regent Roach said in light of tuition in-
creases, if a student needs financial aid
and can't get it from the government or
any other source, the University should
provide funds "to the full extent of the
need." -
According to Shapiro, a total of 59.5
percent of the students on the Ann Ar-
bor campus shared more than $52
million in total financial aid funds in
1976-77. This-averages out to $2,707 per
Thirty-eight percent of those students
receiving financial aid-were awarded
grants or scholarships totalling almost
$25 million. Nearly 20 percent of the
students received long-term loans
amounting to $8 million. A little more
than one-third of the students were em-
ployed for some period of time by the
University and earned wages totalling




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