Native Americans test treaty
(Continued fom Page 1
.......... a ..b..
two and one half years prior to the
:reaty, the Chippewa, Ottawa and
'otawatomi were "overwhelmingly
ro-British," making the probability
hat the land was a gift very small.
Later in the testimony White in-
troduced the role of Father Richard,
the only Catholic missionary in Detroit.
Father Richard was identified in Ar-
ticle 16 of the 1817 treaty as the "rector
of the Church of St. Anne of Detroit."
When asked by White why Father
ichard was identified in Article 16,
haput said the priest had been
"discussing and actively participating"
in the foundation of a "new kind of
chool"-the University. "Now, more
importantly, he (Father Richard) had
rior to 1810 been actively involved in
ttempts to educate the children of
etroit including members of the three
tribes that we are concerned with
Sere, 'the witness testified.
WHITE'S NEXT witness was Floyd
ain, a history professor at Central
ichigan University who specializes in
arly Michigan history. As with
haput, Dain's deposition was taken in'
the presence of a notary public and
University -counsel. This testimony
'as also read into the record at the trial
y an actor.
Dain testified further to Father
Richard's work among the Indians. The
itness said Father Richard was of
the Sulpician Order of Catholic priest
'whose purpose was to educate,
especially to educate the heaten in
Da n also testifed thatson August 26,
1817 the act to establish the
Catholepistimiad, or the University of
Michigania (eeferred to as the "College
at Detroit" in the treaty) was signed. A
matter of weeks later and days before
the 1817 treaty was signed Cass appoin-
ted Rev. John Montieth president and
Father Richard vice president of the
DAIlY TESTIFIED that Section 8 of
the 1821 Act to establish the University
states that the three sections of land
"granted to the College at Detroit by
the Treaty of Fort Meigs," was to be
"vested" in the corporation of the
University "subject nevertheless, to
the uses, trusts and purposes for which
the same property was granted, given
conveyed, or promised."
Dain stated he felt the 1821 act in-
dicates that the land conveyed in Ar-
ticle 16 of the Fort Meigs Treaty "were
given by the Indians for the purpose of
educating some of their children."
Dain also testified that in 1821 Rev.
Montieth left his position as University
president and Cass became chairman
of the Board of Trustees.
DAIN, WHO ALSO authored a study
on the economic history of Detoit,
testified to the value of the Indian lands
conveyed to the University in 1824. He
stated that Cass, who had followed the
transaction from 1817, selected the
"more valuable lands, perhaps the
Of the three sections, one was located
where present day Farmington now
stands, another in Detroit between
Schoolcraft and Plymouth Roads, and
between Rouge Park and Evergreen,
and the third where Trenton is now
located . Dai. testified that all of the
sections were valuable for either their
access to water or, in the case of the
Detroit land, for its salt deposits. In ad-
dition, the land became increasingly
more valuable due to the rapid influx of
settlers in the Michigan territory.
The Indians' last witness, James
Concannon, a Native American of Ot-
tawa lineage, appeared somewhat of a
surprise to University attorney Daane
who objected strongly to Concannon's
appearance. Daane said Concannon
was not an expert witness and not
present at the signing of the 1817 treaty
and therefore his testimonycould not
have any bearing on the issues at hand.
JUDGE DEAKE allowed Concannon
Tomorrow: The Defense
Art. 16. Some of the Ottawa, Chip-
pewa, and Potawatomy tribes, being
attached to the Catholic religion,
and believing they may wish some of
their children hereafter educated,
do grant to the rector of the Catholic
church of St. Anne of Detroit, for the
use of the said church, and to the
co aon of the college at Detroit,
for the use of the said college, to be
retained or sold, as the said rector
and corporation may judge ex-
pedient, each, one half of three sec-
tions of land, to contain six hundred
and forty acres, on the river Raisin,
at a placed called Macon; and three
sections of land not yet located,
which tracts were reserved, for the
use of the said Indians, by the treaty
aof Detroit, in one thousand eight
hundred and seven; and the superin-
tendent of Indian affairs, in the
territory of Michigan, is authorized,
on the part of the said Indians, to
select the said tracts of land.
The Michigan Daily-Friday, September 8, 1978-Page 13A
The Kiwanlis Summer Sale
SATURDAY, SEPT. 9th
9 a.m.-1 p.m.
lots of furniture, appliances,
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Kiwanis ActitFies Center
West Washington & First Sts.
Lawyers' actions in
Edison case probed
r, . f .
(Continued from Page 1)
ittorney Paul Lurie, an associate in
Sklar's law firm, Prior to litigation.
Commonwealth Edison lost the suit
nd has since revamped its program.
'he lawsuit put $380,000 out of the more
han $2.7 million requested legal fees in
he pockets of the attorneys.
Gowedey, like Cantor in the Detroit
uit, did not collect any money in the
,hicago settlement. Gowedey could not
be located by The Daily for comment.
CANTOR, OWNER of Northland
Pharmacy in Southfield's Northland
Vedical Building, has suffered greatly
,ecause of publicity of the lawsuit, he
nd his attorneys claim. Besides having
is business tarnished by the suit, he
nd his family have received abusive
ahone calls at his Farmington Hills
Because of critical publicity by
Detroit area media, Cantor hired a
I'roy-based public relations firm, Mc-
Vasters Associates, one of the largest
public relations firms in the Midwest to
arighten his image.
Cantor's bill with the firm has
reached $1,400 for issuing several press
It remains unclear, however,
whether Cantor or his attorneys are
picking up the tab. Neither a
spokesperson for McMasters, Cantor,
nor his attorneys would reveal who paid
ALTHOUGH Cantor claimed in his
suit he was upset about lost profits on
bulb sales, he later admitted his major
grievance against the Edison program
was that customers paid for the bulbs
whether they used the service or not.
The program's costs were included in
Edison customer's electric rates.
Cantor said he made claims of finan-
cial losses from the Edison program,
despite their marginal effect on his owp
business, as "a guise to undertake the
After five years of litigation, Cantor
now says he wishes he had never begun
the lawsuit and given another chance,
would refrain from filing a similar
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