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Vol. LIX, No.37
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, October 19, 1978
By MICHAEL ARKUSH
Five of the eight University Regents have in-
dicated that the 'banks and corporations
holding University investments in South Africa
are acting progressively to enhance the social,
political and economic rights of the country's
The five Regents added it is extremely doub-
tful that they will vote dujring today's meeting,
to change their current policy which opposes
University divestiture from South Africa.
THE UNIVERSITY'S governing body based
its conclusions on'a summary of responses
made by the banks and corporations regarding
their lan and investment policies.
Responding to a University questionnaire,
the majority of banks and corporations main-
tained that their presence in South Africa has
ts endorse S.
had a beneficial effect on the nation's non-
whites and that divestiture could cripple its
economy, provoking racial terror.
Most of the corporations said they have af-
firmed the Sullivan Principles, a set of
guidelines written by Rev. Leon Sullivan, a
member of the Board of Directors of the
General Motors Corporation, which are inten-
ded to promote equality among the employees
of American corporations in South Africa.
SPECIFICALLY, THE corporations said
they are working to desegregate their work
facilities, provide equal pay for all workers, in-
crease the number of blacks in supervisory
positions, and fund the education of many of the
non-white employees' children.
The bank executives said they would not
discount the possibility of any further loans to
the country's private sector. Most of them in-
dicated they have ceased any loans to the South
African government but loans to businesses
and individuals would continue.
The Regents voted in March to adopt a
resolution to ask the corporations if they follow
the Sullivan Principles and request infor-
mation from the banks concerning their loan
and investment policies.
THE BOARD IS expected to review officially
the responses during today's meeting. But the
members' preliminary remarks indicate it is
likely the banks and corporations will be
praised and University investments will con-
"I think that all the corporations have sub-
stantially taken affirmative action along the
steps we had requested. It seems that they are
acting very constructively to end apartheid in
South Africa," said Regent Thomas Roach (D-
Regent Deane Baker (R-Ann Arbor) added
that the information received from the banks
and corporations will probably not change the
board's opposition to divestiture despite
possible pressure which may ensue from
University interest groups favoring with-
drawal of U.S. corporate activity in South
"SINCE THEY follow the standards we
asked of them, I don't think there will be any
change in our general policy," said Baker.
Regents Paul Brown (D-Petoskey), Sarah
Power (D-Ann Arbor), and David Laro (R-
Flint) agreed with Baker and Roach. Board
members Robert Nederlander (D-
Birmingham) and James Waters (D-
Muskegon) said they have not read the respon-
ses thoroughly enough to make a comment.
Regent Gerald Dunn (D-Lansing) was
unavailable for comment.
Baker also said that he believes the Regents
have conducted a very comprehensive study on
the divestiture issue.
Kate Rubin, an active member of the
Washtenaw County Coalition Against Apar-
theid (WCCAA), said yesterday that the
organization plans to protest against the
Regents during tomorrow's meeting. She said
the group is preparing a very "creative"
program to illustrate its discontent with the
"The Regents just heard what they wanted
the banks and corporations to tell them. They
were just looking for nice letters and not con-
crete explanations of things they're doing to
liberate the people of South Africa," said
grain buried at
Dafly Photo by MAUREEN O'MALLEY
REGENTAL CANDIDATE Gilbert Bursley addresses a question from the audience while flanked by his opponents
Paul Brown and James Waters.
Regental candidates lackluster
By KEVIN ROSEBOROUGH
The Ann Arbor City Landfill was the
burial site of two and one-half tons of
PBB-tainted grain in June of 1974, it
was revealed this week. The disclosure
was made by Michigan Department of
Natural Resources (DNR) officials
testifying at a state Senate hearing on
poly-brominated biphenals (PBB).
PBB, a toxic chemical used as a fire
retardant, entered the food chain after'
accidentally being mixed with cattle
feed in 1973.
ACCORDING TO William Turney,
DNR environmental department chief,
their department became aware of the
burial only this week. "Recently
discovered agricultural records con-
firmed that some contaminated grain
was taken from the Washtenaw"Farm
and Garden Center in Dexter and taken
to the Ann Arbor Landfill," he said.
"It was estimated that there was
about one and one-half ounces of PBB in
two and one-half tons of grain."
City authorities were notified on
Tuesday. Washtenaw County Health
Department engineer Barry Johnson
said that he was not .aware of the
existence of PBB in the landfill until
contacted then by Turney. Johnson said,
that he had, however, discussed PBB
with DNR representatives in the past.
"OTHER (LOCAL) dumping, in
much higher concentrations, was
discussed about one year ago, but never
carried out," said Johnson. "At that
time, there was no mention of any
The City Land Fill, located just south
of Ann Arbor on Ellsworth and Platt
Roads, was constructed with a clay
lining several feet thick, said Ann, Ar-
bor Assistant City Administrator
Patrick Kenney. He reported that
recently the landfill was considered as
a dumping ground for 'sludge con-
taminated with poly-chlorinated
biphenyl (PCB), another toxic
chemical. In order to test the safety of
the containment for this purpose, the
local groundwaters were tested for
chemical seepage from the landfill.
"Nothing (no leaking) was
discovered in those tests, taken two or
three months ago," said Kenney. He
admitted that the waters were not
tested specifically for PBB, but since no
other leakage was discovered,
authorities "were confident (no PBB)
has been leaking."
EVEN IF the PBB had leaked out,
claimed Turney, its dangers to local
residents would be negligible. "We are
discussing such a small amount of PBB
that it's not really worth talking
about," he said. He offered as evidence
the case of dumpings in Gratiot County.
THERE, HE said, "The Michigan
Chemical Company deposited 80 tons of
See PBB, PageS
By MITCH CANTOR
A lackluster debate between the four Regental
candidates in the Union last night reflected the
low-key campaigns run by the men vying for two
open spots on the eight member board.
Appearing on the public discussion panel were
incumbents Paul Brown (D-Petoskey) and
James Waters (D-Muskegon) as well as
challengers John Axe (R-Detroit) and retiring
state Senator Gilbert Bursley (R-Ann Arbor).
THE EVENT, sponsored by the student groups
groups, the Mad Hatter's Tea Party, the
Rackham Student Government, and the
'Michigan Student Assembly (MSA), allowed for
brief statements by the candidates at the begin-
ning and the end of the program with the bulk of
the two-hour session reserved for questions from
The major consideration presented by each of
the four candidates in their opening statements
was the University's economic status.
Axe, a Detroit attorney challenging the in-
cumbents, attacked the state ballot proposals.
"If one or more of these pass I can see the
University in a very serious condition," Axe
BROWN ALSO hit the University's financial
woes, insisting that "the annual appropriation
(from state and federal governments) has not
kept pace with our costs."
Discussing the presidential selection process,
Axe, Brown, and Bursley encouraged par-
ticipation by all sectors of the University.
Waters, however, spoke out in favor of
allowing all groups to know who the candidates
are to be considered by the Regents.-
WHEN THE ISSUE of ongoing hearings bet-
ween the Graduate Employees Organization
(GEO) and the University came up, opinion
among the candidates differed more than on
most other issues.
Waters reaffirmed his previous stand suppor-
ting the union. "I would advocate bargaining
with all employees whether unionized or
nonunionized," he said.
Axe also gave his support to the groups, saying
he "would not object to the unionization of that
group (graduate student assistants) if they voted'
to do so."
Brown and Bursley did not give definite sup-
port to GEO.
On the issue of divesting University funds from
American corporations in South Africa, each
candidate defended the Regents decision this
March asking all corporations in which the
University has an investment to abide by the
Sullivan Principles, a set of guidelines designed
to discourage discrimination.
WASHINGTON (AP) - President
Carter has ordered production of the
crucial components of the neutron
weapon, but has not decided whether to
go ahead with final production of the
controversial weapon or its
deployment, his chief spokesperson
White House press secretary Jody
Powell said that once the weapon's
elements are produced, "it will take
much less time" to assemble the
The spokesman said he did not expect
Carter's decision to have any impact on
the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty
Asked why Carter made the decision
now, Powell replied: "We're simply
ready to proceed now. To have engaged
in a long delay would have nQ doubt
been the subject of much speculation."
Carter announced on April 7 that, he
had decided to defer production and
that his decision would be influenced by
the degree of Soviet restraint in conven-
tional and nuclear arms programs.
At that time, he ordered the Pentagon
to proceed with modernizing the Lance
missile nuclear warhead and an eight-
inch artillery shell - the neutrons
weapons - "leaving open the option of
installing the enhanced radiation
Powell said at the daily White House
news briefing that the "crucial elemen-
ts" needed to create the actual weapon
would be kept in the United States.
At the State Department, spokesman
Thomas Reston said Carter was "doing
now what he said he would do in April,"
See NEUTRONPage 5
STUDENTS THREA TEN TO BREAK LA W:
Age hike won't reduce drinking
Ladies' night discount
By BETH ROSENBERG
and DAVID GOODMAN
Ladies' nights have proven popular in
area bars - they offer a chance for in-
creased business and social activity -
and they als aperto be illegal.
Under state law, no one can be denied
the use of facilities and advantages of
public accommodations on the basis of
religion, race, color, age, sex, marital
status, or national origin.
AN ANN ARBOR human rights or-
dinance also prohibits such
discrimination; however, no action is
being taken against these establish-
drugstore discounts to the elderly, and
the cover charges in bars.
"IF WE INVESTIGATED every one
of these (as discriminatory), they
would all be blown out of proportion and
there would be no discounts."
Second Chance, 516 E. Liberty, offers
a Ladies' Night every Tuesday. It
eliminates the cover charge for all
women. "It's a very popular thing for
us. It fills up the house," said manager
"Everybody likes it (Ladies' Night).
It's nice for women because there's no
cover, and it'snice for men because
' The possibility of' a legal
conflict of interest on City Coun-
cil was dispelled by the City At-
torney, see story, Page 2.
" A preview of the Gay teach-
in, which begins tonight, see
story, Page 5.
* Former MSU student Sami
Esmail was paroled and will be
deported from Israel. See story,
" Five Western foreign
By ELISA ISAACSON
This November may bring some
revamping of the local bars, a
drastically lower turn-out at dorm par-
ties and an increase in parking lot
But according to local bar owners,
dormitory directors and students alike,
one thing hiking the drinking age to 21
will not do is curb the consumption of
alcohol by 18-20-year-olds.
"We'll just buy it illegally," declared
South Quad sophopmore Dave Masson,
claiming he knows of "tons of stores"
that would serve underaged students.
"Just because someone said they
(students) can't drink, doesn't mean
they aren't going to," said West Quad
RA Joe Fresch. "It's kind of naive to
MOST STUDENTS who remember
what it was like to be below the line of
"IF THEY have to, the dorm students
will drink in their rooms," R.A. Fresch
said. "If they want to get drunk, they'll
send a friend out to get them
'Just because someone
said they (students) can't
drink doesn't mean they
aren't going to. it's kind
of naive to think that.'
- West Quad RA
manager Bob Storer, adding, "It's hard
to say how much business we'll lose,"
because the now-popular student hang-
out might attract an "older crowd" if
teen-agers are barred, he said.
"Many people, when they turn 21,
decide they don't want younger people
in the bar and say 'Get them out of
here'," Storer explained.
Some establishments, such as Second
Chance, are considering changing the
atmosphere if the proposal passes.
"We've thought about it quite a bit,"
said owner/manager John Carver.
Carver said some of the options the
nightclub's management has come up
with are expanding the menu and
making Second Chance into a "giant
restaurant," converting itninto a disco,
or staging a lot of national concert acts.
BUT THESE PLANS are made reluc-
tow,+y itnnr,.Ain a o Oarvn. At lianoS