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October 05, 1978 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1978-10-05

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Page 4-Thursday, October 5, 1978-The Michigan Daily
he mtrch an mat4I
Eighty-Nine Years of Editorial Freedom.
Vol. LIX, No. 25 News Phone: 764-0552
Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan

A Mediterranean Economic


: a solution


like the eye. of a

hcalm and serene

H OW LONG will it be now? How
long before the countryside and
cities of Zimbabwe are rife with
killing? It seems that every day there
is a gradual erosion of the peace and
human rights which ironically existed
in that country, also called Rhodesia,
despite a vicious six-year-old guerrilla
On Monday, the biracial transitional
government of Zimbabwe banned the
country's last remaining black daily,
newspaper, the Zimbabwe Times. The
newspaper, with a circulation of 20,000,
was shut down in the "interest of
public safety and security," according
to the official government statement.
The Zimbabwe Times has been
critical of the transition government's
policies. The Times also favored a
peace conference which would include
all factions including the guerrillas.
This viewpoint hasn't been too popular
among the white community since the
guerrillas shot down an airplane with
56 civilian passengers aboard. Many of
the crash survivors were slaughtered;
some whites, especially Prime
Minister Ian Smith, claim the

revolutionary forces were responsible
for the killings. Joshua Nkomo, co-
leader of the Patriotic Front, claimed
credit for the fall of the airplane but
not of the slaughter which ensued.
In either case, the whites are
exerting their pressure in the
government to keep the lid on as long
as possible. The tighter the protective
circle is drawn, however, the bloodier
and longer the fight for power will be.
Calm in the face of opposi ioh tends to
have a tranquilizing effect. But such
arbitrary action which limits the
freedom of the citizen to know only
adds fuel to the fire.
Salisbury, the nation's capital, only
one year ago was like the eye of a
hurricane, calm and serene - while
the rest of the country was virtually
burning. Women's clubs still had their
teas, men played croquet. Another
year or so from now, there probably
won't be any flowers in the parks of
Salisbury. War is unhealthy for flowers
and children. The hurricane will move
on and Salisbury will be enveloped in
flames. And as the hurricane moves
south, it will pick up speed and

ATHENS, Greece - With the world
ecomonic crisis widening the gulf between
Northern and Southern Europe, political
leaders along 'the Mediterranean are
beginning to give up on their northern
neighbors and look south - across the sea -
for a way out.
Convinved that their economies are being
stifled by Northern European domination,
they dream of a Mediterranean Ecomonic
Community that might some day meet the
European Common Market on equal terms.
Such a community will be the focus of
discussion when the major opposition parties
of Spain, Italy and Greece and the
governments of Algeria, Libya, Cypress,
Malta and the Palestine Liberation
Organization, stage their second conference
of Mediterranean Socialist Parties early next
year in Athens. The first conference was last
year in Malta.
Next year's meeting looms all the more
important because of the probably entry of
Greece, Spain and Portugal into the Common
THE OPPOSITION parties - all serious
contenders for power in the European nations
hit hardest by the economic crisis of the 1970s
- worry that Common Market entry will
accelerate three already crippling trneds:
" The economic domination of south by
north, in which the south is trapped in its role
as provider of food, sheap labor and low-level
industrial products.
. The use of divide-and-rule tactics by the
north to exploit the natural competition
between Greece, Italy, Spain and Portugal,-
all of whom send their fruits,mwines amd olive
oil north.
" The monopolization of critical new trade
and investment channels in the oil-rich
nations across the Mediterranean )by the
northern economic giants, leaving Southern
Europe out in the cold.
The proposed solution of the opposition
parties, made more difficult and necessary if
they are absorbed into the Common Market,
is to form a united front to gain more leverage
against the north, then to turn south and forge
an ecomonic alliance with the oil states.
The Malta participants argue that both
Southern Europe and the oil nations must
resist economic domination by Northern
Europe and the United States if they are to
control their own destinies. Thus, they have a
mutual interest underlined by the bitter
memories many of the oil states have of
Northern European colonialism - in
banding together.
BUT THEIR ECOMONIC arguments are
perhaps more convincing. Vittorio Orilio,
head of the foreign policy section of t}oe
Italian Communist Party, explained in a
recent interview what Italy and similar
countries have to offer the oil states in
exchange for the energy and capital
investment they need to fuel their own
"Italy is not an ' extremely high-level
industrialized nation," he said. "We have
some very sophisticated production, but
basically we have medium-level technology.
And this is exactly what the developing
nations want now . . . They want road
construction, for instance, or hydroelectric
plants - technologies which are both very

By David Osborne
important and which provide jobs for the
"This is our tradition: civil engineering,
road construction, plants. We can also help
with mechanization of agriculture, with new
technologies in agriculture."
Already, he noted, Fiat is building auto
assembly plants in North Africa; Italy and
Libya are constructing a gas pipeline across
the Mediterranean, and many Arabs are
studying in Italian technical universities.
executive committee member of Greece's
major opposition party, the Pan-Hellenic
Socialist Movement, pointed to many of the
same areas in an interview in Athens.
"Greece can do a lot, particularly in light
manufacturing. For example, we export a lot
of refrigerators, clothes, even cars.
"We also have a great deal of experience in
construction. Greek builders are now in Iraq,
Libya, Kuwait. And we have many students
here from those countries, as well as
Palestinians and Syrians, learning technical

Soviet fleets, which go absolutely free with n
security agreements to regulate them,
control their movements, to limit the dange
of incidents."
The ultimate goal of an overall security
agreement signed by all parties with an
interest in the area, such as the 1975 Helsink
agreement in Central Europe.
BUT THERE ARE many disagreements or
specifics. While the Greeks in the PanJ
Hellenic Socialist Movement talk of complet
withfrawal from NATO and an eventual ba
against the Soviet and American fleets in th"
Mediterranean, for example, the Italian
Communists are far more moderate.
"We are not so foolish as to say that the
American and Soviet fleets should leave the
Mediterranean," Orilio said, "because we
know that's not under our control.
"But we hope to begin by measures o
control - information, for instance, on the
movements of the fleets and measures t{+
control the risk of confrontation, to se,
whether ships are carrying nuclear weapon
and soon.
"What we want iq to go beyond NATO and
include all the states of the area in a

Convinced that their economies are being stifled by Northern
European domination, they dream of a Mediterraneat
Economic Community that might some day meet th
European Common Market on equal terms.


" 7/


C %

4 . iii/
.,IIt u

Why would the oil nations turn to Greece,
Italy, Yugoslavia or Spain for these products
and services, rather than Northern Europe?
'Because of cheaper prices,"
Christodoylides said. "Our labor is cheaper.
Of course, we can't provide computers for
them, but with the light industries they need,
we can provide them cheaper."
As sound as the logic may be and as much
as trade between Greece or Italy and the oil
states may rise in coming years, the Malta
participants acknowledge that the
Mediterranean Economic Community will
remain a dream unless the left comes to
power in Greece, Italy and Spain.
THERE ARE ONLY four governments
represented in the Malta Conference:
Algeria, Libya, Malta and, Cypress.
Yugoslavia, which has very close relations
with the Greek Socialists and Italian
Communists, was an observer at Malta but
may participate fully in Athens.
The Malta participants have outlined a
second goal, however, that might bear more
fruit in the short run: a Mediterranean
security agreement to stabilize what has
become an explosive area and guarantee its
neutrality between the Soviet and American
"The Mediterranean is still an area in
which there is no clear ageement on security
problems," Orilio noted.."This is an area in
which there is a real danger of war.
"There is the Middle East, there is the
tension between Algeria and Morocco, there
are the problems between Greece and
Turkey, there is the-problem of the U.S. and

peaceable solution. We want to become an
element of peace in the area - which we do
not consider it is."
According to Orilio, the interest in a
Mediterranean security agreement goes fa
beyond the leftist policies of the Malt
"THIS IS A position on which you can find,
say, the ruling parties of both Spain an(,
Greece, as well as our own governgient it
Italy. Three months ago in Venice we had 2
seminar between representatives of many
different parties, including those i
government, fronr Spain, Portugal, France
Italy, Yugoslavia and Greece.
"It was only a seminar, there were n
commitments made. But there was interes
by all of them on the general problems - how
to avoid war, to have peace and security in
the Mediterranean, to create mor
"But I must insist," Orilio quickly adde
"the initiative has been ours."
Whether that initiative will bear fruit, only
time will tell, "The Malta conference was
only our first meeting," Christodoylides said.
"We had a general discussion, but not on
specific issues. We hope that at the Athens
conference we can come to agreement on
some specific questions."
Davis Osborne, a former editor a
Pacific News and staff writer at the New
Republic, has been in Europe on
assignment for Pacific News Service.



Dist. Field Newspaper Syndicat


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'Got a great idea, chief! A nine digit zip code - making it even
more difficult to send a letter! We'd save a bundle on deliveries!'

Detroit Police pioneers with
domestic violence program


IN DETROIT last year, nearly one-
third of all emergency police calls
involved cases of domestic violence,
which led to 25 per cent of the city's
homicides. Since domestic violence
has traditionally been considered a
"personal, family problem", most
battered spouses are unaware of their
legal rights, and most police officers
are either too uninformed or
insensitive to help out.
Yesterday, Detroit took a pioneering
step toward solving the problem of this
great hidden crime, when it announced
it would use a $90,000 grant it received
from the Law Enforcement Assistance
Administration to train police officers
in answering domestic violence calls.
Until recently, battered spouses had

PEACE 15COMA 1?2S16&

&6t.16V6. S OF A)Ifvl

(~LCt 0 ( T86 1i e14

may become incensed at being
arrested and tried, and take his or her
hostilities out on his or her spouse even
more zealously. Aware of this
possibility, many abused spouses
refuse to press charges out of fear and
an accurate sense of futility.
Under the new program, there will
be a full-time victim assistance co-
ordinator to explain to battered
spouses that they don't have to tolerate
beatings even if they are afraid to
prosecute. The victim assistant will be
able to refer the spouse to temporary
shelters or counseling services.
In addition, the program will make
police more aware of the options a
battered spouse has, and will attempt


Letters to the Daily

To the Daily:
I noted with interest today your
comments on President Carter's
remarks in Aliquippa, Pa. on the
establishment of a P.L.O.
(Palestinian Liberation
Organization) office in
Washington D.C.
nYo ri emark: "Anv midasqt

the Palestinian people.
I moved toIsrael several years
ago at which time I had the op-
portunity to meet many
Palestinians living in the oc-
cupied territories who would
refute the P.L.O.'s claim to
leadership and to being the sole
r.nrPC..taivP of the Paleiian.

calls for the destruction of the
State of Israel and refuses to
United Nations Resolution 242. To
this day, the P.L.O. still claims
the disgraceful "credit" in the
killing, the murder of innocent
civilians, in the name of justice
and nationalism. Am I to under-
tind von crrectI ythattw e are

pointment by other Arab gover-
nments and, this representation
would be willing to recognize
Israel's right to exist and to par-
ticipate in fair negotiations, then
perhaps, the aspirations of the
Palestinians would become a
reality. But the P.L.O. is not the
r...P.nfat:a Phiaan k ..

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