See Editorial Page
LIKE A SAUNA
See Today for details
Vol. LIX, No. 3 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Saturday, September 9, 1978 Free Issue Twelve Pages
Tisch tax slash plan approved or state ballot
By KEITH RICHBURG with it. Michigan Supreme Court as unconstitutional by Lansing
Michigan voters in November will get to decide whether ROBERT TISCH, the Shiawassee County drain and would authorize school districts to impose a one per cent attorney Zolton Ferency.
to join the "Proposition 13" tax-slashing bandwagon, after commissioner who spearheaded the tax plan in the wake of personal income tax with voter approval. FERENCY, AN unsuccessful Democratic gubernatorial
the State Board of Canvassers ruled yesterday to allow the the California tax revolt, would not comment to the press CRITICS OF the Tisch plan say the measure would contender, had said during the campaign that the entire tax
tax reform proposal of Robert Tisch on the ballot. after word that his proposal had secured a spot on the cripple state education and other services if passed. The burdenshould be redistributed to the upper income levels. He
Barring judicial intervention, the controversial "meat November ballot. A spokesperson in his office in Owasu said reason there was no such disaster in California following the said both Tisch and Headlee put "a ceiling on a bad tax
ax" approach that would cut property taxes 50 per cent will Tisch would release a statement next week, passage of Proposition 13, they say, is that in that state there system. I say it's not the ceiling that needs fixing, it's the
int two other tax proposals on that November 7 ballot. The The board was ruling on whether Tisch petition backers was a significant budget surplus that could be returned to the foundation."
so-called voucher plan - a proposal to change the system for had collected enough valid signatures to put the plan on the localities. Michigan has no large surplus of funds. Despite all the publicity for tax reform and the two
inancing public schools that would aid parents of parochial ballot. By a 4-0 vote yesterday, after weeks of checking and Tisch, however, said in a telephone interview proposals, a recent poll byMarket Opinion Research showed
school students - was also approved yesterday by the board, re-checking, the board ruled that Tisch had 13,000 more Wednesday, "The big thing is that our proposal does not that few people understand either one. Only nine per cent of
The other tax plan, the Headlee proposal, is considered a signatures than the required 266,000. deprive the school district of one red cent." He called that those surveyed said they understood the more complicated
nilder alternative to Tisch, and has been endorsed by Basically, the Tisch plan would cut property taxes from idea "a fallacy." Headlee plan while 22 per cent said they understood Tisch.
Governor Milliken in his re-election bid. Milliken's opponent, 50 per cent to 25 per cent of the estimated cash value of the Both the Tisch proposal, with its meat ax approach, and That poll also showed both tax plans passing with
Democratic State Sen. William Fitzgerald, has backed the property, a provision that some view as too extreme. The the Headlee alternative, that uses a delicate, scapular pluralities or over 40 per cent.
leadlee plan but is trying to resolve the problems he sees plan would also impose a 5.6 per cent ceiling on income tax approach to tax limitation, are being challenged in the See VOTE, Page 7
By JUDY RAKOWSKY
If you've noticed local police officers
more eager than usual to pounce on
infractions of the law lately, you may
have caught on to a new productivity
incentive campaign designed to bring
in more tickets and reward hard-
Hereafter, evaluations in eight areas
including parking tickets, moving
violations and felony arrests will be
made by supervisors periodically for
the 80 city patrol officers. The
evaluations will qualify officers for in-
service training and will also serve as a
gauge for promotions.
High-scoring officers will get a crack
at in-service training programs in
areas such as burglary and narcotics
eradication. The officers then remain
on that job for at least six months as
they gradually accept more
responsibility, according to Police
Chief Walter Krasny.
KRASNY, WHO SAID the program
resulted from a long-term study and
demands of greater efficiency by City
Council and the administrator, said he
thinks officers are reacting favorably
to the campaign and that it should
motivate them to increased
But of two officers interviewed, both
expressed reservations about the new
push for efficiency through a reward
One police officer said of the
program, "It stinks." He continued,
"Sometimes I feel that a verbal
warning will suffice, but now you're
pressured" to write a ticket. He said he
did not think the incentive program
would alter his level of motivation.
ANOTHER officer said, "I'm going to
do it the same way I always have." He
said he saw few differences with the
new system except "they're keeping
track of numbers now.
'It stinks. Sometimes 1 feet
that a verbal warning will
suffice, but now you're
pressured' to write a
-one police officer
Krasny said the major advantages of
the program lie in motivating the
officers, letting them know their strong
and weak points and providing them
variety in their work as a reward for
He added he thinks the officers are
reacting I'favorably. "They're asking
questions, but once explained they're
accepting it and feel it's a fair way to
go," he said.
See CITY, Page 7
Celebrating city's melting pot
Daily Photo by JOHN KNOX
Belly dancers, perched on a stage at the intersection of Liberty and Main Streets,
maneuver their bodies in front of a crowd last night as part of the sixth annual
Ann Arbor Ethnic Festival. The festivities, which run through 11 tonight, are
expected to attract 15-20,000 local residents. See story, Page 2.
CITY VIOLATES STATE GUIDELINES:
A 2 schools found segregated
By CAROL KOLETSKY
Six city elementary schools have
violated state guidelines requiring
racial balance, according to State
Superintendent of Education John Por-
Porter met with representatives from
28 school districts the week of August 23
to discuss desegregation guidelines.
According to the guidelines, the percen-
tage of student enrollment in any racial
categoryfor one building must not vary
more than 15 percent above or below
the percentage for that racial category
in the district.
PORTER INFORMED Assistant
Superintendent of Ann Arbor Schools
Robert Potts that Northside, Mack and
Bryant-all elementary schools-are
"racially identifiable" and have a
disproportionate black population.
Grade schools Freewood, Lakewood
and Newport, on the other hand, were
found to be racially identifiable in favor
of white students.
Last year's enrollment figures show
the district had 15.1 percent black
students and 78.1 percent white studen-
ts. Northside, which has the highest
black student enrollment, has 50.2 per-
cent black students. Freeman, which
has the highest white student
enrollment, has 96.7 percent whites.
One section of the guidelines states
that within 90 days the local board must
submit a plan to the state board to
correct the problem of racial imbalan-
ce if it exists, or a statement of intent to
indicate that the problem is not being
AT PORTER'S meeting with
representatives of the 28 districts, the
question was raised as to whether such
a plan or statement is mandatory.
According to Potts, there is ab-
solutely no legal requirement to comply
with the guidelines. Both Potts and the
State Board of Education said that the
state has no policy at this time to sue a
district which does not comply.
See RACIAL, Page 2
.A 19-year-old campus
security guard found dead on her
beat may have snuffed out her
own life with cyanide. See story,
Carter holds separate meetings
with Begin, Sadat at,
From Wire Service Reports
CAMP DAVID, Md. - President
Carter called in Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin and Egyptian
President Anwar Sadat for separate
meetings yesterday but there was no of-
ficial word on how the Mideast summit
White House press secretary Jody
Powell said Carter was trying a new
tack on the third day of the secretive
Camp David summit, interrupting the
three-day talks to meet privately with
Israel's Prime Minister Menachem
Begin and Egypt's President Anwar
Sadat, in that order. .
ALTHOUGH POWELL once again
would give few details, it was clear the
almost crucial issues of Middle East
peace were now on the table-and it
appeared that U.S. and Israeli
negotiators were working hard behind
the scenes on possible areas of Israeli
U.S. advisers led by Vice President
American diplomats have said all
along that Israel holds most of the
bargaining chips-and therefore the
keys to compromise-because of its
physical control of the West Bank and
other Arab territories captured in 1967.
IN SETTING up the summit, Carter
agreed to accept the role of "full par-
tner," as urged by Sadat, but at the -
same time administration officials
have said the president does not intend
to impose a peace plan in the Mideast.
In a sense, the pace of the summit
slackened a bit.
Powell said no three-way meetings of
Carter, Begin and Sadat are likely at
least through today.
ASKED WHETHER Carter had
begun offering his own ideas for
breaking the stalemate, Powell replied,
"He has certainly been participating
actively in the discussions. I'm sure he
has contributions to make, suggestions
in an informal way."
Israeli sources said Begin would ob-
carv a"4n hwrpk- " fo. 4 he anich
Meanwhile, he dismissed as 'min-
dless speculation" a published report
that Begin had offered to invoke a
moratorium on Jewish settlements on
lands lost by the Arabs to Israel in the
THE UNITED STATES, supporting
Egypt on that issue, has termed the
nearly 100 civilian and military out-
posts illegal and obstacles to peace.
Speculation that the Untied States is
starting to bear down on Israel for
summit compromises was sharpened
by the copyrighted story in the Boston
It quoted an unidenitified senior
Israeli adviser as saying Begin has of-
fered some "new ideas" for ending
Israeli settlement of the Sinai, slightly
relaxing Israeli military control in the
West Bank and Gaza areas and giving
Palestinian residents broader rights of
autonomy under an elected legislature.
The closest thing so far to a hint of
possible progress .was dropped by
Powell on Thursday.
By MITCH CANTOR
The 630 professors at. Eastern
Michigan University (EMU) will likely
strike this Wednesday barring a
"miracle" agreement between union
negotiators and the university,
according to chief union bargainer
The professors, all members of the
EMU chapter of the American
Association of University Professors
(AAUP), have been without a contract
since Sept. 1. Classes began last
Tuesday on the Ypsilanti campus.
McCracken said the major issue in
the contract dispute is "governance,"
the role of faculty in university
"AT THE university you have
students and teachers engaged in
learning experiences. The faculty I
would think should share in some of the
decision-making processes at the
university," McCracken said. She
emphasized, however, that the
professors are only asking for influence
directly connected with them, such as
tenure and promotion.
Though there are 10 specific issues
still unresolved in the contract,
McCracken said most of them involve
the question of authority.
"There are lots of smaller issues
within each of the ten. It all boils down,
literally, to a crude version of who
makes the decisions," McCracken
THE UNION bargainer said another
problem with the negotiations is that
"there's a lot of misinformation
floating all over the place. It's always a
contradiction between information
released by the administration and that
released by the union."
EMU's Associate Vice-President for
See EMU, Page 2
" In the midst of his election
campaign for the Board of
Regents, Senator Gilbert Bursley
becomes president of Cleary
College. See story, Page 7.
'U' challenges Indians in court
By RENE BECKER
Third in a Series
The University of Michigan denies it
has an obligation to provide the
children of the Chippewa, Ottawa and
Potawatomi tribes with perpetual
This was the University's contention
in its defense of a class action lawsuit
brought against it in Washtenaw Circuit
Court by members of the tribes.
IN HIS OPENING remarks to the
court, Daane told Circuit Judge
Edward Deake that no trust could be
construed "in the language" of article
16 of the 1817 Treaty of Fort Meigs. He
stated the defense would show the
Native Americans' forefathers had "no
intent" to establish a trust which would
forever grant their children an
education at the University.
Daane said the Michigan Indians had
purpose was to civilize the Indians.
It was the contention of the Regents,
said Daane, that the land conveyed to
the University in the 1817 treaty was a
gift to Father, Gabriel Richard, a
Catholic missionary in Michigan and
the University's.first vice president.
DAANE, A tall, lanky man in his
early fifties, said the University could
not have entered into any such trust
relationship in a treaty. The men who